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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Melachim I - I Kings - Chapter 8

Melachim I - I Kings - Chapter 8

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 8

1. Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel, and all the heads of the tribes, the princes of the fathers' (houses) of the children of Israel, unto king Solomon in Jerusalem; to bring up the ark of the covenant of the Lord out of the city of David, which is Zion.   א. אָז יַקְהֵל שְׁלֹמֹה אֶת זִקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת כָּל רָאשֵׁי הַמַּטּוֹת נְשִׂיאֵי הָאָבוֹת לִבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה יְרוּשָׁלָםִ לְהַעֲלוֹת אֶת אֲרוֹן בְּרִית יְהֹוָה מֵעִיר דָּוִד הִיא צִיּוֹן:
The princes of the fathers’ houses of the children of Israel: [Literally, to the children of Israel, but translated] of the children of Israel.  
Out of the city of David: David had placed it there when he brought it [back] from the house of Obed-edom (Samuel II 6:12).  
2. And all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto king Solomon at the feast in the month Ethanim, which (is) the seventh month.   ב. וַיִּקָּהֲלוּ אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה כָּל אִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּיֶרַח הָאֵתָנִים בֶּחָג הוּא הַחֹדֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִי:
In the Month Ethanim: Jonathan rendered [these words] בְּיֶרַח הָאֵיתָנִים בֶּחָג as follows: ‘In the month which the ancients called the first month, on the festival, and at present it is the seventh month,’ i.e., since the Torah was given, and it is written in reference to the month of נִיסָן that it is the first of the months, so תִּשְׁרֵי will then be called the seventh [month].  
3. And all the elders of Israel came, and the priests took up the ark.   ג. וַיָּבֹאוּ כֹּל זִקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִשְׂאוּ הַכֹּהֲנִים אֶת הָאָרוֹן:
4. And they brought up the ark of the Lord, and the tabernacle of meeting, and all the holy vessels which (were) in the tabernacle, and the priests and the Levites did bring them up.   ד. וַיַּעֲלוּ אֶת אֲרוֹן יְהֹוָה וְאֶת אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד וְאֶת כָּל כְּלֵי הַקֹּדֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר בָּאֹהֶל וַיַּעֲלוּ אֹתָם הַכֹּהֲנִים וְהַלְוִיִּם:
And the tabernacle of meeting: Which Moses made [in the desert, and was in Gibeon until now], And Solomon stored this away as soon as the first temple was built, [in the upper story which was above the temple and the Sanctuary,] as we have learned in the Tosefta of the tractate Sota (13:1).  
Which were in the tabernacle: which David pitched for the ark.  
5. And King Solomon, and all the congregation of Israel, that were assembled unto him, (were) with him before the ark, sacrificing sheep and oxen, that could not be counted nor numbered for multitude.   ה. וְהַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה וְכָל עֲדַת יִשְׂרָאֵל הַנּוֹעָדִים עָלָיו אִתּוֹ לִפְנֵי הָאָרוֹן מְזַבְּחִים צֹאן וּבָקָר אֲשֶׁר לֹא יִסָּפְרוּ וְלֹא יִמָּנוּ מֵרֹב:
6. And the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the Lord to its place, into the Sanctuary of the house, to the most holy (place), under the wings of the cherubim.   ו. וַיָּבִאוּ הַכֹּהֲנִים אֶת אֲרוֹן בְּרִית יְהֹוָה אֶל מְקוֹמוֹ אֶל דְּבִיר הַבַּיִת אֶל קֹדֶשׁ הַקֳּדָשִׁים אֶל תַּחַת כַּנְפֵי הַכְּרוּבִים:
Under the wings of the cherubim: Those which Solomon made, which are standing on their feet on the ground [and facing the temple.] And these are not the cherubim of the cover which was on the ark.  
7. For the cherubim spread forth (their) wings over the place of the ark, and the cherubim covered the ark and the staves thereof above.   ז. כִּי הַכְּרוּבִים פֹּרְשִֹים כְּנָפַיִם אֶל מְקוֹם הָאָרוֹן וַיָּסֹכּוּ הַכְּרֻבִים עַל הָאָרוֹן וְעַל בַּדָּיו מִלְמָעְלָה:
Over the place of the ark: [Their wings were spread] from wall to wall as he said above on this subject (6:27).  
8. And the staves were so long that the ends of the staves were seen from the holy (place) before the Sanctuary, and they were not seen without; and they are there unto this day.   ח. וַיַּאֲרִכוּ הַבַּדִּים וַיֵּרָאוּ רָאשֵׁי הַבַּדִּים מִן הַקֹּדֶשׁ עַל פְּנֵי הַדְּבִיר וְלֹא יֵרָאוּ הַחוּצָה וַיִּהְיוּ שָׁם עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה:
The ends of the staves were seen: In the curtain which was against the entrance [of the sanctuary in the אמה טרקסין. You might think they tore through the curtain and protruded [on the other side]. The text, therefore, states “and they were not seen without.” How is this possible? They were pushing and bulging similar to two breasts of a woman, as it says, “he lies between my breasts” (Song of Songs 1:13).  
