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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Shoftim - Judges - Chapter 20

Shoftim - Judges - Chapter 20

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 20

1. And all the children of Israel went out, and the congregation was assembled as one man, from Dan to Beer-sheba, and the land of Gilead, to the Lord, to Mizpah.   א. וַיֵּצְאוּ כָּל בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַתִּקָּהֵל הָעֵדָה כְּאִישׁ אֶחָד לְמִדָּן וְעַד בְּאֵר שֶׁבַע וְאֶרֶץ הַגִּלְעָד אֶל יְהוָה הַמִּצְפָּה:
2. And there presented themselves the chiefs of all the people, of all the tribes of Israel, in the assembly of the people of God, (which consisted of) four hundred thousand footmen that drew the sword.   ב. וַיִּתְיַצְּבוּ פִּנּוֹת כָּל הָעָם כֹּל שִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בִּקְהַל עַם הָאֱלֹהִים אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת אֶלֶף אִישׁ רַגְלִי שֹׁלֵף חָרֶב:
פִּנוֹת כָּל הָעַם: The chiefs of the people.  
3. And the children of Benjamin heard that the children of Israel had gone up to Mizpah. And the children of Israel said, "Speak, how has this wickedness come about?"   ג. וַיִּשְׁמְעוּ בְּנֵי בִנְיָמִן כִּי עָלוּ בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל הַמִּצְפָּה וַיֹּאמְרוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל דַּבְּרוּ אֵיכָה נִהְיְתָה הָרָעָה הַזֹּאת:
4. And the Levite man, the husband of the murdered woman answered and said, "I came into Gibeah that belongs to Benjamin, I and my concubine to lodge.   ד. וַיַּעַן הָאִישׁ הַלֵּוִי אִישׁ הָאִשָּׁה הַנִּרְצָחָה וַיֹּאמַר הַגִּבְעָתָה אֲשֶׁר לְבִנְיָמִן בָּאתִי אֲנִי וּפִילַגְשִׁי לָלוּן:
5. And the residents of Gibeah arose against me, and surrounded the house upon me at night. Me they intended to kill, and my concubine they afflicted, (following which) she died.   ה. וַיָּקֻמוּ עָלַי בַּעֲלֵי הַגִּבְעָה וַיָּסֹבּוּ עָלַי אֶת הַבַּיִת לָיְלָה אוֹתִי דִּמּוּ לַהֲרֹג וְאֶת פִּילַגְשִׁי עִנּוּ וַתָּמֹת:
דִמּוּ לַהֲרוֹג: They intended to kill. Adesmernt in O.F.  
6. So I grabbed my concubine and dissected her and sent her throughout the territory of the inheritance of Israel; for they committed lewdness and disgrace in Israel.   ו. וָאֹחֵז בְּפִילַגְשִׁי וַאֲנַתְּחֶהָ וַאֲשַׁלְּחֶהָ בְּכָל שְׂדֵה נַחֲלַת יִשְׂרָאֵל כִּי עָשֹוּ זִמָּה וּנְבָלָה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל:
7. Behold, you are all children of Israel, give yourselves a decision and advice here."   ז. הִנֵּה כֻלְּכֶם בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל הָבוּ לָכֶם דָּבָר וְעֵצָה הֲלֹם:
8. And all the people arose as one man saying, "No man will go to his tent and no man will turn to his house.   ח. וַיָּקָם כָּל הָעָם כְּאִישׁ אֶחָד לֵאמֹר לֹא נֵלֵךְ אִישׁ לְאָהֳלוֹ וְלֹא נָסוּר אִישׁ לְבֵיתוֹ:
9. And now this is the thing which we will do to Gibeah; (we will go up) against it by lot.   ט. וְעַתָּה זֶה הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר נַעֲשֶֹה לַגִּבְעָה עָלֶיהָ בְּגוֹרָל:
10. And we will take ten men of a hundred, from all the tribes of Israel, and a hundred of a thousand, and a thousand out of ten thousand, to take provisions for the people, that they may do when they come to Gibeah of Benjamin, according to all the disgrace that was done in Israel."   י. וְלָקַחְנוּ עֲשָׂרָה אֲנָשִׁים לַמֵּאָה לְכֹל | שִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וּמֵאָה לָאֶלֶף וְאֶלֶף לָרְבָבָה לָקַחַת צֵדָה לָעָם לַעֲשֹוֹת לְבוֹאָם לְגֶבַע בִּנְיָמִן כְּכָל הַנְּבָלָה אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל:
that they may do when they come: I.e., when they come at this time to Gibeah of Benjamin, according to all the disgrace, etc.  
