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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Shoftim - Judges - Chapter 8

Shoftim - Judges - Chapter 8

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Chapter 8

1And the men of Ephraim said to him, "What is this thing that you have done to us; not to call us, when you went to fight with Midian?" And they quarelled with him vehemently.   אוַיֹּאמְרוּ אֵלָיו אִישׁ אֶפְרַיִם מָה הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה עָשִֹיתָ לָּנוּ לְבִלְתִּי קְרֹאות לָנוּ כִּי הָלַכְתָּ לְהִלָּחֵם בְּמִדְיָן וַיְרִיבוּן אִתּוֹ בְּחָזְקָה:
2And he said to them, "What have I done now in comparison with you? Are not the gleanings of Ephraim better than the vintage of Abiezer?   בוַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵיהֶם מֶה עָשִֹיתִי עַתָּה כָּכֶם הֲלוֹא טוֹב עֹלְלוֹת אֶפְרַיִם מִבְצִיר אֲבִיעֶזֶר:
What have I done now in comparison with you?: Of what importance is what I did at first, compared with what you subsequently did.  
Are not the gleanings… better: Are not the gleanings that came to your hand at the end better than the vintage that I and my family picked in the beginning, considering that in your hands the Lord delivered the kings (i. e., the princes).  
3Into your hands has God given the princes of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb; and what was I able to do in comparison with you?" Then their anger was abated toward him, when he said this thing.   גבְּיֶדְכֶם נָתַן אֱלֹהִים אֶת שָׂרֵי מִדְיָן אֶת עֹרֵב וְאֶת זְאֵב וּמַה יָּכֹלְתִּי עֲשֹוֹת כָּכֶם אָז רָפְתָה רוּחָם מֵעָלָיו בְּדַבְּרוֹ הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה:
and what was I able: to do that would be as outstanding as your deed?  
4And Gideon came to the Jordan; he crossed, and the three hundred men that were with him, faint and (yet) pursuing.   דוַיָּבֹא גִדְעוֹן הַיַּרְדֵּנָה עֹבֵר הוּא וּשְׁלשׁ מֵאוֹת הָאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר אִתּוֹ עֲיֵפִים וְרֹדְפִים:
he crossed, and the three hundred men: They were crossing the Jordan after Zebah and Zalmunna who had passed earlier (perhaps even prior to the blockade above 7:24) and laid waste to the land of Reuben, Gad and Menasseh. Therefore, he crossed to take revenge against them also.  
5And he said to the men of Succoth, "Give now loaves of bread to the people that follow me, for they are faint, and I am pursuing Zebah and Zalmunna, the kings of Midian."   הוַיֹּאמֶר לְאַנְשֵׁי סֻכּוֹת תְּנוּ נָא כִּכְּרוֹת לֶחֶם לָעָם אֲשֶׁר בְּרַגְלָי כִּי עֲיֵפִים הֵם וְאָנֹכִי רֹדֵף אַחֲרֵי זֶבַח וְצַלְמֻנָּע מַלְכֵי מִדְיָן:
to the men of Succoth: Who were Israelites.  
6And the officials of Succoth said, "Is the palm of Zebah and Zalmunna now in your hand, that we should give your army bread?"   ווַיֹּאמֶר שָׂרֵי סֻכּוֹת הֲכַף זֶבַח וְצַלְמֻנָּע עַתָּה בְּיָדֶךָ כִּי נִתֵּן לִצְבָאֲךָ לָחֶם:
Is the palm of Zebah and Zalmunna now in your hand: That you boast that you saved us from Midian?  
7And Gideon said, "Therefore when the Lord delivers Zebah and Zalmunna into my hand, I will thresh your flesh (with) the thorns of the wilderness and with the briers."   זוַיֹּאמֶר גִּדְעוֹן לָכֵן בְּתֵת יְהֹוָה אֶת זֶבַח וְאֶת צַלְמֻנָּע בְּיָדִי וְדַשְׁתִּי אֶת בְּשַׂרְכֶם אֶת קוֹצֵי הַמִּדְבָּר וְאֶת הַבַּרְקֳנִים:
the briers: Ronzes in O.F.  