9. There was nothing in the ark save the two tablets of stone which Moses put there at Horeb, when the Lord made (a covenant) with the children of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt.   ט. אֵין בָּאָרוֹן רַק שְׁנֵי לֻחוֹת הָאֲבָנִים אֲשֶׁר הִנִּחַ שָׁם משֶׁה בְּחֹרֵב אֲשֶׁר כָּרַת יְהֹוָה עִם בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּצֵאתָם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם:
10. And it came to pass, when the priests came out of the holy (place), and the cloud filled the house of the Lord.   י. וַיְהִי בְּצֵאת הַכֹּהֲנִים מִן הַקֹּדֶשׁ וְהֶעָנָן מָלֵא אֶת בֵּית יְהֹוָה:
When the priests came out of the holy place: When the priests who carried the ark into the Sanctuary were leaving, the Divine presence immediately came to rest there.  
11. And the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud; for the glory of the Lord filled the house of the Lord.   יא. וְלֹא יָכְלוּ הַכֹּהֲנִים לַעֲמֹד לְשָׁרֵת מִפְּנֵי הֶעָנָן כִּי מָלֵא כְבוֹד יְהֹוָה אֶת בֵּית יְהֹוָה:
12. Then Solomon said, "The Lord said that He would dwell in the thick darkness.   יב. אָז אָמַר שְׁלֹמֹה יְהֹוָה אָמַר לִשְׁכֹּן בָּעֲרָפֶל:
Then: When he saw the cloud, he said, Now I see that the Divine presence is in the house which I built, for thus did He promise to come and dwell in it from the midst of a cloud and thick darkness. And where did he say this promise? “For in the cloud will I appear upon the ark-cover” (Lev. 16:12). Thus is this taught in the Sifrei.  
13. I have surely built You a house to dwell in; a settled place for You to dwell in forever."   יג. בָּנֹה בָנִיתִי בֵּית זְבֻל לָךְ מָכוֹן לְשִׁבְתְּךָ עוֹלָמִים:
For You to dwell in forever: And from the time that this [place] was chosen, it would no longer be permissible [to offer sacrifices] on any strange altars, [except those in the temple,] and the Divine presence no longer dwelled in any other place.  
14. And the king turned his face about, and blessed all the congregation of Israel, and all the congregation of Israel stood.   יד. וַיַּסֵּב הַמֶּלֶךְ אֶת פָּנָיו וַיְבָרֶךְ אֵת כָּל קְהַל יִשְׂרָאֵל וְכָל קְהַל יִשְׂרָאֵל עֹמֵד:
15. And he said, "Blessed (be) the Lord, the God of Israel Who spoke with His mouth unto David my father, and has fulfilled it with His hand, saying.   טו. וַיֹּאמֶר בָּרוּךְ יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר בְּפִיו אֵת דָּוִד אָבִי וּבְיָדוֹ מִלֵּא לֵאמֹר:
Who spoke with His mouth: [He also told him] that he would grant him a son who would build the temple.  
And has fulfilled it with His hand: He has fulfilled His word with His good power, lit. with His good hand.  
16. 'Since the day that I brought forth My people Israel out of Egypt, I chose no city out of all the tribes of Israel to build a house, that My name might be therein; but I chose David to be over My people Israel.'   טז. מִן הַיּוֹם אֲשֶׁר הוֹצֵאתִי אֶת עַמִּי אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל מִמִּצְרַיִם לֹא בָחַרְתִּי בְעִיר מִכֹּל שִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לִבְנוֹת בַּיִת לִהְיוֹת שְׁמִי שָׁם וָאֶבְחַר בְּדָוִד לִהְיוֹת עַל עַמִּי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
… Since the day, etc.: This is what He spoke to my father David.  
