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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Melachim I - I Kings - Chapter 2

Melachim I - I Kings - Chapter 2

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 2

1. And the days of David drew near that he should die; and he charged Solomon, his son, saying:   א. וַיִּקְרְבוּ יְמֵי דָוִד לָמוּת וַיְצַו אֶת שְׁלֹמֹה בְנוֹ לֵאמֹר:
2. "I go the way of all the earth; you shall be strong, therefore, and show yourself a man;   ב. אָנֹכִי הֹלֵךְ בְּדֶרֶךְ כָּל הָאָרֶץ וְחָזַקְתָּ וְהָיִיתָ לְאִישׁ:
3. And keep the charge of the Lord your God to walk in His ways, to keep His statutes, and His commandments, and His judgments, and His testimonies, as it is written in the law of Moses, that you may prosper in all that you do, and wherever you turn;   ג. וְשָׁמַרְתָּ אֶת מִשְׁמֶרֶת | יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לָלֶכֶת בִּדְרָכָיו לִשְׁמֹר חֻקֹּתָיו מִצְו‍ֹתָיו וּמִשְׁפָּטָיו וְעֵדְו‍ֹתָיו כַּכָּתוּב בְּתוֹרַת משֶׁה לְמַעַן תַּשְׂכִּיל אֵת כָּל אֲשֶׁר תַּעֲשֶֹה וְאֵת כָּל אֲשֶׁר תִּפְנֶה שָׁם:
4. That the Lord may continue His word which He spoke concerning me, saying, 'If your children take heed to their way, to walk before Me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul, there shall not fail you,' said He, 'a man on the throne of Israel.'   ד. לְמַעַן יָקִים יְהֹוָה אֶת דְּבָרוֹ אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר עָלַי לֵאמֹר אִם יִשְׁמְרוּ בָנֶיךָ אֶת דַּרְכָּם לָלֶכֶת לְפָנַי בֶּאֱמֶת בְּכָל לְבָבָם וּבְכָל נַפְשָׁם לֵאמֹר לֹא יִכָּרֵת לְךָ אִישׁ מֵעַל כִּסֵּא יִשְׂרָאֵל:
5. Moreover, you also know what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, (and) what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, to Abner the son of Ner, and to Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace and put the blood of war upon his girdle (that was) about his loins, and in his shoes that (were) on his feet.   ה. וְגַם אַתָּה יָדַעְתָּ אֵת אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה לִי יוֹאָב בֶּן צְרוּיָה אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה לִשְׁנֵי שָׂרֵי צִבְאוֹת יִשְׂרָאֵל לְאַבְנֵר בֶּן נֵר וְלַעֲמָשָֹא בֶן יֶתֶר וַיַּהַרְגֵם וַיָּשֶׂם דְּמֵי מִלְחָמָה בְּשָׁלֹם וַיִּתֵּן דְּמֵי מִלְחָמָה בַּחֲגֹרָתוֹ אֲשֶׁר בְּמָתְנָיו וּבְנַעֲלוֹ אֲשֶׁר בְּרַגְלָיו:
You also know what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me: by showing them the letter which David had sent through Uriah.  
And shed the blood of war in peace: Since they were at peace with him, they were not on guard against him.  
And he put the blood of war upon his girdle that was about his loins: He had girded his sword, attached to his loins, not in the customary manner of those girding swords, and he went out to meet Amasa. He turned the opening downward so that it should easily fall out of the sheath to the ground as it says (Samuel II 20:8) “and he went out towards Amasa and it fell out.” As soon as it fell, Joab [nonchalantly] retrieved it, and held it ready in his hand. Amasa presumed he retrieved it solely to pick it up from the ground, and was not alert to guard himself against an attack from the sword which was in Joab’s hand.  
6. And you shall do according to your wisdom, and do not let his hoary head go down to the grave in peace.   ו. וְעָשִֹיתָ כְּחָכְמָתֶךָ וְלֹא תוֹרֵד שֵׂיבָתוֹ בְּשָׁלֹם שְׁאֹל:
And do not let his hoary head go down to the grave in peace: Do not let him die a natural death [since this will minimize his worldly punishment] and cause him to fall into purgatory for torturous purification.  
