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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Shmuel I - I Samuel - Chapter 30

Shmuel I - I Samuel - Chapter 30

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Chapter 30

1And it was, when David and his men came to Ziklag, that on the third day, the Amalekites had raided the South and Ziklag, and they had smote Ziklag and burned it with fire.   אוַיְהִי בְּבֹא דָוִד וַאֲנָשָׁיו צִקְלַג בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁי וַעֲמָלֵקִי פָשְׁטוּ אֶל נֶגֶב וְאֶל צִקְלַג וַיַּכּוּ אֶת צִקְלַג וַיִּשְׂרְפוּ אֹתָהּ בָּאֵשׁ:
2And they had captured the women who were therein, but they slew no one, neither big nor small, but led them away and went on their way.   בוַיִּשְׁבּוּ אֶת הַנָּשִׁים אֲשֶׁר בָּהּ מִקָּטֹן וְעַד גָּדוֹל לֹא הֵמִיתוּ אִישׁ וַיִּנְהֲגוּ וַיֵּלְכוּ לְדַרְכָּם:
3And David and his men came to the city, and behold, it was burned with fire; and their wives and their sons and their daughters had been captured.   גוַיָּבֹא דָוִד וַאֲנָשָׁיו אֶל הָעִיר וְהִנֵּה שְׂרוּפָה בָּאֵשׁ וּנְשֵׁיהֶם וּבְנֵיהֶם וּבְנֹתֵיהֶם נִשְׁבּוּ:
4And David and all the people who were with him, raised their voice and wept, until they had no strength to weep.   דוַיִּשָּׂא דָוִד וְהָעָם אֲשֶׁר אִתּוֹ אֶת קוֹלָם וַיִּבְכּוּ עַד אֲשֶׁר אֵין בָּהֶם כֹּחַ לִבְכּוֹת:
5And David's two wives were captured: Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite.   הוּשְׁתֵּי נְשֵׁי דָוִד נִשְׁבּוּ אֲחִינֹעַם הַיִּזְרְעֵלִית וַאֲבִיגַיִל אֵשֶׁת נָבָל הַכַּרְמְלִי:
6And David was in dire straits, for the people spoke of stoning him, for the soul of all the people was grieved, each man concerning his sons and concerning his daughters; but David strengthened himself in the Lord his God.   ווַתֵּצֶר לְדָוִד מְאֹד כִּי אָמְרוּ הָעָם לְסָקְלוֹ כִּי מָרָה נֶפֶשׁ כָּל הָעָם אִישׁ עַל בָּנָיו (כתיב בָּנָו) וְעַל בְּנֹתָיו וַיִּתְחַזֵּק דָּוִד בַּיהֹוָה אֱלֹהָיו:
7And David said to Abiathar the priest, the son of Ahimelech, "Bring near to me now the ephod." And Abiathar brought the ephod near to David.   זוַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִד אֶל אֶבְיָתָר הַכֹּהֵן בֶּן אֲחִימֶלֶךְ הַגִּישָׁה נָּא לִי הָאֵפוֹד וַיַּגֵּשׁ אֶבְיָתָר אֶת הָאֵפוֹד אֶל דָּוִד:
8And David enquired of the Lord saying, "Shall I pursue this troop? Will I overtake them?" And He said to him, "Pursue, for you shall overtake and you shall rescue."   חוַיִּשְׁאַל דָּוִד בַּיהֹוָה לֵאמֹר אֶרְדֹּף אַחֲרֵי הַגְּדוּד הַזֶּה הַאַשִּׂגֶנּוּ וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ רְדֹף כִּי הַשֵּׂג תַּשִּׂיג וְהַצֵּל תַּצִּיל:
9And David went, he and six hundred men who were with him, and they came to the Brook Besor, and those who were left behind stayed.   טוַיֵּלֶךְ דָּוִד הוּא וְשֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת אִישׁ אֲשֶׁר אִתּוֹ וַיָּבֹאוּ עַד נַחַל הַבְּשֹוֹר וְהַנּוֹתָרִים עָמָדוּ:
and they came to the Brook Besor: six hundred men.  
and those who were left behind stayed: When they reached the Brook Besor, there were among them some who were faint, and some of them remained there.  
10And David pursued, he and four hundred men, and there remained two hundred men who refrained from crossing the Brook Besor.   יוַיִּרְדֹּף דָּוִד הוּא וְאַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת אִישׁ וַיַּעַמְדוּ מָאתַיִם אִישׁ אֲשֶׁר פִּגְּרוּ מֵעֲבֹר אֶת נַחַל הַבְּשֹוֹר:
who refrained: (Heb. (פגרו, who refrained. And I say that this is Aramaic, the translation of ונהרסו (Ez. 30:4) and they will be destroyed.  
