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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Shmuel I - I Samuel - Chapter 14

Shmuel I - I Samuel - Chapter 14

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Chapter 14

1And it came to pass one day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said to the youth who bore his weapons, "Come, and let us cross to the garrison of the Philistines which is on the other side yonder." But he did not tell his father.   אוַיְהִי הַיּוֹם וַיֹּאמֶר יוֹנָתָן בֶּן שָׁאוּל אֶל הַנַּעַר נֹשֵֹא כֵלָיו לְכָה וְנַעְבְּרָה אֶל מַצַּב פְּלִשְׁתִּים אֲשֶׁר מֵעֵבֶר הַלָּז וּלְאָבִיו לֹא הִגִּיד:
on the other side yonder: (Heb. ‘ha-laz.’) Every ‘ha’laz’ and ‘lazeh’ in the Scriptures is not an expression of ‘ha-zeh’ (this), but it is something which is opposite the speaker, and he points it out with his finger. It is not an expression of ‘cet,’ (this), but of ‘celle’ (that) in French.  
on the other side yonder: of the valley between the two mountains.  
2Now Saul was staying in the outskirts of Gibeah, under the pomegranate tree which was in Migron, and the people who were with him, were about six hundred men.   בוְשָׁאוּל יוֹשֵׁב בִּקְצֵה הַגִּבְעָה תַּחַת הָרִמּוֹן אֲשֶׁר בְּמִגְרוֹן וְהָעָם אֲשֶׁר עִמּוֹ כְּשֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת אִישׁ:
in the outskirts of Gibeah: (Heb. ‘bik’zeh’) at the edge of Gibeah.  
3And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, the brother of Ichabod, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the priest of the Lord in Shiloh, wearing an ephod; and the people did not know that Jonathan had gone.   גוַאֲחִיָּה בֶן אֲחִטוּב אֲחִי אִיכָבוֹד | בֶּן פִּינְחָס בֶּן עֵלִי כֹּהֵן | יְהֹוָה בְּשִׁלֹה נֹשֵֹא אֵפוֹד וְהָעָם לֹא יָדַע כִּי הָלַךְ יוֹנָתָן:
wearing an ephod: (This includes the ‘hoshen’ with the) urim and tummim.  
4And between the sides which Jonathan sought to cross to the garrison of the Philistines, there was a rocky crag from this side, and a rocky crag from this side; the name of one being Bozez, and the name of the other being Seneh.   דוּבֵין הַמַּעְבְּרוֹת אֲשֶׁר בִּקֵּשׁ יוֹנָתָן לַעֲבֹר עַל מַצַּב פְּלִשְׁתִּים שֵׁן הַסֶּלַע מֵהָעֵבֶר מִזֶּה וְשֵׁן הַסֶּלַע מֵהָעֵבֶר מִזֶּה וְשֵׁם הָאֶחָד בּוֹצֵץ וְשֵׁם הָאֶחָד סֶנֶּה:
And between the sides which Jonathan sought to cross: (Thus was the layout of the terrain, lit.) Thus it was made. There was a rocky crag from this side of ‘between the sides,’ and there was a rocky crag from the other side of ‘between the sides.’ The valley is called ‘between the sides,’ and it had a stone from here and a stone from here, one on this side and one on the other side, and the valley was between the two sides. It was that valley that Jonathan sought to cross.  
the name of one: The name of one crag was Bozez and the name of the second was Seneh.  
5One crag was situated from the north, opposite Michmash, and one opposite Geba.   ההַשֵּׁן הָאֶחָד מָצוּק מִצָּפוֹן מוּל מִכְמָשׁ וְהָאֶחָד מִנֶּגֶב מוּל גָּבַע:
was situated from the north: slanting from the north side toward Michmash.  
opposite Geba: whence Jonathan emerged.  
