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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Melachim I - I Kings - Chapter 1

Melachim I - I Kings - Chapter 1

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 1

1. And king David was old, he came into his old age, and they covered him with clothes, but he was not warmed.   א. וְהַמֶּלֶךְ דָּוִד זָקֵן בָּא בַּיָּמִים וַיְכַסֻּהוּ בַּבְּגָדִים וְלֹא יִחַם לוֹ:
But he was not warmed: Our Rabbis concluded and said: “He who disgraces clothing will ultimately be deprived of their pleasures. Because David tore the skirt of Saul’s robe (Samuel I 24:5) consequently, they did not warm him” (Berachoth 62b). As David saw the angel of death standing in Jerusalem and his sword in his hand, his blood became cold from fear of him.  
2. And his servants said to him, "Let them seek for my lord the king a young girl, a virgin, and she shall stand before the king, and she shall be to him a warmer, and she shall lie in your lap, and it shall be warm for my lord the king."   ב. וַיֹּאמְרוּ לוֹ עֲבָדָיו יְבַקְשׁוּ לַאדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ נַעֲרָה בְתוּלָה וְעָמְדָה לִפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ וּתְהִי לוֹ סֹכֶנֶת וְשָׁכְבָה בְחֵיקֶךָ וְחַם לַאדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ:
A virgin: her virginity warms her flesh.  
A warmer: Heb. סכנת a warmer, and similarly “and he who chops wood is warmed (יסכן) by them” (Eccl. 10:9).  
3. And they sought a beautiful young girl throughout the borders of Israel, and found Abishag the Shunemitess and brought her to the king.   ג. וַיְבַקְשׁוּ נַעֲרָה יָפָה בְּכֹל גְּבוּל יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּמְצְאוּ אֶת אֲבִישַׁג הַשּׁוּנַמִּית וַיָּבִאוּ אֹתָהּ לַמֶּלֶךְ:
4. And the young girl was very beautiful, and she was a warmer to the king, and she ministered to him, but the king did not know her.   ד. וְהַנַּעֲרָה יָפָה עַד מְאֹד וַתְּהִי לַמֶּלֶךְ סֹכֶנֶת וַתְּשָׁרְתֵהוּ וְהַמֶּלֶךְ לֹא יְדָעָהּ:
5. And Adoniahu the son of Haggith exalted himself saying: 'I will be king,' and he made for himself chariots and horsemen and fifty men to run before him.   ה. וַאֲדֹנִיָּה בֶן חַגִּית מִתְנַשֵּׂא לֵאמֹר אֲנִי אֶמְלֹךְ וַיַּעַשׂ לוֹ רֶכֶב וּפָרָשִׁים וַחֲמִשִּׁים אִישׁ רָצִים לְפָנָיו:
Exalted himself: He exalted himself.  
And fifty men: had their spleens removed and the soles of their feet were scraped.  
6. And his father had not angered him all his days saying, "Why have you done so?" And he too was of very handsome appearance, and she bore him after Absalom.   ו. וְלֹא עֲצָבוֹ אָבִיו מִיָּמָיו לֵאמֹר מַדּוּעַ כָּכָה עָשִֹיתָ וְגַם הוּא טוֹב תֹּאַר מְאֹד וְאֹתוֹ יָלְדָה אַחֲרֵי אַבְשָׁלוֹם:
And his father had not angered him: His father never angered him. This episode teaches you that “he who refrains from rebuking his child brings him to his death.”  
And he too was of very handsome appearance: Absalom about whom it is written (Samuel II 14:25) “And as Absalom there was none so handsome.” This caused them, [Absalom and Adoniahu], to be proud.  
And she bore him: his mother.  
After Absalom: This is to say that his mother reared him in the same spoiled manner that Absalom’s mother reared him.  
