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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Yehoshua - Joshua - Chapter 22

Yehoshua - Joshua - Chapter 22

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Chapter 22

1Then Joshua called the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh.   אאָז יִקְרָא יְהוֹשֻׁעַ לָראוּבֵנִי וְלַגָּדִי וְלַחֲצִי מַטֵּה מְנַשֶּׁה:
2And he said to them, "You have kept all that Moses the servant of the Lord commanded you, and have obeyed me in all that I commanded you   בוַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵיהֶם אַתֶּם שְׁמַרְתֶּם אֵת כָּל אֲשֶׁר צִוָּה אֶתְכֶם מֹשֶׁה עֶבֶד יְהֹוָה וַתִּשְׁמְעוּ בְקוֹלִי לְכֹל אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִי אֶתְכֶם:
3You have not left your brothers these many days to this day, but have kept the charge of the commandment of the Lord your God.   גלֹא עֲזַבְתֶּם אֶת אֲחֵיכֶם זֶה יָמִים רַבִּים עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם אֶת מִשְׁמֶרֶת מִצְוַת יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם:
4And now the Lord your God has given rest to your brothers, as He spoke to them; and now turn and go to your dwellings, to the land of your possession, which Moses the servant of the Lord gave you on the other side of the Jordan.   דוְעַתָּה הֵנִיחַ יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם לַאֲחֵיכֶם כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר לָהֶם וְעַתָּה פְּנוּ וּלְכוּ לָכֶם לְאָהֳלֵיכֶם אֶל אֶרֶץ אֲחֻזַּתְכֶם אֲשֶׁר | נָתַן לָכֶם מֹשֶׁה עֶבֶד יְהֹוָה בְּעֵבֶר הַיַּרְדֵּן:
5Only take diligent heed to do the commandment and the Torah, which Moses the servant of the Lord commanded you, to love the Lord your God, and to walk in all His ways, and to keep His commandments, and to cling to Him, and to serve Him with all your heart and with all your soul."   הרַק | שִׁמְרוּ מְאֹד לַעֲשֹוֹת אֶת הַמִּצְוָה וְאֶת הַתּוֹרָה אֲשֶׁר צִוָּה אֶתְכֶם מֹשֶׁה עֶבֶד יְהֹוָה לְאַהֲבָה אֶת יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם וְלָלֶכֶת בְּכָל דְּרָכָיו וְלִשְׁמֹר מִצְו‍ֹתָיו וּלְדָבְקָה בוֹ וּלְעָבְדוֹ בְּכָל לְבַבְכֶם וּבְכָל נַפְשְׁכֶם:
6And Joshua blessed them, and dismissed them; and they went to their tents.   ווַיְבָרְכֵם יְהוֹשֻׁעַ וַיְשַׁלְּחֵם וַיֵּלְכוּ אֶל אָהֳלֵיהֶם:
7And to the half- tribe of Manasseh, Moses had given [inheritance] in Bashan, but to the other half Joshua gave among their brothers on this side of the Jordan westward. And also, when Joshua dismissed them to their dwellings, he blessed them.   זוְלַחֲצִי | שֵׁבֶט הַמְנַשֶּׁה נָתַן מֹשֶׁה בַּבָּשָׁן וּלְחֶצְיוֹ נָתַן יְהוֹשֻׁעַ עִם אֲחֵיהֶם בְּעֵבֶר (כתיב מְעֵבֶר) הַיַּרְדֵּן יָמָּה וְגַם כִּי שִׁלְּחָם יְהוֹשֻׁעַ אֶל אָהֳלֵיהֶם וַיְבָרְכֵם:
And also when Joshua sent them away: i.e., the half tribe of Manasseh, as he had sent away the children of Reuben and Gad.  