6And Jonathan said to the youth, who bore his weapons, "Come, and let us go to the garrison of these uncircumcised; perhaps the Lord will act on our behalf, for with the Lord there is no limitation to save with many or with few."   ווַיֹּאמֶר יְהוֹנָתָן אֶל הַנַּעַר | נֹשֵֹא כֵלָיו לְכָה וְנַעְבְּרָה אֶל מַצַּב הָעֲרֵלִים הָאֵלֶּה אוּלַי יַעֲשֶֹה יְהֹוָה לָנוּ כִּי אֵין לַיהֹוָה מַעְצוֹר לְהוֹשִׁיעַ בְּרַב אוֹ בִמְעָט:
7And his weapon-bearer said to him, "Do all that is in your heart. Turn to you. Behold, I am with you according to your heart."   זוַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ נֹשֵֹא כֵלָיו עֲשֵֹה כָּל אֲשֶׁר בִּלְבָבֶךָ נְטֵה לָךְ הִנְנִי עִמְּךָ כִּלְבָבֶךָ:
8And Jonathan said, "Behold, we are crossing to the men, and we shall reveal ourselves to them.   חוַיֹּאמֶר יְהוֹנָתָן הִנֵּה אֲנַחְנוּ עֹבְרִים אֶל הָאֲנָשִׁים וְנִגְלִינוּ אֲלֵיהֶם:
9If they say thus to us, 'Wait! Until we reach you,' then we shall stand in our place, and we shall not go up to them.   טאִם כֹּה יֹאמְרוּ אֵלֵינוּ דֹּמּוּ עַד הַגִּיעֵנוּ אֲלֵיכֶם וְעָמַדְנוּ תַחְתֵּינוּ וְלֹא נַעֲלֶה אֲלֵיהֶם:
Wait!: (Heb. ‘domu’) Wait, like: “Sun, wait in Gibeon” (Jos. 10: 12), and so, “Wait for the Lord” (Ps. 37:7). If they say thus, “Wait, and we shall go up to you,” they are prosperous at this time, and they are proud.  
10And if they say thus, 'Come up to us,' then we shall go up, for the Lord has given them into our hand, and this will be the sign for us."   יוְאִם כֹּה יֹאמְרוּ עֲלוּ עָלֵינוּ וְעָלִינוּ כִּי נְתָנָם יְהֹוָה בְּיָדֵנוּ וְזֶה לָּנוּ הָאוֹת:
And if they say thus, ‘Come up to us,’ then shall we go up.: A fear inspired by the Holy One Blessed be He is in their heart, and they are afraid to move from their place.  
11And both of them revealed themselves to the garrison of the Philistines, and the Philistines said, "Behold, Hebrews are emerging from the holes wherein they hid themselves."   יאוַיִּגָּלוּ שְׁנֵיהֶם אֶל מַצַּב פְּלִשְׁתִּים וַיֹּאמְרוּ פְלִשְׁתִּים הִנֵּה עִבְרִים יֹצְאִים מִן הַחֹרִים אֲשֶׁר הִתְחַבְּאוּ שָׁם:
12And the men of the garrison called to Jonathan and his weapon-bearer, and said, "Come up to us, and we shall tell you something." And Jonathan said to his weapon- bearer, "Come up after me, for the Lord has given them into the hand of Israel."   יבוַיַּעֲנוּ אַנְשֵׁי הַמַּצָּבָה אֶת יוֹנָתָן | וְאֶת נֹשֵֹא כֵלָיו וַיֹּאמְרוּ עֲלוּ אֵלֵינוּ וְנוֹדִיעָה אֶתְכֶם דָּבָר וַיֹּאמֶר יוֹנָתָן אֶל נֹשֵֹא כֵלָיו עֲלֵה אַחֲרַי כִּי נְתָנָם יְהֹוָה בְּיַד יִשְׂרָאֵל:
And they called: (Heb. ‘va’ya’anu,) an expression of raising the voice.  
