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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Yehoshua - Joshua - Chapter 14

Yehoshua - Joshua - Chapter 14

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Chapter 14

1And these are the cities which the children of Israel inherited in the land of Canaan, which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the tribes of the children of Israel, distributed for inheritance to them.   אוְאֵלֶּה אֲשֶׁר נָחֲלוּ בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּאֶרֶץ כְּנָעַן אֲשֶׁר נִחֲלוּ אוֹתָם אֶלְעָזָר הַכֹּהֵן וִיהוֹשֻׁעַ בִּן נוּן וְרָאשֵׁי אֲבוֹת הַמַּטּוֹת לִבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
distributed for inheritance to them: [lit.,] caused to inherit.  
2By lot was their inheritance, as the Lord commanded through Moses, for the nine tribes and for the half tribe.   בבְּגוֹרַל נַחֲלָתָם כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהֹוָה בְּיַד מֹשֶׁה לְתִשְׁעַת הַמַּטּוֹת וַחֲצִי הַמַּטֶּה:
3For Moses had given the inheritance of two tribes and a half tribe on the other side of the Jordan, but to the Levites he gave no inheritance among them.   גכִּי נָתַן מֹשֶׁה נַחֲלַת שְׁנֵי הַמַּטּוֹת וַחֲצִי הַמַּטֶּה מֵעֵבֶר לַיַּרְדֵּן וְלַלְוִיִּם לֹא נָתַן נַחֲלָה בְּתוֹכָם:
4For the children of Joseph were two tribes, Manasseh and Ephraim, but they gave no part to the Levites, in the land, save cities to dwell in, and the open land about them, for their cattle and for their flocks.   דכִּי הָיוּ בְנֵי יוֹסֵף שְׁנֵי מַטּוֹת מְנַשֶּׁה וְאֶפְרָיִם וְלֹא נָתְנוּ חֵלֶק לַלְוִיִּם בָּאָרֶץ כִּי אִם עָרִים לָשֶׁבֶת וּמִגְרְשֵׁיהֶם לְמִקְנֵיהֶם וּלְקִנְיָנָם:
For the children of Joseph were two tribes: instead of the tribe of Levi.  
5As the Lord commanded Moses, so the children of Israel did, and they divided the land.   הכַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהֹוָה אֶת מֹשֶׁה כֵּן עָשֹוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיַּחְלְקוּ אֶת הָאָרֶץ:
6Then the children of Judah came to Joshua in Gilgal; and Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite said to him, "You know the thing that the Lord spoke to Moses the man of God concerning me and concerning you in Kadesh- barnea.   ווַיִּגְּשׁוּ בְנֵי יְהוּדָה אֶל יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בַּגִּלְגָּל וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו כָּלֵב בֶּן יְפֻנֶּה הַקְּנִזִּי אַתָּה יָדַעְתָּ אֶת הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר יְהֹוָה אֶל מֹשֶׁה | אִישׁ הָאֱלֹהִים עַל אֹדוֹתַי וְעַל אֹדוֹתֶיךָ בְּקָדֵשׁ בַּרְנֵעַ:
7I was forty years old when Moses the servant of the Lord, sent me from Kadesh-barnea to spy out the land; and I brought him back word as it was in my heart.   זבֶּן אַרְבָּעִים שָׁנָה אָנֹכִי בִּשְׁלֹחַ מֹשֶׁה עֶבֶד יְהֹוָה אֹתִי מִקָּדֵשׁ בַּרְנֵעַ לְרַגֵּל אֶת הָאָרֶץ וָאָשֵׁב אוֹתוֹ דָּבָר כַּאֲשֶׁר עִם לְבָבִי:
as it was in my heart: and not as it was in my mouth, for the spies were of one counsel, and Caleb was afraid to say to them that he would not say the same as they. But, when he came, he contradicted them. That is what is stated there: “Because there was another spirit with him,” for he said to them one version with his mouth, while he had another version in his heart.  
8And my brothers that went up with me, made the heart of the people melt; but I fulfilled the will of the Lord my God.   חוְאַחַי אֲשֶׁר עָלוּ עִמִּי הִמְסִיו אֶת לֵב הָעָם וְאָנֹכִי מִלֵּאתִי אַחֲרֵי יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהָי:
9And Moses swore on that day, saying, 'Surely the land upon which your foot has trodden shall be your inheritance, and your children's forever, because you have fulfilled the will of the Lord my God.'   טוַיִּשָּׁבַע מֹשֶׁה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא לֵאמֹר אִם לֹא הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר דָּרְכָה רַגְלְךָ בָּהּ לְךָ תִהְיֶה לְנַחֲלָה וּלְבָנֶיךָ עַד עוֹלָם כִּי מִלֵּאתָ אַחֲרֵי יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהָי:
