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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Shmuel II - II Samuel - Chapter 6

Shmuel II - II Samuel - Chapter 6

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Rashi's Commentary:
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Chapter 6

1And David continued [to gather] all the chosen of Israel, thirty thousand.   אוַיֹּסֶף עוֹד דָּוִד אֶת כָּל בָּחוּר בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל שְׁלֹשִׁים אָלֶף:
And David continued: to gather.  
All the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand: Since they had gathered to him when they coronated him in Hebron, and this being a second gathering, it states; “And David continued again.”  
2And David arose and went with all the people that were with him, from Baale-judah, to bring up from there the ark of God, which is called a name, the name of the Lord of Hosts who dwell upon the cherubim [being] upon it.   בוַיָּקָם | וַיֵּלֶךְ דָּוִד וְכָל הָעָם אֲשֶׁר אִתּוֹ מִבַּעֲלֵי יְהוּדָה לְהַעֲלוֹת מִשָּׁם אֵת אֲרוֹן הָאֱלֹהִים אֲשֶׁר נִקְרָא שֵׁם שֵׁם יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת ישֵׁב הַכְּרֻבִים עָלָיו:
from Baale-judah: which is Kiriath-jearim as it is stated in Josh.; “And the border circled to Baaleh which is Kiriath- jearim” (Josh. 15:9). Similarly in Chron. “And David and all of Israel went up to Baalah which is Kiriath-jearim (I Chron. 13:6).” Now ‘Baal’ is a plain.  
and David arose and went… from Baale-Judah: for they had gathered there to carry up from there the ark, etc.  
Which is called a name, the name…: which is called to it (To the ark) a name. And what is the name? That the name of the Lord of Hosts was upon it.  
3And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and they carried it from the house of Avinadav that was on the hill; and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Avinadav, drove the new cart.   גוַיַּרְכִּבוּ אֶת אֲרוֹן הָאֱלֹהִים אֶל עֲגָלָה חֲדָשָׁה וַיִּשָּׂאֻהוּ מִבֵּית אֲבִינָדָב אֲשֶׁר בַּגִּבְעָה וְעֻזָּא וְאַחְיוֹ בְּנֵי אֲבִינָדָב נֹהֲגִים אֶת הָעֲגָלָה חֲדָשָׁה:
upon a new cart: He erred in a matter that even school children know: “Because the service of the holy things belonged unto them, they shall bear them upon their shoulders” (Num. 7:9). But since he had remarked “Your Statues have been like songs unto me in the house of my sojournings” (Ps. 119:54) he was punished (for exhibiting undue confidence in his knowledge of Torah) by way of coming to this, and Uzzah died because of him. Therefore, when they brought it (the ark) from the house of Oved- Edom, they brought it upon their shoulders; as it is stated (in I Chron. 15:12); “And he said unto them, You are the chief of the fathers of the Levites; sanctify yourselves and your brethren and you shall bring up the ark… for [because] at first you did not [lift it], the Lord our God caused a breach in us, for at first we sought him not in a proper manner.”  
with the ark of God: This is an abbreviated verse which is to be taken as: ‘And they came with the ark of God.’  
4And they brought it out of the house of Avinadav, which was on the hill, with the ark of God, and Achyo went before the ark.   דוַיִּשָּׂאֻהוּ מִבֵּית אֲבִינָדָב אֲשֶׁר בַּגִּבְעָה עִם אֲרוֹן הָאֱלֹהִים וְאַחְיוֹ הֹלֵךְ לִפְנֵי הָאָרוֹן:
5And David and all the house of Israel made merry with all [manner of instruments of] cypress wood, and with harps, and with psalteries, and with timbrels, and with sistra, and with cymbals.   הוְדָוִד | וְכָל בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל מְשַֹחֲקִים לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה בְּכֹל עֲצֵי בְרוֹשִׁים וּבְכִנֹּרוֹת וּבִנְבָלִים וּבְתֻפִּים וּבִמְנַעַנְעִים וּבְצֶלְצֶלִים:
with all manners of cypress wood: From which musical instruments are constructed.  
