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What happened on the Ninth of Av?

What happened on the Ninth of Av?

A Historical Overview

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The 9th of Av, Tisha b'Av, commemorates a list of catastrophes so severe it's clearly a day specially cursed by G‑d.

Picture this: The year is 1313 BCE. The Israelites are in the desert, recently having experienced the miraculous Exodus, and are now poised to enter the Promised Land. But first they dispatch a reconnaissance mission to assist in formulating a prudent battle strategy. The spies return on the eighth day of Av and report that the land is unconquerable. That night, the 9th of Av, the people cry. They insist that they'd rather go backThe Jews were shocked to realize that their Second Temple was destroyed the same day as the first to Egypt than be slaughtered by the Canaanites. G‑d is highly displeased by this public demonstration of distrust in His power, and consequently that generation of Israelites never enters the Holy Land. Only their children have that privilege, after wandering in the desert for another 38 years.

The First Temple was also destroyed on the 9th of Av (423 BCE). Five centuries later (in 69 CE), as the Romans drew closer to the Second Temple, ready to torch it, the Jews were shocked to realize that their Second Temple was destroyed the same day as the first.

When the Jews rebelled against Roman rule, they believed that their leader, Simon bar Kochba, would fulfill their messianic longings. But their hopes were cruelly dashed in 133 CE as the Jewish rebels were brutally butchered in the final battle at Betar. The date of the massacre? Of course—the 9th of Av!

One year after their conquest of Betar, the Romans plowed over the Temple Mount, our nation's holiest site.

The Jews were expelled from England in 1290 CE on, you guessed it, Tisha b'Av. In 1492, the Golden Age of Spain came to a close when Queen Isabella and her husband Ferdinand ordered that the Jews be banished from the land. The edict of expulsion was signed on March 31, 1492, and the Jews were given exactly four months to put their affairs in order and leave the country. The Hebrew date on which no Jew was allowed any longer to remain in the land where he had enjoyed welcome and prosperity? Oh, by now you know it—the 9th of Av.

The Jews were expelled from England in 1290 CE on, you guessed it, Tisha b'AvReady for just one more? World War II and the Holocaust, historians conclude, was actually the long drawn-out conclusion of World War I that began in 1914. And yes, amazingly enough, Germany declared war on Russia, effectively catapulting the First World War into motion, on the 9th of Av, Tisha b'Av.

What do you make of all this? Jews see this as another confirmation of the deeply held conviction that history isn't haphazard; events – even terrible ones – are part of a Divine plan and have spiritual meaning. The message of time is that everything has a rational purpose, even though we don't understand it.

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Discussion (67)
July 28, 2014
Hello Terry - The scouts brought back, not just a bad report, but also some giant grapes. We need to find when the grape harvest was if we want to apply it to Av 9. Next, I suspect the tribes would have entered their Promised Land just after Trumpets and began counting sabbaticals and jubilees on the 10th day of the 7th month, instead of on the 10th day of the first month... if the scouts had not brought back a bad report. See if you can find the fulfillment of Tabernacles. Hmmm! -Floyd
Anonymous
July 28, 2014
Aug 4th 2014 is the 9 Av and it falls on Obama's birthday. Waiting to see what happens and if there will be a connection of the two.
Norman
July 27, 2014
To Jacquelyn
For future comments ( not trying to be a smart alek ) but I believe you mean not American calendar but Gregorian Calender which revolves arond the movement of the Sun.
מנחם
July 9, 2014
Date targeted by enemies in England and Spain
bY 1290 CE and 1492 CE the groups that did not like the Jews and wanted them expelled must have known about 9 Av and deliberately wanted the adverse events to occur on that date.
Robert Berkovits
Annapolis Maryland
July 8, 2014
To Jacquelyn
In 2014 the fast of 9 Av begins August 4. For more information please see thethreeweeks.org
Chabad.org Staff
July 7, 2014
9th of av.
What day on our American calender does the 9th of Av fall on?
jacquelyn England
xenia Ohio
June 22, 2014
Opposite to Tisha B'aV
Tisha B'aV - curse! Is there a day in when blessing occurred to Israel throughout history ie May 14 th 1948, 29th November 1947, 11 December 1917?
Ian
Arundel
June 10, 2014
Tragedy
It is a tragedy for the world and every Jew in particular when the walls of Jerusalem was breached. They would not have been exiled and all the other calamities would never have happened to the people . This is an attack on the honor of God . May all such curses be turned to blessings.
Anonymous
toronto
June 10, 2014
blessings
Days of curse can be changed to days of blessings also. It must be some divine plan at work.
Anonymous
toronto
April 22, 2014
Question please. In the above article, it states that the 2nd destruction of the temple was 69CE. I have always heard (and other sources such as Wikipedia) that it was in 70AD. Which is correct? and can you explain the discrepancy, please?
Anonymous
Mobile AL
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