8And he said to them, saying, "Return with much wealth to your dwellings, and with very much cattle, with silver, and with gold, and with copper, and with iron, and with very many garments; divide the spoil of your enemies with your brothers."   חוַיּאמֶר אֲלֵיהֶם לֵאמֹר בִּנְכָסִים רַבִּים שׁוּבוּ אֶל אָהֳלֵיכֶם וּבְמִקְנֶה רַב מְאֹד בְּכֶסֶף וּבְזָהָב וּבִנְחשֶׁת וּבְבַרְזֶל וּבִשְׂלָמוֹת הַרְבֵּה מְאֹד חִלְקוּ שְׁלַל אֹיְבֵיכֶם עִם אֲחֵיכֶם:
divide the spoil… with your brothers: the children of Reuben and the children of Gad. Some interpret this to mean: With your brothers who remained to guard the cities with the women and children, and did not cross the Jordan with the advance guard. They too received a share of the spoils.  
9And the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh returned, and departed from the children of Israel out of Shiloh, which is in the land of Canaan, to go to the country of Gilead, to the land of their possession, of which they were possessed, according to the word of the Lord through Moses.   טוַיָּשֻׁבוּ וַיֵּלְכוּ בְּנֵי רְאוּבֵן וּבְנֵי גָד וַחֲצִי | שֵׁבֶט הַמְנַשֶּׁה מֵאֵת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל מִשִּׁלֹה אֲשֶׁר בְּאֶרֶץ כְּנָעַן לָלֶכֶת אֶל אֶרֶץ הַגִּלְעָד אֶל אֶרֶץ אֲחֻזָּתָם אֲשֶׁר נֹאחֲזוּ בָהּ עַל פִּי יְהֹוָה בְּיַד מֹשֶׁה:
10And they came to the regions of the Jordan, that are in the land of Canaan, and the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh built an altar there by the Jordan, a great altar to look upon.   יוַיָּבֹאוּ אֶל גְּלִילוֹת הַיַּרְדֵּן אֲשֶׁר בְּאֶרֶץ כְּנָעַן וַיִּבְנוּ בְנֵי רְאוּבֵן וּבְנֵי גָד וַחֲצִי שֵׁבֶט הַמְנַשֶּׁה שָׁם מִזְבֵּחַ עַל הַיַּרְדֵּן מִזְבֵּחַ גָּדוֹל לְמַרְאֶה:
11And the children of Israel heard say, "Behold, the children of Reuben and the children of Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh have built an altar over against the land of Canaan, in the regions of the Jordan, at the side of the children of Israel."   יאוַיִּשְׁמְעוּ בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר הִנֵּה בָנוּ בְנֵי רְאוּבֵן וּבְנֵי גָד וַחֲצִי שֵׁבֶט הַמְנַשֶּׁה אֶת הַמִּזְבֵּחַ אֶל מוּל אֶרֶץ כְּנַעַן אֶל גְּלִילוֹת הַיַּרְדֵּן אֶל עֵבֶר בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
12And when the children of Israel heard of it, the whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled at Shiloh, to go up to war against them.   יבוַיִּשְׁמְעוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּקָּהֲלוּ כָּל עֲדַת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל שִׁלֹה לַעֲלוֹת עֲלֵיהֶם לַצָּבָא:
to go up to war against them: For high places had been banned since the establishment of the tabernacle at Shiloh.  