6And they came to Goren-nachon, and Uzzah put forth [his hand] to the ark of God, and grasped hold of it, for the oxen swayed it.   ווַיָּבֹאוּ עַד גֹּרֶן נָכוֹן וַיִּשְׁלַח עֻזָּא אֶל אֲרוֹן הָאֱלֹהִים וַיֹּאחֶז בּוֹ כִּי שָׁמְטוּ הַבָּקָר:
the oxen swayed it: for the oxen swayed it and shook it. Now Jonathan also translates it in this manner; ‘For the oxen caused it to sway’ parallelin g his translation of: “And his hand strokes with the axe” (Deut. 19:5) as: And his hand swayed with the iron.  
7And the anger of the Lord was kindled against Uzzah; and God struck him down there for his error; and there he died by the ark of God.   זוַיִּחַר אַף יְהֹוָה בְּעֻזָּה וַיַּכֵּהוּ שָׁם הָאֱלֹהִים עַל הַשַּׁל וַיָּמָת שָׁם עִם אֲרוֹן הָאֱלֹהִים:
for his error: for his mistake for he should have concluded ‘a fortiori’: If it lifted its bearers over the Jordan certainly it was able to lift itself.  
8And David was angered, because the Lord had made a breach upon Uzzah; and he called that place Peretz-uzzah, unto this day.   חוַיִּחַר לְדָוִד עַל אֲשֶׁר פָּרַץ יְהֹוָה פֶּרֶץ בְּעֻזָּה וַיִּקְרָא לַמָּקוֹם הַהוּא פֶּרֶץ עֻזָּה עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה:
9And David was afraid of the Lord that day; and he said: 'How can the ark of the Lord come to me?'   טוַיִּרָא דָּוִד אֶת יְהֹוָה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא וַיֹּאמֶר אֵיךְ יָבוֹא אֵלַי אֲרוֹן יְהֹוָה:
10And David did not want to remove unto him the ark of the Lord, into the city of David; and David took it aside to the house of Oved-edom the Gittite.   יוְלֹא אָבָה דָוִד לְהָסִיר אֵלָיו אֶת אֲרוֹן יְהֹוָה עַל עִיר דָּוִד וַיַּטֵּהוּ דָוִד בֵּית עֹבֵד אֱדוֹם הַגִּתִּי:
Oved-edom: He was a Levite (as stated in I Chronicles 26:4); one of the gatekeepers.  
11And the ark of the Lord dwelled in the house of Oved-edom the Gittite three months; and the Lord blessed Oved-edom, and all his household.   יאוַיֵּשֶׁב אֲרוֹן יְהֹוָה בֵּית עֹבֵד אֱדֹם הַגִּתִּי שְׁלֹשָׁה חֳדָשִׁים וַיְבָרֶךְ יְהֹוָה אֶת עֹבֵד אֱדֹם וְאֶת כָּל בֵּיתוֹ:
and the Lord blessed… all his household: His wife and eight daughters-in-law gave birth to sextuplets as it is written: “Peulthai the eighth (son), etc. Threescore and two were of Oved edom” (I Chron. 26:5).  
12And it was told to King David saying: 'The Lord has blessed the house of Oved-edom, and all that belongs to him, because of the ark of the Lord. And David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Oved-edom into the city of David with joy.   יבוַיֻּגַּד לַמֶּלֶךְ דָּוִד לֵאמֹר בֵּרַךְ יְהֹוָה אֶת בֵּית עֹבֵד אֱדֹם וְאֶת כָּל אֲשֶׁר לוֹ בַּעֲבוּר אֲרוֹן הָאֱלֹהִים וַיֵּלֶךְ דָּוִד וַיַּעַל אֶת אֲרוֹן הָאֱלֹהִים מִבֵּית עֹבֵד אֱדֹם עִיר דָּוִד בְּשִׂמְחָה:
13And it was when the bearers of the ark of God had trodden six paces, he sacrificed an ox and a fatling.   יגוַיְהִי כִּי צָעֲדוּ נֹשְׂאֵי אֲרוֹן יְהֹוָה שִׁשָּׁה צְעָדִים וַיִּזְבַּח שׁוֹר וּמְרִיא:
14And David danced with all his might before the Lord; and David was girded with a linen ephod.   ידוְדָוִד מְכַרְכֵּר בְּכָל עֹז לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה וְדָוִד חָגוּר אֵפוֹד בָּד:
danced: a dance.  
a linen ephod: a linen robe, ‘porceint’ in French. Jonathan translates it ‘a sleeved tunic,’ just as he interprets the robes of Tamar the sister of Absalam to have been sleeved tunics (II Sam. 13:18).  