8And when he went up from there to Penuel, and he spoke to them in a like manner; and the men of Penuel answered him as the men of Succoth had answered.   חוַיַּעַל מִשָּׁם פְּנוּאֵל וַיְדַבֵּר אֲלֵיהֶם כָּזֹאת וַיַּעֲנוּ אוֹתוֹ אַנְשֵׁי פְנוּאֵל כַּאֲשֶׁר עָנוּ אַנְשֵׁי סֻכּוֹת:
9And he said also to the men of Penuel, saying, "When I come back in peace, I will break down this tower."   טוַיֹּאמֶר גַּם לְאַנְשֵׁי פְנוּאֵל לֵאמֹר בְּשׁוּבִי בְשָׁלוֹם אֶתֹּץ אֶת הַמִּגְדָּל הַזֶּה:
10Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their camps with them, about fifteen thousand (men), all that were left of all the camp of the children of the east; for they that fell were a hundred and twenty thousand men that drew the sword.   יוְזֶבַח וְצַלְמֻנָּע בַּקַּרְקֹר וּמַחֲנֵיהֶם עִמָּם כַּחֲמֵשֶׁת עָשָׂר אֶלֶף כֹּל הַנּוֹתָרִים מִכֹּל מַחֲנֵה בְנֵי קֶדֶם וְהַנֹּפְלִים מֵאָה וְעֶשְׂרִים אֶלֶף אִישׁ שֹׁלֵף חָרֶב:
were in Karkor: The name of a place.  
11And Gideon went up by the way of the tent dwellers on the east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and he smote the camp, for the camp was secure.   יאוַיַּעַל גִּדְעוֹן דֶּרֶךְ הַשְּׁכוּנֵי בָאֳהָלִים מִקֶּדֶם לְנֹבַח וְיָגְבְּהָה וַיַּךְ אֶת הַמַּחֲנֶה וְהַמַּחֲנֶה הָיָה בֶטַח:
by the way of the tent dwellers: Through the land of Kedar and Arabia, whose people live in the desert in tents, constantly grazing their flock and not residing in houses.  
on the east of Nobah and Jogbehah: Which were Israelite cities. However, he only wanted to go there roundabout, so that they should not be detected, and thereby suddenly surprise them.  
12And Zebah and Zalmunna fled; and he pursued after them; and he captured the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and all the camp he terrified.   יבוַיָּנוּסוּ זֶבַח וְצַלְמֻנָּע וַיִּרְדֹּף אַחֲרֵיהֶם וַיִּלְכֹּד אֶת שְׁנֵי | מַלְכֵי מִדְיָן אֶת זֶבַח וְאֶת צַלְמֻנָּע וְכָל הַמַּחֲנֶה הֶחֱרִיד:
13And Gideon the son of Joash returned from the battle when the sun was still high.   יגוַיָּשָׁב גִּדְעוֹן בֶּן יוֹאָשׁ מִן הַמִּלְחָמָה מִלְמַעֲלֵה הֶחָרֶס:
when the sun was still high: I.e., when the sun had not yet set, while the sun (חֶרֶס) still appears high (לְמַעֲלָה).  
14And he caught a youth of the men of Succoth, and inquired of him: and he wrote down for him the officials of Succoth, and its elders, seventy-seven men.   ידוַיִּלְכָּד נַעַר מֵאַנְשֵׁי סֻכּוֹת וַיִּשְׁאָלֵהוּ וַיִּכְתֹּב אֵלָיו אֶת שָׂרֵי סֻכּוֹת וְאֶת זְקֵנֶיהָ שִׁבְעִים וְשִׁבְעָה אִישׁ:
15And he came to the men of Succoth, and he said, "Here are Zebah and Zalmunna (about) whom you did taunt me, saying, 'Is the palm of Zebah and Zalmunna now in your hand, that we should give to your tired men bread?"   טווַיָּבֹא אֶל אַנְשֵׁי סֻכּוֹת וַיֹּאמֶר הִנֵּה זֶבַח וְצַלְמֻנָּע אֲשֶׁר חֵרַפְתֶּם אוֹתִי לֵאמֹר הֲכַף זֶבַח וְצַלְמֻנָּע עַתָּה בְּיָדֶךָ כִּי נִתֵּן לַאֲנָשֶׁיךָ הַיְּעֵפִים לָחֶם:
16And he took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and the briers, and with them he broke the men of Succoth.   טזוַיִּקַּח אֶת זִקְנֵי הָעִיר וְאֶת קוֹצֵי הַמִּדְבָּר וְאֶת הַבַּרְקֳנִים וַיֹּדַע בָּהֶם אֵת אַנְשֵׁי סֻכּוֹת:
וַיּוֹדַע בָּהֶם: And broke with them.  
