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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Shmuel II - II Samuel - Chapter 5

Shmuel II - II Samuel - Chapter 5

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Chapter 5

1And all the tribes of Israel came to David to Hebron, and spoke, saying: "Here we are. We are your bone and your flesh.   אוַיָּבֹאוּ כָּל שִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל דָּוִד חֶבְרוֹנָה וַיֹּאמְרוּ לֵאמֹר הִנְנוּ עַצְמְךָ וּבְשָׂרְךָ אֲנָחְנוּ:
2Also, in times past, when Saul was king over us, it was you who led Israel out and brought them in, and the Lord said to you, you shall shepherd my nation Israel, and you shall be a ruler over Israel.   בגַּם אֶתְמוֹל גַּם שִׁלְשׁוֹם בִּהְיוֹת שָׁאוּל מֶלֶךְ עָלֵינוּ אַתָּה הָיִיתָ (כתיב הָיִיתָה) הַמּוֹצִיא (כתיב מּוֹצִיא) וְהַמֵּבִיא (כתיב וְהַמֵּבִי) אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה לְךָ אַתָּה תִרְעֶה אֶת עַמִּי אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאַתָּה תִּהְיֶה לְנָגִיד עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל:
3And all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron, and King David enacted a covenant for them in Hebron before the Lord, and they anointed David as King over Israel.   גוַיָּבֹאוּ כָּל זִקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ חֶבְרוֹנָה וַיִּכְרֹת לָהֶם הַמֶּלֶךְ דָּוִד בְּרִית בְּחֶבְרוֹן לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה וַיִּמְשְׁחוּ אֶת דָּוִד לְמֶלֶךְ עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל:
4Thirty years old was David when he became king, and forty years did he reign.   דבֶּן שְׁלֹשִׁים שָׁנָה דָּוִד בְּמָלְכוֹ אַרְבָּעִים שָׁנָה מָלָךְ:
5In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months; and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty three years over all Israel and Judah.   הבְּחֶבְרוֹן מָלַךְ עַל יְהוּדָה שֶׁבַע שָׁנִים וְשִׁשָּׁה חֳדָשִׁים וּבִירוּשָׁלַםִ מָלַךְ שְׁלֹשִׁים וְשָׁלֹשׁ שָׁנָה עַל כָּל יִשְׂרָאֵל וִיהוּדָה:
6And the king and his men went to Jerusalem to the Jebusite[s], the inhabitants of the land, who spoke to David, saying: 'you shall not come here unless you remove the blind and the lame'; as if to say: 'David shall not come here.'   ווַיֵּלֶךְ הַמֶּלֶךְ וַאֲנָשָׁיו יְרוּשָׁלַםִ אֶל הַיְבֻסִי יוֹשֵׁב הָאָרֶץ וַיֹּאמֶר לְדָוִד לֵאמֹר לֹא תָבוֹא הֵנָּה כִּי אִם הֱסִירְךָ הַעִוְרִים וְהַפִּסְחִים לֵאמֹר לֹא יָבוֹא דָוִד הֵנָּה:
to the Jebusites: Mezudath Zion is called Jebus. Now they (the inhabitants of the area) were of the seed of Abimelech, and they were in possession of two statues, one blind and the other lame, symbolizing Isaac (who was blind in his latter years. See Gen. 22:1) and Jacob (who turned lame as a result of his bout with the angel. See Gen. 32:26), and in their mouths was the oath that Abraham had sworn to Abimelech (Gen. 22:23). For this reason they (the Israelites who had conquered the land) did not drive them out, for when they took Jerusalem they failed to take the stronghold, as it is stated: “And the Jebusites, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the people of Judah were unable, etc.” (Josh. 15:63) - it was learned: R. Joshua b. Levi said: They were indeed able but were not permitted.  
and he spoke to David: the one who spoke  
the blind and the lame: these were their idols.  
