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Yehoshua - Joshua - Chapter 17

Yehoshua - Joshua - Chapter 17

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Chapter 17

1And there was a lot for the tribe of Manasseh, for he was firstborn of Joseph; for Machir the firstborn of Manasseh, the father of Gilead, because he was a man of war, therefore, he had Gilead and Bashan.   אוַיְהִ֚י הַגּוֹרָל֙ לְמַטֵּ֣ה מְנַשֶּׁ֔ה כִּי־ה֖וּא בְּכ֣וֹר יוֹסֵ֑ף לְמָכִיר֩ בְּכ֨וֹר מְנַשֶּׁ֜ה אֲבִ֣י הַגִּלְעָ֗ד כִּ֣י ה֚וּא הָיָה֙ אִ֣ישׁ מִלְחָמָ֔ה וַֽיְהִי־ל֖וֹ הַגִּלְעָ֥ד וְהַבָּשָֽׁן:
for Machir the firstborn of Manasseh: Therefore, he took first in Moses’ days on the other side of the Jordan, and had Gilead and Bashan.  
2There was also a lot for the rest of the children of Manasseh according to their families; for the children of Abiezer, and for the children of Helek, and for the children of Asriel, and for the children of Shechem, and for the children of Hepher, and for the children of Shemida. These are the male children of Manasseh the son of Joseph, by their families.   בוַ֠יְהִ֠י לִבְנֵ֨י מְנַשֶּׁ֥ה הַנּֽוֹתָרִים֘ לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָם֒ לִבְנֵ֨י אֲבִיעֶ֜זֶר וְלִבְנֵי־חֵ֗לֶק וְלִבְנֵ֚י אַשְׂרִיאֵל֙ וְלִבְנֵי־שֶׁ֔כֶם וְלִבְנֵי־חֵ֖פֶר וְלִבְנֵ֣י שְׁמִידָ֑ע אֵ֠לֶּה בְּנֵ֨י מְנַשֶּׁ֧ה בֶן־יוֹסֵ֛ף הַזְּכָרִ֖ים לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָֽם:
3But Zelophehad, the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, had no sons, but daughters; and these are the names of his daughter: Mahlah, and Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.   גוְלִצְלָפְחָד֩ בֶּן־חֵ֨פֶר בֶּן־גִּלְעָ֜ד בֶּן־מָכִ֣יר בֶּן־מְנַשֶּׁ֗ה לֹא־הָ֥יוּ ל֛וֹ בָּנִ֖ים כִּ֣י אִם־בָּנ֑וֹת וְאֵ֙לֶּה֙ שְׁמ֣וֹת בְּנֹתָ֔יו מַחְלָ֣ה וְנֹעָ֔ה חָגְלָ֥ה מִלְכָּ֖ה וְתִרְצָֽה:
4And they came near before Eleazar the priest, and before Joshua the son of Nun, and before the princes, saying, "The Lord commanded Moses to give us an inheritance among our brothers." According to the commandment of the Lord, he gave them an inheritance among the brothers of their father.   דוַתִּקְרַ֡בְנָה לִפְנֵי֩ אֶלְעָזָ֨ר הַכֹּהֵ֜ן וְלִפְנֵ֣י | יְהוֹשֻׁ֣עַ בִּן־נ֗וּן וְלִפְנֵ֚י הַנְּשִׂיאִים֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר יְהֹוָה֙ צִוָּ֣ה אֶת־מֹשֶׁ֔ה לָֽתֶת־לָ֥נוּ נַֽחֲלָ֖ה בְּת֣וֹךְ אַחֵ֑ינוּ וַיִּתֵּ֨ן לָהֶ֜ם אֶל־פִּ֚י יְהֹוָה֙ נַֽחֲלָ֔ה בְּת֖וֹךְ אֲחֵ֥י אֲבִיהֶֽן:
5And there fell ten portions to Manasseh, besides the land of Gilead and Bashan, which is on the other side of the Jordan.   הוַיִּפְּל֥וּ חַבְלֵֽי־מְנַשֶּׁ֖ה עֲשָׂרָ֑ה לְבַ֞ד מֵאֶ֚רֶץ הַגִּלְעָד֙ וְהַבָּשָׁ֔ן אֲשֶׁ֖ר מֵעֵ֥בֶר לַיַּרְדֵּֽן:
And there fell ten portions to Manasseh: i.e., six for the six fathers’ houses enumerated above, and four for the daughters of Zelophehad, not that each one should be considered an individual father’s house, [for they were five - Kara] but they received four shares: (1) The share of their father who was one of those who left Egypt, and according to the number of those who left Egypt the land was apportioned; (2) and his share with his brothers in the property of Hepher, who was also one of those who left Egypt; and (3) he was the firstborn, and received two portions; and (4) in addition, they had the share of their father’s brother, who died in the wilderness without children, and they received inheritance in his share. Our Rabbis stated this in Baba Bathra . It was not necessary for the scripture to relate to us the number of the daughters’ shares, except to teach us that they received the firstborn share, and to inform us that Eretz Israel was an inherited share which belonged to them from the time of their forefathers, for otherwise, the firstborn does not receive an extra share of that which is fit to come into the father’s possession, as he does in that which the father had already acquired.  
