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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Shmuel I - I Samuel - Chapter 25

Shmuel I - I Samuel - Chapter 25

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 25

1. And Samuel died, and all Israel gathered, and lamented him, and they buried him in his house in Ramah. And David arose, and went down to the Desert of Paran.   א. וַיָּמָת שְׁמוּאֵל וַיִּקָּבְצוּ כָל יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּסְפְּדוּ לוֹ וַיִּקְבְּרֻהוּ בְּבֵיתוֹ בָּרָמָה וַיָּקָם דָּוִד וַיֵּרֶד אֶל מִדְבַּר פָּארָן:
2. And there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were in Carmel. And the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep and one thousand goats; and he was, while shearing his sheep, in Carmel.   ב. וְאִישׁ בְּמָעוֹן וּמַעֲשֵֹהוּ בַכַּרְמֶל וְהָאִישׁ גָּדוֹל מְאֹד וְלוֹ צֹאן שְׁלשֶׁת אֲלָפִים וְאֶלֶף עִזִּים וַיְהִי בִּגְזֹז אֶת צֹאנוֹ בַּכַּרְמֶל:
in Maon: the name of the city.  
and his possessions: (lit., his work, or deed.) His cattle and his possessions.  
great: wealthy.  
and he was, while shearing his sheep, in Carmel: And he was one day, when the time of his sheepshearing came around, in Carmel. And his custom was to make a banquet and a festival for the sheepshearers.  
3. And the man's name was Nabal, and his wife's name was Abigail. And the woman was of good sense and of beautiful form, but the man was hard, and of evil deeds; and he was a Calebite.   ג. וְשֵׁם הָאִישׁ נָבָל וְשֵׁם אִשְׁתּוֹ אֲבִגָיִל וְהָאִשָּׁה טוֹבַת שֶֹכֶל וִיפַת תֹּאַר וְהָאִישׁ קָשֶׁה וְרַע מַעֲלָלִים וְהוּא כָלִבִּי:
a Calebite: of the house of Caleb.  
4. And David heard in the desert, that Nabal was shearing his sheep.   ד. וַיִּשְׁמַע דָּוִד בַּמִּדְבָּר כִּי גֹזֵז נָבָל אֶת צֹאנוֹ:
5. And David sent ten youths, and David said to the youths, "Go up to Carmel, and you shall come to Nabal, and greet him in my name.   ה. וַיִּשְׁלַח דָּוִד עֲשָׂרָה נְעָרִים וַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִד לַנְּעָרִים עֲלוּ כַרְמֶלָה וּבָאתֶם אֶל נָבָל וּשְׁאֶלְתֶּם לוֹ בִשְׁמִי לְשָׁלוֹם:
6. And you shall say, 'So shall you be living next year, and may peace be to you, and peace to your household, and peace to all that is yours.   ו. וַאֲמַרְתֶּם כֹּה לֶחָי וְאַתָּה שָׁלוֹם וּבֵיתְךָ שָׁלוֹם וְכֹל אֲשֶׁר לְךָ שָׁלוֹם:
So: will he be shearing in the coming year. (  
So to the living: So shall be next year living and existing luck.) (Another version is:  
So to the living: Say this concerning his meal and his wine, “So is befitting a live man, and active and esteemed man,” like: [II Sam. 23:20] “the son of a live man (kethib) of many heroic deeds.” I.e., alive and active in all his deeds.)  
to the living: good and existing.  
and peace to you: So shall it be to the length of days.  
7. And now, I have heard that they are shearing for you. Now, your shepherds were with us. We did not disgrace them, neither was anything missing to them all the time they were in Carmel.   ז. וְעַתָּה שָׁמַעְתִּי כִּי גֹזְזִים לָךְ עַתָּה הָרֹעִים אֲשֶׁר לְךָ הָיוּ עִמָּנוּ לֹא הֶכְלַמְנוּם וְלֹא נִפְקַד לָהֶם מְאוּמָה כָּל יְמֵי הֱיוֹתָם בַּכַּרְמֶל:
We did not disgrace them: If they needed us for anything, we did not send them back empty handed.  
neither was anything missing to them.: of your flocks, for we were watching for them.  