7And David conquered the stronghold of Zion which is the city of David.   זוַיִּלְכֹּד דָּוִד אֵת מְצֻדַת צִיּוֹן הִיא עִיר דָּוִד:
8And David said on that day; "Whoever smites the Jebusites and reaches the tower, and [removes] the lame and the blind, despised by the soul of David." Therefore they say; "The blind and the lame shall not come into the house."   חוַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִד בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא כָּל מַכֵּה יְבֻסִי וְיִגַּע בַּצִּנּוֹר וְאֶת הַפִּסְחִים וְאֶת הַעִוְרִים שְׂנֻאֵי (כתיב שְׂנֻאֵו) נֶפֶשׁ דָּוִד עַל כֵּן יֹאמְרוּ עִוֵּר וּפִסֵּחַ לֹא יָבוֹא אֶל הַבָּיִת:
Whoever smites the Jebusites and reaches the tower: Whosoever kills the Jebusites and is first to capture the city.  
and the lame: and he also smites the lame and the blind and those despised by the soul, etc.  
wherefore they say: On (account of) that which they say,  
The blind and the lame (etc.: So long as the blind and the lame be here… he shall not, etc.  
David shall not come hither.: This is an incomplete verse for it states: “Whosoever smites the Jebusites and reaches the tower…” but fails to specify what will be done unto him. In I Chron. (15:6), however, the explanation is provided: “Whosoever smites the Jebusites first shall be chief and captain.” Similarly we find; “Whosoever slays Cain…” (Gen 4:15) where it does not specify what will be done unto him. However it can be understood in itself to be an expression of rebuke and chastisement.  
and reaches the tower: צינור is a term for the most elevated point of the tower, for it is there where they would place their statues. In the days of David, the generations mentioned in the covenant had already passed on.  
9And David dwelt in the stronghold and he called it the city of David. And David built round about from the mound and inward.   טוַיֵּשֶׁב דָּוִד בַּמְּצֻדָה וַיִּקְרָא לָהּ עִיר דָּוִד וַיִּבֶן דָּוִד סָבִיב מִן הַמִּלּוֹא וָבָיְתָה:
the mound: A low walled enclosure which is filled with earth and [where] the top of the mound is in the center with a gradual decline in all directions. This is called a ‘milloh’ and upon it David constructed houses. This milloh encircled the stronghold.  
10And David grew steadily greater, and the Lord the God of Hosts [was] with him.   יוַיֵּלֶךְ דָּוִד הָלוֹךְ וְגָדוֹל וַיהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי צְבָאוֹת עִמּוֹ:
11And Hiram, King of Tyre, sent messengers to David, and cedar-trees, and carpenters, and stone-masons [for the building] of a wall, and they built a house for David.   יאוַיִּשְׁלַח חִירָם מֶלֶךְ צֹר מַלְאָכִים אֶל דָּוִד וַעֲצֵי אֲרָזִים וְחָרָשֵׁי עֵץ וְחָרָשֵׁי אֶבֶן קִיר וַיִּבְנוּ בַיִת לְדָוִד:
12And David perceived that the Lord had established him as king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for the sake of his people Israel.   יבוַיֵּדַע דָּוִד כִּי הֱכִינוֹ יְהֹוָה לְמֶלֶךְ עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל וְכִי נִשֵּׂא מַמְלַכְתּוֹ בַּעֲבוּר עַמּוֹ יִשְׂרָאֵל:
And David perceived: upon seeing all his actions prospering and gentile kings sending to him gifts.  
13And David took more concubines and wives from Jerusalem after his coming from Hebron. And there were born to David more sons and daughters.   יגוַיִּקַּח דָּוִד עוֹד פִּלַגְשִׁים וְנָשִׁים מִירוּשָׁלַםִ אַחֲרֵי בֹּאוֹ מֵחֶבְרוֹן וַיִּוָּלְדוּ עוֹד לְדָוִד בָּנִים וּבָנוֹת:
14And these are the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem: Shammua, and Shobav, and Nathan, and Solomon.   ידוְאֵלֶּה שְׁמוֹת הַיִּלֹּדִים לוֹ בִּירוּשָׁלָםִ שַׁמּוּעַ וְשׁוֹבָב וְנָתָן וּשְׁלֹמֹה:
15And Ibhar, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia.   טווְיִבְחָר וֶאֱלִישׁוּעַ וְנֶפֶג וְיָפִיעַ:
16And Elishama, and Elyada, and Eliphalet.   טזוֶאֱלִישָׁמָע וְאֶלְיָדָע וֶאֱלִיפָלֶט:
17And the Philistines heard that they anointed David as king over Israel, and all the Philistines went up to seek David; and David heard [of it] and went down to the stronghold.   יזוַיִּשְׁמְעוּ פְלִשְׁתִּים כִּי מָשְׁחוּ אֶת דָּוִד לְמֶלֶךְ עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיַּעֲלוּ כָל פְּלִשְׁתִּים לְבַקֵּשׁ אֶת דָּוִד וַיִּשְׁמַע דָּוִד וַיֵּרֶד אֶל הַמְּצוּדָה:
18And the Philistines came and spread out in the valley of Rephaim.   יחוּפְלִשְׁתִּים בָּאוּ וַיִּנָּטְשׁוּ בְּעֵמֶק רְפָאִים:
and they spread themselves: and they stretched themselves out.  
