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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Yehoshua - Joshua - Chapter 13

Yehoshua - Joshua - Chapter 13

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Chapter 13

1Now Joshua was old, advanced in years; and the Lord said to him, "You are old and advanced in years, and there remains yet very much land to be possessed.   אוִיהוֹשֻׁעַ זָקֵן בָּא בַּיָּמִים וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֵלָיו אַתָּה זָקַנְתָּה בָּאתָ בַיָּמִים וְהָאָרֶץ נִשְׁאֲרָה הַרְבֵּה מְאֹד לְרִשְׁתָּהּ:
there remains yet very much land: of that which I promised to Abraham remains to be possessed, for it has not been conquered.  
2This is the land that yet remains; all the borders of the Philistines, and all of the Geshurites.   בזֹאת הָאָרֶץ הַנִּשְׁאָרֶת כָּל גְּלִילוֹת הַפְּלִשְׁתִּים וְכָל הַגְּשׁוּרִי:
borders: Heb. גּלִילוֹת, marche in Old French.  
3From the Shihor, which is before Egypt, to the borders of Ekron northward, which is counted to the Canaanites; the five lords of the Philistines; the Gazathites, and the Ashdodites, the Ashkelonites, the Gittites, and the 'Ekronites; also the 'Avim.   גמִן הַשִּׁיחוֹר אֲשֶׁר | עַל פְּנֵי מִצְרַיִם וְעַד גְּבוּל עֶקְרוֹן צָפוֹנָה לַכְּנַעֲנִי תֵּחָשֵׁב חֲמֵשֶׁת | סַרְנֵי פְלִשְׁתִּים הָעַזָּתִי וְהָאַשְׁדּוֹדִי הָאֶשְׁקְלוֹנִי הַגִּתִּי וְהָעֶקְרוֹנִי וְהָעַוִּים:
From the Shihor: i.e., the Nile synonymous with the brook of Egypt. It adjoins the southwestern border of Eretz Israel, as is stated in “וְאֵלֶּה מַסְעֵי.” We learn here that in Joshua’s lifetime, he did not conquer the entire southern border, except from the desert of Zin [which is the divided smooth mount that goes up to Seir] to the Nile. This is the boundary of Gaza which is stated above: “From Kadesh Barnea to Gaza.”  
to the border of Ekron northward: The 'Ekronites dwell by the sea and spread out farther northward than the others.  
which is counted to the Canaanites: i.e., It is a part of the land of Canaan which I gave to Abraham.  
the five lords of the Philistines: This is the end of the border to the Mediterranean Sea which is in the west.  
the Gazathites, and the Ashdodites, etc.: He enumerates six, yet in the beginning he calls them five. Said Rabbi Johanan: [He counts] their prominent ones. The prominent ones were five, for he does not count the 'Avim among the prominent lords. We may also explain thus: The five lords of the Philistines: The Gazathites, and the Ashdodites, and the Ashkelonites, and the Gittites, and the Ekronites, these are the five. And there also remained to conquer, the land of the 'Avim who are not of the Philistines.  
4From the south, all the land of the Canaanites, and Mearah that belongs to the Sidonians, to Aphek, to the border of the Amorites.   דמִתֵּימָן כָּל אֶרֶץ הַכְּנַעֲנִי וּמְעָרָה אֲשֶׁר לַצִּידֹנִים עַד אֲפֵקָה עַד גְּבוּל הָאֱמֹרִי:
From the south, all the land of the Canaanites: The preceding verse describes [the region] from the south side from east to west, and this verse describes the width of that region, which remained to conquer, how much it was from south to north. [Thus we explain]  
From the south: From the south, i.e., Mearah that belongs to the Sidonians, to Aphek, to the Amorites.  