13And the children of Israel sent to the children of Reuben, and to the children of Gad, and to the half-tribe of Manasseh, into the land of Gilead, Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest.   יגוַיִּשְׁלְחוּ בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל בְּנֵי רְאוּבֵן וְאֶל בְּנֵי גָד וְאֶל חֲצִי שֵׁבֶט מְנַשֶּׁה אֶל אֶרֶץ הַגִּלְעָד אֶת פִּינְחָס בֶּן אֶלְעָזָר הַכֹּהֵן:
14And with him ten princes, one prince of a father's house for each of the tribes of Israel; and they were each one the head of the house of their fathers, among the thousands of Israel.   ידוַעֲשָׂרָה נְשִׂאִים עִמּוֹ נָשִֹיא אֶחָד נָשִֹיא אֶחָד לְבֵית אָב לְכֹל מַטּוֹת יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאִישׁ רֹאשׁ בֵּית אֲבוֹתָם הֵמָּה לְאַלְפֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
15And they came to the children of Reuben, and to the children of Gad, and to the hatf-tribe of Manasseh, to the land of Gilead, and they spoke with them, saying.   טווַיָּבֹאוּ אֶל בְּנֵי רְאוּבֵן וְאֶל בְּנֵי גָד וְאֶל חֲצִי שֵׁבֶט מְנַשֶּׁה אֶל אֶרֶץ הַגִּלְעָד וַיְדַבְּרוּ אִתָּם לֵאמֹר:
16"Thus said the whole congregation of the Lord, 'What treachery is this that you have committed against the God of Israel, to turn away this day from following the Lord, in that you have built an altar that you might rebel this day against the Lord.   טזכֹּה אָמְרוּ כֹּל | עֲדַת יְהֹוָה מָה הַמַּעַל הַזֶּה אֲשֶׁר מְעַלְתֶּם בֵּאלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לָשׁוּב הַיּוֹם מֵאַחֲרֵי יְהֹוָה בִּבְנוֹתְכֶם לָכֶם מִזְבֵּחַ לִמְרָדְכֶם הַיּוֹם בַּיהֹוָה:
17Is the iniquity of Peor too little for us, from which we have not been cleansed until this day, and there was a plague in the congregation of the Lord.   יזהַמְעַט לָנוּ אֶת עֲוֹן פְּעוֹר אֲשֶׁר לֹא הִטַּהַרְנוּ מִמֶּנּוּ עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה וַיְהִי הַנֶּגֶף בַּעֲדַת יְהֹוָה:
18And you will turn away this day from following the Lord? And it will be, since you rebel today against the Lord, that tomorrow He will be angry with the whole congregation of Israel.   יחוְאַתֶּם תָּשֻׁבוּ הַיּוֹם מֵאַחֲרֵי יְהֹוָה וְהָיָה אַתֶּם תִּמְרְדוּ הַיּוֹם בַּיהֹוָה וּמָחָר אֶל כָּל עֲדַת יִשְׂרָאֵל יִקְצֹף:
19However, if the land of your possesion is unclean, then pass you over to the land of the possession of the Lord, in which the Lord's tabernacle dwells, and take possession among us; but do not rebel against the Lord, nor rebel against us, in your building an altar besides the altar of the Lord our God.   יטוְאַךְ אִם טְמֵאָה אֶרֶץ אֲחֻזַּתְכֶם עִבְרוּ לָכֶם אֶל אֶרֶץ אֲחֻזַּת יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר שָׁכַן שָׁם מִשְׁכַּן יְהֹוָה וְהֵאָחֲזוּ בְּתוֹכֵנוּ וּבַיהֹוָה אַל תִּמְרֹדוּ וְאֹתָנוּ אַל תִּמְרֹדוּ בִּבְנֹתְכֶם לָכֶם מִזְבֵּחַ מִבַּלְעֲדֵי מִזְבַּח יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ:
if the land of your possession is unclean: For the Holy One, Blessed be He, did not choose it to cause His presence to rest therein.  
nor rebel against us: Heb. וְאוֹתָנוּ, instead of תִּמְרֹדוּ וּבָנוּ אַל.  
20Did not Achan the son of Zerah commit a trespass in the devoted thing, and wrath fell on all the congregation of Israel? And that man did not perish alone in his iniquity."   כהֲלוֹא | עָכָן בֶּן זֶרַח מָעַל מַעַל בַּחֵרֶם וְעַל כָּל עֲדַת יִשְׂרָאֵל הָיָה קָצֶף וְהוּא אִישׁ אֶחָד לֹא גָוַע בַּעֲו‍ֹנוֹ:
21Then the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh answered, and spoke to the heads of the thousands of Israel.   כאוַיַּעֲנוּ בְּנֵי רְאוּבֵן וּבְנֵי גָד וַחֲצִי שֵׁבֶט הַמְנַשֶּׁה וַיְדַבְּרוּ אֶת רָאשֵׁי אַלְפֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
22"God, God, the Lord, God, God, the Lord, He knows, and Israel, he shall know; if it be in rebellion, or if in transgression against the Lord, save us not this day.   כבאֵל | אֱלֹהִים | יְהֹוָה אֵל | אֱלֹהִים | יְהֹוָה הוּא יֹדֵעַ וְיִשְׂרָאֵל הוּא יֵדָע אִם בְּמֶרֶד וְאִם בְּמַעַל בַּיהֹוָה אַל תּוֹשִׁיעֵנוּ הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה:
God, God, the Lord: God of all the divine creatures [angels], He is the Lord, who knows that not in rebellion nor in transgression, etc. The repetition of the Name of God [is for the purpose of proclaiming their belief in one God both] in this world and in the world to come.  
save as not: They directed this statement toward the Divine Presence.  