6Because the daughters of Manasseh had an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh's sons had the land of Gilead.   וכִּי בְּנ֣וֹת מְנַשֶּׁ֔ה נָֽחֲל֥וּ נַֽחֲלָ֖ה בְּת֣וֹךְ בָּנָ֑יו וְאֶ֙רֶץ֙ הַגִּלְעָ֔ד הָֽיְתָ֥ה לִבְנֵֽי־מְנַשֶּׁ֖ה הַנּֽוֹתָרִֽים:
and the rest… had the land of Gilead: i.e., the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead which was on the other side of the Jordan.  
7And the border of Manasseh was from Asher to Michmetath, that is before Shechem; and the border went along on the right to the inhabitants of En-tappuah.   זוַיְהִ֚י גְבֽוּל־מְנַשֶּׁה֙ מֵֽאָשֵׁ֔ר הַֽמִּכְמְתָ֔ת אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל־פְּנֵ֣י שְׁכֶ֑ם וְהָלַ֚ךְ הַגְּבוּל֙ אֶל־הַיָּמִ֔ין אֶל־יֽשְׁבֵ֖י עֵ֥ין תַּפּֽוּחַ:
8The land of Tappuah belonged to Manasseh, but Tappuah on the border of Manasseh belonged to the children of Ephraim;   חלִמְנַשֶּׁ֕ה הָֽיְתָ֖ה אֶ֣רֶץ תַּפּ֑וּחַ וְתַפּ֛וּחַ אֶל־גְּב֥וּל מְנַשֶּׁ֖ה לִבְנֵ֥י אֶפְרָֽיִם:
The land of Tappuah: i.e., the villages and suburbs, but the city of Tappuah itself, belonged to the children of Ephraim.  
on the border of Manasseh: on the boundary of Manasseh, at the end of his border.  
9And the border descended to the brook Kanah, southward of the brook. These cities of Ephraim are among the cities of Manasseh; the border of Manasseh was on the north side of the river, and its outgoings were to the sea.   טוְיָרַ֣ד הַגְּבוּל֩ נַ֨חַל קָנָ֜ה נֶ֣גְבָּה לַנַּ֗חַל עָרִ֚ים הָאֵ֙לֶּה֙ לְאֶפְרַ֔יִם בְּת֖וֹךְ עָרֵ֣י מְנַשֶּׁ֑ה וּגְב֚וּל מְנַשֶּׁה֙ מִצְּפ֣וֹן לַנַּ֔חַל וַיְהִ֥י תֹֽצְאֹתָ֖יו הַיָּֽמָּה:
These cities: from Tappuah to the brook of Kanah belonged to Ephraim among the cities of Manasseh.  
10Southward it was Ephraim's and northward it was Manasseh's, and the sea was his border; and they met in Asher on the north, and in Issachar on the east.   ינֶ֣גְבָּה לְאֶפְרַ֗יִם וְצָפ֙וֹנָה֙ לִמְנַשֶּׁ֔ה וַיְהִ֥י הַיָּ֖ם גְּבוּל֑וֹ וּבְאָשֵׁר֙ יִפְגְּע֣וּן מִצָּפ֔וֹן וּבְיִשָּׂשכָ֖ר מִמִּזְרָֽח:
Southward it was Ephraim’s: Ephraim received his share from the south, toward the land between the children of Judah and the rest of the tribes.  
and northward it was Manasseh’s: Manasseh received the land to the north.  