7. But show kindness to the children of Barzillai the Gileadite, and let them be of those that eat at your table, for so did they befriend me when I fled from Absalom your brother.   ז. וְלִבְנֵי בַרְזִלַּי הַגִּלְעָדִי תַּעֲשֶׂה חֶסֶד וְהָיוּ בְּאֹכְלֵי שֻׁלְחָנֶךָ כִּי כֵן קָרְבוּ אֵלַי בְּבָרְחִי מִפְּנֵי אַבְשָׁלוֹם אָחִיךָ:
8. And, behold, there is with you Shimei the son of Gera the Benjamite of Bahurim, who cursed me with a grievous curse on the day when I went to Mahanaim, and he came down to meet me at the Jordan, and I swore to him by the Lord, saying, 'I will not put you to death with the sword.'   ח. וְהִנֵּה עִמְּךָ שִׁמְעִי בֶן גֵּרָא בֶן הַיְמִינִי מִבַּחֻרִים וְהוּא קִלְלַנִי קְלָלָה נִמְרֶצֶת בְּיוֹם לֶכְתִּי מַחֲנָיִם וְהוּא יָרַד לִקְרָאתִי הַיַּרְדֵּן וָאֶשָּׁבַע לוֹ בַיהֹוָה לֵאמֹר אִם אֲמִיתְךָ בֶּחָרֶב:
Who cursed me with a grievous curse: [Others maintain] נִמְרֶצֶת means clear and unquestionable as (we find) in (Job 16:3): “what will bring clarity to you (ימריצך) ,” and (Job 6:25): “how clear (נמרצו) are right words,” the same as נִמְלְצוּ a derivation of the word מְלִיצָה, an interpretation or clarification.  
9. And now hold him not guiltless, for you are a wise man, and you will surely know what you ought to do to him, and you shall bring his hoary head down to the grave with blood."   ט. וְעַתָּה אַל תְּנַקֵּהוּ כִּי אִישׁ חָכָם אָתָּה וְיָדַעְתָּ אֵת אֲשֶׁר תַּעֲשֶׂה לּוֹ וְהוֹרַדְתָּ אֶת שֵׂיבָתוֹ בְּדָם שְׁאוֹל:
For you are a wise man: Turn your attention to find for him an iniquity justifying a death penalty in another matter.  
10. And David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David.   י. וַיִּשְׁכַּב דָּוִד עִם אֲבֹתָיו וַיִּקָּבֵר בְּעִיר דָּוִד:
11. And the days that David reigned over Israel (were) forty years, seven years he reigned in Hebron, and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty-three years.   יא. וְהַיָּמִים אֲשֶׁר מָלַךְ דָּוִד עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל אַרְבָּעִים שָׁנָה בְּחֶבְרוֹן מָלַךְ שֶׁבַע שָׁנִים וּבִירוּשָׁלַםִ מָלַךְ שְׁלשִׁים וְשָׁלשׁ שָׁנִים:
12. And Solomon sat upon the throne of David his father, and his kingdom was firmly established.   יב. וּשְׁלֹמֹה יָשַׁב עַל כִּסֵּא דָּוִד אָבִיו וַתִּכֹּן מַלְכֻתוֹ מְאֹד:
And his kingdom was firmly established: He was also master and ruler of all heavenly creatures and beings.  
13. And Adoniahu the son of Haggith came to Bath Sheba, the mother of Solomon, and she said, "Do you come peaceably?" And he said, "Peaceably."   יג. וַיָּבֹא אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ בֶן חַגִּית אֶל בַּת שֶׁבַע אֵם שְׁלֹמֹה וַתֹּאמֶר הֲשָׁלוֹם בֹּאֶךָ וַיֹּאמֶר שָׁלוֹם:
14. And he said, "I have something to say to you." And she said, "Say on."   יד. וַיֹּאמֶר דָּבָר לִי אֵלָיִךְ וַתֹּאמֶר דַּבֵּר:
15. And he said, "You know that the kingdom was mine, and (that) all Israel set their faces on me, that I should reign, but the kingdom turned about, and has become my brother's, for it was his from the Lord.   טו. וַיֹּאמֶר אַתְּ יָדַעַתְּ כִּי לִי הָיְתָה הַמְּלוּכָה וְעָלַי שָֹמוּ כָל יִשְׂרָאֵל פְּנֵיהֶם לִמְלֹךְ וַתִּסֹּב הַמְּלוּכָה וַתְּהִי לְאָחִי כִּי מֵיְהֹוָה הָיְתָה לּוֹ:
16. And now I ask one petition of you, do not refuse me, and she said to him, "Say on."   טז. וְעַתָּה שְׁאֵלָה אַחַת אָנֹכִי שֹׁאֵל מֵאִתָּךְ אַל תָּשִׁבִי אֶת פָּנָי וַתֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו דַּבֵּר:
17. And he said, "Say, I beg of you, to Solomon the king, for he will not refuse you, that he give me Abishag the Shunemitess as a wife.   יז. וַיֹּאמֶר אִמְרִי נָא לִשְׁלֹמֹה הַמֶּלֶךְ כִּי לֹא יָשִׁיב אֶת פָּנָיִךְ וְיִתֶּן לִי אֶת אֲבִישַׁג הַשּׁוּנַמִּית לְאִשָּׁה:
18. And she said, "Good, I will speak for you to the king."   יח. וַתֹּאמֶר בַּת שֶׁבַע טוֹב אָנֹכִי אֲדַבֵּר עָלֶיךָ אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ:
19. And Bath Sheba came into king Solomon to speak to him for Adoniahu. And the king rose up to meet her and bowed himself to her, and sat down on his throne, and caused a seat to be set for the king's mother, and she sat at his right hand.   יט. וַתָּבֹא בַת שֶׁבַע אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה לְדַבֶּר לוֹ עַל אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ וַיָּקָם הַמֶּלֶךְ לִקְרָאתָהּ וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ לָהּ וַיֵּשֶׁב עַל כִּסְאוֹ וַיָּשֶׂם כִּסֵּא לְאֵם הַמֶּלֶךְ וַתֵּשֶׁב לִימִינוֹ:
to speak to him: to speak on his behalf; on behalf of Adoniahu.  
for the king’s mother: Our Sages said, however, “the king’s mother” is a reference to Ruth.  
20. And she said, "I ask one small petition of you, do not refuse me," and the king said to her, "Ask on, my mother, for I will not refuse you."   כ. וַתֹּאמֶר שְׁאֵלָה אַחַת קְטַנָּה אָנֹכִי שֹׁאֶלֶת מֵאִתָּךְ אַל תָּשֶׁב אֶת פָּנָי וַיֹּאמֶר לָהּ הַמֶּלֶךְ שַׁאֲלִי אִמִּי כִּי לֹא אָשִׁיב אֶת פָּנָיִךְ:
21. And she said, "Let Abishag the Shunemitess be given to Adoniahu, your brother, as a wife."   כא. וַתֹּאמֶר יֻתַּן אֶת אֲבִישַׁג הַשֻּׁנַמִּית לַאֲדֹנִיָּהוּ אָחִיךָ לְאִשָּׁה:
22. And king Solomon answered and said to his mother, "And why do you ask Abishag the Shunemitess for Adoniahu? Ask for him the kingdom (also), for he is my elder brother, and to him, and Abiathar the priest, and Joab the son of Zeruiah."   כב. וַיַּעַן הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה וַיֹּאמֶר לְאִמּוֹ וְלָמָה אַתְּ שֹׁאֶלֶת אֶת אֲבִישַׁג הַשֻּׁנַמִּית לַאֲדֹנִיָּהוּ וְשַׁאֲלִי לוֹ אֶת הַמְּלוּכָה כִּי הוּא אָחִי הַגָּדוֹל מִמֶּנִּי וְלוֹ וּלְאֶבְיָתָר הַכֹּהֵן וּלְיוֹאָב בֶּן צְרוּיָה:
… ask for him the kingdom also: From the moment a commoner uses the scepter of the king, that is the beginning of authority.  
23. And king Solomon swore by the Lord, saying, "God do so to me, and more also, if Adoniahu has (not) spoken this word with his life."   כג. וַיִּשָּׁבַע הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה בַּיהֹוָה לֵאמֹר כֹּה יַעֲשֶׂה לִּי אֱלֹהִים וְכֹה יוֹסִיף כִּי בְנַפְשׁוֹ דִּבֶּר אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ אֶת הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה:
24. And now, (as) the Lord lives, Who has established me, and set me on the throne of David, my father, and Who has made me a house, as He had promised, that Adoniahu shall be put to death this day.   כד. וְעַתָּה חַי יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר הֱכִינַנִי וַיּוֹשִׁיבַנִי עַל כִּסֵּא דָּוִד אָבִי וַאֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה לִי בַּיִת כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֵּר כִּי הַיּוֹם יוּמַת אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ:
… Who has established me: “… and Who has made me a house” a house of royalty as he had spoken through Nathan the prophet.  
