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Shmuel I - I Samuel - Chapter 24

Shmuel I - I Samuel - Chapter 24

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Chapter 24

1And David went up from there, and he stayed in the strongholds of En-gedi.   אוַיַּעַל דָּוִד מִשָּׁם וַיֵּשֶׁב בִּמְצָדוֹת עֵין גֶּדִי:
2And it was, when Saul had returned from following the Philistines, that they told him, saying, "David is in the Desert of En-gedi."   בוַיְהִי כַּאֲשֶׁר שָׁב שָׁאוּל מֵאַחֲרֵי פְּלִשְׁתִּים וַיַּגִּדוּ לוֹ לֵאמֹר הִנֵּה דָוִד בְּמִדְבַּר עֵין גֶּדִי:
3And Saul took three thousand picked men from all Israel, and went to seek David and his men on the Rocks of the Wild Goats.   גוַיִּקַּח שָׁאוּל שְׁלשֶׁת אֲלָפִים אִישׁ בָּחוּר מִכָּל יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיֵּלֶךְ לְבַקֵּשׁ אֶת דָּוִד וַאֲנָשָׁיו עַל פְּנֵי צוּרֵי הַיְּעֵלִים:
צורי היעלים: the Rocks of the Wild Goats.  
4And he came to the sheepcotes on the way, and there was a cave, and Saul went in to cover his feet, while David and his men were staying at the end of the cave.   דוַיָּבֹא אֶל גִּדְרוֹת הַצֹּאן עַל הַדֶּרֶךְ וְשָׁם מְעָרָה וַיָּבֹא שָׁאוּל לְהָסֵךְ אֶת רַגְלָיו וְדָוִד וַאֲנָשָׁיו בְּיַרְכְּתֵי הַמְּעָרָה יֹשְׁבִים:
to cover his feet: To stool.  
5And David's men said to him, "Behold the day concerning which the Lord said to you, 'Behold, I shall deliver your enemy into your hand; and you shall do to him as it will seem good in your eyes.' " And David arose, and secretly severed the skirt of Saul's coat.   הוַיֹּאמְרוּ אַנְשֵׁי דָוִד אֵלָיו הִנֵּה הַיּוֹם אֲשֶׁר אָמַר יְהֹוָה אֵלֶיךָ הִנֵּה אָנֹכִי נֹתֵן אֶת אֹיִבְךָ (כתיב אֹיִבְיךָ) בְּיָדֶךָ וְעָשִֹיתָ לּוֹ כַּאֲשֶׁר יִטַב בְּעֵינֶיךָ וַיָּקָם דָּוִד וַיִּכְרֹת אֶת כְּנַף הַמְּעִיל אֲשֶׁר לְשָׁאוּל בַּלָּט:
6And it was afterwards, that David's heart smote him, for he had severed Saul's skirt.   ווַיְהִי אַחֲרֵי כֵן וַיַּךְ לֵב דָּוִד אֹתוֹ עַל אֲשֶׁר כָּרַת אֶת כָּנָף אֲשֶׁר לְשָׁאוּל:
And it was afterwards, etc.:  
7And he said to his men, "The Lord forbid it for me, that I should do this thing to my lord, to the Lord's anointed, to stretch forth my hand upon him, for he is the Lord's anointed."   זוַיֹּאמֶר לַאֲנָשָׁיו חָלִילָה לִּי מֵיהֹוָה אִם אֶעֱשֶׂה אֶת הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה לַאדֹנִי לִמְשִׁיחַ יְהֹוָה לִשְׁלֹחַ יָדִי בּוֹ כִּי מְשִׁיחַ יְהֹוָה הוּא:
And he said to his men,: “The Lord forbid…” These two verses are written in reversed order, but since he began to speak of the severing of the coat, he finished all the matter concerning it, and stated that he even regretted the severing of the coat. Afterwards, he returns to his first subject, and states that upon his men’s statement, “Behold, concerning this day, etc.” He retorted to them, “May the Lord forbid it for me, etc.”  
