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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Shmuel II - II Samuel - Chapter 14

Shmuel II - II Samuel - Chapter 14

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Chapter 14

1And Joab the son of Zeruiah knew that the king's heart (longed) for Absalom.   אוַיֵּדַע יוֹאָב בֶּן צְרֻיָה כִּי לֵב הַמֶּלֶךְ עַל אַבְשָׁלוֹם:
2And Joab sent to Tekoa and took from there a wise woman; and he said to her: "Please pretend to be a mourner, and please put on mourning clothes, and do not anoint yourself with oil, but be as a woman who has mourned many days for the dead.   בוַיִּשְׁלַח יוֹאָב תְּקוֹעָה וַיִּקַּח מִשָּׁם אִשָּׁה חֲכָמָה וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלֶיהָ הִתְאַבְּלִי נָא וְלִבְשִׁי נָא בִגְדֵי אֵבֶל וְאַל תָּסוּכִי שֶׁמֶן וְהָיִית כְּאִשָּׁה זֶה יָמִים רַבִּים מִתְאַבֶּלֶת עַל מֵת:
And Joab sent to Tekoa: Our Rabbis said, “Because olive oil is found there, [in abundance], wisdom is found there.”  
3And come to the king and speak to him in this manner." And Joab put the words into her mouth.   גוּבָאת אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ וְדִבַּרְתְּ אֵלָיו כַּדָּבָר הַזֶּה וַיָּשֶׂם יוֹאָב אֶת הַדְּבָרִים בְּפִיהָ:
4And the woman of Tekoa spoke to the king, and fell to the ground, and prostrated herself; and she said: 'Save, O' king'.   דוַתֹּאמֶר הָאִשָּׁה הַתְּקֹעִית אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ וַתִּפֹּל עַל אַפֶּיהָ אַרְצָה וַתִּשְׁתָּחוּ וַתֹּאמֶר הוֹשִׁעָה הַמֶּלֶךְ:
5And the king said to her: 'What ails you?' And she said: 'Truly I am a woman [who is] a widow, and my husband is dead.   הוַיֹּאמֶר לָהּ הַמֶּלֶךְ מַה לָּךְ וַתֹּאמֶר אֲבָל אִשָּׁה אַלְמָנָה אָנִי וַיָּמָת אִישִׁי:
truly I am… a widow: Heb. אבל, in truth.  
6And your handmaid had two sons, and they both fought in the field, and there was no rescuer between them, and one struck the other and killed him.   ווּלְשִׁפְחָתְךָ שְׁנֵי בָנִים וַיִּנָּצוּ שְׁנֵיהֶם בַּשָּׂדֶה וְאֵין מַצִּיל בֵּינֵיהֶם וַיַּכּוֹ הָאֶחָד אֶת הָאֶחָד וַיָּמֶת אֹתוֹ:
7And, behold, the whole family rose against your handmaid, and said: "Deliver the one that struck his brother whom he slew, and so destroy also the heir; and so they shall quench my coal which is left, so as not to leave my husband a name or a remainder upon the face of the earth."   זוְהִנֵּה קָמָה כָל הַמִּשְׁפָּחָה עַל שִׁפְחָתֶךָ וַיֹּאמְרוּ תְּנִי | אֶת מַכֵּה אָחִיו וּנְמִתֵהוּ בְּנֶפֶשׁ אָחִיו אֲשֶׁר הָרָג וְנַשְׁמִידָה גַּם אֶת הַיּוֹרֵשׁ וְכִבּוּ אֶת גַּחַלְתִּי אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁאָרָה לְבִּלְתִּי שִׂים (כתיב שִׂום ) לְאִישִׁי שֵׁם וּשְׁאֵרִית עַל פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה:
8And the king said to the woman, "Go to your house, and I will give orders about you."   חוַיֹּאמֶר הַמֶּלֶךְ אֶל הָאִשָּׁה לְכִי לְבֵיתֵךְ וַאֲנִי אֲצַוֶּה עָלָיִךְ:
9And the woman of Tekoa said to the king, "On me, my lord, the king, be the iniquity, and on my father's house; and the king and his throne be guiltless."   טוַתֹּאמֶר הָאִשָּׁה הַתְּקוֹעִית אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ עָלַי אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ הֶעָוֹן וְעַל בֵּית אָבִי וְהַמֶּלֶךְ וְכִסְאוֹ נָקִי:
on me be the iniquity: It is a euphemism out of respect for him as if to say: You are putting me off by saying: I will give orders about you. Now if I go on away and you do not give orders about me, upon whom then will the iniquity be?  