17. And it was in the heart of David my father to build a house for the name of the Lord, the God of Israel.   יז. וַיְהִי עִם לְבַב דָּוִד אָבִי לִבְנוֹת בַּיִת לְשֵׁם יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
18. And the Lord said to David my father, 'Since it was in your heart to build a house unto My name, you did well that it was in your heart.   יח. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֶל דָּוִד אָבִי יַעַן אֲשֶׁר הָיָה עִם לְבָבְךָ לִבְנוֹת בַּיִת לִשְׁמִי הֱטִיבֹתָ כִּי הָיָה עִם לְבָבֶךָ:
19. Nevertheless, you shall not build the house; but your son that shall come forth out of your loins, he shall build the house for My name.'   יט. רַק אַתָּה לֹא תִבְנֶה הַבָּיִת כִּי אִם בִּנְךָ הַיֹּצֵא מֵחֲלָצֶיךָ הוּא יִבְנֶה הַבַּיִת לִשְׁמִי:
20. And the Lord has established His word that He spoke, and I have risen up in the place of David my father, and sit on the throne of Israel, as the Lord spoke, and have built a house for the name of the Lord, the God of Israel.   כ. וַיָּקֶם יְהֹוָה אֶת דְּבָרוֹ אֲשֶׁר דִּבֵּר וָאָקֻם תַּחַת דָּוִד אָבִי וָאֵשֵׁב עַל כִּסֵּא יִשְׂרָאֵל כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר יְהֹוָה וָאֶבְנֶה הַבַּיִת לְשֵׁם יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
21. And I have set there a place for the ark, wherein (is) the covenant of the Lord, which He made with our fathers, when He brought them out of the land of Egypt."   כא. וָאָשִֹם שָׁם מָקוֹם לָאָרוֹן אֲשֶׁר שָׁם בְּרִית יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר כָּרַת עִם אֲבֹתֵינוּ בְּהוֹצִיאוֹ אֹתָם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם:
22. And Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord in the presence of all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands towards heaven.   כב. וַיַּעֲמֹד שְׁלֹמֹה לִפְנֵי מִזְבַּח יְהֹוָה נֶגֶד כָּל קְהַל יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּפְרֹשׂ כַּפָּיו הַשָּׁמָיִם:
And Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord: [He was not always standing upright but kneeling, nor was he on the ground but on the laver, as] it is written in (Chronicles II 6:13): “for Solomon had made a copper laver, [of five cubits long, and five cubits broad,] and three cubits high, and had set it in the midst of the court, and upon it he stood, and kneeled down upon his knees [in the presence of all the congregation of Israel].”  
23. And he said, "Lord God of Israel, (there is) no God like you, in heaven above, or on earth beneath, Who keeps covenant and mercy with Your servants that walk before You with all their heart.   כג. וַיֹּאמַר יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֵין כָּמוֹךָ אֱלֹהִים בַּשָּׁמַיִם מִמַּעַל וְעַל הָאָרֶץ מִתָּחַת שֹׁמֵר הַבְּרִית וְהַחֶסֶד לַעֲבָדֶיךָ הַהֹלְכִים לְפָנֶיךָ בְּכָל לִבָּם:
Who keeps covenant: He waits and stores away [the reward], to keep the covenant, and [which was based on] mercy, to fulfill His promise.  
24. Who has kept with Your servant David my father that which You spoke to him, and You spoke with Your mouth, and fulfilled it with Your hand, as (it is) this day.   כד. אֲשֶׁר שָׁמַרְתָּ לְעַבְדְּךָ דָּוִד אָבִי אֵת אֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְתָּ לוֹ וַתְּדַבֵּר בְּפִיךָ וּבְיָדְךָ מִלֵּאתָ כַּיּוֹם הַזֶּה:
Who has kept: שָּׁמַרְתִּי is an expression meaning fulfilling a promise [a reference to the promise that Solomon would built the temple].  
25. And now, Lord, the God of Israel, keep with Your servant, David my father, that which You spoke to him, saying, 'There shall not fail you a man before Me to sit on the throne of Israel, if only your children take heed to their way, to walk before Me as you have walked before Me.'   כה. וְעַתָּה יְהֹוָה | אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל שְׁמֹר לְעַבְדְּךָ דָוִד אָבִי אֵת אֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְתָּ לּוֹ לֵאמֹר לֹא יִכָּרֵת לְךָ אִישׁ מִלְּפָנַי ישֵׁב עַל כִּסֵּא יִשְׂרָאֵל רַק אִם יִשְׁמְרוּ בָנֶיךָ אֶת דַּרְכָּם לָלֶכֶת לְפָנַי כַּאֲשֶׁר הָלַכְתָּ לְפָנָי:
26. And now, God of Israel, please let Your word come true, which You spoke to Your servant David, my father.   כו. וְעַתָּה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל יֵאָמֶן נָא דְּבָרְךָ אֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְתָּ לְעַבְדְּךָ דָּוִד אָבִי:
27. But will God indeed dwell on the earth? Behold the heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain You; much less this temple that I have erected.   כז. כִּי הַאֻמְנָם יֵשֵׁב אֱלֹהִים עַל הָאָרֶץ הִנֵּה הַשָּׁמַיִם וּשְׁמֵי הַשָּׁמַיִם לֹא יְכַלְכְּלוּךָ אַף כִּי הַבַּיִת הַזֶּה אֲשֶׁר בָּנִיתִי:
… will… indeed…?: Heb. האמנם, This is an expression of wonder.  
cannot contain You: Heb. יְכַלְכְּלוּ [the root is יכול, to contain].  