11. And all the men of Israel were gathered concerning the city, as one man in unison.   יא. וַיֵּאָסֵף כָּל אִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל הָעִיר כְּאִישׁ אֶחָד חֲבֵרִים:
in unison: Agreeing to the same plan.  
12. And the tribes of Israel sent men throughout all the tribes of Benjamin saying, "What wickedness is this that has come about among you?   יב. וַיִּשְׁלְחוּ שִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲנָשִׁים בְּכָל שִׁבְטֵי בִנְיָמִן לֵאמֹר מָה הָרָעָה הַזֹּאת אֲשֶׁר נִהְיְתָה בָכֶם:
throughout all the tribes of Benjamin: His ten families were reckoned as ten tribes, so that from Rachel would (also) issue twelve tribes (two coming from Joseph).  
13. Therefore now deliver the wicked men that are in Gibeah and we will put them to death, and we will remove (the perpetrators of) evil from Israel." But the children of Benjamin did not want to obey their brothers, the children of Israel.   יג. וְעַתָּה תְּנוּ אֶת הָאֲנָשִׁים בְּנֵי בְלִיַּעַל אֲשֶׁר בַּגִּבְעָה וּנְמִיתֵם וּנְבַעֲרָה רָעָה מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל וְלֹא אָבוּ בְּנֵי בִּנְיָמִן לִשְׁמֹעַ בְּקוֹל אֲחֵיהֶם בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
14. And the children of Benjamin were gathered out of the cities to Gibeah, to go out to battle against the children of Israel.   יד. וַיֵּאָסְפוּ בְנֵי בִנְיָמִן מִן הֶעָרִים הַגִּבְעָתָה לָצֵאת לַמִּלְחָמָה עִם בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
15. And the children of Benjamin numbered on that day, out of the cities twenty-six thousand men that drew the sword, besides the inhabitants of Gibeah, who numbered seven hundred chosen men.   טו. וַיִּתְפָּקְדוּ בְנֵי בִנְיָמִן בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא מֵהֶעָרִים עֶשְׂרִים וְשִׁשָּׁה אֶלֶף אִישׁ שֹׁלֵף חָרֶב לְבַד מִיּשְׁבֵי הַגִּבְעָה הִתְפָּקְדוּ שְׁבַע מֵאוֹת אִישׁ בָּחוּר:
16. Of all these people there were seven hundred chosen men (with a) shriveled right hand. All these could sling a stone at a hair-breadth and not miss.   טז. מִכֹּל | הָעָם הַזֶּה שְׁבַע מֵאוֹת אִישׁ בָּחוּר אִטֵּר יַד יְמִינוֹ כָּל זֶה קֹלֵעַ בָּאֶבֶן אֶל הַשַּׂעֲרָה וְלֹא יַחֲטִא:
(with a) shriveled right hand: Their right hands were shriveled. They had no use of it, as though it was closed, as in, (Psalms 69:16) “Do not close (תֶּאְטַר) upon me, O well, your mouth.”  
All these: I.e., these seven hundred men.  
at a hair breadth: At a thread of a hair breadth. וְלֹא יַחֲטִיא And not miss.  
Judah first: But they did not attempt to ask whether they would be the victor or the vanquished. However, eventually when they did ask, God said, (v. 28) “Go up, for tomorrow I will deliver them into your hand.” Then they (i.e., the Urim and Tummim) agreed (הִסְכִּימוּ) and fulfilled their words.  
