Here's a great tip:
Enter your email address and we'll send you our weekly magazine by email with fresh, exciting and thoughtful content that will enrich your inbox and your life, week after week. And it's free.
Oh, and don't forget to like our facebook page too!
Contact Us
The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Shmuel II - II Samuel - Chapter 7

Shmuel II - II Samuel - Chapter 7

 Email
Rashi's Commentary:
Show content in:

Chapter 7

1And it came to pass, when the king dwelt in his house, and the Lord had given him rest round about from all his enemies.   אוַיְהִי כִּי יָשַׁב הַמֶּלֶךְ בְּבֵיתוֹ וַיהֹוָה הֵנִיחַ לוֹ מִסָּבִיב מִכָּל אֹיְבָיו:
had given him rest: He remarked: Behold it has been fulfilled: “And when he offers you rest from all your enemies, etc.” (Deut. 12:10). What is written afterwards? “Then there shall be a place which [the Lord your God] shall choose, etc.” If so, it is incumbent upon us to build the Temple.  
2That the king said unto Nathan the prophet; "See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells within the curtains."   בוַיֹּאמֶר הַמֶּלֶךְ אֶל נָתָן הַנָּבִיא רְאֵה נָא אָנֹכִי יוֹשֵׁב בְּבֵית אֲרָזִים וַאֲרוֹן הָאֱלֹהִים ישֵׁב בְּתוֹךְ הַיְרִיעָה:
3And Nathan said to the king; "All that is in your heart go do; for the Lord is with you."   גוַיֹּאמֶר נָתָן אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ כֹּל אֲשֶׁר בִּלְבָבְךָ לֵךְ עֲשֵֹה כִּי יְהֹוָה עִמָּךְ:
4And it came to pass on the same night, that the word of God was to Nathan saying:   דוַיְהִי בַּלַּיְלָה הַהוּא וַיְהִי דְּבַר יְהֹוָה אֶל נָתָן לֵאמֹר:
And it came to pass on that very night: R. Haninah b. Papa said: “The Holy One blessed is He said to Nathan: This man that I am sending you to is hasty. Perhaps he will hire workers and I will find Myself incurring him loss. Hurry and tell him [it is] not you who will build the house.” R. Simon said: “This man that I am sending you to is wont to make vows just as it is stated… ‘how he swore unto the Lord and vowed unto the Mighty One of Jacob, if I will enter the tent which is my house…’ (Psalms 122:2). Perhaps he will say I will not eat nor will I drink until I do that (build the Temple) and I will find Myself incurring him loss.”  
5"Go and say to My servant, to David; so says the Lord: 'Shall you build Me a house for My dwelling?   הלֵךְ וְאָמַרְתָּ אֶל עַבְדִּי אֶל דָּוִד כֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה הַאַתָּה תִּבְנֶה לִּי בַיִת לְשִׁבְתִּי:
6For I have not dwelt in a house from the day that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle.   וכִּי לֹא יָשַׁבְתִּי בְּבַיִת לְמִיּוֹם הַעֲלֹתִי אֶת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל מִמִּצְרַיִם וְעַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה וָאֶהְיֶה מִתְהַלֵּךְ בְּאֹהֶל וּבְמִשְׁכָּן:
in a tent: The tabernacle of Shiloh did not have a ceiling but consisted of a stone edifice below and curtains above.  
7In all [the places] wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel, did I speak a word with any of the rulers of Israel whom I commanded to shepherd my people Israel, saying: 'Why do you not build for me a house of cedar?'   זבְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר הִתְהַלַּכְתִּי בְּכָל בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל הֲדָבָר דִּבַּרְתִּי אֶת אַחַד שִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִי לִרְעוֹת אֶת עַמִּי אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר לָמָּה לֹא בְנִיתֶם לִי בֵּית אֲרָזִים:
have I spoken: it is the interrogative form and therefore the diacritical dotting of the ה is ‘chataf patach’ and the ד is weak.  