11And Manasseh had in Issachar and in Asher: Beth-shean and her towns, and Ibleam and her towns, and the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, and the inhabitants of 'En-dor and her towns, and the inhabitants of Taanach and her towns, and the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns, the three regions.   יאוַיְהִ֨י לִמְנַשֶּׁ֜ה בְּיִשָּׂשכָ֣ר וּבְאָשֵׁ֗ר בֵּֽית־שְׁאָ֣ן וּ֠בְנוֹתֶ֠יהָ וְיִבְלְעָ֨ם וּבְנוֹתֶ֜יהָ וְֽאֶת־יֹֽשְׁבֵ֧י דֹ֣אר וּבְנוֹתֶ֗יהָ וְיֹֽשְׁבֵ֚י עֵֽין־דֹּר֙ וּבְנֹתֶ֔יהָ וְיֹֽשְׁבֵ֚י תַעְנַךְ֙ וּבְנֹתֶ֔יהָ וְיֹֽשְׁבֵ֥י מְגִדּ֖וֹ וּבְנוֹתֶ֑יהָ שְׁל֖שֶׁת הַנָּֽפֶת:
the three regions: “three provinces” (Jonathan). The three regions mentioned here were of Dor and 'En-dor, as aforementioned in this book: “The king of Dor of the regions of Dor,” and in another verse the Scripture states: “and in the regions of Dor on the west.” And here the Scripture states: “The inhabitants of Dor and her towns,” which were the three regions that belonged to her.  
12And the children of Manasseh could not drive out the inhabitants of these cities, but the Canaanites were content to dwell in this land.   יבוְלֹ֚א יָֽכְלוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י מְנַשֶּׁ֔ה לְהוֹרִ֖ישׁ אֶת־הֶֽעָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֑לֶּה וַיּ֙וֹאֶל֙ הַֽכְּנַֽעֲנִ֔י לָשֶׁ֖בֶת בָּאָ֥רֶץ הַזֹּֽאת:
were content: Heb. וַיּוֹאֶל, was willing.  
13And it came to pass, when the children of Israel became strong, that they put the Canaanites to tribute, but did not drive them out.   יגוַיְהִ֗י כִּ֚י חָֽזְקוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַיִּתְּנ֥וּ אֶת־הַֽכְּנַֽעֲנִ֖י לָמַ֑ס וְהוֹרֵ֖שׁ לֹ֥א הֽוֹרִישֽׁוֹ:
14And the children of Joseph spoke to Joshua, saying, "Why have you given me one lot and one portion for an inheritance, seeing I am a numerous people, forasmuch as the Lord has blessed me thus?"   ידוַֽיְדַבְּרוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יוֹסֵ֔ף אֶת־יְהוֹשֻׁ֖עַ לֵאמֹ֑ר מַדּ֩וּעַ֩ נָתַ֨תָּה לִּ֜י נַֽחֲלָ֗ה גּוֹרָ֚ל אֶחָד֙ וְחֶ֣בֶל אֶחָ֔ד וַֽאֲנִ֣י עַ֣ם רָ֔ב עַ֥ד אֲשֶׁר־עַד־כֹּ֖ה בֵּֽרְכַ֥נִי יְהֹוָֽה:
And the children of Joseph spoke: i.e., The tribe of Manasseh.  
forasmuch as the Lord has blessed me thus?: Forasmuch as you have seen that my number has increased from the first count to the second count by 20,500, signified by the numerical value of כֹּה (25). In the first count you find in Manasseh in the book of Numbers 32,200, and in the Sidrah Pinchas, 52,700. Another explanation is: forasmuch as the Lord has blessed me even until כה, the blessing which was bestowed on Abraham: (“So כֹּה) shall be your seed,” was fulfilled in me. And according to peshat, forasmuch as the Lord has blessed me thus, as you see.  