7. And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest and they helped [by following] after Adoniahu.   ז. וַיִּהְיוּ דְבָרָיו עִם יוֹאָב בֶּן צְרוּיָה וְעִם אֶבְיָתָר הַכֹּהֵן וַיַּעְזְרוּ אַחֲרֵי אֲדֹנִיָּה:
With Joab the son of Zeruiah: Because he knew that David bore a grudge against him for having killed Abner, Amasa, and Absalom, and that he would eventually charge his son, who would reign in his place, to deal with him. Joab, therefore, preferred that this one, [Adoniahu] should reign through his help and so that Adoniahu should favor him.  
And with Abiathar the priest: Because he was dismissed from the priesthood at the time when David was escaping from Jerusalem because of Absalom. When Abiathar consulted the Urim and Tumim and was unsuccessful, as it is said, (Samuel II 15:24) “And Abiathar went up.” And he was a descendent of Eli. And Abiathar knew that he would not serve in the days of Solomon, for it was said to Eli “And I will raise Me up a faithful priest and he shall walk before My anointed one” (Samuel I 2:35). Abiathar preferred [therefore,] that Adoniahu become king through his assistance.  
8. And Zadok the priest and Benaiahu the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei and Rei, and the mighty men, who were with David, were not with Adoniahu.   ח. וְצָדוֹק הַכֹּהֵן וּבְנָיָהוּ בֶן יְהוֹיָדָע וְנָתָן הַנָּבִיא וְשִׁמְעִי וְרֵעִי וְהַגִּבּוֹרִים אֲשֶׁר לְדָוִד לֹא הָיוּ עִם אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ:
And Nathan the prophet: who prophesied to David that Solomon would reign, as it is said in (Chronicles I 22:9) “and Solomon shall be his name.”  
9. And Adoniahu slew sheep and oxen and fatlings, by the stone of Zoheleth which is beside En-Rogel, and he called all his brothers, the king's sons, and all the men of Judah, the kings servants.   ט. וַיִּזְבַּח אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ צֹאן וּבָקָר וּמְרִיא עִם אֶבֶן הַזֹּחֶלֶת אֲשֶׁר אֵצֶל עֵין רֹגֵל וַיִּקְרָא אֶת כָּל אֶחָיו בְּנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ וּלְכָל אַנְשֵׁי יְהוּדָה עַבְדֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ:
And fatlings: [These are sheep and] oxen which have been fattened by forceful feeding.  
The stone of Zoheleth: A huge stone with which the young men would test their strength to move or drag it. [Zoheleth is] an expression similar to moving water (זוחלין) or “those that move (זוחלי) on the dust” (Deut. 32:24). Targum Jonathan renders this word זוֹחֶלֶת a ‘lookout stone,’ upon which one could stand and look far into the distance.  
En-Rogel: which was a well used by a clothes washer who would press the woolen clothes which he washed, with his feet, by stamping [on them].  
10. And Nathan the prophet and Benaiahu and the mighty men and his brother, Solomon, he did not call.   י. וְאֶת נָתָן הַנָּבִיא וּבְנָיָהוּ וְאֶת הַגִּבּוֹרִים וְאֶת שְׁלֹמֹה אָחִיו לֹא קָרָא:
And his brother Solomon, he did not call: for he knew that the prophet had prophesied about him that he would reign [after David’s death].  
11. And Nathan said to Bath-Sheba, Solomon's mother, saying, "You have surely heard that Adoniahu the son of Haggith has reigned, and our lord, David, did not know [it].   יא. וַיֹּאמֶר נָתָן אֶל בַּת שֶׁבַע אֵם שְׁלֹמֹה לֵאמֹר הֲלוֹא שָׁמַעַתְּ כִּי מָלַךְ אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ בֶן חַגִּית וַאֲדֹנֵינוּ דָוִד לֹא יָדָע:
12. And now come and I shall council you with advice, and you shall save your life and the life of your son Solomon.   יב. וְעַתָּה לְכִי אִיעָצֵךְ נָא עֵצָה וּמַלְּטִי אֶת נַפְשֵׁךְ וְאֶת נֶפֶשׁ בְּנֵךְ שְׁלֹמֹה:
And you shall save your life: and save your soul from the rivalry which will follow the death of the king, for your son will wish to reign as the Holy One, Blessed be He, promised him.  