8And David stayed his men with these words, and did not allow them to rise up against Saul, and Saul arose from the cave and went on the way.   חוַיְשַׁסַּע דָּוִד אֶת אֲנָשָׁיו בַּדְּבָרִים וְלֹא נְתָנָם לָקוּם אֶל שָׁאוּל וְשָׁאוּל קָם מֵהַמְּעָרָה וַיֵּלֶךְ בַּדָּרֶךְ:
And David stayed: He separated and held them off with these words.  
9And David arose afterwards and emerged from the cave after Saul, saying, "My lord the King!" And Saul looked behind him, and David bowed with his face to the ground, and prostrated himself.   טוַיָּקָם דָּוִד אַחֲרֵי כֵן וַיֵּצֵא מֵן מֵהַמְּעָרָה (כתיב הַמְּעָרָה) וַיִּקְרָא אַחֲרֵי שָׁאוּל לֵאמֹר אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיַּבֵּט שָׁאוּל אַחֲרָיו וַיִּקֹּד דָּוִד אַפַּיִם אַרְצָה וַיִּשְׁתָּחוּ:
10And David said to Saul, "Why should you listen to the words of a man, saying, 'Behold, David seeks your harm'?   יוַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִד לְשָׁאוּל לָמָּה תִשְׁמַע אֶת דִּבְרֵי אָדָם לֵאמֹר הִנֵּה דָוִד מְבַקֵּשׁ רָעָתֶךָ:
Why should you listen: Why should you accept Doeg’s slander concerning me?  
11Behold, this day your eyes have seen how the Lord delivered you today into my hand in the cave, and (one) said to kill you, but (my soul) had pity on you, and I said, 'I shall not stretch forth my hand against my lord, for he is the Lord's anointed.'   יאהִנֵּה הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה רָאוּ עֵינֶיךָ אֵת אֲשֶׁר נְתָנְךָ יְהֹוָה | הַיּוֹם | בְּיָדִי בַּמְּעָרָה וְאָמַר לַהֲרָגְךָ וַתָּחָס עָלֶיךָ וָאֹמַר לֹא אֶשְׁלַח יָדִי בַּאדֹנִי כִּי מְשִׁיחַ יְהֹוָה הוּא:
and (one) said to kill you, but (my soul) had pity on you: (lit., and said to kill you, and she had pity on you) Two words are missing here, (to be explained thus): and the sayer said that I should kill you, but my soul had pity on you, similar to “and David longed to go forth to Absalom” (II Sam. 14:2. In our editions, it is 13:39), (meaning): and the soul of David longed.  
12And Father, see! Also, see the skirt of your coat in my hand, for in that I severed the skirt of your coat and I did not kill you, know and see that there is neither evil nor transgression in my hand, and I have not sinned against you, but you are stalking my soul to take it.   יבוְאָבִי רְאֵה גַּם רְאֵה אֶת כְּנַף מְעִילְךָ בְּיָדִי כִּי בְּכָרְתִי אֶת כְּנַף מְעִילְךָ וְלֹא הֲרַגְתִּיךָ דַּע וּרְאֵה כִּי אֵין בְּיָדִי רָעָה וָפֶשַׁע וְלֹא חָטָאתִי לָךְ וְאַתָּה צֹדֶה אֶת נַפְשִׁי לְקַחְתָּהּ:
And Father, see!: i.e., pay attention to the matter, and also see the testimony, for the skirt of your coat is in my hand, and I was able to kill you.  
13May the Lord judge between me and you, and may the Lord avenge me of you, but my hand shall not be upon you.   יגיִשְׁפֹּט יְהֹוָה בֵּינִי וּבֵינֶךָ וּנְקָמַנִי יְהֹוָה מִמֶּךָּ וְיָדִי לֹא תִהְיֶה בָּךְ:
14As says the proverb of the ancient one; 'From the wicked comes forth wickedness,' and my hand shall not be upon you.   ידכַּאֲשֶׁר יֹאמַר מְשַׁל הַקַּדְמֹנִי מֵרְשָׁעִים יֵצֵא רֶשַׁע וְיָדִי לֹא תִהְיֶה בָּךְ:
As says the proverb of the ancient one: the proverb of the Ancient One of the world; i.e., the Torah, which is the proverb of the Holy One Blessed be He.  