25. And king Solomon sent by the hand of Benaiahu the son of Jehoida, and he fell upon him that he died.   כה. וַיִּשְׁלַח הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה בְּיַד בְּנָיָהוּ בֶן יְהוֹיָדָע וַיִּפְגַּע בּוֹ וַיָּמֹת:
26. And to Abiathar the priest the king said, "Go to Anathoth to your own fields, for you (are) deservant of death, but on this day I will not put you to death, because you did bear the ark of the Lord God before David, my father, and because you were afflicted in all wherein my father was afflicted.   כו. וּלְאֶבְיָתָר הַכֹּהֵן אָמַר הַמֶּלֶךְ עֲנָתֹת לֵךְ עַל שָׂדֶיךָ כִּי אִישׁ מָוֶת אָתָּה וּבַיּוֹם הַזֶּה לֹא אֲמִיתֶךָ כִּי נָשָֹאתָ אֶת אֲרוֹן אֲדֹנָי יֱהוִֹה לִפְנֵי דָּוִד אָבִי וְכִי הִתְעַנִּיתָ בְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר הִתְעַנָּה אָבִי:
Go to Anathoth to your own fields…: He was from there.  
For you are deservant of death: Because you rebelled against the kingdom of my father when you were with Adoniahu to appoint him king without the knowledge of my father.  
Because you did bear the Ark of the Lord God before David my father: as my father was escaping from before Absalom.  
And because you were afflicted: with him in those very same afflictions, as it says (Samuel II 17:29) “for they said the people are hungry and weary and thirsty in the wilderness.”  
27. And Solomon banished Abiathar from being priest to the Lord, that he might fulfill the word of the Lord, which He spoke concerning the house of Eli in Shilo.   כז. וַיְגָרֶשׁ שְׁלֹמֹה אֶת אֶבְיָתָר מִהְיוֹת כֹּהֵן לַיהֹוָה לְמַלֵּא אֶת דְּבַר יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר עַל בֵּית עֵלִי בְּשִׁלֹה:
Which He spoke concerning the house of Eli: [Scripture predicts the end of the house of Eli:] “And I will raise Me up a faithful priest” (Samuel I 2:35) or “And you shall see a rival in My habitation” (Samuel I 2:32). From the time of the destruction of Shilo, there was no house worthy of the service to the Holy One Blessed be He and now that the Temple will be built, the Holy One Blessed be He fulfilled His word to banish the children of Eli.  
28. And the tidings came to Joab, for Joab had turned after Adoniahu, and after Absalom he did not turn, and Joab fled into the tabernacle of the Lord and took hold of the horns of the altar.   כח. וְהַשְּׁמֻעָה בָּאָה עַד יוֹאָב כִּי יוֹאָב נָטָה אַחֲרֵי אֲדֹנִיָּה וְאַחֲרֵי אַבְשָׁלוֹם לֹא נָטָה וַיָּנָס יוֹאָב אֶל אֹהֶל יְהֹוָה וַיַּחֲזֵק בְּקַרְנוֹת הַמִּזְבֵּחַ:
And the tidings came to Joab: the report of David’s charge, that he had commanded to kill him, and he [also] knew that Solomon disliked him.  
For Joab turned after Adoniahu, and after Absalom he did not turn: The end of the matter was [that Joab did not follow him], but he did seek to turn after him, but for the fact that he was fearful, because the vigor of David’s might was still present.  
29. And it was told king Solomon, that Joab fled into the tabernacle of the Lord and behold (he is) by the altar, and Solomon sent Benaihu the son of Jehoiada, saying, "Go, fall upon him."   כט. וַיֻּגַּד לַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה כִּי נָס יוֹאָב אֶל אֹהֶל יְהֹוָה וְהִנֵּה אֵצֶל הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וַיִּשְׁלַח שְׁלֹמֹה אֶת בְּנָיָהוּ בֶן יְהוֹיָדָע לֵאמֹר לֵךְ פְּגַע בּוֹ:
30. And Benaihu came to the tabernacle of the Lord, and said to him, "Thus said the king, 'Come forth.'" And he said, "No, for I will die here." And Benaihu brought back word to the king, saying, "Thus spoke Joab, and thus he answered me."   ל. וַיָּבֹא בְנָיָהוּ אֶל אֹהֶל יְהֹוָה וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו כֹּה אָמַר הַמֶּלֶךְ צֵא וַיֹּאמֶר | לֹא כִּי פֹה אָמוּת וַיָּשֶׁב בְּנָיָהוּ אֶת הַמֶּלֶךְ דָּבָר לֵאמֹר כֹּה דִבֶּר יוֹאָב וְכֹה עָנָנִי:
And he said “No…”: Two punishments I will not accept upon myself. The curses that your father David cursed me at the death of Abner, “They shall fall upon the head of Joab,” let Solomon accept them upon himself, and afterward I will come out.  