13And Jonathan climbed up on his hands and on his feet, with his weapon-bearer after him, and they fell before Jonathan, and his weapon-bearer was slaying after him.   יגוַיַּעַל יוֹנָתָן עַל יָדָיו וְעַל רַגְלָיו וְנֹשֵֹא כֵלָיו אַחֲרָיו וַיִּפְּלוּ לִפְנֵי יוֹנָתָן וְנֹשֵֹא כֵלָיו מְמוֹתֵת אַחֲרָיו:
on his hands and on his feet: i.e., with all his might and running.  
14And the first slaughter which Jonathan and his weapon-bearer made, was about twenty men, in about half a furrow (which) a yoke (of oxen plow in) a field.   ידוַתְּהִי הַמַּכָּה הָרִאשֹׁנָה אֲשֶׁר הִכָּה יוֹנָתָן וְנֹשֵֹא כֵלָיו כְּעֶשְׂרִים אִישׁ כְּבַחֲצִי מַעֲנָה צֶמֶד שָׂדֶה:
in about half a furrow, (which) a yoke (of oxen plow in) a field: (He killed them) within the limit of a land measure, viz., the amount of half a furrow of the plowing of a yoke of oxen plowing a field.  
furrow: (Heb. ‘ma’anah’) That is the ridge which is called ‘rainure’ (ridge or furrow) in French. It was a very mighty deed, because they were close to one another and ready to aid one another.  
15And there was a trembling in the camp and the field, and among the people; the garrison and the raiders also trembled, and the earth quaked and became a trembling inspired by God.   טווַתְּהִי חֲרָדָה בַמַּחֲנֶה בַשָּׂדֶה וּבְכָל הָעָם הַמַּצָּב וְהַמַּשְׁחִית חָרְדוּ גַּם הֵמָּה וַתִּרְגַּז הָאָרֶץ וַתְּהִי לְחֶרְדַּת אֱלֹהִים:
16And Saul's lookouts in Gibeah of Benjamin, and behold the multitude was wandering, and it was coming closer.   טזוַיִּרְאוּ הַצֹּפִים לְשָׁאוּל בְּגִבְעַת בִּנְיָמִן וְהִנֵּה הֶהָמוֹן נָמוֹג וַיֵּלֶךְ וַהֲלֹם:
Saul’s lookouts: the lookouts whom Saul had in Gibeah of Benjamin. Lookouts (Heb. ‘zophim’) ‘esculca’ in Old French.  
and behold the multitude: of the Philistines wandered from its place and continuously came nearer to there, to the side of the Israelites.  
wandering: Like ‘wandering and moving.’  
17And Saul said to the people who were with him, "Inspect now, and see who is gone from among us." And they inspected, and behold, Jonathan and his weapon-bearer were not there.   יזוַיֹּאמֶר שָׁאוּל לָעָם אֲשֶׁר אִתּוֹ פִּקְדוּ נָא וּרְאוּ מִי הָלַךְ מֵעִמָּנוּ וַיִּפְקְדוּ וְהִנֵּה אֵין יוֹנָתָן וְנֹשֵֹא כֵלָיו:
Inspect: An expression of supervision, like “And should inspect him every morning” (Job 7:18).  
18And Saul said to Ahiah, "Bring near the Ark of God," for the Ark of God was on that day with the children of Israel.   יחוַיֹּאמֶר שָׁאוּל לַאֲחִיָּה הַגִּישָׁה אֲרוֹן הָאֱלֹהִים כִּי הָיָה אֲרוֹן הָאֱלֹהִים בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא וּבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
Bring near the Ark of God: Urim and Tummim.  
for the Ark of God was on that day: This verse is missing one word: for the Ark of God was there on that day.  