“From the wicked one comes forth wickedness”: The Holy One Blessed be He, destines the wicked to fall into the hand of another wicked man like himself. And where did the Torah say (this)?“And the Lord destined it into his hand” (Ex. 21:13), as it is stated in Tractate Makkoth (10b).  
15After whom has the king of Israel come forth? Whom are you pursuing? A dead dog? A single flea?   טואַחֲרֵי מִי יָצָא מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל אַחֲרֵי מִי אַתָּה רֹדֵף אַחֲרֵי כֶּלֶב מֵת אַחֲרֵי פַּרְעֹשׁ אֶחָד:
16And the Lord shall become a judge, and He shall judge between me and you, and He shall see and plead my cause, and exact justice for me from your hand."   טזוְהָיָה יְהֹוָה לְדַיָּן וְשָׁפַט בֵּינִי וּבֵינֶךָ וְיֵרֶא וְיָרֵב אֶת רִיבִי וְיִשְׁפְּטֵנִי מִיָּדֶךָ:
17And it was, when David finished speaking these words, that Saul said, "Is this your voice, my son David?" And Saul raised his voice and wept.   יזוַיְהִי | כְּכַלּוֹת דָּוִד לְדַבֵּר אֶת הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה אֶל שָׁאוּל וַיֹּאמֶר שָׁאוּל הֲקֹלְךָ זֶה בְּנִי דָוִד וַיִּשָּׂא שָׁאוּל קֹלוֹ וַיֵּבְךְּ:
18And he said to David, "You are more righteous than I, for you have repaid me with goodness, while I have repaid you with evil.   יחוַיֹּאמֶר אֶל דָּוִד צַדִּיק אַתָּה מִמֶּנִּי כִּי אַתָּה גְּמַלְתַּנִי הַטּוֹבָה וַאֲנִי גְּמַלְתִּיךָ הָרָעָה:
19And you have shown today how you have dealt well with me, how the Lord delivered me into your hand, and you did not kill me.   יטוְאַתָּה (כתיב וְאַתָּ) הִגַּדְתָּ הַיּוֹם אֵת אֲשֶׁר עָשִֹיתָה אִתִּי טוֹבָה אֵת אֲשֶׁר סִגְּרַנִי יְהֹוָה בְּיָדְךָ וְלֹא הֲרַגְתָּנִי:
20For when a man finds his enemy, does he send him away safely? And may the Lord repay you with goodness for what you have done to me on this day.   כוְכִי יִמְצָא אִישׁ אֶת אֹיְבוֹ וְשִׁלְּחוֹ בְּדֶרֶךְ טוֹבָה וַיהֹוָה יְשַׁלֶּמְךָ טוֹבָה תַּחַת הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה אֲשֶׁר עָשִֹיתָה לִי:
21And now, behold, I know that you will reign, and the kingdom of Israel will be established in your hand.   כאוְעַתָּה הִנֵּה יָדַעְתִּי כִּי מָלֹךְ תִּמְלוֹךְ וְקָמָה בְּיָדְךָ מַמְלֶכֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל:
I know that you will reign: for I see that the Holy One blessed be He saves you from my hand. The Midrash Agadah states: Samuel transmitted this sign to him that the one who tears his coat will reign after him.  
22And now, swear to me by the Lord, that you will not cut off my seed, and you will not destroy my name from my father's house."   כבוְעַתָּה הִשָּׁבְעָה לִּי בַּיהֹוָה אִם תַּכְרִית אֶת זַרְעִי אַחֲרָי וְאִם תַּשְׁמִיד אֶת שְׁמִי מִבֵּית אָבִי:
23And David swore to Saul; and Saul went to his home, and David and his men went up to the stronghold.   כגוַיִּשָּׁבַע דָּוִד לְשָׁאוּל וַיֵּלֶךְ שָׁאוּל אֶל בֵּיתוֹ וְדָוִד וַאֲנָשָׁיו עָלוּ עַל הַמְּצוּדָה:
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