23If we have built us an altar to turn away from following the Lord, or if to offer upon it burnt- offering or meal-offering, or if to offer peace-offerings upon it, let the Lord Himself require it;   כגלִבְנוֹת לָנוּ מִזְבֵּחַ לָשׁוּב מֵאַחֲרֵי יְהֹוָה וְאִם לְהַעֲלוֹת עָלָיו עוֹלָה וּמִנְחָה וְאִם לַעֲשֹוֹת עָלָיו זִבְחֵי שְׁלָמִים יְהֹוָה הוּא יְבַקֵּשׁ:
Himself require it: He will punish us.  
24And if we have not rather done it for fear of this thing, saying, 'In time to come, your children might speak to our children, saying, 'What have you to do with the Lord God of Israel?   כדוְאִם לֹא מִדְּאָגָה מִדָּבָר עָשִֹינוּ אֶת זֹאת לֵאמֹר מָחָר יֹאמְרוּ בְנֵיכֶם לְבָנֵינוּ לֵאמֹר מַה לָּכֶם וְלַיהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
for fear of this thing: Because of דְּאָגַת, i.e., the fear of insulting words we have done this, as the Scripture explains: Lest in time to come, your children say, to insult our children when they go to sacrifice in the Tabernacle of Shiloh, lest they say, ‘what have you to do with the Lord? Did he not place the Jordan between us and you as a border?’ We feared this, and made [the altar]. Every דְּאָגָה in the Scriptures is an expression of fear, e.g., “I fear the Jews (דֹּאֵג) of Zedekiah.”  
25For the Lord has made the Jordan a border between us and you, you children of Reuben and children of Gad; you have no part in the Lord.' So shall your children make our children cease from fearing the Lord.'   כהוּגְבוּל נָתַן יְהֹוָה בֵּינֵנוּ וּבֵינֵיכֶם בְּנֵי רְאוּבֵן וּבְנֵי גָד אֶת הַיַּרְדֵּן אֵין לָכֶם חֵלֶק בַּיהֹוָה וְהִשְׁבִּיתוּ בְנֵיכֶם אֶת בָּנֵינוּ לְבִלְתִּי יְרֹא אֶת יְהֹוָה:
26Therefore, we said, "Let us now prepare to build an altar for ourselves, not for burnt-offering, nor for sacrifice.   כווַנֹּאמֶר נַעֲשֶׂה נָּא לָנוּ לִבְנוֹת אֶת הַמִּזְבֵּחַ לֹא לְעוֹלָה וְלֹא לְזָבַח:
27But that it may be a witness between us and you, and between our generations after us, that we might do the service of the Lord before Him with our burnt offerings, and with our sacrifices, and with our peace offerings, that your children will not say to our children in time to come, 'You have no part in the Lord.'   כזכִּי עֵד הוּא בֵּינֵינוּ וּבֵינֵיכֶם וּבֵין דֹּרוֹתֵינוּ אַחֲרֵינוּ לַעֲבֹד אֶת עֲבֹדַת יְהֹוָה לְפָנָיו בְּעֹלוֹתֵינוּ וּבִזְבָחֵינוּ וּבִשְׁלָמֵינוּ וְלֹא יֹאמְרוּ בְנֵיכֶם מָחָר לְבָנֵינוּ אֵין לָכֶם חֵלֶק בַּיהֹוָה:
28Therefore, we said, 'It will be when we shall say, "Behold the replica of the altar of the Lord which our fathers made, not for burnt-offerings, nor for sacrifices, but it is a witness between us and you.   כחוַנֹּאמֶר וְהָיָה כִּי יֹאמְרוּ אֵלֵינוּ וְאֶל דֹּרֹתֵינוּ מָחָר וְאָמַרְנוּ רְאוּ אֶת תַּבְנִית מִזְבַּח יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר עָשֹוּ אֲבוֹתֵינוּ לֹא לְעוֹלָה וְלֹא לְזֶבַח כִּי עֵד הוּא בֵּינֵינוּ וּבֵינֵיכֶם:
but it is a witness between us and you.: that we have not withdrawn ourselves from the law of the altar.  