13. Go and come to king David, and you shall say to him, 'Surely, you, my lord the king, did swear to your maid saying that, 'Solomon your son will reign after me and he shall sit upon my throne,' Now why did Adoniahu reign?"   יג. לְכִי וּבֹאִי | אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ דָּוִד וְאָמַרְתְּ אֵלָיו הֲלֹא אַתָּה אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ נִשְׁבַּעְתָּ לַאֲמָתְךָ לֵאמֹר כִּי שְׁלֹמֹה בְנֵךְ יִמְלֹךְ אַחֲרַי וְהוּא יֵשֵׁב עַל כִּסְאִי וּמַדּוּעַ מָלַךְ אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ:
14. Behold, you are talking there with the king, and I shall come in after you and I shall complete your words."   יד. הִנֵּה עוֹדָךְ מְדַבֶּרֶת שָׁם עִם הַמֶּלֶךְ וַאֲנִי אָבוֹא אַחֲרַיִךְ וּמִלֵּאתִי אֶת דְּבָרָיִךְ:
15. And Bath Sheba came in unto the king, into the chamber; and the king was very old; and Abishag the Shunemitess ministered the king.   טו. וַתָּבֹא בַת שֶׁבַע אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ הַחַדְרָה וְהַמֶּלֶךְ זָקֵן מְאֹד וַאֲבִישַׁג הַשּׁוּנַמִּית מְשָׁרַת אֶת הַמֶּלֶךְ:
16. And Bath-Sheba bowed her head, and prostrated herself unto the king, and the king said, "What is your [wish]?"   טז. וַתִּקֹּד בַּת שֶׁבַע וַתִּשְׁתַּחוּ לַמֶּלֶךְ וַיֹּאמֶר הַמֶּלֶךְ מַה לָּךְ:
17. And she said to him, "My lord, you swore by the Lord your God to your maid, that, 'Solomon, your son, shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne.'   יז. וַתֹּאמֶר לוֹ אֲדֹנִי אַתָּה נִשְׁבַּעְתָּ בַּיהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לַאֲמָתֶךָ כִּי שְׁלֹמֹה בְנֵךְ יִמְלֹךְ אַחֲרָי וְהוּא יֵשֵׁב עַל כִּסְאִי:
18. And now, behold Adoniahu has reigned, and now my lord the king, you did not know.   יח. וְעַתָּה הִנֵּה אֲדֹנִיָּה מָלָךְ וְעַתָּה אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ לֹא יָדָעְתָּ:
19. And he has slain oxen and fatlings and sheep in abundance and he called all the king's sons and Abiathar the priest and Joab the general of the army, but Solomon, your servant, he did not call.   יט. וַיִּזְבַּח שׁוֹר וּמְרִיא וְצֹאן לָרֹב וַיִּקְרָא לְכָל בְּנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ וּלְאֶבְיָתָר הַכֹּהֵן וּלְיֹאָב שַֹר הַצָּבָא וְלִשְׁלֹמֹה עַבְדְּךָ לֹא קָרָא:
20. And you, my lord the king, the eyes of all Israel are upon you, that you should tell them, who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after him.   כ. וְאַתָּה אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ עֵינֵי כָל יִשְׂרָאֵל עָלֶיךָ לְהַגִּיד לָהֶם מִי יֵשֵׁב עַל כִּסֵּא אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ אַחֲרָיו:
21. And [otherwise] when my lord the king shall sleep with his fathers, and I and my son Solomon shall be [considered] offenders."   כא. וְהָיָה כִּשְׁכַב אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ עִם אֲבֹתָיו וְהָיִיתִי אֲנִי וּבְנִי שְׁלֹמֹה חַטָּאִים:
And I and my son shall be considered offenders: Instead they will always be lacking and restrained from any greatness.  