8. Ask your youths and they will tell you, and may the youths find favor in your eyes, for we have come on a festive day. Give now, what your hand will find, for your servants and for your son David.' "   ח. שְׁאַל אֶת נְעָרֶיךָ וְיַגִּידוּ לָךְ וְיִמְצְאוּ הַנְּעָרִים חֵן בְּעֵינֶיךָ כִּי עַל יוֹם טוֹב בָּאנוּ תְּנָה נָּא אֵת אֲשֶׁר תִּמְצָא יָדְךָ לַעֲבָדֶיךָ וּלְבִנְךָ לְדָוִד:
and may the youths: i.e., my youths, find favor in your eyes, for the kindness which your servants will tell concerning them.  
for we have come on a festive day.: Depending upon the banquet and festive day which you have, we have now come to ask. Another explanation is: This was the eve of Rosh Hashanah, (and they said,) “We are in need of a holiday feast.”  
9. And David's youths came, and spoke to Nabal according to all these words, in David's name, and they rested.   ט. וַיָּבֹאוּ נַעֲרֵי דָוִד וַיְדַבְּרוּ אֶל נָבָל כְּכָל הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה בְּשֵׁם דָּוִד וַיָּנוּחוּ:
and spoke to Nabal according to all these words, in David’s name, and they rested: They were weary from the way, yet they were quick to execute David’s command, and did not rest until they spoke to him, and afterwards they rested. Jonathan, however, renders: and they ceased, i.e., they stopped speaking further, until they would hear his reply.  
10. And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, "Who is David, and who is the son of Jesse? Nowadays, there are many slaves, who break away, each one from his master.   י. וַיַּעַן נָבָל אֶת עַבְדֵי דָוִד וַיֹּאמֶר מִי דָוִד וּמִי בֶן יִשָׁי הַיּוֹם רַבּוּ עֲבָדִים הַמִּתְפָּרְצִים אִישׁ מִפְּנֵי אֲדֹנָיו:
Who is David: Of what importance is he that I should give him mine? Is he not descended from Ruth the Moabitess?  
11. Now, shall I take my bread and my water, and my meal which I have cooked for my shearers, and shall I give them to people of whom I know not whence they are?"   יא. וְלָקַחְתִּי אֶת לַחְמִי וְאֶת מֵימַי וְאֵת טִבְחָתִי אֲשֶׁר טָבַחְתִּי לְגֹזְזָי וְנָתַתִּי לַאֲנָשִׁים אֲשֶׁר לֹא יָדַעְתִּי אֵי מִזֶּה הֵמָּה:
12. And David's youths turned around to their way, and returned, and told him according to all these words.   יב. וַיַּהַפְכוּ נַעֲרֵי דָוִד לְדַרְכָּם וַיָּשֻׁבוּ וַיָּבֹאוּ וַיַּגִּדוּ לוֹ כְּכֹל הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה:
13. And David said to his men, "Gird each man his sword," and they girded each man his sword, and David too, girded his sword, and they went up after David, about four hundred men, and two hundred stayed with the luggage.   יג. וַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִד לַאֲנָשָׁיו חִגְרוּ | אִישׁ אֶת חַרְבּוֹ וַיַּחְגְּרוּ אִישׁ אֶת חַרְבּוֹ וַיַּחְגֹּר גַּם דָּוִד אֶת חַרְבּוֹ וַיַּעֲלוּ | אַחֲרֵי דָוִד כְּאַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת אִישׁ וּמָאתַיִם יָשְׁבוּ עַל הַכֵּלִים:
and David too, girded his sword: Hence, we derive that in cases involving capital punishment, we commence from the most insignificant in law first.  
by the luggage: to watch their tents and utensils.  