11And they found an Egyptian man in the field and brought him to David. And they gave him bread and he ate, and they gave him water to drink.   יאוַיִּמְצְאוּ אִישׁ מִצְרִי בַּשָּׂדֶה וַיִּקְחוּ אֹתוֹ אֶל דָּוִד וַיִּתְּנוּ לוֹ לֶחֶם וַיֹּאכַל וַיַּשְׁקֻהוּ מָיִם:
12And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins. When he had eaten, his spirit returned to him: for he had eaten no bread nor drunk any water three days and three nights.   יבוַיִּתְּנוּ לוֹ פֶלַח דְּבֵלָה וּשְׁנֵי צִמֻּקִים וַיֹּאכַל וַתָּשָׁב רוּחוֹ אֵלָיו כִּי לֹא אָכַל לֶחֶם וְלֹא שָׁתָה מַיִם שְׁלשָׁה יָמִים וּשְׁלשָׁה לֵילוֹת:
13And David said to him, "To whom do you belong, and from where are you?" And he said, "I am an Egyptian youth, a slave of an Amalekite man. And my master left me, for three days ago today I feel sick.   יגוַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ דָוִד לְמִי אַתָּה וְאֵי מִזֶּה אָתָּה וַיֹּאמֶר נַעַר מִצְרִי אָנֹכִי עֶבֶד לְאִישׁ עֲמָלֵקִי וַיַּעַזְבֵנִי אֲדֹנִי כִּי חָלִיתִי הַיּוֹם שְׁלשָׁה:
14We made a raid upon the south of the Cherethites and upon that which belongs to Judah, and upon the south of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire."   ידאֲנַחְנוּ פָּשַׁטְנוּ נֶגֶב הַכְּרֵתִי וְעַל אֲשֶׁר לִיהוּדָה וְעַל נֶגֶב כָּלֵב וְאֶת צִקְלַג שָׂרַפְנוּ בָאֵשׁ:
The south of the Cherethites: To the south of the Philistines, for we find elsewhere that the Philistines are called a nation of Cherethites [as it says,] “the inhabitants of the seacoast, the nation of the Cherethites! [The word of the Lord is against you, Canaan land of the Philistines]…” (Zeph. 2:5).  
15And David said to him, "Will you bring me down to this troop?" And he said, "Swear to me by God that you will not put me to death, and that you will not deliver me into my master's hand, and I shall bring you down to this troop."   טווַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו דָּוִד הֲתוֹרִדֵנִי אֶל הַגְּדוּד הַזֶּה וַיֹּאמֶר הִשָּׁבְעָה לִּי בֵאלֹהִים אִם תְּמִיתֵנִי וְאִם תַּסְגִּרֵנִי בְּיַד אֲדֹנִי וְאוֹרִדְךָ אֶל הַגְּדוּד הַזֶּה:
16And he brought him down, and behold, they were scattered over the entire landscape, eating and drinking and dancing, because of all the great spoil which they had taken from the land of the Philistines and from the land of Judah.   טזוַיֹּרִדֵהוּ וְהִנֵּה נְטֻשִׁים עַל פְּנֵי כָל הָאָרֶץ אֹכְלִים וְשֹׁתִים וְחֹגְגִים בְּכָל הַשָּׁלָל הַגָּדוֹל אֲשֶׁר לָקְחוּ מֵאֶרֶץ פְּלִשְׁתִּים וּמֵאֶרֶץ יְהוּדָה:
17And David smote them from evening until evening to their morrow, and no man of them escaped except four hundred young men who rode on camels, and fled.   יזוַיַּכֵּם דָּוִד מֵהַנֶּשֶׁף וְעַד הָעֶרֶב לְמָחֳרָתָם וְלֹא נִמְלַט מֵהֶם אִישׁ כִּי אִם אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת אִישׁ נַעַר אֲשֶׁר רָכְבוּ עַל הַגְּמַלִּים וַיָּנֻסוּ:
their morrow: The Amalekites are accustomed to being defeated on the morrow (On the second day of battle), as it is stated (Ex. 17:9): “Tomorrow I shall stand etc.” Therefore, it is stated: on their morrow.  
18And David rescued all that the Amalekites had taken, and David rescued his two wives.   יחוַיַּצֵּל דָּוִד אֵת כָּל אֲשֶׁר לָקְחוּ עֲמָלֵק וְאֶת שְׁתֵּי נָשָׁיו הִצִּיל דָּוִד:
19And there was nothing missing to them, neither small nor great, neither sons nor daughters, nor anything which they had taken to themselves. David recovered everything.   יטוְלֹא נֶעְדַּר לָהֶם מִן הַקָּטֹן וְעַד הַגָּדוֹל וְעַד בָּנִים וּבָנוֹת וּמִשָּׁלָל וְעַד כָּל אֲשֶׁר לָקְחוּ לָהֶם הַכֹּל הֵשִׁיב דָּוִד:
20And David took all the sheep and the cattle. They led before those cattle and said, "This is David's spoil."   כוַיִּקַּח דָּוִד אֶת כָּל הַצֹּאן וְהַבָּקָר נָהֲגוּ לִפְנֵי הַמִּקְנֶה הַהוּא וַיֹּאמְרוּ זֶה שְׁלַל דָּוִד:
all the sheep and the cattle: which the troop had captured from the south of Judah and from the south of Caleb.  
They led: men who were leading and marching before those cattle, to honor and praise themselves, (by saying,) “This is David’s spoil.”  