8And now, so shall you say to My servant, to David; 'Thus says the Lord of Hosts. I took you from the sheep cote, from following the sheep, to be a leader over My people Israel.   חוְעַתָּה כֹּה תֹאמַר לְעַבְדִּי לְדָוִד כֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת אֲנִי לְקַחְתִּיךָ מִן הַנָּוֶה מֵאַחַר הַצֹּאן לִהְיוֹת נָגִיד עַל עַמִּי עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל:
from the sheepcote: a shepherd’s shed, similar to; “sheds where shepherds bake” (Zephaniah 2:6).  
9And I have been with you wherever you have gone, and I have cut off all your enemies from before you, and have made for you a great name, like the name of the great ones that are in the earth.   טוָאֶהְיֶה עִמְּךָ בְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר הָלַכְתָּ וָאַכְרִתָה אֶת כָּל אֹיְבֶיךָ מִפָּנֶיךָ וְעָשִֹתִי לְךָ שֵׁם גָּדוֹל כְּשֵׁם הַגְּדֹלִים אֲשֶׁר בָּאָרֶץ:
like the name of the great ones: This is a reference to what we say; the shield of David.  
and I have cut off all your enemies: accordingly it has entered your heart to build the house, as it is written in this Torah.  
10And I will appoint a place for My people, for Israel, and I will plant them, and they will dwell in their own place, and be disturbed no more; and the wicked people shall not continue to afflict them as formerly.   יוְשַׂמְתִּי מָקוֹם לְעַמִּי לְיִשְׂרָאֵל וּנְטַעְתִּיו וְשָׁכַן תַּחְתָּיו וְלֹא יִרְגַּז עוֹד וְלֹא יֹסִיפוּ בְנֵי עַוְלָה לְעַנּוֹתוֹ כַּאֲשֶׁר בָּרִאשׁוֹנָה:
And I will appoint a place: I yet desire to bring calm in order to offer ease and security for my nation in the days of your son.  
11And even from the day that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel; and I will give you rest from all your enemies. And the Lord has told you that the Lord will make for you a house.   יאוּלְמִן הַיּוֹם אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִי שֹׁפְטִים עַל עַמִּי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַהֲנִיחֹתִי לְךָ מִכָּל אֹיְבֶיךָ וְהִגִּיד לְךָ יְהֹוָה כִּי בַיִת יַעֲשֶׂה לְּךָ יְהֹוָה:
And even from the day that I commanded: To be linked with the preceding verse; ‘and shall not continue to afflict them as before’ prior to the period of the Judges, and ‘as they have done’ from the days of the Judges until now.  
and the Lord has told you: today through me, that a house will be made for you by (setting) your son on your throne and in this manner establish a house of royalty for you. Now he will be the one to build the house.  
12When your days are finished and you shall lie with your forefathers, then I will raise up your seed that shall proceed from your body after you, and I will establish his kingdom.   יבכִּי | יִמְלְאוּ יָמֶיךָ וְשָׁכַבְתָּ אֶת אֲבֹתֶיךָ וַהֲקִימֹתִי אֶת זַרְעֲךָ אַחֲרֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר יֵצֵא מִמֵּעֶיךָ וַהֲכִינֹתִי אֶת מַמְלַכְתּוֹ:
13He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever.   יגהוּא יִבְנֶה בַּיִת לִשְׁמִי וְכֹנַנְתִּי אֶת כִּסֵּא מַמְלַכְתּוֹ עַד עוֹלָם:
14I will be to him a father, and he shall be to Me a son; so that when he goes astray I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the sons of Adam.   ידאֲנִי אֶהְיֶה לּוֹ לְאָב וְהוּא יִהְיֶה לִּי לְבֵן אֲשֶׁר בְּהַעֲו‍ֹתוֹ וְהֹכַחְתִּיו בְּשֵׁבֶט אֲנָשִׁים וּבְנִגְעֵי בְּנֵי אָדָם:
with the rod of men: This refers to Hadad and Rezon the son of Elyada.  
and with the stripes of the sons of Adam: This is the demon Ashmadai who chased him from his throne. Now the demons are the children of Adam since for the duration of one hundred and thirty years that Adam was estranged from his wife after the death of Abel, the spirits became heated (pregnant) and gave birth from him.  