14. And one youth of the youths, told Abigail, the wife of Nabal, saying, "Behold, David sent messengers from the desert to greet our master, and he drove them away.   יד. וְלַאֲבִיגַיִל אֵשֶׁת נָבָל הִגִּיד נַעַר אֶחָד מֵהַנְּעָרִים לֵאמֹר הִנֵּה שָׁלַח דָּוִד מַלְאָכִים | מֵהַמִּדְבָּר לְבָרֵךְ אֶת אֲדֹנֵינוּ וַיָּעַט בָּהֶם:
one youth of the youths: hers.  
and he drove them away: (ויעט בהם) With words, he made them fly away. An expression of עיט (a bird) (Gen. 15:11).  
15. And the men are very good to us; and we were not disgraced, nor was anything missing to us all the time we went with them, when we were in the field.   טו. וְהָאֲנָשִׁים טֹבִים לָנוּ מְאֹד וְלֹא הָכְלַמְנוּ וְלֹא פָקַדְנוּ מְאוּמָה כָּל יְמֵי הִתְהַלַּכְנוּ אִתָּם בִּהְיוֹתֵנוּ בַּשָּׂדֶה:
and we were not disgraced: (Heb. הכלמנו ולא. This is synonymous with the usual passive form,) ולא נכלמנו.  
16. They were a wall over us both night and day, all the time we were with them, pasturing the sheep.   טז. חוֹמָה הָיוּ עָלֵינוּ גַּם לַיְלָה גַּם יוֹמָם כָּל יְמֵי הֱיוֹתֵנוּ עִמָּם רֹעִים הַצֹּאן:
17. And now, know and see what you will do, for the evil has been decided upon against our master and against all of his household; and he is such a base person that one cannot speak to him."   יז. וְעַתָּה דְּעִי וּרְאִי מַה תַּעֲשִֹי כִּי כָלְתָה הָרָעָה אֶל אֲדֹנֵינוּ וְעַל כָּל בֵּיתוֹ וְהוּא בֶּן בְּלִיַּעַל מִדַּבֵּר אֵלָיו:
for the evil has been decided upon: by David against him.  
and he is such a base person that I cannot speak to him: And our master is such a base person that I cannot speak to him that which I am saying to you, lest he become angry with us.  
18. And Abigail hastened and she took two hundred loaves, and two earthenware jugs of wine, and five prepared sheep, and five seah of flour of roasted ears of grain, and one hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs; and she placed them on the donkeys.   יח. וַתְּמַהֵר אֲבִיגַיִל וַתִּקַּח מָאתַיִם לֶחֶם וּשְׁנַיִם נִבְלֵי יַיִן וְחָמֵשׁ צֹאן עֲשׂוּיוֹת וְחָמֵשׁ סְאִים קָלִי וּמֵאָה צִמֻּקִים וּמָאתַיִם דְּבֵלִים וַתָּשֶׂם עַל הַחֲמֹרִים:
prepared: Jonathan renders: תכברא, filled with finely cut meat and eggs. Pates (meat pies) in French, as we learned in Pesahim (74a): And he places the feet and its intestines inside. Rabbi Tarfon calls it תכברא, (a combination of two words, תוך, inside, and ברא, outside). That which is inside is placed outside, according to Rabbi Akiva, who says that the intestines hang outside of it (the paschal lamb). Thus it is stated in the Tosefta(?), and Rabbi Klonimos of sainted memory, from Rome, explained it to us thusly.  
raisins: dried grapes.  
cakes of figs: round cakes of dried figs, trodden and pressed in a vessel.  