10And the king said, "Who ever speaks to you, bring him to me, and he shall no longer continue to touch you."   יוַיֹּאמֶר הַמֶּלֶךְ הַמְדַבֵּר אֵלַיִךְ וַהֲבֵאתוֹ אֵלַי וְלֹא יֹסִיף עוֹד לָגַעַת בָּךְ:
11And she said, "I beg you, let the king remember the Lord your God that the avenger of blood destroy not excessively so that they destroy not my son." And he said, "As the Lord lives, if one hair of your son shall fall to the earth."   יאוַתֹּאמֶר יִזְכָּר נָא הַמֶּלֶךְ אֶת יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ מֵהַרְבַּת (כתיב מֵהַרְבַּית) גֹּאֵל הַדָּם לְשַׁחֵת וְלֹא יַשְׁמִידוּ אֶת בְּנִי וַיֹּאמֶר חַי יְהֹוָה אִם יִפֹּל מִשַּׂעֲרַת בְּנֵךְ אָרְצָה:
let the king remember the Lord your God: who concerned Himself with the length of the way [to the refuge cities] in order to save lives, as it is stated: “Lest he [the avenger] overtake him because the way is long” (Deut. 19:6). Now this is the meaning of: “So that the avenger of blood destroy not excessively; and you [still] push me off?”  
12And the woman said, "May your handmaid speak a word with my lord the king?" And he said, "Speak."   יבוַתֹּאמֶר הָאִשָּׁה תְּדַבֶּר נָא שִׁפְחָתְךָ אֶל אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ דָּבָר וַיֹּאמֶר דַּבֵּרִי:
13And the woman said, "Why have you thought such a thing about the people of God? [now, consider not] that the king in speaking this word has done so accidentally, so that the king shall not bring back his banished one.   יגוַתֹּאמֶר הָאִשָּׁה וְלָמָּה חָשַׁבְתָּה כָּזֹאת עַל עַם אֱלֹהִים וּמִדַּבֵּר הַמֶּלֶךְ הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה כְּאָשֵׁם לְבִלְתִּי הָשִׁיב הַמֶּלֶךְ אֶת נִדְּחוֹ:
thought such a thing about the people of God.: How have you thought such a thing, i.e., that you suspected Israelites of coming to kill another one with neither witnesses nor [mandatory] warning.  
that the king in speaking this word has done so accidentally: This thing that you decreed for others, i.e., that which you said to me, “not a hair of your son shall fall,” now that I have made it apparent to you that it all related only to your [own] two sons, do not have regrets saying: I stated this accidentally, and behold I am retracting myself, so that the king shall not [be forced to] bring back his son who was banished from him and fled.  
the king in speaking: Eknon parlot in French.  
14For die we must, and [are] as water that is spilt on the ground which cannot be gathered up again; and God favors not a soul, but He devises means that he that is banished be not cast from Him.   ידכִּי מוֹת נָמוּת וְכַמַּיִם הַנִּגָּרִים אַרְצָה אֲשֶׁר לֹא יֵאָסֵפוּ וְלֹא יִשָּׂא אֱלֹהִים נֶפֶשׁ וְחָשַׁב מַחֲשָׁבוֹת לְבִלְתִּי יִדַּח מִמֶּנּוּ נִדָּח:
for die we must: And it suffices us with that punishment.  
and God favors not a soul: and God favors not a soul of man, from death. Therefore, the king should devise means so that he that is banished, not be [permanently] cast from him.  
15And now my motive for having come to speak of this thing to the king my lord [is] because the people have made me afraid; and your maidservant said: I will now speak to the king, perhaps the king will perform the request of his handmaid.   טווְעַתָּה אֲשֶׁר בָּאתִי לְדַבֵּר אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ אֲדֹנִי אֶת הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה כִּי יֵרְאֻנִי הָעָם וַתֹּאמֶר שִׁפְחָתְךָ אֲדַבְּרָה נָּא אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ אוּלַי יַעֲשֶֹה הַמֶּלֶךְ אֶת דְּבַר אֲמָתוֹ:
And now, my coming to speak of this thing to the king: by substituting it on myself and my sons.  
because the people have made me afraid: They frightened me from seeking out my lord regarding his son lest he be angry with me.  
I will now speak: in this fashion, for perhaps [the king] will perform, etc.  
16For the king will hear, to deliver his maidservant from the hand of the man [that would] destroy me and my son together out of the inheritance of God.   טזכִּי יִשְׁמַע הַמֶּלֶךְ לְהַצִּיל אֶת אֲמָתוֹ מִכַּף הָאִישׁ לְהַשְׁמִיד אֹתִי וְאֶת בְּנִי יַחַד מִנַּחֲלַת אֱלֹהִים:
For the king will hear, to deliver his maidservant from the hand of the man: who comes to kill my son, and destroy us together from the inheritance of God.  