15But My mercy shall not depart from him as I withdrew it from Saul, whom I removed from before you.   טווְחַסְדִּי לֹא יָסוּר מִמֶּנּוּ כַּאֲשֶׁר הֲסִרֹתִי מֵעִם שָׁאוּל אֲשֶׁר הֲסִרֹתִי מִלְּפָנֶיךָ:
16And your house and your kingdom shall be confirmed forever before you; your throne shall be established forever."   טזוְנֶאְמַן בֵּיתְךָ וּמַמְלַכְתְּךָ עַד עוֹלָם לְפָנֶיךָ כִּסְאֲךָ יִהְיֶה נָכוֹן עַד עוֹלָם:
17According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak to David.   יזכְּכֹל הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה וּכְכֹל הַחִזָּיוֹן הַזֶּה כֵּן דִּבֶּר נָתָן אֶל דָּוִד:
18And the king David went in and sat before the Lord; and he said: "Who am I, O' Lord God, and what is my house, that You have brought me thus far?   יחוַיָּבֹא הַמֶּלֶךְ דָּוִד וַיֵּשֶׁב לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה וַיֹּאמֶר מִי אָנֹכִי אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה וּמִי בֵיתִי כִּי הֲבִיאֹתַנִי עַד הֲלֹם:
and sat before the Lord: Before the ark.  
thus far: that you have made me king.  
19As though this was yet too small a thing in Your eyes, O' Lord God: but You also spoke of Your servant's house from afar; now is this the manner of man, O' Lord God?   יטוַתִּקְטַן עוֹד זֹאת בְּעֵינֶיךָ אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה וַתְּדַבֵּר גַּם אֶל בֵּית עַבְדְּךָ לְמֵרָחוֹק וְזֹאת תּוֹרַת הָאָדָם אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה:
also… of Your servant’s house: to make rule my son after me.  
and is this the manner of man: in interrogative form. It is befitting to offer such tidings to flesh and blood? A second explanation is: You have done to me as You have done to Adam to whom You showed the generations that were destined to come forth from him.  
20And what more can David say to You? For You know Your servant, O' Lord God.   כוּמַה יּוֹסִיף דָּוִד עוֹד לְדַבֵּר אֵלֶיךָ וְאַתָּה יָדַעְתָּ אֶת עַבְדְּךָ אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה:
And what more can David say ?: What more can I request.  
for You know Your servant: You have provided me with all my needs. This is similar to: “The righteous man provides the needs of his animal’s soul” (Prov. 12:10).  
21For the sake of Your word, and according to Your own heart, have you brought about all this greatness, to make Your servant know it.   כאבַּעֲבוּר דְּבָרְךָ וּכְלִבְּךָ עָשִֹיתָ אֵת כָּל הַגְּדוּלָּה הַזֹּאת לְהוֹדִיעַ אֶת עַבְדֶּךָ:
for the sake of Your words: to make stand that which You had spoken to Samuel to make me king.  
and according to Your own heart: only because it is Your will and not because I merit it.  
to make Your servant know it: the glad tidings that you have brought me.  
