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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Shmuel I - I Samuel - Chapter 31

Shmuel I - I Samuel - Chapter 31

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Chapter 31

1And the Philistines fought with Israel, and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and the slain fell on Mt. Gilboa.   אוּפְלִשְׁתִּים נִלְחָמִים בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל וַיָּנֻסוּ אַנְשֵׁי יִשְׂרָאֵל מִפְּנֵי פְלִשְׁתִּים וַיִּפְּלוּ חֲלָלִים בְּהַר הַגִּלְבֹּעַ:
And the Philistines fought with Israel: This is like a person saying, “Let us return to the earlier topic.”  
2And the Philistines overtook Saul and his sons, and the Philistines slew Jonathan and Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul's sons.   בוַיַּדְבְּקוּ פְלִשְׁתִּים אֶת שָׁאוּל וְאֶת בָּנָיו וַיַּכּוּ פְלִשְׁתִּים אֶת יְהוֹנָתָן וְאֶת אֲבִינָדָב וְאֶת מַלְכִּישׁוּעַ בְּנֵי שָׁאוּל:
3And the battle fell heavy upon Saul, and the archers found him, and he was very much frightened of the archers.   גוַתִּכְבַּד הַמִּלְחָמָה אֶל שָׁאוּל וַיִּמְצָאֻהוּ הַמּוֹרִים אֲנָשִׁים בַּקָּשֶׁת וַיָּחֶל מְאֹד מֵהַמּוֹרִים:
4And Saul said to his weapon-bearer, "Draw your sword and run me through with it, lest these uncircumcised men come and run me through and mock me." But his weapon-bearer was unwilling, for he was very much afraid. And Saul took the sword and fell upon it.   דוַיֹּאמֶר שָׁאוּל לְנֹשֵֹא כֵלָיו שְׁלֹף חַרְבְּךָ | וְדָקְרֵנִי בָהּ פֶּן יָבוֹאוּ הָעֲרֵלִים הָאֵלֶּה וּדְקָרֻנִי וְהִתְעַלְּלוּ בִי וְלֹא אָבָה נֹשֵֹא כֵלָיו כִּי יָרֵא מְאֹד וַיִּקַּח שָׁאוּל אֶת הַחֶרֶב וַיִּפֹּל עָלֶיהָ:
5And his weapon-bearer saw that Saul had died, and he also fell upon his sword and died with him.   הוַיַּרְא נֹשֵֹא כֵלָיו כִּי מֵת שָׁאוּל וַיִּפֹּל גַּם הוּא עַל חַרְבּוֹ וַיָּמָת עִמּוֹ:
6And Saul and his three sons and his weapon-bearer died. Also, all his men died together on that day.   ווַיָּמָת שָׁאוּל וּשְׁלשֶׁת בָּנָיו וְנֹשֵֹא כֵלָיו גַּם כָּל אֲנָשָׁיו בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא יַחְדָּו:
7And the men of Israel who were on the other side of the valley, and who were on the other side of the Jordan, saw that the men of Israel had fled and that Saul and his three sons had died; and they left the cities and fled, and the Philistines came and occupied them.   זוַיִּרְאוּ אַנְשֵׁי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר בְּעֵבֶר הָעֵמֶק וַאֲשֶׁר | בְּעֵבֶר הַיַּרְדֵּן כִּי נָסוּ אַנְשֵׁי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְכִי מֵתוּ שָׁאוּל וּבָנָיו וַיַּעַזְבוּ אֶת הֶעָרִים וַיָּנֻסוּ וַיָּבֹאוּ פְלִשְׁתִּים וַיֵּשְׁבוּ בָּהֶן:
8And it was on the morrow, that the Philistines came to strip the slain, and they found Saul and his sons lying on Mt. Gilboa.   חוַיְהִי מִמָּחֳרָת וַיָּבֹאוּ פְלִשְׁתִּים לְפַשֵּׁט אֶת הַחֲלָלִים וַיִּמְצְאוּ אֶת שָׁאוּל וְאֶת שְׁלשֶׁת בָּנָיו נֹפְלִים בְּהַר הַגִּלְבֹּעַ:
9And they severed his head and stripped his armor; and they sent them around in the land of the Philistines, to spread the tidings to the house of their idols and to the people.   טוַיִּכְרְתוּ אֶת רֹאשׁוֹ וַיַּפְשִׁטוּ אֶת כֵּלָיו וַיְשַׁלְּחוּ בְאֶרֶץ פְּלִשְׁתִּים סָבִיב לְבַשֵּׂר בֵּית עֲצַבֵּיהֶם וְאֶת הָעָם:
10And they put his armor in the house of Ashtaroth, and they impaled his body on the wall of Beth-shan.   יוַיָּשִֹימוּ אֶת כֵּלָיו בֵּית עַשְׁתָּרוֹת וְאֶת גְּוִיָּתוֹ תָּקְעוּ בְּחוֹמַת בֵּית שָׁן:
11And the inhabitants of Jabesh-Gilead heard about him, that which the Philistines had done to Saul.   יאוַיִּשְׁמְעוּ אֵלָיו ישְׁבֵי יָבֵישׁ גִּלְעָד אֵת אֲשֶׁר עָשֹוּ פְלִשְׁתִּים לְשָׁאוּל:
about him: (אליו, lit., to him) like עליו, about him, i.e., about Saul.  
12And all the brave men rose and went all night and took Saul's body and his sons' bodies from the wall of Beth-shan, and they came to Jabesh and burned (for) them there.   יבוַיָּקוּמוּ כָּל אִישׁ חַיִל וַיֵּלְכוּ כָל הַלַּיְלָה וַיִּקְחוּ אֶת גְּוִיַּת שָׁאוּל וְאֵת גְּוִיֹּת בָּנָיו מֵחוֹמַת בֵּית שָׁן וַיָּבֹאוּ יָבֵשָׁה וַיִּשְׂרְפוּ אֹתָם שָׁם:
and they buried them there: (Jonathan renders:) And they burned for them as they burn for the kings there. As we learned: (A.Z. 11a, Tos. Sab. ch. 8:9, Tos. San. ch. 4:2) We perform burning at the burial of kings, and it is not considered a custom of the Amorites.  
13And they took their bones and buried them under the tree in Jabesh, and they fasted seven days.   יגוַיִּקְחוּ אֶת עַצְמֹתֵיהֶם וַיִּקְבְּרוּ תַחַת הָאֶשֶׁל בְּיָבֵשָׁה וַיָּצֻמוּ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים:
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