22. And behold, she was still speaking with the king, and Nathan the prophet came.   כב. וְהִנֵּה עוֹדֶנָּה מְדַבֶּרֶת עִם הַמֶּלֶךְ וְנָתָן הַנָּבִיא בָּא:
23. And they told the king saying, "Behold, Nathan the prophet." And he came in before the king and he prostrated himself unto the king upon his face, to the ground.   כג. וַיַּגִּידוּ לַמֶּלֶךְ לֵאמֹר הִנֵּה נָתָן הַנָּבִיא וַיָּבֹא לִפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ לַמֶּלֶךְ עַל אַפָּיו אָרְצָה:
24. And Nathan said, "My lord the king, did you say 'Adoniahu shall reign after me and he shall sit upon my throne?'"   כד. וַיֹּאמֶר נָתָן אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ אַתָּה אָמַרְתָּ אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ יִמְלֹךְ אַחֲרָי וְהוּא יֵשֵׁב עַל כִּסְאִי:
Did you say: The interrogative.  
25. For he has gone down this day and has slain oxen and fatlings and sheep in abundance, and he called all the King's sons, and the officers of the army, and Abiathar the priest, and behold they eat and drink before him, and they said, "Long live King Adoniahu."   כה. כִּי | יָרַד הַיּוֹם וַיִּזְבַּח שׁוֹר וּמְרִיא וְצֹאן לָרֹב וַיִּקְרָא לְכָל בְּנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ וּלְשָׂרֵי הַצָּבָא וּלְאֶבְיָתָר הַכֹּהֵן וְהִנָּם אֹכְלִים וְשֹׁתִים לְפָנָיו וַיֹּאמְרוּ יְחִי הַמֶּלֶךְ אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ:
For he went down on this day: The city was on higher ground and the אֶבֶן הַזוֹחֶלֶת was below in a valley.  
26. And me, [even] me your servant, and Zadok the priest and Benaiahu the son of Yehoiada and Solomon, your servant, he did not call.   כו. וְלִי אֲנִי עַבְדֶּךָ וּלְצָדֹק הַכֹּהֵן וְלִבְנָיָהוּ בֶן יְהוֹיָדָע וְלִשְׁלֹמֹה עַבְדְּךָ לֹא קָרָא:
27. If this matter stems from my lord the king, [I wonder that] you have not informed your servant who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him.   כז. אִם מֵאֵת אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ נִהְיָה הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה וְלֹא הוֹדַעְתָּ אֶת עַבְדְּךָ מִי יֵשֵׁב עַל כִּסֵּא אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ אַחֲרָיו:
28. And king David answered and said, "Call Bath Sheba to me. And she came before the king and stood before the king.   כח. וַיַּעַן הַמֶּלֶךְ דָּוִד וַיֹּאמֶר קִרְאוּ לִי לְבַת שָׁבַע וַתָּבֹא לִפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ וַתַּעֲמֹד לִפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ:
29. And he swore and said, "[I swear as] God lives who redeemed my soul from all distress.   כט. וַיִּשָּׁבַע הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיֹּאמַר חַי יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר פָּדָה אֶת נַפְשִׁי מִכָּל צָרָה:
30. Indeed, as I swore to you by the Lord God of Israel saying, 'Surely Solomon, your son, shall reign after me and he shall sit on my throne in my stead,' surely, so will I do this day."   ל. כִּי כַּאֲשֶׁר נִשְׁבַּעְתִּי לָךְ בַּיהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר כִּי שְׁלֹמֹה בְנֵךְ יִמְלֹךְ אַחֲרַי וְהוּא יֵשֵׁב עַל כִּסְאִי תַּחְתָּי כִּי כֵּן אֶעֱשֶֹה הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה:
31. And Bath-Sheba bowed [her] face to the earth, and she prostrated herself to the king and said, "Let my lord King David live forever."   לא. וַתִּקֹּד בַּת שֶׁבַע אַפַּיִם אֶרֶץ וַתִּשְׁתַּחוּ לַמֶּלֶךְ וַתֹּאמֶר יְחִי אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ דָּוִד לְעֹלָם:
32. And king David said, "Call to me Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiahu the son of Jehoiada," and they came before the king.   לב. וַיֹּאמֶר | הַמֶּלֶךְ דָּוִד קִרְאוּ לִי לְצָדוֹק הַכֹּהֵן וּלְנָתָן הַנָּבִיא וְלִבְנָיָהוּ בֶּן יְהוֹיָדָע וַיָּבֹאוּ לִפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ:
33. And the king said to them, "Take with you the servants of your lord, and you shall cause Solomon my son to ride on my own mule, and bring him down to Gihon.   לג. וַיֹּאמֶר הַמֶּלֶךְ לָהֶם קְחוּ עִמָּכֶם אֶת עַבְדֵי אֲדֹנֵיכֶם וְהִרְכַּבְתֶּם אֶת שְׁלֹמֹה בְנִי עַל הַפִּרְדָּה אֲשֶׁר לִי וְהוֹרַדְתֶּם אֹתוֹ אֶל גִּחוֹן:
On my own mule: This will be a positive sign that he will reign and the beginning of his advancement to greatness since a commoner is forbidden to ride on the king’s horse.  
To Gihon: Gihon and Shiloah are synonymous. From this is derived the custom not to anoint the kings except at the well, to symbolize thereby that his kingdom shall be endless as the waters of a well.  
34. And Tzadok the priest and Nathan the prophet shall anoint him there as king over Israel, and blow the horn and say, "(Long) live King Solomon."   לד. וּמָשַׁח אֹתוֹ שָׁם צָדוֹק הַכֹּהֵן וְנָתָן הַנָּבִיא לְמֶלֶךְ עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל וּתְקַעְתֶּם בַּשּׁוֹפָר וַאֲמַרְתֶּם יְחִי הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה:
And he shall anoint him: To anoint him between the lids of his eyes in the form of a crown.  
35. And you shall come up after him, and he shall come and sit on my throne, and he shall reign in my stead, and I have appointed him to be ruler over Israel and over Judah.   לה. וַעֲלִיתֶם אַחֲרָיו וּבָא וְיָשַׁב עַל כִּסְאִי וְהוּא יִמְלֹךְ תַּחְתָּי וְאֹתוֹ צִוִּיתִי לִהְיוֹת נָגִיד עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל וְעַל יְהוּדָה:
36. And Benaiahu the son of Jehoida answered the king and said, "Amen, [may] the Lord, God of my lord the king say so [too].   לו. וַיַּעַן בְּנָיָהוּ בֶן יְהוֹיָדָע אֶת הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיֹּאמֶר | אָמֵן כֵּן יֹאמַר יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ:
Amen: “Long live king Solomon.”  
37. As the Lord was with my lord the king, so shall He be with Solomon and make his throne greater than the throne of my lord King David.   לז. כַּאֲשֶׁר הָיָה יְהֹוָה עִם אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ כֵּן יִהְיֶה עִם שְׁלֹמֹה וִיגַדֵּל אֶת כִּסְאוֹ מִכִּסֵּא אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ דָּוִד:
Than the throne of my lord king David: From this we may derive that a father does not feel envy when his son surpasses him.  
38. And Tzadok the priest and Nathan the prophet and Benaiahu the son of Jehoiada and the archers and the slingers went down, and caused Solomon to ride on king David's mule and brought him to Gihon.   לח. וַיֵּרֶד צָדוֹק הַכֹּהֵן וְנָתָן הַנָּבִיא וּבְנָיָהוּ בֶן יְהוֹיָדָע וְהַכְּרֵתִי וְהַפְּלֵתִי וַיַּרְכִּבוּ אֶת שְׁלֹמֹה עַל פִּרְדַּת הַמֶּלֶךְ דָּוִד וַיֹּלִכוּ אֹתוֹ עַל גִּחוֹן:
And the archers and the slingers: The Targum renders this, the archers and the slingers. Our Sages however, maintain that this refers to the אוּרִים וְתֻּמִים.  
