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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Shmuel I - I Samuel - Chapter 8

Shmuel I - I Samuel - Chapter 8

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 8

1. And it was, when Samuel had grown old, that he appointed his sons judges for Israel.   א. וַיְהִי כַּאֲשֶׁר זָקֵן שְׁמוּאֵל וַיָּשֶׂם אֶת בָּנָיו שֹׁפְטִים לְיִשְׂרָאֵל:
2. And the name of his first born was Joel, and the name of the second, Abijah; they were judges in Beer-sheba.   ב. וַיְהִי שֶׁם בְּנוֹ הַבְּכוֹר יוֹאֵל וְשֵׁם מִשְׁנֵהוּ אֲבִיָּה שֹׁפְטִים בִּבְאֵר שָׁבַע:
3. And his sons did not walk in his ways, and they turned after gain, and they took bribes and perverted justice.   ג. וְלֹא הָלְכוּ בָנָיו בִּדְרָכָיו וַיִּטּוּ אַחֲרֵי הַבָּצַע וַיִּקְחוּ שֹׁחַד וַיַּטּוּ מִשְׁפָּט:
and they turned: They themselves; (i.e., ‘va’yittu’ is an intransitive verb, of the ‘kal’ or simple conjugation).  
and they perverted: Something else; viz. justice. (I. e., ‘va’yattu’ is a transitive verb of the ‘hiph’il’ or causative conjugation.) And our Rabbis said: Samuel’s sons did not sin. They merely did not follow their father’s footsteps. While their father would travel to all places of Israel and judge them in their cities they did not do so, in order to increase the income of their sheriffs and scribes, (who were employed to summon the litigants to trial).  
4. And all the elders of Israel gathered, and came to Samuel, to Ramah.   ד. וַיִּתְקַבְּצוּ כֹּל זִקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיָּבֹאוּ אֶל שְׁמוּאֵל הָרָמָתָה:
5. And they said to him, "Behold, you have grown old, and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now, set up for us a king to judge us like all the nations."   ה. וַיֹּאמְרוּ אֵלָיו הִנֵּה אַתָּה זָקַנְתָּ וּבָנֶיךָ לֹא הָלְכוּ בִּדְרָכֶיךָ עַתָּה שִֹימָה לָּנוּ מֶלֶךְ לְשָׁפְטֵנוּ כְּכָל הַגּוֹיִם:
6. And the thing was displeasing in the eyes of Samuel, when they said, "Give us a king to judge us," and Samuel prayed to the Lord.   ו. וַיֵּרַע הַדָּבָר בְּעֵינֵי שְׁמוּאֵל כַּאֲשֶׁר אָמְרוּ תְּנָה לָּנוּ מֶלֶךְ לְשָׁפְטֵנוּ וַיִּתְפַּלֵּל שְׁמוּאֵל אֶל יְהֹוָה:
And the thing was displeasing: because they said, ‘to judge us like all the nations.’  
7. And the Lord said to Samuel, "Listen to the voice of the people, according to all that they will say to you, for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected Me from reigning over them.   ז. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֶל שְׁמוּאֵל שְׁמַע בְּקוֹל הָעָם לְכֹל אֲשֶׁר יֹאמְרוּ אֵלֶיךָ כִּי לֹא אֹתְךָ מָאָסוּ כִּי אֹתִי מָאֲסוּ מִמְּלֹךְ עֲלֵיהֶם:
8. Like all the deeds which they have done from the day I brought them up from Egypt, and until this day, and they forsook Me and served other gods; so are they doing to you.   ח. כְּכָל הַמַּעֲשִֹים אֲשֶׁר עָשֹוּ מִיּוֹם הַעֲלֹתִי אוֹתָם מִמִּצְרַיִם וְעַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה וַיַּעַזְבֻנִי וַיַּעַבְדוּ אֱלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים כֵּן הֵמָּה עֹשִֹים גַּם לָךְ:
9. And now, listen to their voice; except that you shall warn them, and tell them the manner of the king who will reign over them.   ט. וְעַתָּה שְׁמַע בְּקוֹלָם אַךְ כִּי הָעֵד תָּעִיד בָּהֶם וְהִגַּדְתָּ לָהֶם מִשְׁפַּט הַמֶּלֶךְ אֲשֶׁר יִמְלֹךְ עֲלֵיהֶם:
you shall warn them: that the fear of their king be upon them.  