28. And You shall turn toward Your servant's prayer and to his supplication, O Lord my God: to hearken to the song and to the prayer that Your servant is praying before You today.   כח. וּפָנִיתָ אֶל תְּפִלַּת עַבְדְּךָ וְאֶל תְּחִנָּתוֹ יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהָי לִשְׁמֹעַ אֶל הָרִנָּה וְאֶל הַתְּפִלָּה אֲשֶׁר עַבְדְּךָ מִתְפַּלֵּל לְפָנֶיךָ הַיּוֹם:
29. That Your eyes may be open toward this house night and day, toward the place which You said, 'My Name will be there;' to listen to the prayer that Your servant will pray toward this place.   כט. לִהְיוֹת עֵינֶךָ פְתֻחֹת אֶל הַבַּיִת הַזֶּה לַיְלָה וָיוֹם אֶל הַמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר אָמַרְתָּ יִהְיֶה שְׁמִי שָׁם לִשְׁמֹעַ אֶל הַתְּפִלָּה אֲשֶׁר יִתְפַּלֵּל עַבְדְּךָ אֶל הַמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה:
30. And You shall listen to the supplication of Your servant and of Your people Israel that they will pray toward this place; and You shall hear in heaven, Your abode, and You shall hear and forgive.   ל. וְשָׁמַעְתָּ אֶל תְּחִנַּת עַבְדְּךָ וְעַמְּךָ יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר יִתְפַּלְלוּ אֶל הַמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה וְאַתָּה תִּשְׁמַע אֶל מְקוֹם שִׁבְתְּךָ אֶל הַשָּׁמַיִם וְשָׁמַעְתָּ וְסָלָחְתָּ:
31. If a man sins against his neighbor, and an oath be exacted of him to cause him to swear, and he come and swear before Your altar in this house.   לא. אֵת אֲשֶׁר יֶחֱטָא אִישׁ לְרֵעֵהוּ וְנָשָׁא בוֹ אָלָה לְהַאֲלֹתוֹ וּבָא אָלָה לִפְנֵי מִזְבַּחֲךָ בַּבַּיִת הַזֶּה:
If a man sins against his neighbor: One who is intimate with a married woman.  
and an oath be exacted of him: curse [rather than oath]. Just as the water inspects her, so does the water inspect him.  
shall be exacted of him: Heb. ונשא בו, an expression of נוֹשֶׁה, a creditor.  
and he come and swear before your altar: As it says, “And the priest shall stand the woman before the Lord” (Num. 5:10).  
32. And You shall hear in heaven, and do, and judge Your servants, condemning the wicked, to bring his way upon his head; and justifying the righteous, to give him according to his righteousness.   לב. וְאַתָּה | תִּשְׁמַע הַשָּׁמַיִם וְעָשִֹיתָ וְשָׁפַטְתָּ אֶת עֲבָדֶיךָ לְהַרְשִׁיעַ רָשָׁע לָתֵת דַּרְכּוֹ בְּרֹאשׁוֹ וּלְהַצְדִּיק צַדִּיק לָתֶת לוֹ כְּצִדְקָתוֹ:
To bring his way upon his head: “And her belly shall swell, etc.” (ibid. 27).  
And justifying the righteous: [By rewarding those who deserve it, as it says,] “Then she shall be cleared, and shall conceive seed” (ibid. 28). Thus is this explained in the Tosefta of the Tractate Sota (Chap. 1:3).  
33. When Your people Israel are struck down before the enemy, because they sin against You, and shall turn again to You, and praise Your name, and pray and make supplication to You in this house.   לג. בְּהִנָּגֵף עַמְּךָ יִשְׂרָאֵל לִפְנֵי אוֹיֵב אֲשֶׁר יֶחֶטְאוּ לָךְ וְשָׁבוּ אֵלֶיךָ וְהוֹדוּ אֶת שְׁמֶךָ וְהִתְפַּלְלוּ וְהִתְחַנְּנוּ אֵלֶיךָ בַּבַּיִת הַזֶּה:
And praise Your name: For our Sages said that a person is obliged to bless God for the bad as well as the good.  
34. And You shall hear in heaven, and forgive the sin of Your people Israel, and bring them back to the land which You gave to their fathers.   לד. וְאַתָּה תִּשְׁמַע הַשָּׁמַיִם וְסָלַחְתָּ לְחַטַּאת עַמְּךָ יִשְׂרָאֵל וַהֲשֵׁבֹתָם אֶל הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר נָתַתָּ לַאֲבוֹתָם:
35. When heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against You; and they shall pray toward this place and praise Your name, and repent of their sin, so that You may answer them.   לה. בְּהֵעָצֵר שָׁמַיִם וְלֹא יִהְיֶה מָטָר כִּי יֶחֶטְאוּ לָךְ וְהִתְפַּלְלוּ אֶל הַמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה וְהוֹדוּ אֶת שְׁמֶךָ וּמֵחַטָּאתָם יְשׁוּבוּן כִּי תַעֲנֵם:
so that You may answer them: The word כי here is used in the context of אשר, “so that.”  