39. And Tzadok the priest took the horn of oil from the tabernacle and anointed Solomon, and they blew the horn, and all the people said, "Long live king Solomon."   לט. וַיִּקַּח צָדוֹק הַכֹּהֵן אֶת קֶרֶן הַשֶּׁמֶן מִן הָאֹהֶל וַיִּמְשַׁח אֶת שְׁלֹמֹה וַיִּתְקְעוּ בַּשּׁוֹפָר וַיֹּאמְרוּ כָּל הָעָם יְחִי הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה:
And Zadok the priest took the horn of oil: The special holy oil compounded by Moses in the desert.  
From the tent: Since the Holy Ark was in Jerusalem which was known as the city of David, and the jug of oil of anointment was before it, both were, therefore, in Jerusalem, as we have learned in the Tractate Yoma (52b).  
40. And all the people came up after him, and the people played the flutes and rejoiced with great joy, and the earth was rent by their sound.   מ. וַיַּעֲלוּ כָל הָעָם אַחֲרָיו וְהָעָם מְחַלְּלִים בַּחֲלִלִים וּשְׂמֵחִים שִׂמְחָה גְדוֹלָה וַתִּבָּקַע הָאָרֶץ בְּקוֹלָם:
The flutes: A flute also in old French.  
And the earth was rent: Prophets [who] made use of exaggerations [in descriptions], as is common by most people.  
41. And Adoniahu and all the guests who [were] with him heard [it] and they had finished eating, and [as] Joab heard the sound of the horn, he said, "Why (is) the noise of the city turbulent?"   מא. וַיִּשְׁמַע אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ וְכָל הַקְּרֻאִים אֲשֶׁר אִתּוֹ וְהֵם כִּלּוּ לֶאֱכֹל וַיִּשְׁמַע יוֹאָב אֶת קוֹל הַשּׁוֹפָר וַיֹּאמֶר מַדּוּעַ קוֹל הַקִּרְיָה הוֹמָה:
42. (While) he was still speaking, and behold Jonathan the son of Abiathar the priest came, and Adoniahu said, "Come in, for you are a valiant man, and bring good tidings."   מב. עוֹדֶנּוּ מְדַבֵּר וְהִנֵּה יוֹנָתָן בֶּן אֶבְיָתָר הַכֹּהֵן בָּא וַיֹּאמֶר אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ בֹּא כִּי אִישׁ חַיִל אַתָּה וְטוֹב תְּבַשֵּׂר:
43. And Jonathan answered and said to Adoniahu, "But our lord king David has made Solomon king.   מג. וַיַּעַן יוֹנָתָן וַיֹּאמֶר לַאֲדֹנִיָּהוּ אֲבָל אֲדֹנֵינוּ הַמֶּלֶךְ דָּוִד הִמְלִיךְ אֶת שְׁלֹמֹה:
But our lord: Jonathan replied, “… at this moment my report is not of good tidings for you.”  