21And David came to the two hundred men who had refrained from going after David and they had stationed them at the Brook Besor, and they came out toward David and toward the people who were with him. And David approached the people and greeted them.   כאוַיָּבֹא דָוִד אֶל מָאתַיִם הָאֲנָשִׁים אֲשֶׁר פִּגְּרוּ | מִלֶּכֶת | אַחֲרֵי דָוִד וַיּשִׁיבֻם בְּנַחַל הַבְּשֹוֹר וַיֵּצְאוּ לִקְרַאת דָּוִד וְלִקְרַאת הָעָם אֲשֶׁר אִתּוֹ וַיִּגַּשׁ דָּוִד אֶת הָעָם וַיִּשְׁאַל לָהֶם לְשָׁלוֹם:
22Then every evil and unscrupulous man of the men who had gone with David, spoke up, and said, "Since they did not go with me, let us not give them of the spoil which we have rescued, but each man his wife and his children, and let them lead them away and depart."   כבוַיַּעַן כָּל אִישׁ רָע וּבְלִיַּעַל מֵהָאֲנָשִׁים אֲשֶׁר הָלְכוּ עִם דָּוִד וַיֹּאמְרוּ יַעַן אֲשֶׁר לֹא הָלְכוּ עִמִּי לֹא נִתֵּן לָהֶם מֵהַשָּׁלָל אֲשֶׁר הִצַּלְנוּ כִּי אִם אִישׁ אֶת אִשְׁתּוֹ וְאֶת בָּנָיו וְיִנְהֲגוּ וְיֵלֵכוּ:
23And David said, "Do not do so, my brethren, with that which the Lord has given us, and He guarded us and delivered the troop which came upon us, into our hand.   כגוַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִד לֹא תַעֲשֹוּ כֵן אֶחָי אֵת אֲשֶׁר נָתַן יְהֹוָה לָנוּ וַיִּשְׁמֹר אֹתָנוּ וַיִּתֵּן אֶת הַגְּדוּד הַבָּא עָלֵינוּ בְּיָדֵנוּ:
24And who will listen to you concerning this matter, for as the share of him who goes down into battle, so is the share of him who stays with the luggage; they shall share alike."   כדוּמִי יִשְׁמַע לָכֶם לַדָּבָר הַזֶּה כִּי כְּחֵלֶק | הַיֹּרֵד בַּמִּלְחָמָה וּכְחֵלֶק הַיּשֵׁב עַל הַכֵּלִים יַחְדָּו יַחֲלֹקוּ:
25And it was from that day on, that he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel until this day.   כהוַיְהִי מֵהַיּוֹם הַהוּא וָמָעְלָה וַיְשִׂמֶהָ לְחֹק וּלְמִשְׁפָּט לְיִשְׂרָאֵל עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה:
from that day on: (lit., from that day and above) It is not stated: from that day on, but ‘from that day and above (i.e., before).’ Abraham had already instituted this statute when he said, “Aside from that which the youths have eaten,” those are the ones who stayed with the luggage, “and the share of the men” who went to war.  
26And David came to Ziklag and sent of the spoil to the elders of Judah, to his friends, saying, "Here is a present for you from the spoils of the enemies of the Lord."   כווַיָּבֹא דָוִד אֶל צִקְלַג וַיְשַׁלַּח מֵהַשָּׁלָל לְזִקְנֵי יְהוּדָה לְרֵעֵהוּ לֵאמֹר הִנֵּה לָכֶם בְּרָכָה מִשְּׁלַל אֹיְבֵי יְהֹוָה:
to his friends: (לרעהו), to his friends.  
27To those who were in Bethel, and to those who were in Ramoth of the South, and to those who were in Jattir.   כזלַאֲשֶׁר בְּבֵית אֵל וְלַאֲשֶׁר בְּרָמוֹת נֶגֶב וְלַאֲשֶׁר בְּיַתִּר:
28And to those who were in Aroer, and to those who were in Siphmoth, and to those who were in Eshtemoa.   כחוְלַאֲשֶׁר בַּעֲרֹעֵר וְלַאֲשֶׁר בְּשִֹפְמוֹת וְלַאֲשֶׁר בְּאֶשְׁתְּמֹעַ:
29And to those who were in Rachal, and to those who were in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, and to those who were in the cities of the Kenites.   כטוְלַאֲשֶׁר בְּרָכָל וְלַאֲשֶׁר בְּעָרֵי הַיְּרַחְמְאֵלִי וְלַאֲשֶׁר בְּעָרֵי הַקֵּינִי:
30And to those who were in Hormah, and to those who were in Cor-ashan, and to those who were in Athach.   לוְלַאֲשֶׁר בְּחָרְמָה וְלַאֲשֶׁר בְּבוֹר עָשָׁן וְלַאֲשֶׁר בַּעֲתָךְ:
31And to those who were in Hebron, and to all the places which David and his men had frequented.   לאוְלַאֲשֶׁר בְּחֶבְרוֹן וּלְכָל הַמְּקֹמוֹת אֲשֶׁר הִתְהַלֶּךְ שָׁם דָּוִד הוּא וַאֲנָשָׁיו:
had frequented: for they would hide him from Saul.  
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