10. And Samuel related all the words of the Lord to the people who asked of him a king.   י. וַיֹּאמֶר שְׁמוּאֵל אֵת כָּל דִּבְרֵי יְהֹוָה אֶל הָעָם הַשֹּׁאֲלִים מֵאִתּוֹ מֶלֶךְ:
11. And he said, "This will be the manner of the king who will reign over you; he will take your sons, and appoint them to him for his chariots and for his horsemen, and they will run before his chariots.   יא. וַיֹּאמֶר זֶה יִהְיֶה מִשְׁפַּט הַמֶּלֶךְ אֲשֶׁר יִמְלֹךְ עֲלֵיכֶם אֶת בְּנֵיכֶם יִקָּח וְשָֹם לוֹ בְּמֶרְכַּבְתּוֹ וּבְפָרָשָׁיו וְרָצוּ לִפְנֵי מֶרְכַּבְתּוֹ:
12. And he will appoint them to him commanders of thousands and commanders of fifties, and to plow his plowing and to reap his harvest, and to make his weapons and the equipment for his chariots.   יב. וְלָשֹוּם לוֹ שָׂרֵי אֲלָפִים וְשָׂרֵי חֲמִשִּׁים וְלַחֲרשׁ חֲרִישׁוֹ וְלִקְצֹר קְצִירוֹ וְלַעֲשֹוֹת כְּלֵי מִלְחַמְתּוֹ וּכְלֵי רִכְבּוֹ:
and to make his weapons: to make them craftsmen, blacksmiths and carpenters.  
13. And he will take your daughters for his perfumers, for cooks, and for bakers.   יג. וְאֶת בְּנוֹתֵיכֶם יִקָּח לְרַקָּחוֹת וּלְטַבָּחוֹת וּלְאֹפוֹת:
for perfumers: who prepare perfumes and spices for women’s cosmetics.  
14. And he will take the best of your fields, your vineyards, and your olive trees, and will give them to his slaves.   יד. וְאֶת שְֹדוֹתֵיכֶם וְאֶת כַּרְמֵיכֶם וְזֵיתֵיכֶם הַטּוֹבִים יִקָּח וְנָתַן לַעֲבָדָיו:
15. And he will tithe your grain crops and your vineyards, and he will give them to his officers and his slaves.   טו. וְזַרְעֵיכֶם וְכַרְמֵיכֶם יַעְשֹר וְנָתַן לְסָרִיסָיו וְלַעֲבָדָיו:
16. And he will take your male and female slaves, and your handsomest youths and your asses, and put them to his work.   טז. וְאֶת עַבְדֵיכֶם וְאֶת שִׁפְחוֹתֵיכֶם וְאֶת בַּחוּרֵיכֶם הַטּוֹבִים וְאֶת חֲמוֹרֵיכֶם יִקָּח וְעָשָֹה לִמְלַאכְתּוֹ:
17. And he will tithe your flocks, and you will be slaves to him.   יז. צֹאנְכֶם יַעְשֹר וְאַתֶּם תִּהְיוּ לוֹ לַעֲבָדִים:
18. And you will cry out on that day because of your king, whom you will have chosen for yourselves, and the Lord will not answer you on that day.   יח. וּזְעַקְתֶּם בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא מִלִּפְנֵי מַלְכְּכֶם אֲשֶׁר בְּחַרְתֶּם לָכֶם וְלֹא יַעֲנֶה יְהֹוָה אֶתְכֶם בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא:
19. And the people refused to listen to Samuel's voice, and they said, "No, but there shall be a king over us.   יט. וַיְמָאֲנוּ הָעָם לִשְׁמֹעַ בְּקוֹל שְׁמוּאֵל וַיֹּאמְרוּ לֹּא כִּי אִם מֶלֶךְ יִהְיֶה עָלֵינוּ:
20. And also we shall be like all the nations, and our king will judge us, go forth before us and wage our wars."   כ. וְהָיִינוּ גַם אֲנַחְנוּ כְּכָל הַגּוֹיִם וּשְׁפָטָנוּ מַלְכֵּנוּ וְיָצָא לְפָנֵינוּ וְנִלְחַם אֶת מִלְחֲמֹתֵנוּ:
21. And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he spoke to them in the ears of the Lord.   כא. וַיִּשְׁמַע שְׁמוּאֵל אֵת כָּל דִּבְרֵי הָעָם וַיְדַבְּרֵם בְּאָזְנֵי יְהֹוָה:
22. And the Lord said to Samuel, "Listen to their voice, and you shall make them a king." And Samuel said to the men of Israel, "Go, every man to his city."   כב. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֶל שְׁמוּאֵל שְׁמַע בְּקוֹלָם וְהִמְלַכְתָּ לָהֶם מֶלֶךְ וַיֹּאמֶר שְׁמוּאֵל אֶל אַנְשֵׁי יִשְׂרָאֵל לְכוּ אִישׁ לְעִירוֹ:
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