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Tisha B’Av That Falls on Shabbat or Sunday

Tisha B’Av That Falls on Shabbat or Sunday

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The following rules apply to any year on which Tisha B’Av is observed on Sunday—whether it originally fell on Sunday, or whether it fell on Shabbat and the fast was postponed until Saturday night.

On Shabbat, all public displays of mourning are strictly prohibited. On this day we eat, drink and rejoice as is customary—and even more so.

On this day we eat, drink and rejoice as is customary—and even more soThere are two exceptions: a) If Shabbat is actually the 9th of Av, then marital relations are forbidden.1 b) In all cases when Tisha B’Av is observed on Sunday, it is forbidden to study Torah starting with Shabbat midday (aside for those sections of Torah which are permitted to be studied on Tisha B’Av). As such, on this Shabbat we do not recite a chapter of Ethics of the Fathers, as is the custom in many communities on summertime Shabbat afternoons.

No mournful “separation meal” is conducted before the fast. Instead, shortly before sunset we partake of a sumptuous and joyous pre-fast meal. Care must be taken, however, that this meal ends before sunset.

We sit on chairs of regular height and wear normal footwear until nightfall. Only washing, eating and drinking are prohibited starting with sunset.

Havdalah is recited on Sunday night.2 In the evening prayers, the usual Shabbat night insertion, “Atah Chonantanu,” is included. The prayer “Vihi Noam” is omitted. Those who have not recited the evening prayers should say, before doing any activity that is forbidden on Shabbat, “Baruch hamavdil bein kodesh l’chol” (“Blessed is He who separates between the holy [day of Shabbat] and the mundane [weekday]”).

Sometime on Saturday night, kindle the havdalah candle and recite the appropriate blessing.

Immediately after the “Barchu” passage is recited in the Saturday night prayer service, remove your leather shoes and don non-leather footwear.

We sit on chairs of regular height and wear normal footwear until nightfallRecite the havdalah on Sunday night before eating—omitting the blessings on the spices and candle. If possible, the havdalah wine or grape juice should be given to a child—younger than bar/bat mitzvah age—to drink.

If the Ninth of Av falls on Shabbat, in which case the fast is delayed until the tenth, many of the restrictions applicable to the Nine Days end when the fast ends, and havdalah wine, music, bathing, and haircutting are permitted. We do not eat meat or drink other wine until the next morning, however.

FOOTNOTES
1.

This because abstaining from relations does not constitute a public display of mourning. However, on this Shabbat only actual marital relations are banned (as opposed to Tisha B’Av itself, when all forms of intimacy are forbidden). This prohibition does not apply if Friday night is mikvah night.

2.

If there’s an ill person who needs to eat during the fast, he or she should recite the havdalah before eating.

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Discussion (25)
July 30, 2012
Thanks for the response, Rabbi Cotlar
That makes sense.
Moishe Sachs
Las Vegas, NV
chabadofsummerlin.com
July 30, 2012
Re:
Refraining from meat and wine continue until the next day as to not do what looks like a festive meal appears like meal just after Tisha B'av is over. The other activities, however, are more routine in nature.
Yisroel Cotlar
Cary, nc
chabadofsummerlin.com
July 29, 2012
Thanks
Thanks for all the comments and this web site; I have a long way to go.
Jack perlmutter
Princeville, Hi
July 29, 2012
Kosher meat and Rav Kook
Eating meat is not only permitted but encouraged in traditional Judaism, although the famous first Chief Rabbi of Israe, Rav Kook, of blessed memory, was reported to have claimed that in the Messianic era Jews will become vegetarians.

Tonight, after the observance of Tisha B'Av ends, Jews do not eat meat--doing so is permitted only tomorrow.
Leon Zacharowicz
Far Rockaway, NY
July 29, 2012
Meat
It is not compassionate to hurt and kill animals and then eat their meat anytime. The Torah allows it, and the Torah allows people to have concubines and slaves, but that does not mean we should all have concubines and slaves, and it does not mean we should all eat meat either.

Some say killing an animal, eating its meat and using its skin elevates the animal. I don't think you can elevate an animal against its will and animals want no part of this. Moreover, many animals know right from wrong.
Steven
New York, New York
July 29, 2012
Okay to break fast if sick, pregnant, or nursing
Since today, Sunday, is not actually Tisha B'av this year but rather what is called "Tisha B'Av nidcheh" (literally, a 'pushed off' or delayed observance), there are many leniencies this year which would ordinarily not be applicable.

For example, someone who feels sick or a lady who is pregnant or nursing may, and some rabbis say should or must, end the fast, particularly after midday (1:02pm in New York City).

The Rema, the famed authority of Jewish law, emphasizes that one who is lenient in this year "does not lose out" on the mitzvah of fasting.

PLEASE immediately consult your rabbi if you don't feel well, are pregnant, nursing or feeling you need to break the fast.
Leon Zacharowicz MD
Far Rockaway, NY
July 29, 2012
Tifillin
Do you wear tiffilin today?
Anonymous
New York, NY
July 29, 2012
Nursing Mothers
My nursing wife was told by a rabbi NOT to fast this year since the fast has been postponed until 10th Av. Had it fallen on a regular weekday she would have had to fast. Speak to your local orthodox Rabbi.
Eli
LA, CA
July 29, 2012
havdallah light
Another reputable source says to recite the Havdallah light blessing during arvit (evening services) but says nothing about lighting a candle. Your site says light a candle. Is this a difference in custom or wording?
Anonymous
etc , Israel
July 28, 2012
Moshe S.
Good question! I had it too, so I looked it up. Meat and wine represent joy. Since the day was spent in mourning, it is not considered proper to go to the further extreme right away, even though it is a postponed fast.

Even more interesting is that if there is a circumcision on Sunday this year, the parents and the mohel and the sandek can break their fast after mincha (afternoon prayers). There are more details, but that is the general idea.
Shmuel Bollen
Natick, Massachusetts
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