19. And she said to her youths, "Go on ahead of me. Behold, I am coming after you." And she did not tell her husband Nabal.   יט. וַתֹּאמֶר לִנְעָרֶיהָ עִבְרוּ לְפָנַי הִנְנִי אַחֲרֵיכֶם בָּאָה וּלְאִישָׁהּ נָבָל לֹא הִגִּידָה:
20. And it was, that she was riding on the donkey, and coming down, under cover of the mountain, and behold, David and his men were coming down toward her, and she met them.   כ. וְהָיָה הִיא | רֹכֶבֶת עַל הַחֲמוֹר וְיֹרֶדֶת בְּסֵתֶר הָהָר וְהִנֵּה דָוִד וַאֲנָשָׁיו יֹרְדִים לִקְרָאתָהּ וַתִּפְגּשׁ אֹתָם:
going down toward her: There was a valley between the two mountains. She was going down one mountain, and they were going down the opposite mountain.  
21. And David said, "Surely in vain have I watched all this fellow has in the desert, so that nothing was missing of all that is his, and he has returned me evil for good.   כא. וְדָוִד אָמַר אַךְ לַשֶּׁקֶר שָׁמַרְתִּי אֶת כָּל אֲשֶׁר לָזֶה בַּמִּדְבָּר וְלֹא נִפְקַד מִכָּל אֲשֶׁר לוֹ מְאוּמָה וַיָּשֶׁב לִי רָעָה תַּחַת טוֹבָה:
And David said: to himself when his youths related to him Nabal’s insults, “Surely in vain have I watched, etc.”  
22. So shall God do to David's enemies, and so shall He continue, if I leave over of all that he has, by the morning light, even one dog."   כב. כֹּה יַעֲשֶֹה אֱלֹהִים לְאֹיְבֵי דָוִד וְכֹה יֹסִיף אִם אַשְׁאִיר מִכָּל אֲשֶׁר לוֹ עַד הַבֹּקֶר מַשְׁתִּין בְּקִיר:
even one dog: (משתין בקיר.) Jonathan renders: one possessing intelligence, (explaining משתין from משית, placing, i.e.,) one who places the walls of his heart (i.e., capable of intelligent thought, an adult). Another explanation is: even a dog whose manner is to urinate against the wall, (explaining משתין in the usual manner).  
23. And Abigail saw David, and she hastened and leaned off the donkey; and she fell on her face before David, and prostrated herself on the ground.   כג. וַתֵּרֶא אֲבִיגַיִל אֶת דָּוִד וַתְּמַהֵר וַתֵּרֶד מֵעַל הַחֲמוֹר וַתִּפֹּל לְאַפֵּי דָוִד עַל פָּנֶיהָ וַתִּשְׁתַּחוּ אָרֶץ:
24. And she fell at his feet, and said, "In me alone, my lord, is the iniquity. Now, let your handmaid speak into your ears, and hearken to the words of your handmaid.   כד. וַתִּפֹּל עַל רַגְלָיו וַתֹּאמֶר בִּי אֲנִי אֲדֹנִי הֶעָוֹן וּתְדַבֶּר נָא אֲמָתְךָ בְּאָזְנֶיךָ וּשְׁמַע אֵת דִּבְרֵי אֲמָתֶךָ:
In me alone, my lord, is the iniquity: First she said this so that he would heed her words. At the end, however, she told him the truth: “I, your handmaid, did not see my lord’s youths” (supra v. 25).  
25. Let not my lord take heed of this base fellow, of Nabal, for like his name, so is he. Nabal is his name, and ungratefulness is with him: and I, your handmaid, did not see my lord's youths whom you sent.   כה. אַל נָא יָשִֹים אֲדֹנִי | אֶת לִבּוֹ אֶל אִישׁ הַבְּלִיַּעַל הַזֶּה עַל נָבָל כִּי כִשְׁמוֹ כֶּן הוּא נָבָל שְׁמוֹ וּנְבָלָה עִמּוֹ וַאֲנִי אֲמָתְךָ לֹא רָאִיתִי אֶת נַעֲרֵי אֲדֹנִי אֲשֶׁר שָׁלָחְתָּ:
26. And now, my lord, as the Lord lives and by your life, (I swear) that the Lord has withheld you from coming to bloodshed, and from saving yourself with your hand. And now, may your enemies and those who seek evil to my lord, be as Nabal.   כו. וְעַתָּה אֲדֹנִי חַי יְהֹוָה וְחֵי נַפְשְׁךָ אֲשֶׁר מְנָעֲךָ יְהֹוָה מִבּוֹא בְדָמִים וְהוֹשֵׁעַ יָדְךָ לָךְ וְעַתָּה יִהְיוּ כְנָבָל אֹיְבֶיךָ וְהַמְבַקְשִׁים אֶל אֲדֹנִי רָעָה:
that… withheld: for He sent me toward you to withhold you from bloodshed.  