17. And the men of Israel numbered, excluding Benjamin, four hundred thousand men that drew the sword, all these were men of war.   יז. וְאִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל הִתְפָּקְדוּ לְבַד מִבִּנְיָמִן אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת אֶלֶף אִישׁ שֹׁלֵף חָרֶב כָּל זֶה אִישׁ מִלְחָמָה:
18. And they arose and went up to Beth-el, and asked of God, whereupon the children of Israel said, "Who shall go up for us first to battle against the children of Benjamin?" And the Lord said, "Judah first."   יח. וַיָּקֻמוּ וַיַּעֲלוּ בֵית אֵל וַיִּשְׁאֲלוּ בֵאלֹהִים וַיֹּאמְרוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל מִי יַעֲלֶה לָּנוּ בַתְּחִלָּה לַמִּלְחָמָה עִם בְּנֵי בִנְיָמִן וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה יְהוּדָה בַתְּחִלָּה:
19. And the children of Israel rose up in the morning, and they encamped against Gibeah.   יט. וַיָּקוּמוּ בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בַּבֹּקֶר וַיַּחֲנוּ עַל הַגִּבְעָה:
20. And the men of Israel went out to battle against Benjamin. And the men of Israel arrayed battle against them at Gibeah.   כ. וַיֵּצֵא אִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל לַמִּלְחָמָה עִם בִּנְיָמִן וַיַּעַרְכוּ אִתָּם אִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל מִלְחָמָה אֶל הַגִּבְעָה:
21. And the children of Benjamin came out of Gibeah, and they destroyed of the Israelites on that day twenty-two thousand men, (down) to the ground.   כא. וַיֵּצְאוּ בְנֵי בִנְיָמִן מִן הַגִּבְעָה וַיַּשְׁחִיתוּ בְיִשְׂרָאֵל בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא שְׁנַיִם וְעֶשְׂרִים אֶלֶף אִישׁ אָרְצָה:
and they destroyed: They were punished because they were not equally zealous about the incident of the image of Micah which had already occurred.  
22. And the people, the men of Israel, encouraged themselves, and set again in array the battle in the place where they set themselves in array on the first day.   כב. וַיִּתְחַזֵּק הָעָם אִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיֹּסִפוּ לַעֲרֹךְ מִלְחָמָה בַּמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר עָרְכוּ שָׁם בַּיּוֹם הָרִאשׁוֹן:
23. And the children of Israel went up, and wept before the Lord until the evening, and they asked of the Lord saying, "Shall I again draw near to battle against the children of Benjamin my brother?" And the Lord said, "Go up against him,"   כג. וַיַּעֲלוּ בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּבְכּוּ לִפְנֵי יְהוָה עַד הָעֶרֶב וַיִּשְׁאֲלוּ בַיהוָה לֵאמֹר הַאוֹסִיף לָגֶשֶׁת לַמִּלְחָמָה עִם בְּנֵי בִנְיָמִן אָחִי וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה עֲלוּ אֵלָיו:
24. And the children of Israel approached the children of Benjamin on the second day.   כד. וַיִּקְרְבוּ בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל בְּנֵי בִנְיָמִן בַּיּוֹם הַשֵּׁנִי:
25. And Benjamin went out towards them from Gibeah on the second day, and destroyed of the children of Israel another eighteen thousand men (down) to the ground; all these were swordsmen.   כה. וַיֵּצֵא בִנְיָמִן | לִקְרָאתָם | מִן הַגִּבְעָה בַּיּוֹם הַשֵּׁנִי וַיַּשְׁחִיתוּ בִבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל עוֹד שְׁמֹנַת עָשָֹר אֶלֶף אִישׁ אָרְצָה כָּל אֵלֶּה שֹׁלְפֵי חָרֶב:
26. And all the children of Israel went up, and all the people, and they came to Beth-el and wept, and sat there before the Lord, and fasted on that day until the evening. And they offered burnt-offerings and peace-offerings before the Lord.   כו. וַיַּעֲלוּ כָל בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְכָל הָעָם וַיָּבֹאוּ בֵית אֵל וַיִּבְכּוּ וַיֵּשְׁבוּ שָׁם לִפְנֵי יְהוָה וַיָּצוּמוּ בַיּוֹם הַהוּא עַד הָעָרֶב וַיַּעֲלוּ עֹלוֹת וּשְׁלָמִים לִפְנֵי יְהוָה:
27. And the children of Israel asked of the Lord, for there was the ark of the covenant of God in those days.   כז. וַיִּשְׁאֲלוּ בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בַּיהוָה וְשָׁם אֲרוֹן בְּרִית הָאֱלֹהִים בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם:
