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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Shoftim - Judges - Chapter 12

Shoftim - Judges - Chapter 12

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Chapter 12

1And the man of Ephraim were gathered, and passed to the north; and they said to Jephthah, "Why did you pass to fight against the children of Ammon, and you did not call us to go with you? Your house we will burn upon you with fire."   אוַיִּצָּעֵק אִישׁ אֶפְרַיִם וַיַּעֲבֹר צָפוֹנָה וַיֹּאמְרוּ לְיִפְתָּח מַדּוּעַ | עָבַרְתָּ | לְהִלָּחֵם בִּבְנֵי עַמּוֹן וְלָנוּ לֹא קָרָאתָ לָלֶכֶת עִמָּךְ בֵּיתְךָ נִשְׂרֹף עָלֶיךָ בָּאֵשׁ:
and passed to the north: They crossed the Jordan (eastward) and went up north to Gilead.  
2And Jephthah said to them, "I and my people were at great strife with the children of Ammon, and I called you, and you did not save me from their hand.   בוַיֹּאמֶר יִפְתָּח אֲלֵיהֶם אִישׁ רִיב הָיִיתִי אֲנִי וְעַמִּי וּבְנֵי עַמּוֹן מְאֹד וָאֶזְעַק אֶתְכֶם וְלֹא הוֹשַׁעְתֶּם אוֹתִי מִיָּדָם:
3And I saw that you did not save me, and I took my life into my hands, and passed over to the children of Ammon, and the Lord delivered them into my hand; so why have you come up to me this day, to fight against me?"   גוָאֶרְאֶה כִּי אֵינְךָ מוֹשִׁיעַ וָאָשִֹימָה נַפְשִׁי בְכַפִּי וַאֶעְבְּרָה אֶל בְּנֵי עַמּוֹן וַיִּתְּנֵם יְהֹוָה בְּיָדִי וְלָמָה עֲלִיתֶם אֵלַי הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה לְהִלָּחֶם בִּי:
4And Jephthah gathered all the men of Gilead, and fought with Ephraim; and the men of Gilead struck Ephraim, because the lowest of Ephraim said, "(Of what importance are) you Gileadites, in the midst of Ephraim (and) in the midst of Menasseh."   דוַיִּקְבֹּץ יִפְתָּח אֶת כָּל אַנְשֵׁי גִלְעָד וַיִּלָּחֶם אֶת אֶפְרָיִם וַיַּכּוּ אַנְשֵׁי גִלְעָד אֶת אֶפְרַיִם כִּי אָמְרוּ פְּלִיטֵי אֶפְרַיִם אַתֶּם גִּלְעָד בְּתוֹךְ אֶפְרַיִם בְּתוֹךְ מְנַשֶּׁה:
because the lowest of Ephraim said, (Of what importance are) you Gileadites: The lowly of Ephraim belittled Gilead by saying to them, “Of what importance are you Gilead among Ephraim and Menasseh.” So renders Targum Jonathan .  
5And the Gileadites seized the fords of the Jordan that belonged to Ephraim; and it was that when any of the lowest of Ephraim said, "Let me go over," and the men of Gilead said to him, "Are you an Ephraimite?" and he said, "No."   הוַיִּלְכֹּד גִּלְעָד אֶת מַעְבְּרוֹת הַיַּרְדֵּן לְאֶפְרָיִם וְהָיָה כִּי יֹאמְרוּ פְּלִיטֵי אֶפְרַיִם אֶעֱבֹרָה וַיֹּאמְרוּ לוֹ אַנְשֵׁי גִלְעָד הַאֶפְרָתִי אַתָּה וַיֹּאמֶר | לֹא:
And the Gileadites seized the fords…: They established guards at the fords.  
6And they said to him, "Say now 'Shibboleth,' " and he said "Sibboleth," and he was not prepared to pronounce it properly, and they grabbed him and slaughtered him at the fords of the Jordan; and there fell at that time of Ephriam, forty-two thousand.   ווַיֹּאמְרוּ לוֹ אֱמָר נָא שִׁבֹּלֶת וַיֹּאמֶר סִבֹּלֶת וְלֹא יָכִין לְדַבֵּר כֵּן וַיֹּאחֲזוּ אוֹתוֹ וַיִּשְׁחָטוּהוּ אֶל מַעְבְּרוֹת הַיַּרְדֵּן וַיִּפֹּל בָּעֵת הַהִיא מֵאֶפְרַיִם אַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁנַיִם אָלֶף:
Say now 'Shibboleth’: (say) this stream (שִׁבֹּלֶת) of the river will I cross.  
and he was not prepared to pronounce it properly: They stumbled in their speech.  
7And Jephthah judged Israel six years; and Jephthah the Gileadite died, and was buried in the cities of Gilead.   זוַיִּשְׁפֹּט יִפְתָּח אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל שֵׁשׁ שָׁנִים וַיָּמָת יִפְתָּח הַגִּלְעָדִי וַיִּקָּבֵר בְּעָרֵי גִלְעָד:
8And after him Ibzan of Beth-Lehem judged Israel.   חוַיִּשְׁפֹּט אַחֲרָיו אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל אִבְצָן מִבֵּית לָחֶם:
Ibzan: This was Boaz (who came from Beth-lehem).  
9And he had thirty sons, and thirty daughters he sent abroad, and thirty daughters he brought in for his sons from abroad; and he judged Israel seven years.   טוַיְהִי לוֹ שְׁלֹשִׁים בָּנִים וּשְׁלֹשִׁים בָּנוֹת שִׁלַּח הַחוּצָה וּשְׁלשִׁים בָּנוֹת הֵבִיא לְבָנָיו מִן הַחוּץ וַיִּשְׁפֹּט אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל שֶׁבַע שָׁנִים:
10And Ibzan died, and he was buried in Beth-lehem.   יוַיָּמָת אִבְצָן וַיִּקָּבֵר בְּבֵית לָחֶם:
11And after him Elon the Zebulunite judged Israel; and he judged Israel ten years.   יאוַיִּשְׁפֹּט אַחֲרָיו אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל אֵילוֹן הַזְּבוּלֹנִי וַיִּשְׁפֹּט אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל עֶשֶׂר שָׁנִים:
12And Elon the Zebulunite died, and he was buried in Ayalon, in the land of Zebulun.   יבוַיָּמָת אֵלוֹן הַזְּבוּלֹנִי וַיִּקָּבֵר בְּאַיָּלוֹן בְּאֶרֶץ זְבוּלֻן:
13And after him Abdon the son of Hillel, the Pirathonite judged Israel.   יגוַיִּשְׁפֹּט אַחֲרָיו אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל עַבְדּוֹן בֶּן הִלֵּל הַפִּרְעָתוֹנִי:
14And he had forty sons and thirty sons' sons, that rode on seventy young donkeys; and he judged Israel eight years.   ידוַיְהִי לוֹ אַרְבָּעִים בָּנִים וּשְׁלֹשִׁים בְּנֵי בָנִים רֹכְבִים עַל שִׁבְעִים עֲיָרִם וַיִּשְׁפֹּט אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל שְׁמֹנֶה שָׁנִים:
15And Abdon the son of Hillel the Pirathonite died, and was buried in Pirathon, in the land of Ephraim, in the mountain of the Amalekites.   טווַיָּמָת עַבְדּוֹן בֶּן הִלֵּל הַפִּרְעָתוֹנִי וַיִּקָּבֵר בְּפִרְעָתוֹן בְּאֶרֶץ אֶפְרַיִם בְּהַר הָעֲמָלֵקִי:
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