36. And You shall hear in heaven, and forgive the sin of Your servants, and of Your people Israel, when You teach them the good way wherein they should walk; and give rain upon Your land, which You have given to Your people for an inheritance.   לו. וְאַתָּה | תִּשְׁמַע הַשָּׁמַיִם וְסָלַחְתָּ לְחַטַּאת עֲבָדֶיךָ וְעַמְּךָ יִשְׂרָאֵל כִּי תוֹרֵם אֶת הַדֶּרֶךְ הַטּוֹבָה אֲשֶׁר יֵלְכוּ בָהּ וְנָתַתָּה מָטָר עַל אַרְצְךָ אֲשֶׁר נָתַתָּה לְעַמְּךָ לְנַחֲלָה:
37. If there be famine in the land, if there be pestilence, blasting, yellowing, locust, (or) if there be destroying locusts; if their enemy besiege them in the land of their cities, whatsoever plague, whatsoever sickness (there be).   לז. רָעָב כִּי יִהְיֶה בָאָרֶץ דֶּבֶר כִּי יִהְיֶה שִׁדָּפוֹן יֵרָקוֹן אַרְבֶּה חָסִיל כִּי יִהְיֶה כִּי יָצַר לוֹ אֹיְבוֹ בְּאֶרֶץ שְׁעָרָיו כָּל נֶגַע כָּל מַחֲלָה:
yellowing: Heb. ירקון, when the wheat does not grow up on the stalk to make an ear [on top].  
38. Any prayer, any supplication, which will be (made) by any man, (or) by all Your people Israel, who shall know every man the plague of his own heart, and spread forth his hands toward this house.   לח. כָּל תְּפִלָּה כָל תְּחִנָּה אֲשֶׁר תִּהְיֶה לְכָל הָאָדָם לְכֹל עַמְּךָ יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר יֵדְעוּן אִישׁ נֶגַע לְבָבוֹ וּפָרַשׂ כַּפָּיו אֶל הַבַּיִת הַזֶּה:
39. And You shall hear in heaven Your dwelling place, and forgive, and do, and give to every man according to his ways, whose heart You know, for You, alone, know the hearts of all the children of men.   לט. וְאַתָּה תִּשְׁמַע הַשָּׁמַיִם מְכוֹן שִׁבְתֶּךָ וְסָלַחְתָּ וְעָשִֹיתָ וְנָתַתָּ לָאִישׁ כְּכָל דְּרָכָיו אֲשֶׁר תֵּדַע אֶת לְבָבוֹ כִּי אַתָּה יָדַעְתָּ לְבַדְּךָ אֶת לְבַב כָּל בְּנֵי הָאָדָם:
40. That they may fear You all the days that they live in the land which You gave to our fathers.   מ. לְמַעַן יִרָאוּךָ כָּל הַיָּמִים אֲשֶׁר הֵם חַיִּים עַל פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר נָתַתָּה לַאֲבֹתֵינוּ:
41. And also to the stranger, who (is) not of Your people Israel, but will come from a far country for the sake of Your Name.   מא. וְגַם אֶל הַנָּכְרִי אֲשֶׁר לֹא מֵעַמְּךָ יִשְׂרָאֵל הוּא וּבָא מֵאֶרֶץ רְחוֹקָה לְמַעַן שְׁמֶךָ:
42. For they shall hear of Your great Name, and of Your mighty hand, and of Your outstretched arm, and he will come and pray toward this house.   מב. כִּי יִשְׁמְעוּן אֶת שִׁמְךָ הַגָּדוֹל וְאֶת יָדְךָ הַחֲזָקָה וּזְרֹעֲךָ הַנְּטוּיָה וּבָא וְהִתְפַּלֵּל אֶל הַבַּיִת הַזֶּה:
43. You shall hear in heaven Your dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger calls You for, that all peoples of the earth may know Your Name, to fear You, as (do) Your people Israel, and that they may know that Your Name is called upon this house that I have built.   מג. אַתָּה תִּשְׁמַע הַשָּׁמַיִם מְכוֹן שִׁבְתֶּךָ וְעָשִֹיתָ כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר יִקְרָא אֵלֶיךָ הַנָּכְרִי לְמַעַן יֵדְעוּן כָּל עַמֵּי הָאָרֶץ אֶת שְׁמֶךָ לְיִרְאָה אֹתְךָ כְּעַמְּךָ יִשְׂרָאֵל וְלָדַעַת כִּי שִׁמְךָ נִקְרָא עַל הַבַּיִת הַזֶּה אֲשֶׁר בָּנִיתִי:
According to all that the stranger called to you for: And by the [request of] the Jew he says (v. 39), “and give to every man according to his ways” [indicating that he may occasionally be refused,] that is because the Jew recognizes and accepts God, the Holy One, may He be blessed, and he knows that He has the ability in His power to respond [favorably to his request, if God so wished;] and if his prayers will not be heard [and fulfilled], he will blame the matter on himself and his sins. But [if] the non-Jew would [experience the same frustrations he would] say, a house whose name and fame reaches to the ends of the world, and I have exhausted myself [traveling] on many roads, and I [finally] came [to this house] and prayed in it and I find no substance [nor significance] in it, just as there is no substance in idol worshipping. Therefore, [I beg You, said Solomon,] “according to all that the stranger called to you for,” but [as for] the Jew, if you see that he uses his wealth to destroy his friend, [then] do not give him [any].  