28. And Phinehas the son of Elazar the son of Aaron stood before it in those days (while they were) saying, "Shall I again go out to battle with the children of Benjamin my brother, or shall I cease?" And the Lord said, "Go up, for tomorrow I will deliver them into your hand."   כח. וּפִינְחָס בֶּן אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן אַהֲרֹן עֹמֵד | לְפָנָיו בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם לֵאמֹר הַאוֹסִף עוֹד לָצֵאת לַמִּלְחָמָה עִם בְּנֵי בִנְיָמִן אָחִי אִם אֶחְדָּל וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה עֲלוּ כִּי מָחָר אֶתְּנֶנּוּ בְיָדֶךָ:
29. And Israel set liers-in-wait against Gibeah around.   כט. וַיָּשֶׂם יִשְׂרָאֵל אֹרְבִים אֶל הַגִּבְעָה סָבִיב:
30. And the children of Israel went up against the children of Benjamin on the third day, and set themselves in array against Gibeah, as at the previous times.   ל. וַיַּעֲלוּ בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל בְּנֵי בִנְיָמִן בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁי וַיַּעַרְכוּ אֶל הַגִּבְעָה כְּפַעַם בְּפָעַם:
31. And the children of Benjamin went out towards the people, until they were drawn away from the city; and they began to kill of the people (causing) casualties as previously, along the highways, of which one goes up to Beth-el, and the other to Gibeah, (killing) in the field thirty men of Israel.   לא. וַיֵּצְאוּ בְנֵי בִנְיָמִן לִקְרַאת הָעָם הָנְתְּקוּ מִן הָעִיר וַיָּחֵלּוּ לְהַכּוֹת מֵהָעָם חֲלָלִים כְּפַעַם | בְּפַעַם בַּמְסִלּוֹת אֲשֶׁר אַחַת עֹלָה בֵית אֵל וְאַחַת גִּבְעָתָה בַּשָּׂדֶה כִּשְׁלשִׁים אִישׁ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל:
32. And the children of Benjamin said, "they are beaten before us, as at first," but (in actuality,) the children of Israel (had) said, "Let us flee and draw them away from the city to the highways."   לב. וַיֹּאמְרוּ בְּנֵי בִנְיָמִן נִגָּפִים הֵם לְפָנֵינוּ כְּבָרִאשֹׁנָה וּבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אָמְרוּ נָנוּסָה וּנְתַקְּנֻהוּ מִן הָעִיר אֶל הַמְסִלּוֹת:
33. And all the men of Israel rose up out of their place, and set themselves in array at Baal-tamar. And the liers-in-wait of Israel drew forth out of their place, out of Maareh-geba.   לג. וְכֹל | אִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל קָמוּ מִמְּקוֹמוֹ וַיַּעַרְכוּ בְּבַעַל תָּמָר וְאֹרֵב יִשְׂרָאֵל מֵגִיחַ מִמְּקֹמוֹ מִמַּעֲרֵה גָבַע:
at Baal-tamar: In the plains of Jericho [quoting Targum Jonathan]. מֵגִיחַ Drew forth, as in, (Job 40: 23) “Draw (יָגִיחַ) the Jordan to his mouth,” and, (Psalms 22: 10)"You draw (גֹחִי) me from the womb.  
out of Marreh- geba: Heb. מַעֲרֵה גָבַע From a narrow place, the naked (עֶרְוָתָהּ) exposed part of Gibeah of Benjamin, i.e., the bare part from where it is easily conquered, as in, (Gen. 42:9) “To see the nakedness (עֶרְוַת) of the land have you come.”  
34. And there came over against Gibeah ten thousand chosen men of all Israel, but the battle was heavy, because they did not know that misfortune was approaching them.   לד. וַיָּבֹאוּ מִנֶּגֶד לַגִּבְעָה עֲשֶׂרֶת אֲלָפִים אִישׁ בָּחוּר מִכָּל יִשְׂרָאֵל וְהַמִּלְחָמָה כָּבֵדָה וְהֵם לֹא יָדְעוּ כִּי נֹגַעַת עֲלֵיהֶם הָרָעָה:
35. And the Lord beat Benjamin before Israel, and the children of Israel destroyed of Benjamin on that day twenty-five thousand and one hundred men; all of these were swordsmen.   לה. וַיִּגֹּף יְהוָה | אֶת בִּנְיָמִן לִפְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיַּשְׁחִיתוּ בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּבִנְיָמִן בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא עֶשְׂרִים וַחֲמִשָּׁה אֶלֶף וּמֵאָה אִישׁ כָּל אֵלֶּה שֹׁלֵף חָרֶב:
36. And the children of Benjamin saw that they were beaten, and the men of Israel gave place to Benjamin, because they trusted in the liers-in-wait that they had set against Gibeah.   לו. וַיִּרְאוּ בְנֵי בִנְיָמִן כִּי נִגָּפוּ וַיִּתְּנוּ אִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל מָקוֹם לְבִנְיָמִן כִּי בָטְחוּ אֶל הָאֹרֵב אֲשֶׁר שָֹמוּ אֶל הַגִּבְעָה:
and the men of Israel gave (place): Those that were in the field (v. 31) gave a place for Benjamin to flee towards Gibeah, because Israel relied on the liers-in-wait to go out towards them (in battle).  