and from saving yourself with your hand: lest you personally avenge yourself and be punished.  
as Nabal: She prophesied with the divine spirit that Nabal would not live long.  
27. And now, this gift which your handmaid has brought to my lord, shall be given to the youths who walk at my lord's feet.   כז. וְעַתָּה הַבְּרָכָה הַזֹּאת אֲשֶׁר הֵבִיא שִׁפְחָתְךָ לַאדֹנִי וְנִתְּנָה לַנְּעָרִים הַמִּתְהַלְּכִים בְּרַגְלֵי אֲדֹנִי:
shall be given: (Heb. ונתנה)And it shall be given to the youths, etc. נתנה, (It was given) is past tense, ונתנה (with a ‘vav’) is future tense.  
28. Forgive now your handmaid's transgression, for the Lord shall make for my lord a sure house, for my lord fights the wars of the Lord. And let no evil be found in you all your days.   כח. שָֹא נָא לְפֶשַׁע אֲמָתֶךָ כִּי עָשֹה יַעֲשֶׂה יְהֹוָה לַאדֹנִי בַּיִת נֶאֱמָן כִּי מִלְחֲמוֹת יְהֹוָה אֲדֹנִי נִלְחָם וְרָעָה לֹא תִמָּצֵא בְךָ מִיָּמֶיךָ:
for the Lord shall make for my lord a sure house: to be King over Israel. Therefore,  
let no evil be found in you: Therefore, it is not fitting for you to do anything contrary to the Law, to spread evil talk concerning your kingdom.  
29. And a man has arisen to pursue you and to seek your soul. But my lord's soul shall be bound in the bundle of life with the Lord your God, while the soul of your enemies, the Lord will sling it with the hollow of the sling.   כט. וַיָּקָם אָדָם לִרְדָפְךָ וּלְבַקֵּשׁ אֶת נַפְשֶׁךָ וְהָיְתָה נֶפֶשׁ אֲדֹנִי צְרוּרָה | בִּצְרוֹר הַחַיִּים אֵת יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ וְאֵת נֶפֶשׁ אֹיְבֶיךָ יְקַלְּעֶנָּה בְּתוֹךְ כַּף הַקָּלַע:
the soul of your enemies, the Lord will sling it with the hollow of the sling: A wide piece of leather, made like a sort of hollow, in the middle of the sling, in which one places the stone.  
30. And it will be, when the Lord will do to my lord according to all the good which He spoke concerning you, and He will appoint you as ruler over Israel.   ל. וְהָיָה כִּי יַעֲשֶֹה יְהֹוָה לַאדֹנִי כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר אֶת הַטּוֹבָה עָלֶיךָ וְצִוְּךָ לְנָגִיד עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל:
And it will be, when the Lord will do, etc.: and you will reign.  
31. Let this not be to you as a stumblingblock and a remorse of heart to my lord, that you have shed blood without cause, or that my lord has avenged himself. And when the Lord will do good to my lord, you shall remember your maidservant."   לא. וְלֹא תִהְיֶה זֹאת | לְךָ לְפוּקָה וּלְמִכְשׁוֹל לֵב לַאדֹנִי וְלִשְׁפָּךְ דָּם חִנָּם וּלְהוֹשִׁיעַ אֲדֹנִי לוֹ וְהֵיטִב יְהֹוָה לַאדֹנִי וְזָכַרְתָּ אֶת אֲמָתֶךָ:
And let this not be to you as a stumbling block: (לפוקה) as a stumbling block, like: “and the stumbling (ופיק) of the knees” (Nahum 2:11), for, had you done this, you would not be able to open your mouth to reprove anyone of the future generations, concerning bloodshed.  
or that my lord has avenged himself: that you avenge yourself.  