29Far be it from us that we should rebel against the Lord, and turn away this day from following the Lord, to build an altar for burnt offerings, for meal-offerings, or for sacrifices, besides the altar of the Lord our God that is before His tabernacle."   כטחָלִילָה לָּנוּ מִמֶּנּוּ לִמְרֹד בַּיהֹוָה וְלָשׁוּב הַיּוֹם מֵאַחֲרֵי יְהֹוָה לִבְנוֹת מִזְבֵּחַ לְעֹלָה לְמִנְחָה וּלְזָבַח מִלְּבַד מִזְבַּח יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ אֲשֶׁר לִפְנֵי מִשְׁכָּנוֹ:
30And Phinehas the priest and the princes of the congregation and the heads of the thousands of Israel who were with him, heard the words that the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the children of Manasseh spoke, and it pleased them.   לוַיִּשְׁמַע פִּינְחָס הַכֹּהֵן וּנְשִׂיאֵי הָעֵדָה וְרָאשֵׁי אַלְפֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר אִתּוֹ אֶת הַדְּבָרִים אֲשֶׁר דִּבְּרוּ בְּנֵי רְאוּבֵן וּבְנֵי גָד וּבְנֵי מְנַשֶּׁה וַיִּיטַב בְּעֵינֵיהֶם:
31And Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest said to the children of Reuben and to the children of Gad and to the children of Manasseh, "Today we know that the Lord is in our midst, that you did not commit this treachery. Then you have saved the children of Israel from the hand of the Lord."   לאוַיֹּאמֶר פִּינְחָס בֶּן אֶלְעָזָר הַכֹּהֵן אֶל בְּנֵי רְאוּבֵן וְאֶל בְּנֵי גָד וְאֶל בְּנֵי מְנַשֶּׁה הַיּוֹם | יָדַעְנוּ כִּי בְתוֹכֵנוּ יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר לֹא מְעַלְתֶּם בַּיהֹוָה הַמַּעַל הַזֶּה אָז הִצַּלְתֶּם אֶת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל מִיַּד יְהֹוָה:
32And Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, and the princes, returned from the children of Reuben, and from the children of Gad, from the land of Gilead, to the land of Canaan, to the children of Israel, and they brought them back word.   לבוַיָּשָׁב פִּינְחָס בֶּן אֶלְעָזָר הַכֹּהֵן | וְהַנְּשִׂיאִים מֵאֵת בְּנֵי רְאוּבֵן וּמֵאֵת בְּנֵי גָד מֵאֶרֶץ הַגִּלְעָד אֶל אֶרֶץ כְּנַעַן אֶל בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיָּשִׁבוּ אוֹתָם דָּבָר:
33And the thing pleased the children of Israel; and the children of Israel blessed God, and they did not intend to go up against them in battle, to destroy the land in which the children of Reuben and Gad dwelt.   לגוַיִּיטַב הַדָּבָר בְּעֵינֵי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיְבָרְכוּ אֱלֹהִים בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְלֹא אָמְרוּ לַעֲלוֹת עֲלֵיהֶם לַצָּבָא לְשַׁחֵת אֶת הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר בְּנֵי רְאוּבֵן וּבְנֵי גָד ישְׁבִים בָּהּ:
and the children of Israel blessed God: And the children of Israel thanked God.  
34And the children of Reuben and the children of Gad called the altar: 'for it is a witness between us that the Lord is God.'   לדוַיִּקְרְאוּ בְּנֵי רְאוּבֵן וּבְנֵי גָד לַמִּזְבֵּחַ כִּי עֵד הוּא בֵּינֹתֵינוּ כִּי יְהֹוָה הָאֱלֹהִים:
And the children of Reuben and the children of Gad called the altar: 'for it is a witness…’: This is one of the short verses. It requires the addition of one word: “And the children of Reuben and the children of Gad called the altar ‘Witness.’”  
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