5And the land of the Giblites, and all the Lebanon, toward the sunrising, from Baal-gad under Mount Hermon to the entering into Hamath.   הוְהָאָרֶץ הַגִּבְלִי וְכָל הַלְּבָנוֹן מִזְרַח הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ מִבַּעַל גָּד תַּחַת הַר חֶרְמוֹן עַד לְבוֹא חֲמָת:
And the land of the Giblites, and all the Lebanon, toward the sunrising: And on the eastern border, there remained to conquer in the northern end, all the Lebanon, from Baal-Gad to the end of the border, and in the width from east to west, to the entering into Hamath. This is the entire northern boundary, for the entering into Hamath is at the northwestern corner, in “ אֵלֶּה מַסְעֵי.”  
6All the inhabitants of the hill country from Lebanon to Misrephoth-maim, and all the Sidonians, I will drive them out from before the children of Israel; only divide it by lot to the Israelites for an inheritance, as I have commanded you.   וכָּל יֹשְׁבֵי הָהָר מִן הַלְּבָנוֹן עַד מִשְׂרְפֹת מַיִם כָּל צִידֹנִים אָנֹכִי אוֹרִישֵׁם מִפְּנֵי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל רַק הַפִּלֶהָ לְיִשְׂרָאֵל בְּנַחֲלָה כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִיךָ:
I will drive them out: after your death.  
only divide it by lot to the Israelites as an inheritance: and subsequently, each tribe will conquer that which fell into its lot.  
7And now, divide this land for an inheritance to the nine tribes, and the half tribe of Manasseh.   זוְעַתָּה חַלֵּק אֶת הָאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת בְּנַחֲלָה לְתִשְׁעַת הַשְּׁבָטִים וַחֲצִי הַשֵּׁבֶט הַמְנַשֶּׁה:
8With him, the Reubenites and the Gadites have received their inheritance, which Moses gave them, beyond the Jordan eastward, even as Moses the servant of the Lord gave them.   חעִמּוֹ הָראוּבֵנִי וְהַגָּדִי לָקְחוּ נַחֲלָתָם אֲשֶׁר נָתַן לָהֶם מֹשֶׁה בְּעֵבֶר הַיַּרְדֵּן מִזְרָחָה כַּאֲשֶׁר נָתַן לָהֶם מֹשֶׁה עֶבֶד יְהֹוָה:
With him: i.e., with the first half tribe of Manasseh, the Reubenites and Gadites received their inheritance.  
9From 'Aroer, that is upon the bank of the river Arnon, and the city that is in the midst of the river, and all the Plain of Medba to Dibon;   טמֵעֲרוֹעֵר אֲשֶׁר עַל שְׂפַת נַחַל אַרְנוֹן וְהָעִיר אֲשֶׁר בְּתוֹךְ הַנַּחַל וְכָל הַמִּישֹׁר מֵידְבָא עַד דִּיבוֹן:
From 'Aroer: He goes on to describe the entire land on the other side of the Jordan, after which he explains the boundary of each tribe. And Moses gave to such and such a tribe, etc.  
10And all the cities of Sihon king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon, to the border of the children of 'Ammon;   יוְכֹל עָרֵי סִיחוֹן מֶלֶךְ הָאֱמֹרִי אֲשֶׁר מָלַךְ בְּחֶשְׁבּוֹן עַד גְּבוּל בְּנֵי עַמּוֹן:
11And Gilead, and the border of the Geshurites and the Maachathites, and all Mount Hermon, and all Bashan to Salcah;   יאוְהַגִּלְעָד וּגְבוּל הַגְּשׁוּרִי וְהַמַּעֲכָתִי וְכֹל הַר חֶרְמוֹן וְכָל הַבָּשָׁן עַד סַלְכָה:
12All the kingdom of Og in Bashan, who reigned in Ashtaroth and Edrei, who remained of the remnant of the giants-these did Moses smite, and cast them out.   יבכָּל מַמְלְכוּת עוֹג בַּבָּשָׁן אֲשֶׁר מָלַךְ בְּעַשְׁתָּרוֹת וּבְאֶדְרֶעִי הוּא נִשְׁאַר מִיֶּתֶר הָרְפָאִים וַיַּכֵּם מֹשֶׁה וַיֹּרִשֵׁם:
who remained of the remnant of the giants [Rephaim]: whom Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him had slain, as it is stated: “And they smote the Rephaim in Ashteroth Karnaim.”  