17And your handmaid said, 'Let, I pray, the word of my lord the king be for comfort, for as an angel of God so is my lord the king, to discern the good and the bad; and the Lord your God may be with you'."   יזוַתֹּאמֶר שִׁפְחָתְךָ יִהְיֶה נָּא דְּבַר אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ לִמְנֻחָה כִּי | כְּמַלְאַךְ הָאֱלֹהִים כֵּן אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ לִשְׁמֹעַ הַטּוֹב וְהָרָע וַיהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ יְהִי עִמָּךְ:
for comfort: Once the king has given charge concerning me, his declaration [lit., words] will lead to comfort for my son, since he will not retreat from his word; for ‘as an angel of God so is my lord’ and neither wrath or hatred will retreat him from his favorable statement.  
18And the king answered and he said to the woman, "I beg you not to hide from me anything that I shall ask you." And the woman said: "Let my lord the king please speak."   יחוַיַּעַן הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל הָאִשָּׁה אַל נָא תְכַחֲדִי מִמֶּנִּי דָּבָר אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי שֹׁאֵל אֹתָךְ וַתֹּאמֶר הָאִשָּׁה יְדַבֶּר נָא אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ:
19And the king said: "Is the hand of Joab with you in all this?" And the woman answered and said, "As your soul lives, my lord the king, if anyone can turn to the right or to the left from all that my lord the king has spoken, for your servant Joab he bade me, and he put in the mouth of your handmaid all these words.   יטוַיֹּאמֶר הַמֶּלֶךְ הֲיַד יוֹאָב אִתָּךְ בְּכָל זֹאת וַתַּעַן הָאִשָּׁה וַתֹּאמֶר חֵי נַפְשְׁךָ אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ אִם אִשׁ | לְהֵמִין וּלְהַשְׂמִיל מִכֹּל אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ כִּי עַבְדְּךָ יוֹאָב הוּא צִוָּנִי וְהוּא שָֹם בְּפִי שִׁפְחָתְךָ אֵת כָּל הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה:
if anyone can: Heb. אש. Just like אם יש, if there is anyone, or היש, is there anyone. So with האש ביתרשע (Micha 6:10), “are there yet in the house of the wicked?” which is [identical to] היש.  
20In order to bring about the face of the matter, has your servant Joab done this thing; and my lord is wise, according to the wisdom of an angel of God to know all that is in the earth."   כלְבַעֲבוּר סַבֵּב אֶת פְּנֵי הַדָּבָר עָשָֹה עַבְדְּךָ יוֹאָב אֶת הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה וַאדֹנִי חָכָם כְּחָכְמַת מַלְאַךְ הָאֱלֹהִים לָדַעַת אֶת כָּל אֲשֶׁר בָּאָרֶץ:
In order to bring about: [to allow the story] to evolve until the matter of the king’s son as brought to a favorable conclusion.  
and my lord is wise: and you [therefore] understand that it came forth from Joab.  
21And the king said to Joab: "Behold now, you have done this thing, now go bring back the young man Absalom."   כאוַיֹּאמֶר הַמֶּלֶךְ אֶל יוֹאָב הִנֵּה נָא עָשִֹיתִי אֶת הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה וְלֵךְ הָשֵׁב אֶת הַנַּעַר אֶת אַבְשָׁלוֹם:
22And Joab fell on his face to the ground and he prostrated himself, and he blessed the king; and Joab said: "Today your servant knows that I have found favor in your eyes, my lord, O' king, in that the king has done the request of your servant."   כבוַיִּפֹּל יוֹאָב אֶל פָּנָיו אַרְצָה וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ וַיְבָרֶךְ אֶת הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיֹּאמֶר יוֹאָב הַיּוֹם יָדַע עַבְדְּךָ כִּי מָצָאתִי חֵן בְּעֵינֶיךָ אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה הַמֶּלֶךְ אֶת דְּבַר עַבְדֶּךָ (כתיב עַבְדֶּוָ) :
23And Joab arose and went to Geshur, and he brought Absalom to Jerusalem.   כגוַיָּקָם יוֹאָב וַיֵּלֶךְ גְּשׁוּרָה וַיָּבֵא אֶת אַבְשָׁלוֹם יְרוּשָׁלָםִ:
24And the king said: "Let him turn to his house, but my face let him not see." And Absalom turned to his house, and the king's face he saw not.   כדוַיֹּאמֶר הַמֶּלֶךְ יִסֹּב אֶל בֵּיתוֹ וּפָנַי לֹא יִרְאֶה וַיִּסֹּב אַבְשָׁלוֹם אֶל בֵּיתוֹ וּפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ לֹא רָאָה:
25Now like Absalom there was not a man in all Israel as beautiful, to be as [totally] praiseworthy [for beauty]; from the sole of his feet to the crown of his head, there was no blemish in him.   כהוּכְאַבְשָׁלוֹם לֹא הָיָה אִישׁ יָפֶה בְּכָל יִשְׂרָאֵל לְהַלֵּל מְאֹד מִכַּף רַגְלוֹ וְעַד קָדְקֳדוֹ לֹא הָיָה בוֹ מוּם:
26And when he shaved his head-and it was at every year's end that he shaved it; because the hair was heavy on him, then he would shave it- he weighed the hair of his head at two hundred shekels, after the king's weight.   כווּבְגַלְּחוֹ אֶת רֹאשׁוֹ וְהָיָה מִקֵּץ יָמִים | לַיָּמִים אֲשֶׁר יְגַלֵּחַ כִּי כָבֵד עָלָיו וְגִלְּחוֹ וְשָׁקַל אֶת שְׂעַר רֹאשׁוֹ מָאתַיִם שְׁקָלִים בְּאֶבֶן הַמֶּלֶךְ:
27And to Absalom were born three sons and one daughter whose name was Tamar; and she was a woman of beautiful appearance.   כזוַיִּוָּלְדוּ לְאַבְשָׁלוֹם שְׁלוֹשָׁה בָנִים וּבַת אַחַת וּשְׁמָהּ תָּמָר הִיא הָיְתָה אִשָּׁה יְפַת מַרְאֶה:
28And Absalom dwelt in Jerusalem two full years; and the king's face he did not see.   כחוַיֵּשֶׁב אַבְשָׁלוֹם בִּירוּשָׁלַםִ שְׁנָתַיִם יָמִים וּפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ לֹא רָאָה:
29And Absalom sent to Joab, to send him to the king; and he would not come to him: and he sent again a second time, and he would not come.   כטוַיִּשְׁלַח אַבְשָׁלוֹם אֶל יוֹאָב לִשְׁלֹחַ אֹתוֹ אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ וְלֹא אָבָה לָבוֹא אֵלָיו וַיִּשְׁלַח עוֹד שֵׁנִית וְלֹא אָבָה לָבוֹא:
30And he said to his servants, "See, Joab's field is near mine, and he has barley there; go and set it on fire." And Absalom's servants set the field on fire.   לוַיֹּאמֶר אֶל עֲבָדָיו רְאוּ חֶלְקַת יוֹאָב אֶל יָדִי וְלוֹ שָׁם שְׂעֹרִים לְכוּ וְהַצִּיתוּהָ (כתיב וְהַוצִּתיּהָ) בָאֵשׁ וַיַּצִּתוּ עַבְדֵי אַבְשָׁלוֹם אֶת הַחֶלְקָה בָּאֵשׁ:
near mine: Situated near my property in a place where I can damage it.  
near mine: Anmesajjces in French.  
31And Joab arose, and he came to Absalom to his house, and he said to him, "Why have your servants set my field on fire?"   לאוַיָּקָם יוֹאָב וַיָּבֹא אֶל אַבְשָׁלוֹם הַבָּיְתָה וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו לָמָּה הִצִּיתוּ עֲבָדֶךָ אֶת הַחֶלְקָה אֲשֶׁר לִי בָּאֵשׁ:
32And Absalom said to Joab, "Behold, I have sent to you, saying: 'Come here,' that I may send you to the king to say: 'Why have I come from Geshur?' it would be better for me were I still there; and now I will see the king's face; and if there be iniquity in me, let him kill me."   לבוַיֹּאמֶר אַבְשָׁלוֹם אֶל יוֹאָב הִנֵּה שָׁלַחְתִּי אֵלֶיךָ | לֵאמֹר בֹּא הֵנָּה וְאֶשְׁלְחָה אֹתְךָ אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ לֵאמֹר לָמָּה בָּאתִי מִגְּשׁוּר טוֹב לִי עֹד אֲנִי שָׁם וְעַתָּה אֶרְאֶה פְּנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ וְאִם יֶשׁ בִּי עָוֹן וֶהֱמִתָנִי:
let him kill me.: Let the king kill me.  
33And Joab came to the king, and he told him: and he called for Absalom, and he came to the king, and he prostrated himself to him on his face to the ground before the king; and the king kissed Absalom.   לגוַיָּבֹא יוֹאָב אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיַּגֶּד לוֹ וַיִּקְרָא אֶל אַבְשָׁלוֹם וַיָּבֹא אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ לוֹ עַל אַפָּיו אַרְצָה לִפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיִּשַּׁק הַמֶּלֶךְ לְאַבְשָׁלוֹם:
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