17And he broke down the tower of Penuel, and slew the men of the city.   יזוְאֶת מִגְדַּל פְּנוּאֵל נָתָץ וַיַּהֲרֹג אֶת אַנְשֵׁי הָעִיר:
18And he said to Zebah and to Zalmunna, "Where are the men whom you killed at Tabor?" And they said, "As you are, so were they; one was as the form of the children of the king."   יחוַיֹּאמֶר אֶל זֶבַח וְאֶל צַלְמֻנָּע אֵיפֹה הָאֲנָשִׁים אֲשֶׁר הֲרַגְתֶּם בְּתָבוֹר וַיֹּאמְרוּ כָּמוֹךָ כְמוֹהֶם אֶחָד כְּתֹאַר בְּנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ:
One was as the form of the children of the king: Heb. אֶחָד כְּתֹאַר בְּנֵי הַמֶּלֶ. Targum Jonathan renders: One among them appeared like the children of the king. However, we can interpret: As you are, so were they, all of you possessing one appearance (כּמוֹ כְמוֹהֶם אֶחָד); since they appeared like the children of kings (כְּתֹאַר בְּנֵי הַמֶּלֶ).  
19And he said, "They were my brothers, the sons of my mother; as the Lord lives, if you had let them live, I would not kill you."   יטוַיֹּאמַר אַחַי בְּנֵי אִמִּי הֵם חַי יְהֹוָה לוּ הַחֲיִתֶם אוֹתָם לֹא הָרַגְתִּי אֶתְכֶם:
20And he said to Jether, his first born, "Stand up, (and) kill them." But the young man did not draw his sword, for he was afraid, because he was still young.   כוַיֹּאמֶר לְיֶתֶר בְּכוֹרוֹ קוּם הֲרֹג אוֹתָם וְלֹא שָׁלַף הַנַּעַר חַרְבּוֹ כִּי יָרֵא כִּי עוֹדֶנּוּ נָעַר:
But the young man did not draw his sword: To kill them, because he was afraid of them.  
21Then Zebah and Zalmunna said, "You stand up and kill us; for as the man is, so is his strength." And Gideon arose, and he killed Zebah and Zalmunna, and he took the crescents that were on the necks of their camels.   כאוַיֹּאמֶר זֶבַח וְצַלְמֻנָּע קוּם אַתָּה וּפְגַע בָּנוּ כִּי כָאִישׁ גְּבוּרָתוֹ וַיָּקָם גִּדְעוֹן וַיַּהֲרֹג אֶת זֶבַח וְאֶת צַלְמֻנָּע וַיִּקַּח אֶת הַשַּׂהֲרֹנִים אֲשֶׁר בְּצַוְּארֵי גְמַלֵּיהֶם:
the crescents: Of gold, lunettes in O.F.  
22Then the men of Israel said to Gideon, "Rule over us, both you, and your son, also your son's son; for you have saved us from the hand of Midian."   כבוַיֹּאמְרוּ אִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל גִּדְעוֹן מְשָׁל בָּנוּ גַּם אַתָּה גַּם בִּנְךָ גַּם בֶּן בְּנֶךָ כִּי הוֹשַׁעְתָּנוּ מִיַּד מִדְיָן:
23And Gideon said to them, "I shall not rule over you, and my son will not rule over you; the Lord will rule over you."   כגוַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵהֶם גִּדְעוֹן לֹא אֶמְשֹׁל אֲנִי בָּכֶם וְלֹא יִמְשֹׁל בְּנִי בָּכֶם יְהֹוָה יִמְשֹׁל בָּכֶם:
24And Gideon said to them, "I would make a request of you, that you give me, every man, the nose-ring of his spoil." For they had golden nose-rings, because they were Ishmaelites.   כדוַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵהֶם גִּדְעוֹן אֶשְׁאֲלָה מִכֶּם שְׁאֵלָה וּתְנוּ לִי אִישׁ נֶזֶם שְׁלָלוֹ כִּי נִזְמֵי זָהָב לָהֶם כִּי יִשְׁמְעֵאלִים הֵם:
25And they said, "We shall willingly give." And they spread out the garment, and every man threw therein the nose-ring of his spoil.   כהוַיֹּאמְרוּ נָתוֹן נִתֵּן וַיִּפְרְשׂוּ אֶת הַשִּׂמְלָה וַיַּשְׁלִיכוּ שָׁמָּה אִישׁ נֶזֶם שְׁלָלוֹ:
26And the weight of the golden nose-rings that he requested was one thousand and seven hundred (dinars of) gold, beside the crescents, and the pendants, and the purple garments that were on the kings of Midian, and beside the chains that were on the necks of their camels.   כווַיְהִי מִשְׁקַל נִזְמֵי הַזָּהָב אֲשֶׁר שָׁאָל אֶלֶף וּשְׁבַע מֵאוֹת זָהָב לְבַד מִן הַשַּׂהֲרֹנִים וְהַנְּטִפוֹת וּבִגְדֵי הָאַרְגָּמָן שֶׁעַל מַלְכֵי מִדְיָן וּלְבַד מִן הָעֲנָקוֹת אֲשֶׁר בְּצַוְּארֵי גְמַלֵּיהֶם:
הַשַּׂהֲרוֹנִים וְהַנְּטִיפוֹת: The crescents and the pendants [after Targum Jonathan].  