44. If Your people go out to battle against their enemy, by what way You send them, and pray to the Lord toward the city that You have chosen, and (toward) the house that I have built for Your name.   מד. כִּי יֵצֵא עַמְּךָ לַמִּלְחָמָה עַל אֹיְבוֹ בַּדֶּרֶךְ אֲשֶׁר תִּשְׁלָחֵם וְהִתְפַּלְלוּ אֶל יְהֹוָה דֶּרֶךְ הָעִיר אֲשֶׁר בָּחַרְתָּ בָּהּ וְהַבַּיִת אֲשֶׁר בָּנִתִי לִשְׁמֶךָ:
Toward the city: [while in the land of the enemy, they shall pray] facing towards Jerusalem.  
45. And you shall hear in heaven their prayer and supplication, and maintain their cause.   מה. וְשָׁמַעְתָּ הַשָּׁמַיִם אֶת תְּפִלָּתָם וְאֶת תְּחִנָּתָם וְעָשִֹיתָ מִשְׁפָּטָם:
And maintain their cause: their vengeance against their enemy.  
46. If they sin against You, for (there is) no man who does not sin, and You will be angry with them, and deliver them to the enemy, and their captors will carry them away captive to the land of the enemy, far or near.   מו. כִּי יֶחֶטְאוּ לָךְ כִּי אֵין אָדָם אֲשֶׁר לֹא יֶחֱטָא וְאָנַפְתָּ בָם וּנְתַתָּם לִפְנֵי אוֹיֵב וְשָׁבוּם שֹׁבֵיהֶם אֶל אֶרֶץ הָאוֹיֵב רְחוֹקָה אוֹ קְרוֹבָה:
47. And they shall bethink themselves in the land where they were carried captive, and repent, and make supplication to You in the land of their captors, saying, 'We have sinned, and have done perversely, we have committed wickedness.'   מז. וְהֵשִׁיבוּ אֶל לִבָּם בָּאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁבּוּ שָׁם וְשָׁבוּ | וְהִתְחַנְּנוּ אֵלֶיךָ בְּאֶרֶץ שֹׁבֵיהֶם לֵאמֹר חָטָאנוּ וְהֶעֱוִינוּ רָשָׁעְנוּ:
48. And they shall return to You with all their heart, and with all their soul, in the land of their enemies, who led them away captive, and pray to You toward their land, which You gave to their fathers, the city that You have chosen, and the house which I have built for Your Name.   מח. וְשָׁבוּ אֵלֶיךָ בְּכָל לְבָבָם וּבְכָל נַפְשָׁם בְּאֶרֶץ אֹיְבֵיהֶם אֲשֶׁר שָׁבוּ אֹתָם וְהִתְפַּלְלוּ אֵלֶיךָ דֶּרֶךְ אַרְצָם אֲשֶׁר נָתַתָּה לַאֲבוֹתָם הָעִיר אֲשֶׁר בָּחַרְתָּ וְהַבַּיִת אֲשֶׁר בָּנִיתִי לִשְׁמֶךָ:
49. And you shall hear their prayer and their supplication in heaven, Your dwelling place, and maintain their cause.   מט. וְשָׁמַעְתָּ הַשָּׁמַיִם מְכוֹן שִׁבְתְּךָ אֶת תְּפִלָּתָם וְאֶת תְּחִנָּתָם וְעָשִֹיתָ מִשְׁפָּטָם:
50. And forgive Your people what they have sinned against You, and all their transgressions that they have transgressed against You, and give mercy before their captors, that they may have mercy on them.   נ. וְסָלַחְתָּ לְעַמְּךָ אֲשֶׁר חָטְאוּ לָךְ וּלְכָל פִּשְׁעֵיהֶם אֲשֶׁר פָּשְׁעוּ בָךְ וּנְתַתָּם לְרַחֲמִים לִפְנֵי שֹׁבֵיהֶם וְרִחֲמוּם:
51. For they are Your people, and Your inheritance, whom You have taken out of Egypt, from within the smelting furnace of iron.   נא. כִּי עַמְּךָ וְנַחֲלָתְךָ הֵם אֲשֶׁר הוֹצֵאתָ מִמִּצְרַיִם מִתּוֹךְ כּוּר הַבַּרְזֶל:
The melting furnace of iron: An earthenware utensil used to purify gold of its impurities.  