19And it was, while Saul still spoke to the priest, that the tumult which was in the camp of the Philistines was continuously increasing, and Saul said to the priest, "Withdraw your hand."   יטוַיְהִי עַד דִּבֶּר שָׁאוּל אֶל הַכֹּהֵן וְהֶהָמוֹן אֲשֶׁר בְּמַחֲנֵה פְלִשְׁתִּים וַיֵּלֶךְ הָלוֹךְ וָרָב וַיֹּאמֶר שָׁאוּל אֶל הַכֹּהֵן אֱסֹף יָדֶךָ:
20And Saul and all the people who were with him, gathered, and came to the battle, and behold, every man's sword was against his fellow, (because there was) a very great confusion.   כוַיִּזָּעֵק שָׁאוּל וְכָל הָעָם אֲשֶׁר אִתּוֹ וַיָּבֹאוּ עַד הַמִּלְחָמָה וְהִנֵּה הָיְתָה חֶרֶב אִישׁ בְּרֵעֵהוּ מְהוּמָה גְּדוֹלָה מְאֹד:
21And the Hebrews (who) were with the Philistines as previously, who went up with them in the camp round about, they too (turned) to be with the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan.   כאוְהָעִבְרִים הָיוּ לַפְּלִשְׁתִּים כְּאֶתְמוֹל שִׁלְשׁוֹם אֲשֶׁר עָלוּ עִמָּם בַּמַּחֲנֶה סָבִיב וְגַם הֵמָּה לִהְיוֹת עִם יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר עִם שָׁאוּל וְיוֹנָתָן:
And the Hebrews (who) were with the Philistines: at their aid out of fear, in earlier times, today they too turned with their fellows to be at the assistance of their brethren.  
22And all the people who were hiding in Mt. Ephraim, heard that the Philistines had fled, and they too pursued closely behind them in the battle.   כבוְכֹל אִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל הַמִּתְחַבְּאִים בְּהַר אֶפְרַיִם שָׁמְעוּ כִּי נָסוּ פְּלִשְׁתִּים וַיַּדְבְּקוּ גַם הֵמָּה אַחֲרֵיהֶם בַּמִּלְחָמָה:
23And the Lord saved Israel on that day, and the battle passed Beth-aven.   כגוַיּוֹשַׁע יְהֹוָה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל וְהַמִּלְחָמָה עָבְרָה אֶת בֵּית אָוֶן:
24And the men of Israel were hard pressed on that day, and Saul adjured the people, saying, "Cursed be the man who will eat food until evening, until I shall be avenged of my enemies," and none of the people tasted any food.   כדוְאִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל נִגַּשׂ בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא וַיֹּאֶל שָׁאוּל אֶת הָעָם לֵאמֹר אָרוּר הָאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר יֹאכַל לֶחֶם עַד הָעֶרֶב וְנִקַּמְתִּי מֵאֹיְבַי וְלֹא טָעַם כָּל הָעָם לָחֶם:
And the men of Israel were hard pressed: They were being rushed and pressed to wage war against the Philistines.  
adjured: (Heb. ‘va’yo’el.’) an expression of an oath.  
who will eat food: (Heb. ‘lehem,’ lit. bread) All food is included in the meaning of this word, like “Let us destroy the tree with its fruit.” (Heb. ‘b’lahmo’) (Jer. 11:19).  
25And all (the people of) the land came in the forest, and there was honey on the ground.   כהוְכָל הָאָרֶץ בָּאוּ בַיָּעַר וַיְהִי דְבַשׁ עַל פְּנֵי הַשָּׂדֶה:
and there was honey: Cane sugar grows in Eretz Israel.  
26And the people came into the forest, and behold, a flow of honey, but no one put his hand to his mouth for the people feared the oath.   כווַיָּבֹא הָעָם אֶל הַיַּעַר וְהִנֵּה הֵלֶךְ דְּבָשׁ וְאֵין מַשִּׂיג יָדוֹ אֶל פִּיו כִּי יָרֵא הָעָם אֶת הַשְּׁבֻעָה:
a flow of honey: which was flowing from the canes.  