44. And the king sent with him Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet and Benaihu the son of Jehoiada and the archers and the slingers, and they have caused him to ride on the king's mule.   מד. וַיִּשְׁלַח אִתּוֹ הַמֶּלֶךְ אֶת צָדוֹק הַכֹּהֵן וְאֶת נָתָן הַנָּבִיא וּבְנָיָהוּ בֶּן יְהוֹיָדָע וְהַכְּרֵתִי וְהַפְּלֵתִי וַיַּרְכִּבוּ אֹתוֹ עַל פִּרְדַּת הַמֶּלֶךְ:
45. And Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon, and they have come up from their rejoicing, and (therefore) the city was turbulent, this is the noise you have heard.   מה. וַיִּמְשְׁחוּ אֹתוֹ צָדוֹק הַכֹּהֵן וְנָתָן הַנָּבִיא לְמֶלֶךְ בְּגִחוֹן וַיַּעֲלוּ מִשָּׁם שְׂמֵחִים וַתֵּהֹם הַקִּרְיָה הוּא הַקּוֹל אֲשֶׁר שְׁמַעְתֶּם:
46. And also Solomon was sitting on the throne of the kingdom.   מו. וְגַם יָשַׁב שְׁלֹמֹה עַל כִּסֵּא הַמְּלוּכָה:
47. And also the king's servants came to bless our lord king David saying, '(May) God make the name of Solomon better than your name, and make his throne greater than your throne,' and the king bowed down upon the bed.   מז. וְגַם בָּאוּ עַבְדֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ לְבָרֵךְ אֶת אֲדֹנֵינוּ הַמֶּלֶךְ דָּוִד לֵאמֹר יֵיטֵב אֱלֹהִים אֶת שֵׁם שְׁלֹמֹה מִשְּׁמֶךָ וִיגַדֵּל אֶת כִּסְאוֹ מִכִּסְאֶךָ וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ הַמֶּלֶךְ עַל הַמִּשְׁכָּב:
48. And also this the king said, "Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, who has given this day one to sit on my throne, and my eyes seeing (it).'"   מח. וְגַם כָּכָה אָמַר הַמֶּלֶךְ בָּרוּךְ יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר נָתַן הַיּוֹם ישֵׁב עַל כִּסְאִי וְעֵינַי רֹאוֹת:
49. And all Adoniahu's guests trembled and arose and went each man to his way.   מט. וַיֶּחֶרְדוּ וַיָּקֻמוּ כָּל הַקְּרֻאִים אֲשֶׁר לַאֲדֹנִיָּהוּ וַיֵּלְכוּ אִישׁ לְדַרְכּוֹ:
50. And Adoniahu was fearful of Solomon, and he rose and went, and he took hold of the horns of the altar.   נ. וַאֲדֹנִיָּהוּ יָרֵא מִפְּנֵי שְׁלֹמֹה וַיָּקָם וַיֵּלֶךְ וַיַּחֲזֵק בְּקַרְנוֹת הַמִּזְבֵּחַ:
And he rose up and took hold of the horns of the altar: which was in Gibeon. He said, Those put to death by Beth Din are buried in the graves of Beth Din. I shall die here, and be buried in the graves of my forefathers. Thus did Rabbi Tanhuma expound.  
51. And it was told to Solomon saying, behold Adoniahu fears king Solomon, and behold he has taken hold of the horns of the altar saying, "Let king Solomon swear to me today, that he shall not kill his servant with the sword."   נא. וַיֻּגַּד לִשְׁלֹמֹה לֵאמֹר הִנֵּה אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ יָרֵא אֶת הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה וְהִנֵּה אָחַז בְּקַרְנוֹת הַמִּזְבֵּחַ לֵאמֹר יִשָּׁבַע לִי כַיּוֹם הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה אִם יָמִית אֶת עַבְדּוֹ בֶּחָרֶב:
52. And Solomon said, "If he will be a valiant man, even one hair of his shall not fall to the ground, but if wickedness will be found in him, he shall die.   נב. וַיֹּאמֶר שְׁלֹמֹה אִם יִהְיֶה לְבֶן חַיִל לֹא יִפֹּל מִשַּׂעֲרָתוֹ אָרְצָה וְאִם רָעָה תִמָּצֵא בוֹ וָמֵת:
53. And King Solomon sent, and they brought him down from the altar, and he came in and prostrated himself before king Solomon, and Solomon said to him. "Go to your house."   נג. וַיִּשְׁלַח הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה וַיֹּרִדֻהוּ מֵעַל הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וַיָּבֹא וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ לַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ שְׁלֹמֹה לֵךְ לְבֵיתֶךָ:
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