52. That Your eyes may be open to the supplication of Your servant, and to the supplication of your people Israel, to hearken to them whenever they call to You.   נב. לִהְיוֹת עֵינֶיךָ פְתֻחֹת אֶל תְּחִנַּת עַבְדְּךָ וְאֶל תְּחִנַּת עַמְּךָ יִשְׂרָאֵל לִשְׁמֹעַ אֲלֵיהֶם בְּכֹל קָרְאָם אֵלֶיךָ:
53. For You set them apart from among all the peoples of the earth, Your inheritance, as You spoke through Moses Your servant, when You brought our fathers out of Egypt, O Lord, God."   נג. כִּי אַתָּה הִבְדַּלְתָּם לְךָ לְנַחֲלָה מִכֹּל עַמֵּי הָאָרֶץ כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְתָּ בְּיַד | משֶׁה עַבְדֶּךָ בְּהוֹצִיאֲךָ אֶת אֲבֹתֵינוּ מִמִּצְרַיִם אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה:
54. And it was, as Solomon finished praying all this prayer and supplication to the Lord, that he arose from before the altar of the Lord, from kneeling on his knees with his hands spread out toward heaven.   נד. וַיְהִי | כְּכַלּוֹת שְׁלֹמֹה לְהִתְפַּלֵּל אֶל יְהֹוָה אֵת כָּל הַתְּפִלָּה וְהַתְּחִנָּה הַזֹּאת קָם מִלִּפְנֵי מִזְבַּח יְהֹוָה מִכְּרֹעַ עַל בִּרְכָּיו וְכַפָּיו פְּרֻשֹוֹת הַשָּׁמָיִם:
55. And he stood, and blessed the entire congregation of Israel (with) a loud voice, saying,   נה. וַיַּעֲמֹד וַיְבָרֶךְ אֵת כָּל קְהַל יִשְׂרָאֵל קוֹל גָּדוֹל לֵאמֹר:
56. "Blessed (be) the Lord, Who has given rest to His people Israel, according to all that He spoke; there has not failed one word of all his good word, that He spoke through Moses His servant.   נו. בָּרוּךְ יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר נָתַן מְנוּחָה לְעַמּוֹ יִשְׂרָאֵל כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר דִּבֵּר לֹא נָפַל דָּבָר אֶחָד מִכֹּל דְּבָרוֹ הַטּוֹב אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר בְּיַד משֶׁה עַבְדּוֹ:
According to all that he spoke: And where did he speak this? [As it is written], “And He shall give you rest from all your enemies [round about]” (Deuteronomy 12:10).  
57. May the Lord our God be with us, as He was with our forefathers; let Him not leave us, nor forsake us.   נז. יְהִי יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ עִמָּנוּ כַּאֲשֶׁר הָיָה עִם אֲבֹתֵינוּ אַל יַעַזְבֵנוּ וְאַל יִטְּשֵׁנוּ:
58. That He may incline our hearts to Him, to go in all His ways, and to keep His commandments, and His statutes, and His judgments, which He commanded our forefathers.   נח. לְהַטּוֹת לְבָבֵנוּ אֵלָיו לָלֶכֶת בְּכָל דְּרָכָיו וְלִשְׁמֹר מִצְו‍ֹתָיו וְחֻקָּיו וּמִשְׁפָּטָיו אֲשֶׁר צִוָּה אֶת אֲבֹתֵינוּ:
59. And may these words of mine, with which I have made supplication before the Lord, be close to the Lord our God, day and night, that He sustain the cause of His servant and the cause of His people Israel, each day's need granted on its day.   נט. וְיִהְיוּ דְבָרַי אֵלֶּה אֲשֶׁר הִתְחַנַּנְתִּי לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה קְרֹבִים אֶל יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ יוֹמָם וָלָיְלָה לַעֲשֹוֹת | מִשְׁפַּט עַבְדּוֹ וּמִשְׁפַּט עַמּוֹ יִשְׂרָאֵל דְּבַר יוֹם בְּיוֹמוֹ:
that He sustain the cause of His servant and the cause of His people Israel: to avenge their humiliation from their adversaries.  