27But Jonathan had not heard when his father had adjured the people, and he extended the end of the staff which was in his hand, and dipped it into the honeycomb, and when he brought back his hand to his mouth, his eyes brightened.   כזוְיוֹנָתָן לֹא שָׁמַע בְּהַשְׁבִּיעַ אָבִיו אֶת הָעָם וַיִּשְׁלַח אֶת קְצֵה הַמַּטֶּה אֲשֶׁר בְּיָדוֹ וַיִּטְבֹּל אוֹתָהּ בְּיַעְרַת הַדְּבָשׁ וַיָּשֶׁב יָדוֹ אֶל פִּיו וַתָּאֹרְנָה (כתיב וַתָּרֹאְנָה) עֵינָיו:
into the honeycomb.: (Heb. ‘ya’rath D’vash,’ lit. the forest of honey.) into the sugar cane, like “and she placed it in the reeds” (Exod. 2:3) which Onkelos renders: and she placed it in the ‘yaar,’ and reeds are grasses which grow in the swamp. (Hence, we find that a group or clump of grasses or canes, may be referred to as ‘yaar.’) And so, “I ate my sugar cane with my sugar,” (S. of S. 5:1), and in Arabic, that honey is called ‘sukra’ in their language. (sic) From Rabbi Nathan the Ishmaelite.  
28And one man of the people called out and said, "Your father adjured the people, saying, 'Cursed be the man who eats food today,' and the people have become faint."   כחוַיַּעַן אִישׁ מֵהָעָם וַיֹּאמֶר הַשְׁבֵּעַ הִשְׁבִּיעַ אָבִיךָ אֶת הָעָם לֵאמֹר אָרוּר הָאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר יֹאכַל לֶחֶם הַיּוֹם וַיָּעַף הָעָם:
29And Jonathan said, "My father has perturbed the land. See now that my eyes have brightened, for I have tasted a little of this honey.   כטוַיֹּאמֶר יוֹנָתָן עָכַר אָבִי אֶת הָאָרֶץ רְאוּ נָא כִּי אֹרוּ עֵינַי כִּי טָעַמְתִּי מְעַט דְּבַשׁ הַזֶּה:
My father has perturbed the land: (Heb. ‘achar’) He confused their thoughts, and (hindered) their salvation, like unclear water (‘maim 'achurim’).  
30How much more, if the people had eaten today of the spoils of their enemies, which they found, would there not now have been a greater slaughter among the Philistines?"   לאַף כִּי לוּא אָכֹל אָכַל הַיּוֹם הָעָם מִשְּׁלַל אֹיְבָיו אֲשֶׁר מָצָא כִּי עַתָּה לֹא רָבְתָה מַכָּה בַּפְּלִשְׁתִּים:
would there not now have been a greater slaughter among the Philistines?: This is a question.  
31And they smote the Philistines that day, from Michmash to Ajalon, and the people became very faint.   לאוַיַּכּוּ בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא בַּפְּלִשְׁתִּים מִמִּכְמָשׁ אַיָּלֹנָה וַיָּעַף הָעָם מְאֹד:
32And the people flew to the spoil, and took sheep, and oxen, and calves, and they slaughtered on the ground, and the people ate with the blood.   לבוַיַּעַט (כתיב וַיַּעַשׂ) הָעָם אֶל הַשָּׁלָל (כתיב שָּׁלָל) וַיִּקְחוּ צֹאן וּבָקָר וּבְנֵי בָקָר וַיִּשְׁחֲטוּ אָרְצָה וַיֹּאכַל הָעָם עַל הַדָּם:
And the people flew: (Heb. ‘va’ya’at,’) similar to ‘va’yo’at bahem’ (infra 25:14) “and he drove them away (He made them fly),” an expression of ‘ayit’ (birds of prey) who swoop down on their victims (Gen. 15:11).  
sheep, and oxen, and calves: (lit., oxen and young of oxen) I say that this was a violation of the precept: You must not slaughter it and its young on the same day (Lev. 22:28). He, therefore, called them sinners (infra v. 33). But our Rabbis said in Tractate Zebahim (120a) that they sanctified them for peace- offerings, and they were eating before the sprinkling of the blood. This is what the Scripture means when it states: “And the people ate with the blood,” they ate when the blood was yet in the basin.  