15And Joshua said to them, "If you are a numerous people, then go up to the forest, and cut down for yourself there in the land of the Perizzites and of the giants, if Mount Ephraim is too confined for you."   טווַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֜ם יְהוֹשֻׁ֗עַ אִם־עַם־רַ֚ב אַתָּה֙ עֲלֵ֣ה לְךָ֣ הַיַּ֔עְרָה וּבֵֽרֵאתָ֚ לְךָ֙ שָׁ֔ם בְּאֶ֥רֶץ הַפְּרִזִּ֖י וְהָֽרְפָאִ֑ים כִּֽי־אָ֥ץ לְךָ֖ הַר־אֶפְרָֽיִם:
If you are a numerous people: you have strength to cut down forests and to clear them, similar to that which we call essarter in French, and there you shall build cities.  
and cut down: Heb. וּבֵרֵאתָ, an expression of cutting, like: And they will cut them (וּבָרֵא אוֹתְהָן) with their swords, essarteras in French.  
confined: Heb. אָץ.  
16And the children of Joseph said, "The hill is not enough for us; and all the Canaanites that dwell in the land of the valley have chariots of iron, they who are of Beth-shean and her towns, and they who are of the Valley of Jezreel."   טזוַיֹּֽאמְרוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יוֹסֵ֔ף לֹֽא־יִמָּ֥צֵא לָ֖נוּ הָהָ֑ר וְרֶ֣כֶב בַּרְזֶ֗ל בְּכָל־הַֽכְּנַֽעֲנִי֙ הַיּשֵׁ֣ב בְּאֶֽרֶץ־הָעֵ֔מֶק לַֽאֲשֶׁ֚ר בְּבֵֽית־שְׁאָן֙ וּבְנוֹתֶ֔יהָ וְלַֽאֲשֶׁ֖ר בְּעֵ֥מֶק יִזְרְעֶֽאל:
The hill is not enough: For it is too confined for us, as you said.  
is not enough: Heb. לֹא יִמָּצֵא.  
iron chariots: and what you say, to go up to the forest and to conquer in the land of the Perizzites and the giants [Rephaim], is no easy task, for those Canaanites are a mighty nation and have iron chariots. Do not wonder if the Scripture calls the Perizzites and Rephaim Canaanites, for they were all children of Canaan.  
17And Joshua spoke to the house of Joseph, to Ephraim and to Manasseh, saying, "You are a numerous people, and have great power; you shall not have one lot;   יזוַיֹּ֚אמֶר יְהוֹשֻׁ֙עַ֙ אֶל־בֵּ֣ית יוֹסֵ֔ף לְאֶפְרַ֥יִם וְלִמְנַשֶּׁ֖ה לֵאמֹ֑ר עַם־רַ֣ב אַתָּ֗ה וְכֹ֚חַ גָּדוֹל֙ לָ֔ךְ לֹא־יִֽהְיֶ֥ה לְךָ֖ גּוֹרָ֥ל אֶחָֽד:
18But the mountain shall be yours, for it is a forest, and you shall cut it down; and its outgoings shall be yours, for you shall drive out the Canaanite, though he has iron chariots, and though he is strong.   יחכִּ֣י הַ֚ר יִֽהְיֶה־לָּךְ֙ כִּי־יַ֣עַר ה֔וּא וּבֵ֣רֵאת֔וֹ וְהָיָ֥ה לְךָ֖ תֹּֽצְאֹתָ֑יו כִּֽי־תוֹרִ֣ישׁ אֶת־הַֽכְּנַֽעֲנִ֗י כִּ֣י רֶ֚כֶב בַּרְזֶל֙ ל֔וֹ כִּ֥י חָזָ֖ק הֽוּא:
But the mountain shall be yours: the one concerning which I said to you, “go up to the forest.”  
for it is a forest, and you shall cut it down: for it is a forest, and it is only fit for a numerous people, who will cut it down and clear it.  
and you shall cut it down: for you are a great people.  
for you shall drive out the Canaanite: since you are a great people.  
because he has iron chariots: and none of the other tribes is big enough to wage war with him.  
for he is strong: and you have the ability, and must drive him out. Our Rabbis explained: Go up to the forest - Hide in the forests lest the evil eye have power over you.  
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