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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Shmuel I - I Samuel - Chapter 27

Shmuel I - I Samuel - Chapter 27

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Chapter 27

1And David said to himself, "Now, I shall perish one day in the hand of Saul; there is nothing better for me than that I shall escape to the land of the Philistines, and Saul will despair of me, to seek me any more in all the border of Israel, and I shall escape from his hand. "   אוַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִד אֶל לִבּוֹ עַתָּה אֶסָּפֶה יוֹם אֶחָד בְּיַד שָׁאוּל אֵין לִי טוֹב כִּי הִמָּלֵט אִמָּלֵט | אֶל אֶרֶץ פְּלִשְׁתִּים וְנוֹאַשׁ מִמֶּנִּי שָׁאוּל לְבַקְשֵׁנִי עוֹד בְּכָל גְּבוּל יִשְׂרָאֵל וְנִמְלַטְתִּי מִיָּדוֹ:
Now, I shall perish one day: Perhaps he will ambush me and come upon me suddenly.  
2And David arose. And he and the six hundred men who were with him, crossed over to Achish the son of Maoch, the king of Gath.   בוַיָּקָם דָּוִד וַיַּעֲבֹר הוּא וְשֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת אִישׁ אֲשֶׁר עִמּוֹ אֶל אָכִישׁ בֶּן מָעוֹךְ מֶלֶךְ גַּת:
3And David dwelt with Achish in Gath, he and his men, each man and his household, David and his two wives; Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail the wife of Nabal, the Carmelitess.   גוַיֵּשֶׁב דָּוִד עִם אָכִישׁ בְּגַת הוּא וַאֲנָשָׁיו אִישׁ וּבֵיתוֹ דָּוִד וּשְׁתֵּי נָשָׁיו אֲחִינֹעַם הַיִּזְרְעֵאלִית וַאֲבִיגַיִל אֵשֶׁת נָבָל הַכַּרְמְלִית:
4And it was told to Saul that David had fled to Gath, and he did not continue to search for him.   דוַיֻּגַּד לְשָׁאוּל כִּי בָרַח דָּוִד גַּת וְלֹא יָסַף (כתיב יָוסַף) עוֹד לְבַקְשׁוֹ:
5And David said to Achish, "If now I have found favor in your eyes, let them give me a place in one of the country towns, and I shall dwell there, for why should your servant dwell in the royal city with you?"   הוַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִד אֶל אָכִישׁ אִם נָא מָצָאתִי חֵן בְּעֵינֶיךָ יִתְּנוּ לִי מָקוֹם בְּאַחַת עָרֵי הַשָּׂדֶה וְאֵשְׁבָה שָּׁם וְלָמָּה יֵשֵׁב עַבְדְּךָ בְּעִיר הַמַּמְלָכָה עִמָּךְ:
for why should your servant dwell, etc.: and be a burden to you?  
6And Achish gave him Ziklag on that day; therefore, Ziklag has belonged to the kings of Judah until this day.   ווַיִּתֶּן לוֹ אָכִישׁ בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא אֶת צִקְלָג לָכֵן הָיְתָה צִקְלַג לְמַלְכֵי יְהוּדָה עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה:
7And the number of days which David dwelt in the field of the Philistines was (some) days and four months.   זוַיְהִי מִסְפַּר הַיָּמִים אֲשֶׁר יָשַׁב דָּוִד בִּשְׂדֵה פְלִשְׁתִּים יָמִים וְאַרְבָּעָה חֳדָשִׁים:
(some) days and four months: The minimum of days, being two. It is impossible to explain this word, ‘yomim,’ as ‘a year,’ since David did not go to Achish until Samuel had died, and Saul reigned only four months after Samuel’s demise, as we learned in S.O. (ch. 13). (This can) also (be determined) from the number of Eli’s years (i.e., the forty years which he judged Israel, supra 4:18), and the twenty years that the Ark was in Kiriath-jearim (supra 7:2), totaling sixty years. Subtract therefrom Samuel’s fifty-two years, plus one year for his conception with these four months, plus the seven years which David reigned in Hebron (II Sam. 5:5) before he brought the Ark from Kiriath-jearim. It is found that Saul reigned after Samuel’s demise but four months.  
8And David and his men would go up and raid the Geshurites and the Gizrites and the Amalekites, for those (tribes) were the inhabitants of the land, who were of old, as you go to Shur, even to the land of Egypt.   חוַיַּעַל דָּוִד וַאֲנָשָׁיו וַיִּפְשְׁטוּ אֶל הַגְּשׁוּרִי וְהַגִּזְרִי (כתיב וְהַגִּרְזִי) וְהָעֲמָלֵקִי כִּי הֵנָּה יֹשְׁבוֹת הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר מֵעוֹלָם בּוֹאֲךָ שׁוּרָה וְעַד אֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם:
And David… would go up: This is a present tense. He was always accustomed to this.  
as you come to Shur: from the entrance of Shur (according to Rashi’s version of Jonathan).  
9And David would smite (the inhabitants of) the land, and leave neither man nor woman alive; and he would take sheep and cattle, and donkeys and camels and clothing, and return and come to Achish.   טוְהִכָּה דָוִד אֶת הָאָרֶץ וְלֹא יְחַיֶּה אִישׁ וְאִשָּׁה וְלָקַח צֹאן וּבָקָר וַחֲמֹרִים וּגְמַלִּים וּבְגָדִים וַיָּשָׁב וַיָּבֹא אֶל אָכִישׁ:
10And Achish would say, "Where did you raid today?" And David would say, "Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the Jerahmeelites and against the south of the Kenites."   יוַיֹּאמֶר אָכִישׁ אַל פְּשַׁטְתֶּם הַיּוֹם וַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִד עַל נֶגֶב יְהוּדָה וְעַל נֶגֶב הַיַּרְחְמְאֵלִי וְאֶל נֶגֶב הַקֵּינִי:
Where did you raid?: (Heb. אל פשטתם) The ‘lamed’ is substituted for a ‘nun’ (making the word אן, where) like: And he made for himself a chamber (נשכה) in the book of Ezra (Neh. 13:7) like לשכה.  
11And David would leave alive neither man nor woman to bring to Gath, saying, "Lest they tell about us, saying, 'So has David done, and so is his manner all the days which he has dwelt in the field of the Philistines.' "   יאוְאִישׁ וְאִשָּׁה לֹא יְחַיֶּה דָוִד לְהָבִיא גַת לֵאמֹר פֶּן יַגִּדוּ עָלֵינוּ לֵאמֹר כֹּה עָשָֹה דָוִד וְכֹה מִשְׁפָּטוֹ כָּל הַיָּמִים אֲשֶׁר יָשַׁב בִּשְׂדֵה פְלִשְׁתִּים:
12And Achish believed David, saying, "He has greatly abhorred his people Israel, and he will be to me a bondsman forever."   יבוַיַּאֲמֵן אָכִישׁ בְּדָוִד לֵאמֹר הַבְאֵשׁ הִבְאִישׁ בְּעַמּוֹ בְיִשְׂרָאֵל וְהָיָה לִי לְעֶבֶד עוֹלָם:
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