33And they told Saul, saying, "Behold, the people are sinning against the Lord, by eating with the blood." And he said, "You have transgressed; roll a huge stone to me this day."   לגוַיַּגִּידוּ לְשָׁאוּל לֵאמֹר הִנֵּה הָעָם חֹטִאים לַיהֹוָה לֶאֱכֹל עַל הַדָּם וַיֹּאמֶר בְּגַדְתֶּם גֹּלּוּ אֵלַי הַיּוֹם אֶבֶן גְּדוֹלָה:
Roll to me: (Heb. ‘golu’) like ‘gil’lu.’  
this day: while it is yet daytime, and below (v. 34) it is stated: and all the people brought near, each man his ox in his hand that night. 0ur Rabbis at the end of Tractate Zebahim (120a) hold diverse views. Some of them explain: Here (v. 34) (the Scripture is referring to) ordinary animals, while here (v. 33) (the Scripture is referring to) sacrificial animals. Others explained: Here (v. 33) (the Scripture is referring to) sacrificial animals which were sanctified to be offered at the large high place in Nob, while here (v. 34) (the Scripture is referring to) sacrificial animals which were sanctified to be offered at a small high place. The Scripture thereby teaches us that a private burnt offering may be slaughtered at night (in a small, or private high place).  
a huge stone: He made it a high place to sprinkle the blood thereon and for burning the fatty parts.  
34And Saul said, "Disperse among the people, and you shall say to them, 'Bring near to me each man his ox and each man his lamb, and you shall slaughter here, and you shall eat, and you shall not sin against the Lord by eating with the blood.' " And all the people brought near, each man his ox that night, and they slaughtered there.   לדוַיֹּאמֶר שָׁאוּל פֻּצוּ בָעָם וַאֲמַרְתֶּם לָהֶם הַגִּישׁוּ אֵלַי אִישׁ שׁוֹרוֹ וְאִישׁ שְׂיֵהוּ וּשְׁחַטְתֶּם בָּזֶה וַאֲכַלְתֶּם וְלֹא תֶחֶטְאוּ לַיהֹוָה לֶאֱכֹל אֶל הַדָּם וַיַּגִּשׁוּ כָל הָעָם אִישׁ שׁוֹרוֹ בְיָדוֹ הַלַּיְלָה וַיִּשְׁחֲטוּ שָׁם:
Disperse among the people: Announce in many places, and let the announcers disperse among the people.  
and you shall slaughter here.: (Heb. ‘bazeh,’ lit. ‘in this’ or ‘with this’) Here is the place of slaughtering. Another explanation is: He examined a slaughtering knife for them.  
that night: The ordinary animals were slaughtered at night. Thus it is explained in Zeb.  
35And Saul built an altar to the Lord; with that one he started to build an altar to the Lord.   להוַיִּבֶן שָׁאוּל מִזְבֵּחַ לַיהֹוָה אֹתוֹ הֵחֵל לִבְנוֹת מִזְבֵּחַ לַיהֹוָה:
with that one he started: That altar was the first of the altars which Saul built.  