22Therefore You are great, O' Lord God: for there is none like You, neither is there any God beside You, according to all that we have heard with our ears.   כבעַל כֵּן גָּדַלְתָּ יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהִים כִּי אֵין כָּמוֹךָ וְאֵין אֱלֹהִים זוּלָתֶךָ בְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר שָׁמַעְנוּ בְּאָזְנֵינוּ:
23And who is like Your people, like Israel, one nation in the world, whom God went to redeem for Himself as a people, and to make Him a name, also to accomplish for you the greatness and fearful things for Your land, [in driving out] from before Your people, whom You did redeem for Yourself out of Egypt, [the] nations and their gods?   כגוּמִי כְעַמְּךָ כְּיִשְׂרָאֵל גּוֹי אֶחָד בָּאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר הָלְכוּ אֱלֹהִים לִפְדּוֹת לוֹ לְעָם וְלָשֹוּם לוֹ שֵׁם וְלַעֲשֹוֹת לָכֶם הַגְּדוּלָּה וְנֹרָאוֹת לְאַרְצֶךָ מִפְּנֵי עַמְּךָ אֲשֶׁר פָּדִיתָ לְּךָ מִמִּצְרַיִם גּוֹיִם וֵאלֹהָיו:
whom God went: Moses and Aaron, as it is written: “I have made you a ruler over Pharaoh” (Exod. 7:1). Now this is also Jonathan’s interpretation; “whom messengers of God went…”  
to redeem to Himself a people: This the messengers said to the Israelites.“The Holy One blessed is He sent us to redeem to Himself a people, and to make to Him a name, and to accomplish for you the greatness.”  
and fearful things: You did for Your land after they came out of there (Egypt). Now what were these fearful things that You did from before Your people? To drive out nations and their gods. This verse appears to be missing the word לגרש (to drive out), since in I Chron. 17:21 it specifies: “to drive out from before Your people nations and their gods.” However it is not missing; for when the text states: “from before Your people… nations,” we may infer from it banishment and driving out.  
24And You did establish to Yourself Your people Israel to be a people unto You forever; and You, Lord, became their God.   כדוַתְּכוֹנֵן לְךָ אֶת עַמְּךָ יִשְׂרָאֵל | לְךָ לְעָם עַד עוֹלָם וְאַתָּה יְהֹוָה הָיִיתָ לָהֶם לֵאלֹהִים:
25And now, O' Lord God, the word that You have spoken concerning Your servant and concerning his house, confirm it forever, and do as You have spoken.   כהוְעַתָּה יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהִים הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְתָּ עַל עַבְדְּךָ וְעַל בֵּיתוֹ הָקֵם עַד עוֹלָם וַעֲשֵֹה כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְתָּ:
26And let Your name be magnified forever, that it may be said: 'The Lord of Hosts is God over Israel; and the house of Your servant David shall be established before You.   כווְיִגְדַּל שִׁמְךָ עַד עוֹלָם לֵאמֹר יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת אֱלֹהִים עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל וּבֵית עַבְדְּךָ דָּוִד יִהְיֶה נָכוֹן לְפָנֶיךָ:
27For You, O' Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel have revealed to Your servant's ear saying: 'A house I will build you'; therefore has your servant found in his heart to pray unto you this prayer.   כזכִּי אַתָּה יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל גָּלִיתָה אֶת אֹזֶן עַבְדְּךָ לֵאמֹר בַּיִת אֶבְנֶה לָּךְ עַל כֵּן מָצָא עַבְדְּךָ אֶת לִבּוֹ לְהִתְפַּלֵּל אֵלֶיךָ אֶת הַתְּפִלָּה הַזֹּאת:
28And now, O Lord God, You [alone] are God, and Your words are truth, and You have spoken unto Your servant this good thing.   כחוְעַתָּה | אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה אַתָּה הוּא הָאֱלֹהִים וּדְבָרֶיךָ יִהְיוּ אֱמֶת וַתְּדַבֵּר אֶל עַבְדְּךָ אֶת הַטּוֹבָה הַזֹּאת:
You (alone) art God: a ruler, and You have the power to fulfill.  
29And now let it please You to bless the house of Your servant, that it may continue forever before You; for You, O' Lord God, has spoken it, and through Your blessing let be blessed the house of Your servant forever."   כטוְעַתָּה הוֹאֵל וּבָרֵךְ אֶת בֵּית עַבְדְּךָ לִהְיוֹת לְעוֹלָם לְפָנֶיךָ כִּי אַתָּה אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה דִּבַּרְתָּ וּמִבִּרְכָתְךָ יְבֹרַךְ בֵּית עַבְדְּךָ לְעוֹלָם:
please You.: a desire.  
 Email
The text on this page contains sacred literature. Please do not deface or discard.