10And now, behold, the Lord has kept me alive, as He spoke, these forty-five years, from the time the Lord spoke this word to Moses, while Israel walked in the wilderness; and now, behold, I am this day eighty-five years old.   יוְעַתָּה הִנֵּה הֶחֱיָה יְהֹוָה | אוֹתִי כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר זֶה אַרְבָּעִים וְחָמֵשׁ שָׁנָה מֵאָז דִּבֶּר יְהֹוָה אֶת הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה אֶל מֹשֶׁה אֲשֶׁר הָלַךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל בַּמִּדְבָּר וְעַתָּה הִנֵּה אָנֹכִי הַיּוֹם בֶּן חָמֵשׁ וּשְׁמוֹנִים שָׁנָה:
these forty-five years: We learn that the conquest of the land took seven years, for in the second year, Moses sent the spies. There remain thirty- eight years, during which the Israelites walked through the wilderness, and seven in which they conquered [the land], making a total of forty-five years.  
11I am still as strong this day as I was on the day that Moses sent me; as my strength was then, even so is my strength now, for war, both to go out, and to come in.   יאעוֹדֶנִּי הַיּוֹם חָזָק כַּאֲשֶׁר בְּיוֹם שְׁלֹחַ אוֹתִי מֹשֶׁה כְּכֹחִי אָז וּכְכֹחִי עָתָּה לַמִּלְחָמָה וְלָצֵאת וְלָבוֹא:
12And now, give me this mountain, of which the Lord spoke on that day, for you heard on that day how the 'Anakim were there, and that the cities were big and fortified. It may be that the Lord will be with me, and I shall drive them out, as the Lord spoke."   יבוְעַתָּה תְּנָה לִּי אֶת הָהָר הַזֶּה אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר יְהֹוָה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא כִּי אַתָּה שָׁמַעְתָּ בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא כִּי עֲנָקִים שָׁם וְעָרִים גְּדֹלוֹת בְּצֻרוֹת אוּלַי יְהֹוָה אוֹתִי וְהוֹרַשְׁתִּים כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר יְהֹוָה:
13And Joshua blessed him, and gave Hebron to Caleb the son of Jephunneh for an inheritance.   יגוַיְבָרְכֵהוּ יְהוֹשֻׁעַ וַיִּתֵּן אֶת חֶבְרוֹן לְכָלֵב בֶּן יְפֻנֶּה לְנַחֲלָה:
14Hebron, therefore, became the inheritance of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite to this day, because he fulfilled the will of the Lord God of Israel.   ידעַל כֵּן הָיְתָה חֶבְרוֹן לְכָלֵב בֶּן יְפֻנֶּה הַקְּנִזִּי לְנַחֲלָה עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה יַעַן אֲשֶׁר מִלֵּא אַחֲרֵי יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
15And the name of Hebron before was Kirjath-arba (the city of Arba); Arba was the greatest man among the 'Anakim. And the land had rest from war.   טווְשֵׁם חֶבְרוֹן לְפָנִים קִרְיַת אַרְבַּע הָאָדָם הַגָּדוֹל בָּעֲנָקִים הוּא וְהָאָרֶץ שָׁקְטָה מִמִּלְחָמָה:
Arba was the greatest man among the Anakim: Arba was the name of the father of Ahiman, Sheshai and Talmai. Another explanation is: [It was called Kirjath-arba, the city of four] because of the father and the three sons for the scripture calls them the children of 'Anak.  
And the land had rest from war: This refers back to the previous topic, i.e., after the seven years during which they conquered their surroundings the Amorites were humbled and no longer gathered to wage war upon them. Therefore they began to engage in the division of the land. The Midrash Aggadah states that the greatest man among the 'Anakim was our father Abraham who was instrumental for them that the land rested from war the forty years that they tarried in the wilderness as a reward for that which they honored the patriarch in Kiriath-arba, for they said to him. ’A Godly prince are you in our midst.’  
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