36And Saul said, "Let us go down after the Philistines at night, and plunder among them until the morning light, and let us not leave a man among them. " And they said, "Do all that is good in your eyes." Whereupon the priest said, "Let us draw near here to God."   לווַיֹּאמֶר שָׁאוּל נֵרְדָה אַחֲרֵי פְלִשְׁתִּים | לַיְלָה וְנָבֹזָה בָהֶם | עַד אוֹר הַבֹּקֶר וְלֹא נַשְׁאֵר בָּהֶם אִישׁ וַיֹּאמְרוּ כָּל הַטּוֹב בְּעֵינֶיךָ עֲשֵֹה ס וַיֹּאמֶר הַכֹּהֵן נִקְרְבָה הֲלֹם אֶל הָאֱלֹהִים:
37And Saul asked of God, "Shall I go down after the Philistines? Will you deliver them into the hand of Israel?" But He did not answer him on that day.   לזוַיִּשְׁאַל שָׁאוּל בֵּאלֹהִים הַאֵרֵד אַחֲרֵי פְלִשְׁתִּים הֲתִתְּנֵם בְּיַד יִשְׂרָאֵל וְלֹא עָנָהוּ בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא:
38And Saul said, "Draw near here, all you chiefs of the people, and know and see wherein was this sin today.   לחוַיֹּאמֶר שָׁאוּל גֹּשׁוּ הֲלֹם כֹּל פִּנּוֹת הָעָם וּדְעוּ וּרְאוּ בַּמָּה הָיְתָה הַחַטָּאת הַזֹּאת הַיּוֹם:
you chiefs of the people: (lit., the corners of the people) i.e., the chiefs of the people. The cornerstone is the most esteemed.  
39For as the Lord lives, who saves Israel, for though it be in Jonathan my son, he will die," and there was no one who answered him from among all the people.   לטכִּי חַי יְהֹוָה הַמּוֹשִׁיעַ אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל כִּי אִם יֶשְׁנוֹ בְּיוֹנָתָן בְּנִי כִּי מוֹת יָמוּת וְאֵין עֹנֵהוּ מִכָּל הָעָם:
40And he said to all Israel, "You will be to one side, and I and my son Jonathan will be to one side." And the people answered Saul, "Do what is good in your eyes."   מוַיֹּאמֶר אֶל כָּל יִשְׂרָאֵל אַתֶּם תִּהְיוּ לְעֵבֶר אֶחָד וַאֲנִי וְיוֹנָתָן בְּנִי נִהְיֶה לְעֵבֶר אֶחָד וַיֹּאמְרוּ הָעָם אֶל שָׁאוּל הַטּוֹב בְּעֵינֶיךָ עֲשֵֹה:
to one side: to cast lots between all of you, and us.  
41And Saul said to the Lord God of Israel, "Give a perfect lot," whereupon Jonathan and Saul were taken, and the people escaped.   מאוַיֹּאמֶר שָׁאוּל אֶל יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל הָבָה תָמִים וַיִּלָּכֵד יוֹנָתָן וְשָׁאוּל וְהָעָם יָצָאוּ:
Give a perfect lot: Give a true lot.  
and the people escaped: innocent, from the lot.  
42And Saul said, "Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son;" and Jonathan was taken.   מבוַיֹּאמֶר שָׁאוּל הַפִּילוּ בֵּינִי וּבֵין יוֹנָתָן בְּנִי וַיִּלָּכֵד יוֹנָתָן:
43And Saul said to Jonathan, "Tell me; what have you done?" And Jonathan told him and said, "I but tasted a bit of honey with the end of the staff which is in my hand. Here I am; let me die."   מגוַיֹּאמֶר שָׁאוּל אֶל יוֹנָתָן הַגִּידָה לִּי מֶה עָשִֹיתָה וַיַּגֶּד לוֹ יוֹנָתָן וַיֹּאמֶר טָעֹם טָעַמְתִּי בִּקְצֵה הַמַּטֶּה אֲשֶׁר בְּיָדִי מְעַט דְּבַשׁ הִנְנִי אָמוּת:
44And Saul said, "So shall God do, and so shall He continue; for you shall die, Jonathan."   מדוַיֹּאמֶר שָׁאוּל כֹּה יַעֲשֶֹה אֱלֹהִים וְכֹה יוֹסִף כִּי מוֹת תָּמוּת יוֹנָתָן:
45And the people said to Saul, "Shall Jonathan, who has wrought this great salvation in Israel, die? Far be it. As the Lord lives, not one hair of his head shall fall to the ground, for he has worked with God this day." And the people redeemed Jonathan, and he did not die.   מהוַיֹּאמֶר הָעָם אֶל שָׁאוּל הֲיוֹנָתָן | יָמוּת אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה הַיְשׁוּעָה הַגְּדוֹלָה הַזֹּאת בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל חָלִילָה חַי יְהֹוָה אִם יִפֹּל מִשַּׂעֲרַת רֹאשׁוֹ אַרְצָה כִּי עִם אֱלֹהִים עָשָֹה הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה וַיִּפְדּוּ הָעָם אֶת יוֹנָתָן וְלֹא מֵת:
and the people redeemed Jonathan: They nullified Saul’s oath for him.  