31. And the king said to him, "Do as he said, and fall upon him, and bury him, that you may take away the innocent blood, which Joab shed, from me, and from my father's house."   לא. וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ הַמֶּלֶךְ עֲשֵׂה כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר וּפְגַע בּוֹ וּקְבַרְתּוֹ וַהֲסִירֹתָ | דְּמֵי חִנָּם אֲשֶׁר שָׁפַךְ יוֹאָב מֵעָלַי וּמֵעַל בֵּית אָבִי:
Do as he said: I will accept the curses upon myself. Therefore, all these [curses] became attached to the offspring of David. Uzziah was a leper (Chronicles II 26:19), Assa leaned on a staff (Kings I 15:23), Jehoiakim fell by the sword (Jeremiah 22:19), and one who lacked bread was Zedekiah (Kings II 25:30).  
32. And the Lord shall return his blood upon his own head, that he fell upon two men more righteous and better than he, and slew them with the sword, and my father David did not know (it), Abner the son of Ner, captain of the host of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, captain of the host of Judah.   לב. וְהֵשִׁיב יְהֹוָה אֶת דָּמוֹ עַל רֹאשׁוֹ אֲשֶׁר פָּגַע בִּשְׁנֵי אֲנָשִׁים צַדִּקִים וְטֹבִים מִמֶּנּוּ וַיַּהַרְגֵם בַּחֶרֶב וְאָבִי דָוִד לֹא יָדָע אֶת אַבְנֵר בֶּן נֵר שַׂר צְבָא יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאֶת עֲמָשָֹא בֶן יֶתֶר שַׂר צְבָא יְהוּדָה:
33. And their blood shall return upon the head of Joab, and upon the head of his seed forever, but upon David, and upon his seed, and upon his house, and upon his throne, there shall be peace forever from the Lord.   לג. וְשָׁבוּ דְמֵיהֶם בְּרֹאשׁ יוֹאָב וּבְרֹאשׁ זַרְעוֹ לְעֹלָם וּלְדָוִד וּלְזַרְעוֹ וּלְבֵיתוֹ וּלְכִסְאוֹ יִהְיֶה שָׁלוֹם עַד עוֹלָם מֵעִם יְהֹוָה:
34. And Benaiahu the son of Jehoiada went up, and fell upon him, and slew him, and he was buried in his own house in the wilderness.   לד. וַיַּעַל בְּנָיָהוּ בֶּן יְהוֹיָדָע וַיִּפְגַּע בּוֹ וַיְמִתֵהוּ וַיִּקָּבֵר בְּבֵיתוֹ בַּמִּדְבָּר:
And he was buried in his own house in the wilderness: His home was ownerless and unrestricted as a wilderness for all the destitute and needy to use at their convenience.  
35. And the king put Benaiahu the son of Jehoiada in his place over the host, and Zadok the priest did the king put in the place of Abiathar.   לה. וַיִּתֵּן הַמֶּלֶךְ אֶת בְּנָיָהוּ בֶן יְהוֹיָדָע תַּחְתָּיו עַל הַצָּבָא וְאֶת צָדוֹק הַכֹּהֵן נָתַן הַמֶּלֶךְ תַּחַת אֶבְיָתָר:
36. And the king sent and called for Shimei, and said to him, "Build for yourself a house in Jerusalem, and dwell there, and do not go forth here or there."   לו. וַיִּשְׁלַח הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיִּקְרָא לְשִׁמְעִי וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ בְּנֵה לְךָ בַיִת בִּירוּשָׁלַםִ וְיָשַׁבְתָּ שָׁם וְלֹא תֵצֵא מִשָּׁם אָנֶה וָאָנָה:
And do not go forth: in order that he be accessible to him and that he might find him guilty of a crime deserving of death.  