37. And the liers-in-wait hastened, and scattered upon Gibeah. And the liers-in-wait blew, and smote the entire city with the edge of the sword.   לז. וְהָאֹרֵב הֵחִישׁוּ וַיִּפְשְׁטוּ אֶל הַגִּבְעָה וַיִּמְשֹׁךְ הָאֹרֵב וַיַּךְ אֶת כָּל הָעִיר לְפִי חָרֶב:
and the liers-in-wait blew: With a horn. Another interpretation is: They drew with the horn the people that were with them into the city.  
38. Now there was an appointed time between the men of Israel and the liers-in-wait, that they should make a great pillar of smoke rise from the city.   לח. וְהַמּוֹעֵד הָיָה לְאִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל עִם הָאֹרֵב הֶרֶב לְהַעֲלוֹתָם מַשְׂאַת הֶעָשָׁן מִן הָעִיר:
Now there was an appointed time: Initially there was a signal (prepared) between Israel and the liers-in-wait, that the liers-in-wait should raise a great deal of smoke from the city so that Israel should realize that they had conquered Gibeah. מַשְׂאַת הֶעָשָׁן A pillar of smoke (which rises נָשָׂא).  
39. Now as the men of Israel turned in battle, Benjamin began to kill, (causing) casualties of the men of Israel (amounting to) thirty men, for they said, "Surely they are beaten before us, as in the previous battle."   לט. וַיַּהֲפֹךְ אִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל בַּמִּלְחָמָה וּבִנְיָמִן הֵחֵל לְהַכּוֹת חֲלָלִים בְּאִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל כִּשְׁלשִׁים אִישׁ כִּי אָמְרוּ אַךְ נִגּוֹף נִגָּף הוּא לְפָנֵינוּ כַּמִּלְחָמָה הָרִאשֹׁנָה:
Now as the men of Israel turned: Now Scripture returns to the beginning of the episode and repeats to explain about the twenty-five thousand written above (v. 35), how they fell and where they fell.  
40. And the pillar began to rise from the city, a column of smoke, and the Benjamites turned behind themselves, and behold, there arose (the smoke of) the entire city towards heaven.   מ. וְהַמַּשְׂאֵת הֵחֵלָּה לַעֲלוֹת מִן הָעִיר עַמּוּד עָשָׁן וַיִּפֶן בִּנְיָמִן אַחֲרָיו וְהִנֵּה עָלָה כְלִיל הָעִיר הַשָּׁמָיְמָה:
41. And the men of Israel turned, and the men of Benjamin panicked, for they saw that misfortune was approaching them.   מא. וְאִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל הָפַךְ וַיִּבָּהֵל אִישׁ בִּנְיָמִן כִּי רָאָה כִּי נָגְעָה עָלָיו הָרָעָה:
42. And they turned from before the men of Israel towards the way of the wilderness, but the (soldiers of) the war caught up with them; and (those) of the cities destroyed them within it.   מב. וַיִּפְנוּ לִפְנֵי אִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל דֶּרֶךְ הַמִּדְבָּר וְהַמִּלְחָמָה הִדְבִּיקָתְהוּ וַאֲשֶׁר מֵהֶעָרִים מַשְׁחִיתִים אוֹתוֹ בְּתוֹכוֹ:
and (those) of the cities: The liers-in-wait that entered the city destroyed them within the tribe within the city (sic).  