46And Saul went up from (pursuing) after the Philistines, and the Philistines went to their place.   מווַיַּעַל שָׁאוּל מֵאַחֲרֵי פְּלִשְׁתִּים וּפְלִשְׁתִּים הָלְכוּ לִמְקוֹמָם:
47And Saul took the kingdom over Israel, and he waged war against his enemies on every side, against Moab, and against the children of Ammon, and against Edom, and against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines, and wherever he would turn, he would cause them to tremble.   מזוְשָׁאוּל לָכַד הַמְּלוּכָה עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּלָּחֶם סָבִיב | בְּכָל אֹיְבָיו בְּמוֹאָב | וּבִבְנֵי עַמּוֹן וּבֶאֱדוֹם וּבְמַלְכֵי צוֹבָה וּבַפְּלִשְׁתִּים וּבְכֹל אֲשֶׁר יִפְנֶה יַרְשִׁיעַ:
48And he gathered an army, and he smote Amalek, and he saved Israel from the hand of its plunderer.   מחוַיַּעַשׂ חַיִל וַיַּךְ אֶת עֲמָלֵק וַיַּצֵּל אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל מִיַּד שֹׁסֵהוּ:
ויעש חיל: And he gathered an army.  
49And the sons of Saul were Jonathan, and Ishvi, and Malchishua; and the names of his daughters, the name of the firstborn was Merab, and the name of the younger was Michal.   מטוַיִּהְיוּ בְּנֵי שָׁאוּל יוֹנָתָן וְיִשְׁוִי וּמַלְכִּישׁוּעַ וְשֵׁם שְׁתֵּי בְנֹתָיו שֵׁם הַבְּכִירָה מֵרַב וְשֵׁם הַקְּטַנָּה מִיכַל:
50And the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz; and the name of the commander of his army was Abiner, the son of Ner, Saul's uncle.   נוְשֵׁם אֵשֶׁת שָׁאוּל אֲחִינֹעַם בַּת אֲחִימָעַץ וְשֵׁם שַׂר צְבָאוֹ אֲבִינֵר בֶּן נֵר דּוֹד שָׁאוּל:
Abner the son of Ner: And Ner was Saul’s uncle, the brother of Kish, and they were both the sons of Abiel. Abiel was also known as Ner, in (I) Chron. (8:33), because he would light candles for the public in the dark streets.  
51And Kish, the father of Saul, and Ner, the father of Abner, were sons of Abiel.   נאוְקִישׁ אֲבִי שָׁאוּל וְנֵר אֲבִי אַבְנֵר בֶּן אֲבִיאֵל:
52And the war against the Philistines was severe all the days of Saul; when Saul saw any valiant man or any soldierly man, he would bring him in to himself.   נבוַתְּהִי הַמִּלְחָמָה חֲזָקָה עַל פְּלִשְׁתִּים כֹּל יְמֵי שָׁאוּל וְרָאָה שָׁאוּל כָּל אִישׁ גִּבּוֹר וְכָל בֶּן חַיִל וַיַּאַסְפֵהוּ אֵלָיו:
And when Saul would see: This is a present tense, meaning: And when Saul would see a valiant soldier, he would bring him in to himself.  
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