27And Gideon made it into an Ephod, and he set it up in his city, in Ophrah; and all Israel went astray after it there; and it became a snare to Gideon and to his house.   כזוַיַּעַשֹ אוֹתוֹ גִדְעוֹן לְאֵפוֹד וַיַּצֵּג אוֹתוֹ בְעִירוֹ בְּעָפְרָה וַיִּזְנוּ כָל יִשְׂרָאֵל אַחֲרָיו שָׁם וַיְהִי לְגִדְעוֹן וּלְבֵיתוֹ לְמוֹקֵשׁ:
And Gideon made it into an Ephod: To serve as a reminder of the great victory, by showing how immense their army was that the nose rings of the nobles amounted to all this gold.  
and all Israel went astray after it: After Gideon’s death.  
28Now Midian was subdued before the children of Israel, and they did not continue to raise their heads. And the land rested forty years in the days of Gideon.   כחוַיִּכָּנַע מִדְיָן לִפְנֵי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְלֹא יָסְפוּ לָשֵֹאת רֹאשָׁם וַתִּשְׁקֹט הָאָרֶץ אַרְבָּעִים שָׁנָה בִּימֵי גִדְעוֹן:
29And Jerubbaal the son of Joash went and dwelt in his house.   כטוַיֵּלֶךְ יְרֻבַּעַל בֶּן יוֹאָשׁ וַיֵּשֶׁב בְּבֵיתוֹ:
30And Gideon had seventy sons, who came forth from his thigh; for he had many wives.   לוּלְגִדְעוֹן הָיוּ שִׁבְעִים בָּנִים יֹצְאֵי יְרֵכוֹ כִּי נָשִׁים רַבּוֹת הָיוּ לוֹ:
31And his concubine who was in Shechem, she also bore him a son. And he designated his name Abimelech.   לאוּפִילַגְשׁוֹ אֲשֶׁר בִּשְׁכֶם יָלְדָה לּוֹ גַם הִיא בֵּן וַיָּשֶׂם אֶת שְׁמוֹ אֲבִימֶלֶךְ:
32And Gideon the son of Joash died in a good old age, and he was buried in the sepulcher of Joash his father, in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.   לבוַיָּמָת גִּדְעוֹן בֶּן יוֹאָשׁ בְּשֵׂיבָה טוֹבָה וַיִּקָּבֵר בְּקֶבֶר יוֹאָשׁ אָבִיו בְּעָפְרָה אֲבִי הָעֶזְרִי:
33And it was, when Gideon died, that the children of Israel turned again astray after the Baalim; and they made for themselves Baal-berith for a god.   לגוַיְהִי כַּאֲשֶׁר מֵת גִּדְעוֹן וַיָּשׁוּבוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּזְנוּ אַחֲרֵי הַבְּעָלִים וַיָּשִֹימוּ לָהֶם בַּעַל בְּרִית לֵאלֹהִים:
Baal- berith: This was its name.  
34And the children of Israel did not remember the Lord their God, who had saved them from the hand of all their enemies around.   לדוְלֹא זָכְרוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵיהֶם הַמַּצִּיל אוֹתָם מִיַּד כָּל אֹיְבֵיהֶם מִסָּבִיב:
in four companies: Lit. in four heads.  
35And they did not do kindness with the house of Jerubbaal, (who was) Gideon, according to all the goodness which he had done to Israel.   להוְלֹא עָשֹוּ חֶסֶד עִם בֵּית יְרֻבַּעַל גִּדְעוֹן כְּכָל הַטּוֹבָה אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה עִם יִשְׂרָאֵל:
And they did not do kindness with the house of Jerubbaal: They killed his sons, as Scripture states below (9: 5).  
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