13Nevertheless, the children of Israel did not expel the Geshurites or the Maachathites; but the Geshurites and Maachathites dwell among the Israelites until this day.   יגוְלֹא הוֹרִישׁוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת הַגְּשׁוּרִי וְאֶת הַמַּעֲכָתִי וַיֵּשֶׁב גְּשׁוּר וּמַעֲכָת בְּקֶרֶב יִשְׂרָאֵל עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה:
14Only to the tribe of Levi he gave no inheritance; the sacrifices of the Lord God of Israel made by fire are his inheritance, as He said to him.   ידרַק לְשֵׁבֶט הַלֵּוִי לֹא נָתַן נַחֲלָה אִשֵּׁי יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל הוּא נַחֲלָתוֹ כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר לוֹ:
15And Moses gave to the tribe of the children of Reuben inheritance according to their families.   טווַיִּתֵּן מֹשֶׁה לְמַטֵּה בְנֵי רְאוּבֵן לְמִשְׁפְּחוֹתָם:
16And their border was from 'Aroer, that is on the bank of the river Arnon, and the city that is in the midst of the river, and all the plain by Medba;   טזוַיְהִי לָהֶם הַגְּבוּל מֵעֲרוֹעֵר אֲשֶׁר עַל שְׂפַת נַחַל אַרְנוֹן וְהָעִיר אֲשֶׁר בְּתוֹךְ הַנַּחַל וְכָל הַמִּישֹׁר עַל מֵידְבָא:
17Heshbon, and all her cities that are in the plain; Dibon, and Bamoth- baal, and Beth-baal-meon.   יזחֶשְׁבּוֹן וְכָל עָרֶיהָ אֲשֶׁר בַּמִּישֹׁר דִּיבוֹן וּבָמוֹת בַּעַל וּבֵית בַּעַל מְעוֹן:
18And Jahaza, and Kedemoth, and Mephaath.   יחוְיַהְצָה וּקְדֵמֹת וּמֵפָעַת:
19And Kirjathaim, and Sibmah, and Zereth- hashahar in the mount of the valley.   יטוְקִרְיָתַיִם וְשִׂבְמָה וְצֶרֶת הַשַּׁחַר בְּהַר הָעֵמֶק:
the mount of the valley: This follows Jonathan.  
20And Beth-peor, and Ashdoth-pisgah, and Beth-jeshimoth.   כוּבֵית פְּעוֹר וְאַשְׁדּוֹת הַפִּסְגָּה וּבֵית הַיְשִׁמוֹת:
21And all the cities of the plain, and all the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon, whom Moses smote; and the princes of Midian: Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba,dukes of Sihon, inhabitants of the land.   כאוְכֹל עָרֵי הַמִּישֹׁר וְכָל מַמְלְכוּת סִיחוֹן מֶלֶךְ הָאֱמֹרִי אֲשֶׁר מָלַךְ בְּחֶשְׁבּוֹן אֲשֶׁר הִכָּה מֹשֶׁה אֹתוֹ | וְאֶת נְשִׂיאֵי מִדְיָן אֶת אֱוִי וְאֶת רֶקֶם וְאֶת צוּר וְאֶת חוּר וְאֶת רֶבַע נְסִיכֵי סִיחוֹן ישְׁבֵי הָאָרֶץ:
22And Balaam the son of Beor, the soothsayer, did the children of Israel slay with the sword, together with those that were slain by them.   כבוְאֶת בִּלְעָם בֶּן בְּעוֹר הַקּוֹסֵם הָרְגוּ בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בַּחֶרֶב אֶל חַלְלֵיהֶם:
23And the border of the children of Reuben was the Jordan and its border. This was the inheritance of the children of Reuben according to their families, the cities and their villages.   כגוַיְהִי גְּבוּל בְּנֵי רְאוּבֵן הַיַּרְדֵּן וּגְבוּל זֹאת נַחֲלַת בְּנֵי רְאוּבֵן לְמִשְׁפְּחוֹתָם הֶעָרִים וְחַצְרֵיהֶן:
24And Moses gave to the tribe of Gad, to the children of Gad according to their families.   כדוַיִּתֵּן מֹשֶׁה לְמַטֵּה גָד לִבְנֵי גָד לְמִשְׁפְּחוֹתָם:
25And their border was Jazer, and all the cities of Gilead, and half the land of the children of 'Ammon, to 'Aroer that is before Rabbah.   כהוַיְהִי לָהֶם הַגְּבוּל יַעְזֵר וְכָל עָרֵי הַגִּלְעָד וַחֲצִי אֶרֶץ בְּנֵי עַמּוֹן עַד עֲרוֹעֵר אֲשֶׁר עַל פְּנֵי רַבָּה:
and half the land of the children of 'Ammon: half of what they conquered of the land of the children of 'Ammon and (sic) from Sihon.  