43. They encircled the Benjamites, they called a pursuit upon them, (near their) resting places they overtook them, as far as against Gibeah, along (its) east.   מג. כִּתְּרוּ אֶת בִּנְיָמִן הִרְדִיפֻהוּ מְנוּחָה הִדְרִיכֻהוּ עַד נֹכַח הַגִּבְעָה מִמִּזְרַח שָׁמֶשׁ:
They encircled (כִּתְּרוּ) the Benjamites: Like a crown (כֶּתֶר) that encircles the head, and similarly, (Psalms 22:13) “The strong bulls of Bashan encircled me (כִּתְּרוּנִי) ,” and also in (Hab. 1:4) “Because the wicked encircles (מַכְתִּיר) the righteous.” The expression עֲטָרָה (Lit., crown) is also used to denote encircling, as in, (I Sam. 23:26) “And Saul and his men were encircling (עוֹטְרִים David and his men to capture them.” הִרְדִיפֻהוּ They called upon them a chase, shouting one to another to pursue.  
(near their) resting places they overtook them: Near the cities wherein they rest, there they overtook them. הִדְרִיכֻהוּ I.e., they overtook them, and there is a similar expression in the Talmud, (Kethubos 60b) “He ran after him a parasang in the sand but did not overtake him” (אדרכיה).  
as far as against Gibeah: Eastward of Gibeah (as the verse concludes).  
44. And there fell of Benjamin eighteen thousand men, all these (were) men of valor.   מד. וַיִּפְּלוּ מִבִּנְיָמִן שְׁמֹנָה עָשָֹר אֶלֶף אִישׁ אֶת כָּל אֵלֶּה אַנְשֵׁי חָיִל:
And there fell of Benjamin eighteen thousand men: In the field (cf. v. 31) during the battle.  
45. And they turned and fled to the wilderness, to the rock of Rimmon, and they gleaned of them in the highways five thousand men; then they pursued after them until Gidom, and killed of them two thousand men.   מה. וַיִּפְנוּ וַיָּנֻסוּ הַמִּדְבָּרָה אֶל סֶלַע הָרִמּוֹן וַיְעֹלְלֻהוּ בַּמְסִלּוֹת חֲמֵשֶׁת אֲלָפִים אִישׁ וַיַּדְבִּיקוּ אַחֲרָיו עַד גִּדְעֹם וַיַּכּוּ מִמֶּנּוּ אַלְפַיִם אִישׁ:
and they gleaned of them: Deathblow after deathblow, just as one gleans after the harvest.  
five thousand men: This leads to a sum of twenty- three thousand men.  
until Gidom: This is the name of a place.  
and killed of them two thousand men: This amounts to the twenty-five thousand stated above (v. 35). Concerning the additional hundred written above, it was not explained where they fell.  
46. Now it was all that fell of Benjamin (were) twenty-five thousand swordsmen on that day; all these (were) men of valor.   מו. וַיְהִי כָּל הַנֹּפְלִים מִבִּנְיָמִן עֶשְׂרִים וַחֲמִשָּׁה אֶלֶף אִישׁ שֹׁלֵף חֶרֶב בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא אֶת כָּל אֵלֶּה אַנְשֵׁי חָיִל:
47. And they turned and fled to the wilderness, to the rock of Rimmon, six hundred men; and they abode in the rock of Rimmon four months.   מז. וַיִּפְנוּ וַיָּנֻסוּ הַמִּדְבָּרָה אֶל סֶלַע הָרִמּוֹן שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת אִישׁ וַיֵּשְׁבוּ בְּסֶלַע רִמּוֹן אַרְבָּעָה חֳדָשִׁים:
48. And the men of Israel turned upon the children of Benjamin and smote them with the edge of the sword, (destroying) from the city even the cattle, even all that was found. Also, all the cities which they found they set on fire.   מח. וְאִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל שָׁבוּ אֶל בְּנֵי בִנְיָמִן וַיַּכּוּם לְפִי חֶרֶב מֵעִיר מְתֹם עַד בְּהֵמָה עַד כָּל הַנִּמְצָא גַּם כָּל הֶעָרִים הַנִּמְצָאוֹת שִׁלְּחוּ בָאֵשׁ:
turned upon the children of Benjamin: That were in all the cities.  
(destroying) from the city: They destroyed all the inhabitants of the cities, even the cattle, thus people are included in “destroying” since “ מְתֹם” is an expression of destruction. There is a difficulty concerning the whereabouts of a thousand since twenty-six thousand were numbered from the cities and from Gibeah seven (text amended) hundred (v. 15). However, here the count of the fallen is twenty-five thousand and one hundred (v. 35) plus the six hundred that escaped to the rock of Rimmon. But perhaps (amended) the (undermined) thousand fled to the cities and fell the following day when the children of Israel returned to the Benjamite cities to destroy the women and children (as is stated in this verse).  
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