60. So that all the peoples of the earth may know that the Lord is God: there is none else.   ס. לְמַעַן דַּעַת כָּל עַמֵּי הָאָרֶץ כִּי יְהֹוָה הוּא הָאֱלֹהִים אֵין עוֹד:
61. Let your heart, [therefore], be whole with the Lord our God, to follow His statutes and to keep His precepts as of this day.   סא. וְהָיָה לְבַבְכֶם שָׁלֵם עִם יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ לָלֶכֶת בְּחֻקָּיו וְלִשְׁמֹר מִצְו‍ֹתָיו כַּיּוֹם הַזֶּה:
62. And the King and all Israel with him slaughtered sacrifices before the Lord.   סב. וְהַמֶּלֶךְ וְכָל יִשְׂרָאֵל עִמּוֹ זֹבְחִים זֶבַח לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה:
63. And Solomon slaughtered the peace- offerings that he slaughtered to the Lord, twenty-two thousand oxen, and one hundred and twenty thousand sheep. [With this] the King and all the children of Israel inaugurated the Temple of the Lord.   סג. וַיִּזְבַּח שְׁלֹמֹה אֵת זֶבַח הַשְּׁלָמִים אֲשֶׁר זָבַח לַיהֹוָה בָּקָר עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁנַיִם אֶלֶף וְצֹאן מֵאָה וְעֶשְׂרִים אָלֶף וַיַּחְנְכוּ אֶת בֵּית יְהֹוָה הַמֶּלֶךְ וְכָל בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
64. On that day the King consecrated the middle of the court that was before the Temple of the Lord, for there he offered the burnt-offerings (and) the meal-offerings and the fat of the peace-offerings, for the copper altar that was before the Lord was too small to contain the burnt-offerings (and) the meal- offerings and the fat of the peace-offerings.   סד. בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא קִדַּשׁ הַמֶּלֶךְ אֶת תּוֹךְ הֶחָצֵר אֲשֶׁר לִפְנֵי בֵית יְהֹוָה כִּי עָשָׂה שָׁם אֶת הָעֹלָה וְאֶת הַמִּנְחָה וְאֵת חֶלְבֵי הַשְּׁלָמִים כִּי מִזְבַּח הַנְּחשֶׁת אֲשֶׁר לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה קָטֹן מֵהָכִיל אֶת הָעֹלָה וְאֶת הַמִּנְחָה וְאֵת חֶלְבֵי הַשְּׁלָמִים:
The same day the king consecrated the middle of the courtyard: These words are to be taken literally. This is Rabbi Yehudah’s view. [Solomon] hallowed the pavement of the court with the sanctity of the altar, in order to offer sacrifices on the pavement.  
For the copper altar: [i.e., the stone altar] that Solomon constructed in lieu of the copper altar [of Moses].  
was too small to contain the burnt offerings and the meal offerings: for they brought very many. Rabbi Jose said to him, Is it not already written (Kings 1:3), “One thousand burnt offerings Solomon offered on that altar which Moses had made,” and when one computes the number of cubits and the number of burnt offerings, [he will find that] this one of stones was larger than Moses’, for on Moses’ altar the place of the ‘maarachah,’ the place usually used for the sacrifice, was but one cubit by one cubit, whereas on this one the place of its ‘maarachah’ was twenty- four cubits by twenty-four cubits. Hence Solomon’s was 576 times as large as that of Moses. If so, what is the meaning of “the king consecrated the middle of the court?” It means that he set the stone altar into it, fastened to the floor.  
was too small to contain: [According to Rabbi Jose] he is referring to that of Moses, like one who says to his friend, ‘So-and-so is a dwarf,’ meaning that he is disqualified to perform the sacrificial service.  
65. Now Solomon observed the Feast at that time and all Israel with him, a great assemblage from the entrance of Hamath to the brook of Egypt, before the Lord our God, seven days and seven days, [totalling] fourteen days.   סה. וַיַּעַשׂ שְׁלֹמֹה בָעֵת הַהִיא | אֶת הֶחָג וְכָל יִשְׂרָאֵל עִמּוֹ קָהָל גָּדוֹל מִלְּבוֹא חֲמָת | עַד נַחַל מִצְרַיִם לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים וְשִׁבְעַת יָמִים אַרְבָּעָה עָשָֹר יוֹם:
from the entrance to Hamath: which is in the north of Eretz Israel.  
to the Brook of Egypt: which is opposite it in the south, as is delineated in the section entitled אֵלֶה מַסְעֵי (Num. 34:5-8).  
seven days: of the inauguration  
and seven days: of Succoth. It is found that they ate and drank on Yom Kippur.  
66. On the eighth day he dismissed the people, and they blessed the King and went to their homes, rejoicing and delighted of heart for all the goodness that the Lord had wrought for David His servant and for Israel His people.   סו. בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁמִינִי שִׁלַּח אֶת הָעָם וַיְבָרֲכוּ אֶת הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיֵּלְכוּ לְאָהֳלֵיהֶם שְׂמֵחִים וְטוֹבֵי לֵב עַל כָּל הַטּוֹבָה אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה יְהֹוָה לְדָוִד עַבְדּוֹ וּלְיִשְׂרָאֵל עַמּוֹ:
for David His servant: to make known that He had forgiven him his sins, as we find in Moed Katan (9a): When Solomon wished [to bring] the Ark into the Holy of Holies, the gates clung to one another.  
and for Israel His people: that He forgave them the sin of Yom Kippur, and a Bath-Kol [heavenly voice] emanated and declared: All of you are prepared for the life of the World to Come.  
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