37. And it shall be, on the day (that) you go out, and you pass over the Kidron Valley you shall know for certain that you shall surely die; your blood shall be upon your own head.   לז. וְהָיָה | בְּיוֹם צֵאתְךָ וְעָבַרְתָּ אֶת נַחַל קִדְרוֹן יָדֹעַ תֵּדַע כִּי מוֹת תָּמוּת דָּמְךָ יִהְיֶה בְרֹאשֶׁךָ:
38. And Shimei said to the king, "The saying is good; as my lord the king has said, so will your servant do; and Shimei dwelt in Jerusalem many days.   לח. וַיֹּאמֶר שִׁמְעִי לַמֶּלֶךְ טוֹב הַדָּבָר כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ כֵּן יַעֲשֶֹה עַבְדֶּךָ וַיֵּשֶׁב שִׁמְעִי בִּירוּשָׁלַםִ יָמִים רַבִּים:
39. And it came to pass at the end of three years, that two of Shimei's slaves ran away to Achish the son of Maachah, king of Gath, and they told Shimei, saying, "Behold your slaves are in Gath.   לט. וַיְהִי מִקֵּץ שָׁלשׁ שָׁנִים וַיִּבְרְחוּ שְׁנֵי עֲבָדִים לְשִׁמְעִי אֶל אָכִישׁ בֶּן מַעֲכָה מֶלֶךְ גַּת וַיַּגִּידוּ לְשִׁמְעִי לֵאמֹר הִנֵּה עֲבָדֶיךָ בְּגַת:
40. And Shimei arose, saddled his ass, and went to Gath to Achish, to seek his slaves, and Shimei went, and brought his slaves from Gath.   מ. וַיָּקָם שִׁמְעִי וַיַּחֲבשׁ אֶת חֲמֹרוֹ וַיֵּלֶךְ גַּתָּה אֶל אָכִישׁ לְבַקֵּשׁ אֶת עֲבָדָיו וַיֵּלֶךְ שִׁמְעִי וַיָּבֵא אֶת עֲבָדָיו מִגַּת:
41. And it was told to Solomon, that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath and had returned.   מא. וַיֻּגַּד לִשְׁלֹמֹה כִּי הָלַךְ שִׁמְעִי מִירוּשָׁלַםִ גַּת וַיָּשֹׁב:
42. And the king sent and called for Shimei, and said to him, "Did I not make you swear by the Lord, and forewarned you, saying, "On the day that you go out and go here or there, know for certain, that you shall surely die, and you said to me, "The word is good (that) I have accepted."   מב. וַיִּשְׁלַח הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיִּקְרָא לְשִׁמְעִי וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו הֲלוֹא הִשְׁבַּעְתִּיךָ בַיהֹוָה וָאָעִד בְּךָ לֵאמֹר בְּיוֹם צֵאתְךָ וְהָלַכְתָּ אָנֶה וָאָנָה יָדֹעַ תֵּדַע כִּי מוֹת תָּמוּת וַתֹּאמֶר אֵלַי טוֹב הַדָּבָר שָׁמָעְתִּי:
And forewarned you: Heb. ואעד, an expression referring to the legal warning given to the offender before committing the offense.  
43. And why have you not kept the oath of the Lord, and the commandment with which I have charged you?"   מג. וּמַדּוּעַ לֹא שָׁמַרְתָּ אֵת שְׁבֻעַת יְהֹוָה וְאֶת הַמִּצְוָה אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִי עָלֶיךָ:
And why have you nor kept the oath of the Lord: which I made you swear in the name of the Lord?  
44. And the king said to Shimei, "You know all the wickedness, which your heart knew secretly, that you did to David, my father; and the Lord shall return your wickedness upon your own head."   מד. וַיֹּאמֶר הַמֶּלֶךְ אֶל שִׁמְעִי אַתָּה יָדַעְתָּ אֵת כָּל הָרָעָה אֲשֶׁר יָדַע לְבָבְךָ אֲשֶׁר עָשִֹיתָ לְדָוִד אָבִי וְהֵשִׁיב יְהֹוָה אֶת רָעָתְךָ בְּרֹאשֶׁךָ:
45. And king Solomon [shall be] blessed, and the throne of David shall be established before the Lord forever.   מה. וְהַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה בָּרוּךְ וְכִסֵּא דָוִד יִהְיֶה נָכוֹן לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה עַד עוֹלָם:
46. And the king commanded Benaiahu the son of Jehoiada, and he went out and fell upon him, and he died; and the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon.   מו. וַיְצַו הַמֶּלֶךְ אֶת בְּנָיָהוּ בֶּן יְהוֹיָדָע וַיֵּצֵא וַיִּפְגַּע בּוֹ וַיָּמֹת וְהַמַּמְלָכָה נָכוֹנָה בְּיַד שְׁלֹמֹה:
And the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon: that is to say, he was not punished for any of these deeds.  
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