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Tisha B’Av That Falls on Shabbat or Sunday

Tisha B’Av That Falls on Shabbat or Sunday

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The following rules apply to any year on which Tisha B’Av is observed on Sunday—whether it originally fell on Sunday, or whether it fell on Shabbat and the fast was postponed until Saturday night.

On Shabbat, all public displays of mourning are strictly prohibited. On this day we eat, drink and rejoice as is customary—and even more so.

There are two exceptions: On this day we eat, drink and rejoice as is customary—and even more so(a) If Shabbat is actually the 9th of Av, then marital relations are forbidden in Ashkenazi tradition.1 (b) In all cases when Tisha B’Av is observed on Sunday, it is forbidden to study Torah starting with Shabbat midday (aside for those sections of Torah which are permitted to be studied on Tisha B’Av). As such, on this Shabbat we do not recite a chapter of Ethics of the Fathers, as is the custom in many communities on summertime Shabbat afternoons.

No mournful “separation meal” is conducted before the fast. Instead, shortly before sunset we partake of a sumptuous and joyous pre-fast meal. Care must be taken, however, that this meal ends before sunset.

We sit on chairs of regular height and wear normal footwear until nightfall. Only washing, eating and drinking are prohibited starting with sunset.

Havdalah is recited on Sunday night.2 In the evening prayers, the usual Shabbat night insertion, “Atah Chonantanu,” is included. The prayer “Vihi Noam” is omitted. Those who have not recited the evening prayers should say, before doing any activity that is forbidden on Shabbat, “Baruch hamavdil bein kodesh l’chol” (“Blessed is He who separates between the holy [day of Shabbat] and the mundane [weekday]”).

Sometime on Saturday night (ideally right before the reading of Eicha), kindle the havdalah candle and recite the appropriate blessing. (We do not recite the blessing of the spices.)

Immediately after the “Barchu” passage is recited in the Saturday night prayer service, remove your leather shoes and don non-leather footwear.

Recite the havdalah on Sunday night before eatingWe sit on chairs of regular height and wear normal footwear until nightfall—omitting the blessings on the spices and candle. When 9 Av is on Sunday, if possible, the havdalah wine or grape juice should be given to a child—younger than bar/bat mitzvah age—to drink.

If the ninth of Av falls on Shabbat, in which case the fast is delayed until the tenth, many of the restrictions applicable to the Nine Days end when the fast ends, and havdalah wine, music, bathing and haircutting are permitted. We do not eat meat or drink other wine until the next morning, however.

Footnotes
1.

This is because abstaining from relations does not constitute a public display of mourning. However, on this Shabbat only actual marital relations are banned (as opposed to Tisha B’Av itself, when all forms of intimacy are forbidden). This prohibition does not apply if Friday night is mikvah night.

2.

If there’s an ill person who needs to eat during the fast, he or she should recite the havdalah before eating.

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Discussion (46)
August 25, 2016
Thank you Eliezer Zalmanov for the explanation:
"...no comfort meal is held that day following a funeral."
Anonymous
LA
chabadnorthridge.com
August 25, 2016
Re: comfort meal
All the laws of the 9th of Av apply when the fast is observed on the 10th. As such, no comfort meal is held that day following a funeral.
Eliezer Zalmanov
for ChabadNorthridge.com
chabadnorthridge.com
August 17, 2016
Re: Anonymous - comfort meal
Tisha Be'av is a day of mourning for the entire Jewish nation. In fact, although a regularly a mourner sitting shiva is meant to stay home, on the 9th of Av they attend services in the synagogue together with everyone else to show that they share in mourning together with the rest of the nation. As such, mourners returning from a unreal would not have the 'comfort meal' on Tisha be'av as they mourn on the 9th of Av together with their brethren.
Yehuda Shurpin for Chabad.org
August 16, 2016
Hi, Question is: For a funeral held on Tisha B'Av, whether or not it is 9Av or 10 Av, is fasting done when there is a family funeral and also can a comfort meal be held for family and mourners when it is Tisha B'Av?
Anonymous
LA
chabadnorthridge.com
August 16, 2016
Re: Answer to anonymous and Yehuda
Indeed, Zechariah is talking about the fast as it pertains to the destruction of the first Temple, not second. The Prophet Zechariah lived during the Babylonian exile and right at the beginning of the second Temple in verse 8:19 he is saying that at the time of the redemption these fast days "...shall be for the house of Judah for joy and happiness and for happy holidays-but love truth and peace." As for the date of the destruction of the second Temple, it obviously is not found in scripture as scripture was canonized way before then. It is however mentioned in the Mishnah some of whose sages lived through the destruction of the second Temple (see for example Mishnah Taanit 4:6).
Yehuda Shurpin for Chabad.org
August 15, 2016
For Tisha B'Av being postponed next day to Sunday the 10th, for a funeral can family have a 'comfort meal' or do they fast for Tisha B'Av?
Anonymous
LA
chabadnorthridge.com
August 14, 2016
Answer to anonymous and Yehuda
Torah is the only Divine document from where our religion originates from. Any other laws made by Rabbis or anybody else is subjective to interpretation and is creating a new religion. Hence we have now so many different types of Judaism eg. orthodox, reform, conservative etc.. this division and infighting among us is causing the delay of the coming of Messiah and the rebuild of the third temple.

What source mentions the exact date of the destruction of the second temple being 9th of Av?

Yehuda quotes Zechariah 8:19 where the fast is mentioned.

However chapters 7 and 8 are essentially the prophet's answer to the Jew’s question: “Should I weep in the fifth month [Av]?” (Zechariah 7:3)

The closest thing Zechariah gives to an answer – apparently, "No, we should celebrate" – is this: “The fast of the fourth month, and the fast of the fifth, and the fast of the seventh, and the fast of the tenth, shall be to the house of Judah joy and gladness, and cheerful feasts” (Zechariah 8:19)
Anonymous
August 13, 2016
to anonymous
this fast and all its customs are here because of the destruction. This all happened way after the Torah was given so it is not written in the Torah however it is written that we have to obey the commands of our Rabbis.
Anonymous
August 11, 2016
Re:Michel 9th of Av in scripture
The fast of Tisha Beav is mentioned in Zechariah 8:19 which talks about the fast of the fifth month eventually being transformed to a day of joy with the coming of the Messiah. That is a reference to the fast of the 9th of Av. The month of Av being the fifth month from Nissan (in scripture, Jewish months are always counted from Nisan). As for the other restrictions, they are for the most part the same restriction that apply to mourners in general.
Yehuda Shurpin for Chabad.org
August 11, 2016
Is fasting on Tish B'Av and all the customs which go along mourning on that day imposed by Rabbis or is having to fast actually written in Torah? If written in Torah please provide me the reference.
Thank you
Anonymous