32. And David said to Abigail, "Blessed is the Lord God of Israel, Who has sent you towards me on this day.   לב. וַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִד לַאֲבִיגַל בָּרוּךְ יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר שְׁלָחֵךְ הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה לִקְרָאתִי:
33. Blessed is your advice, and blessed be you, who have restrained me this day from coming into bloodshed, and from avenging myself with my own hand.   לג. וּבָרוּךְ טַעְמֵךְ וּבְרוּכָה אָתְּ אֲשֶׁר כְּלִתִנִי הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה מִבּוֹא בְדָמִים וְהשֵׁעַ יָדִי לִי:
restrained me: (Heb. כליתני) you withheld me, like: You shall not withhold (תכלא) your mercy (Ps. 40:12); will not withhold (כלה) from you (Gen. 12:7).  
and from avenging myself with my own hand: (lit., and avenging etc.) This is connected with the phrase, “from coming into bloodshed.” The ‘mem’ of מבוא, (from coming) is connected to ‘and avenging,’ to be explained as, ‘from coming into bloodshed and from avenging myself with my own hand.’  
34. And indeed, as the Lord God of Israel lives, Who has restrained me from harming you, (I swear) that had you not hastened and come toward me, there would not have been left to Nabal until daybreak, even one dog."   לד. וְאוּלָם חַי יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר מְנָעַנִי מֵהָרַע אֹתָךְ כִּי | לוּלֵי מִהַרְתְּ וַתָּבֹאת לִקְרָאתִי כִּי אִם נוֹתַר לְנָבָל עַד אוֹר הַבֹּקֶר מַשְׁתִּין בְּקִיר:
35. And David took from her hand that which she had brought him, and he said to her, "Go up in peace to your house. See that I have hearkened to your voice and have shown you favor."   לה. וַיִּקַּח דָּוִד מִיָּדָהּ אֵת אֲשֶׁר הֵבִיאָה לוֹ וְלָהּ אָמַר עֲלִי לְשָׁלוֹם לְבֵיתֵךְ רְאִי שָׁמַעְתִּי בְקוֹלֵךְ וָאֶשָּׂא פָּנָיִךְ:
36. And Abigail came to Nabal, and behold, he had a feast in his house like the feast of the king; and Nabal's heart was merry within him, and he was very drunk. And she did not tell him anything, less or more until daybreak.   לו. וַתָּבֹא אֲבִיגַיִל | אֶל נָבָל וְהִנֵּה לוֹ מִשְׁתֶּה בְּבֵיתוֹ כְּמִשְׁתֵּה הַמֶּלֶךְ וְלֵב נָבָל טוֹב עָלָיו וְהוּא שִׁכֹּר עַד מְאֹד וְלֹא הִגִּידָה לּוֹ דָּבָר קָטֹן וְגָדוֹל עַד אוֹר הַבֹּקֶר:
37. And it was in the morning, when the wine had left Nabal, that his wife told him these things, and his heart died within him, and he became like stone.   לז. וַיְהִי בַבֹּקֶר בְּצֵאת הַיַּיִן מִנָּבָל וַתַּגֶּד לוֹ אִשְׁתּוֹ אֶת הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה וַיָּמָת לִבּוֹ בְּקִרְבּוֹ וְהוּא הָיָה לְאָבֶן:
when the wine had left Nabal: when the effect of the wine had left Nabal (from Jonathan).  
and his heart died: (He became paralyzed and lifeless, because) he was shocked concerning the gift which had been brought to David.  