26And from Heshbon to Ramath-mizpeh, and Betonim; and from Mahanaim to the border of Debir;   כווּמֵחֶשְׁבּוֹן עַד רָמַת הַמִּצְפֶּה וּבְטֹנִים וּמִמַּחֲנַיִם עַד גְּבוּל לִדְבִר:
27And in the valley, Beth-haram, and Beth-nimrah, and Succoth, and Zaphon, the rest of the kingdom of Sihon king of Heshbon, Jordan and its border, to the edge of the Sea of Chinnereth on the eastern side of the Jordan.   כזוּבָעֵמֶק בֵּית הָרָם וּבֵית נִמְרָה וְסֻכּוֹת וְצָפוֹן יֶתֶר מַמְלְכוּת סִיחוֹן מֶלֶךְ חֶשְׁבּוֹן הַיַּרְדֵּן וּגְבֻל עַד קְצֵה יָם כִּנֶּרֶת עֵבֶר הַיַּרְדֵּן מִזְרָחָה:
Jordan and its border: the cities which are on its bank.  
28This is the inheritance of the children of Gad, according to their families, the cities and their villages.   כחזֹאת נַחֲלַת בְּנֵי גָד לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָם הֶעָרִים וְחַצְרֵיהֶם:
the cities and their villages: the walled cities.  
and their villages: open cities without walls.  
29And Moses gave inheritance to the half tribe of Manasseh; and this was for the half tribe of the children of Manasseh according to their families.   כטוַיִּתֵּן מֹשֶׁה לַחֲצִי שֵׁבֶט מְנַשֶּׁה וַיְהִי לַחֲצִי מַטֵה בְנֵי מְנַשֶּׁה לְמִשְׁפְּחוֹתָם:
30And their border was from Mahanaim, all Bashan, all the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, and all the villages of Jair, which are in Bashan, threescore cities;   לוַיְהִי גְבוּלָם מִמַּחֲנַיִם כָּל הַבָּשָׁן כָּל מַמְלְכוּת | עוֹג מֶלֶךְ הַבָּשָׁן וְכָל חַוֹּת יָאִיר אֲשֶׁר בַּבָּשָׁן שִׁשִּׁים עִיר:
31And half Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were for the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, to one half the children of Machir according to their families.   לאוַחֲצִי הַגִּלְעָד וְעַשְׁתָּרוֹת וְאֶדְרֶעִי עָרֵי מַמְלְכוּת עוֹג בַּבָּשָׁן לִבְנֵי מָכִיר בֶּן מְנַשֶּׁה לַחֲצִי בְנֵי מָכִיר לְמִשְׁפְּחוֹתָם:
32These are the tribes which Moses caused to inherit in the plains of Moab, on the other side of the Jordan eastward, facing Jericho.   לבאֵלֶּה אֲשֶׁר נִחַל מֹשֶׁה בְּעַרְבוֹת מוֹאָב מֵעֵבֶר לְיַרְדֵּן יְרִיחוֹ מִזְרָחָה:
33But to the tribe of Levi Moses gave no inheritance. The Lord God of Israel was their inheritance, as he spoke to them.   לגוּלְשֵׁבֶט הַלֵּוִי לֹא נָתַן מֹשֶׁה נַחֲלָה יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל הוּא נַחֲלָתָם כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר לָהֶם:
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