15And David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the Lord with shouting and with the sound of [the] shofar.   טווְדָוִד וְכָל בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל מַעֲלִים אֶת אֲרוֹן יְהֹוָה בִּתְרוּעָה וּבְקוֹל שׁוֹפָר:
16And [as] the ark of the Lord came [into] the city of David, Michal the daughter of Saul peered through the window, and she saw the king David hopping and dancing before the Lord; and she loathed him in her heart.   טזוְהָיָה אֲרוֹן יְהֹוָה בָּא עִיר דָּוִד וּמִיכַל בַּת שָׁאוּל נִשְׁקְפָה | בְּעַד הַחַלּוֹן וַתֵּרֶא אֶת הַמֶּלֶךְ דָּוִד מְפַזֵּז וּמְכַרְכֵּר לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה וַתִּבֶז לוֹ בְּלִבָּהּ:
17And they brought the ark of the Lord, and they set it in its place, inside the tent that David had pitched for it; and David offered burnt-offerings before the Lord and peace-offerings.   יזוַיָּבִאוּ אֶת אֲרוֹן יְהֹוָה וַיַּצִּגוּ אֹתוֹ בִּמְקוֹמוֹ בְּתוֹךְ הָאֹהֶל אֲשֶׁר נָטָה לוֹ דָּוִד וַיַּעַל דָּוִד עֹלוֹת לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה וּשְׁלָמִים:
18And David finished offering the burnt-offering and the peace-offerings, and he blessed the people in the name of the Lord of Hosts.   יחוַיְכַל דָּוִד מֵהַעֲלוֹת הָעוֹלָה וְהַשְּׁלָמִים וַיְבָרֶךְ אֶת הָעָם בְּשֵׁם יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת:
19And he distributed to all the people, to the whole multitude of Israel, both to men and women, to each individual a loaf of bread, and a portion of meat, and a barrel of wine. And all the people departed, every one to his home.   יטוַיְחַלֵּק לְכָל הָעָם לְכָל הֲמוֹן יִשְׂרָאֵל לְמֵאִישׁ וְעַד אִשָּׁה לְאִישׁ חַלַּת לֶחֶם אַחַת וְאֶשְׁפָּר אֶחָד וַאֲשִׁישָׁה אֶחָת וַיֵּלֶךְ כָּל הָעָם אִישׁ לְבֵיתוֹ:
and a portion of meat: one sixth of a bullock.  
a barrel of wine: (containing one ephah)  
20And David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and she said, "How honored was today the king of Israel, who exposed himself today in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as would expose himself one of the idlers."   כוַיָּשָׁב דָּוִד לְבָרֵךְ אֶת בֵּיתוֹ וַתֵּצֵא מִיכַל בַּת שָׁאוּל לִקְרַאת דָּוִד וַתֹּאמֶר מַה נִּכְבַּד הַיּוֹם מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר נִגְלָה הַיּוֹם לְעֵינֵי אַמְהוֹת עֲבָדָיו כְּהִגָּלוֹת נִגְלוֹת אַחַד הָרֵקִים:
One of the idlers: lit. one of the empty ones.  
21And David said unto Michal; "Before the Lord, who chose me above your father, and above all his house, to appoint me prince over the people of the Lord, over Israel; therefore I have made merry before the Lord.   כאוַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִד אֶל מִיכַל לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר בָּחַר בִּי מֵאָבִיךְ וּמִכָּל בֵּיתוֹ לְצַוֹּת אֹתִי נָגִיד עַל עַם יְהֹוָה עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל וְשִׂחַקְתִּי לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה:
22And if I be demeaned more than this, and be abashed in mine own eyes, [yet] of the maidservants of which you have spoken, with them will I get me honor."   כבוּנְקַלֹּתִי עוֹד מִזֹּאת וְהָיִיתִי שָׁפָל בְּעֵינָי וְעִם הָאֲמָהוֹת אֲשֶׁר אָמַרְתְּ עִמָּם אִכָּבֵדָה:
and if I be demeaned: before Him (God) more than I have demeaned myself now.  
with them will I get me honor: They do not shame me. Instead I am prestigious in their eyes for this.  
23And Michal the daughter of Saul had no child until the day of her death.   כגוּלְמִיכַל בַּת שָׁאוּל לֹא הָיָה לָהּ יָלֶד עַד יוֹם מוֹתָהּ:
had no child: from that day on.  
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