38. And it was just ten days after, that the Lord inflicted a stroke on Nabal, and he died.   לח. וַיְהִי כַּעֲשֶֹרֶת הַיָּמִים וַיִּגֹּף יְהֹוָה אֶת נָבָל וַיָּמֹת:
just ten days after: The Holy One Blessed be He suspended his sentence until after Samuel’s mourning period, lest the mourning period of this wicked man coincide with his mourning period. Afterward, He reprieved him for three days and he died, as it is stated: And the Lord inflicted a stroke upon Nabal, and the Rabbi said: If one was ill three days and died, this is a death of a stroke (or a plague). Our Rabbis stated: These are the Ten Days of Repentance (between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, cf. supra v. 8) which the Holy One Blessed be He waited for him to repent. Some say that they correspond to the meals which Nabal gave David’s servants for David had sent him ten youths (supra v. 5), and he fed them (v. 9“and they rested” meaning that he gave them refreshments).  
39. And David heard that Nabal had died, and he said, "Blessed is the Lord, Who has judged the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and restrained His bondsman from evil, and returned Nabal's evil upon his own head." And David sent, and spoke concerning Abigail to take her to him for a wife.   לט. וַיִּשְׁמַע דָּוִד כִּי מֵת נָבָל וַיֹּאמֶר בָּרוּךְ יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר רָב אֶת רִיב חֶרְפָּתִי מִיַּד נָבָל וְאֶת עַבְדּוֹ חָשַֹךְ מֵרָעָה וְאֵת רָעַת נָבָל הֵשִׁיב יְהֹוָה בְּרֹאשׁוֹ וַיִּשְׁלַח דָּוִד וַיְדַבֵּר בַּאֲבִיגַיִל לְקַחְתָּהּ לוֹ לְאִשָּׁה:
the cause of my reproach: my insult which he insulted me today, (by saying, Who is David and who is the son of Jesse?). Nowadays there are many slaves who break away (supra v. 10).  
and restrained His bondsman from evil: that I did not kill him.  
40. And David's servants came to Abigail, to Carmel, and spoke to her, saying, "David has sent us to you to take you to him for a wife."   מ. וַיָּבֹאוּ עַבְדֵי דָוִד אֶל אֲבִיגַיִל הַכַּרְמֶלָה וַיְדַבְּרוּ אֵלֶיהָ לֵאמֹר דָּוִד שְׁלָחָנוּ אֵלַיִךְ לְקַחְתֵּךְ לוֹ לְאִשָּׁה:
41. And she arose, and prostrated herself upon her face to the ground, and said, "Behold, your bondswoman is a slave to wash the feet of my lord's servants."   מא. וַתָּקָם וַתִּשְׁתַּחוּ אַפַּיִם אָרְצָה וַתֹּאמֶר הִנֵּה אֲמָתְךָ לְשִׁפְחָה לִרְחֹץ רַגְלֵי עַבְדֵי אֲדֹנִי:
42. And she hastened, and mounted the donkey with her five maidens who went with her. And she went after David's messengers, and became his wife.   מב. וַתְּמַהֵר וַתָּקָם אֲבִיגַיִל וַתִּרְכַּב עַל הַחֲמוֹר וְחָמֵשׁ נַעֲרֹתֶיהָ הַהֹלְכוֹת לְרַגְלָהּ וַתֵּלֶךְ אַחֲרֵי מַלְאֲכֵי דָוִד וַתְּהִי לוֹ לְאִשָּׁה:
43. And David took Ahinoam from Jezreel, and they both became his wives.   מג. וְאֶת אֲחִינֹעַם לָקַח דָּוִד מִיִּזְרְעֶאל וַתִּהְיֶיןָ גַּם שְׁתֵּיהֶן לוֹ לְנָשִׁים:
44. And Saul had given his daughter, Michal, wife of David, to Palti the son of Laish, who was from Gallim.   מד. וְשָׁאוּל נָתַן אֶת מִיכַל בִּתּוֹ אֵשֶׁת דָּוִד לְפַלְטִי בֶן לַיִשׁ אֲשֶׁר מִגַּלִּים:
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