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What happened on the Ninth of Av?

What happened on the Ninth of Av?

A Historical Overview

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The 9th of Av, Tisha b'Av, commemorates a list of catastrophes so severe it's clearly a day specially cursed by G‑d.

Picture this: The year is 1313 BCE. The Israelites are in the desert, recently having experienced the miraculous Exodus, and are now poised to enter the Promised Land. But first they dispatch a reconnaissance mission to assist in formulating a prudent battle strategy. The spies return on the eighth day of Av and report that the land is unconquerable. That night, the 9th of Av, the people cry. They insist that they'd rather go backThe Jews were shocked to realize that their Second Temple was destroyed the same day as the first to Egypt than be slaughtered by the Canaanites. G‑d is highly displeased by this public demonstration of distrust in His power, and consequently that generation of Israelites never enters the Holy Land. Only their children have that privilege, after wandering in the desert for another 38 years.

The First Temple was also destroyed on the 9th of Av (423 BCE). Five centuries later (in 69 CE), as the Romans drew closer to the Second Temple, ready to torch it, the Jews were shocked to realize that their Second Temple was destroyed the same day as the first.

When the Jews rebelled against Roman rule, they believed that their leader, Simon bar Kochba, would fulfill their messianic longings. But their hopes were cruelly dashed in 133 CE as the Jewish rebels were brutally butchered in the final battle at Betar. The date of the massacre? Of course—the 9th of Av!

One year after their conquest of Betar, the Romans plowed over the Temple Mount, our nation's holiest site.

The Jews were expelled from England in 1290 CE on, you guessed it, Tisha b'Av. In 1492, the Golden Age of Spain came to a close when Queen Isabella and her husband Ferdinand ordered that the Jews be banished from the land. The edict of expulsion was signed on March 31, 1492, and the Jews were given exactly four months to put their affairs in order and leave the country. The Hebrew date on which no Jew was allowed any longer to remain in the land where he had enjoyed welcome and prosperity? Oh, by now you know it—the 9th of Av.

The Jews were expelled from England in 1290 CE on, you guessed it, Tisha b'AvReady for just one more? World War II and the Holocaust, historians conclude, was actually the long drawn-out conclusion of World War I that began in 1914. And yes, amazingly enough, Germany declared war on Russia, effectively catapulting the First World War into motion, on the 9th of Av, Tisha b'Av.

What do you make of all this? Jews see this as another confirmation of the deeply held conviction that history isn't haphazard; events – even terrible ones – are part of a Divine plan and have spiritual meaning. The message of time is that everything has a rational purpose, even though we don't understand it.

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Discussion (74)
August 17, 2014
From Wikipedia: Av... is the eleventh month of the civil year
So... 9th Av = 9/11
So... what do you make of that?
@conciousfield
UK
August 5, 2014
Re:To Jacquelyn
Sorry I mean the movement of the Earth around the Sun.
מנחם
August 5, 2014
The Jewish are chosen by Hashem for special blessings. Although sometimes God seems distant he will always protect his chosen
Anonymous
August 5, 2014
We should learn from history , unfortunately human ego and selfishness are pervading and powerful human attributes.7 billion in the world , the world is harder to convince now than any other time in history and Divine intervention is needed now more than ever!
Joe h
August 5, 2014
Genesis 50:20 shows that what some meant for evil God used for good... may God pour good and protection over the Jewish people, especially now in Israel.
Kynthia
Los Angeles
August 4, 2014
9th Of Av begins at sunset today,August 4th and ends at sundown on August 5th.
Kaye
August 3, 2014
Aug. 4-5
The 9th of Av is tomorrow.
JoAnn
NC
July 28, 2014
Hello Terry - The scouts brought back, not just a bad report, but also some giant grapes. We need to find when the grape harvest was if we want to apply it to Av 9. Next, I suspect the tribes would have entered their Promised Land just after Trumpets and began counting sabbaticals and jubilees on the 10th day of the 7th month, instead of on the 10th day of the first month... if the scouts had not brought back a bad report. See if you can find the fulfillment of Tabernacles. Hmmm! -Floyd
Anonymous
July 28, 2014
Aug 4th 2014 is the 9 Av and it falls on Obama's birthday. Waiting to see what happens and if there will be a connection of the two.
Norman
July 27, 2014
To Jacquelyn
For future comments ( not trying to be a smart alek ) but I believe you mean not American calendar but Gregorian Calender which revolves arond the movement of the Sun.
מנחם
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