19And David inquired of the Lord saying: 'Shall I go up to the Philistines? will you deliver them into my hand?' And the Lord said unto David: 'Go up; for I will surely deliver the Philistines into your hand.'   יטוַיִּשְׁאַל דָּוִד בַּיהֹוָה לֵאמֹר הַאֶעֱלֶה אֶל פְּלִשְׁתִּים הֲתִתְּנֵם בְּיָדִי וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֶל דָּוִד עֲלֵה כִּי נָתֹן אֶתֵּן אֶת הַפְּלִשְׁתִּים בְּיָדֶךָ:
20And David came to Baal-peratzim, and David smote them there; and he said: 'The Lord has broken mine enemies before me, like the breach of waters.' Therefore he called the name of that place Baal-peratzim.   כוַיָבֹא דָוִד בְּבַעַל פְּרָצִים וַיַּכֵּם שָׁם דָּוִד וַיֹּאמֶר פָּרַץ יְהֹוָה אֶת אֹיְבַי לְפָנַי כְּפֶרֶץ מָיִם עַל כֵּן קָרָא שֵׁם הַמָּקוֹם הַהוּא בַּעַל פְּרָצִים:
to Baal-peratzim: the plain of Peratzim.  
like the breach of waters: as waters breach through the embankments.  
21And they forsook there their images, and David and his men burned them.   כאוַיַּעַזְבוּ שָׁם אֶת עֲצַבֵּיהֶם וַיִּשָּׂאֵם דָּוִד וַאֲנָשָׁיו:
and David and his men burned them: This follows Jonathan.  
22And the Philistines came up once again and spread out in the valley of Rephaim.   כבוַיֹּסִפוּ עוֹד פְּלִשְׁתִּים לַעֲלוֹת וַיִּנָּטְשׁוּ בְּעֵמֶק רְפָאִים:
in the valley of Rephaim: It is near Jerusalem, in the Book of Joshua (16:8).  
23And David inquired of the Lord, and He said: 'Do not go up; circle in back of them, and come upon them from against the mulberry trees.   כגוַיִּשְׁאַל דָּוִד בַּיהֹוָה וַיֹּאמֶר לֹא תַעֲלֶה הָסֵב אֶל אַחֲרֵיהֶם וּבָאתָ לָהֶם מִמּוּל בְּכָאִים:
from against the mulberry trees: from opposite the trees.  
24And it shall be, when you hear the sound of steps in the tops of the mulberry trees, then you shall bestir yourself; for then the Lord has gone out before you to smite the camp of the Philistines.'   כדוִיהִי כְּשָׁמְעֲךָ (כתיב בְּשָׁמְעֲךָ) אֶת קוֹל צְעָדָה בְּרָאשֵׁי הַבְּכָאִים אָז תֶּחֱרָץ כִּי אָז יָצָא יְהֹוָה לְפָנֶיךָ לְהַכּוֹת בְּמַחֲנֵה פְלִשְׁתִּים:
the sound of steps in the tops of the mulberry trees: which are the sounds of angels treading in the treetops whom I have lent to your aid.  
then you shall bestir: You shall raise the cry of battle and whet your sword[s]; ‘glapir’ in French. Similarly, “A dog did not whet his tongue” (Ex. 16:7).  
25And David did so, as the Lord commanded him, and he smote the Philistines from Geva until you come to Gezer.   כהוַיַּעַשׂ דָּוִד כֵּן כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּהוּ יְהֹוָה וַיַּךְ אֶת פְּלִשְׁתִּים מִגֶּבַע עַד בֹּאֲךָ גָזֶר:
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