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If 30 days have elapsed since one’s last visit to a cemetery,
the following blessing is recited on arrival:

Blessed are You, God our Lord, King of the universe, Who created you [who lie here] in judgment, nourished you in judgment, sustained you in judgment, and brought you to death in judgment. He knows the number of you all and He will eventually resurrect you and maintain you in judgment. Blessed are You God, Who resurrects the dead.

You are mighty forever, my God; You resurrect the dead; You are abundant in salvation. He sustains the living with kindness, resurrects the dead with great mercy, supports those who fall, heals the sick, frees the bound, and fulfills His trust to those who sleep in the dust. Who is like You, mighty One! And who can be compared to You, O King, who brings death and restores life, and causes deliverance to sprout forth! And You are faithful to resurrect the dead.

The following passage is then read:

For all the above we are obligated to thankfully acknowledge You and proclaim the oneness of Your great, mighty, and awesome name. There is none who can be compared to You, God our Lord, in this world; and there is nothing other than You, our King, in the life of the World to Come. There is nothing apart from You, our Redeemer, in the days of Mashiach; and there is none like You, our Deliverer, in the era of the Resurrection of the Dead.

The following is said when lighting a lamp:1

I am lighting this lamp of olive oil2 in honor of the soul of our masters, mentors and teachers, whose souls are in the sublime treasure stores; may their merit protect me. Amen; so may it be Your will. May their light shine upon the Nefesh, Ruach, Neshamah, Chayah and Yechidah3 granted to me, [One should mention one’s own name] the son of [One should mention the name of one’s mother,] in spiritual matters and in material matters, bringing abundant blessings with regard to children, health and sustenance.

Based on the verse (Mishlei 20:27), “The soul of man is a lamp of G‑d,” it has become customary to light lamps or candles in honor of the departed. This practice is observed during shivah, on a yahrzeit, on Yom Kippur, and on the eve of those days on which Yizkor is read in the synagogue. It is also customary in many communities to light such a lamp when visiting the grave of a righteous man.
When olive oil is not easily available, one may light a candle of beeswax or paraffin. In that instance, one would say “I am lighting this candle.”
I.e., the five levels of the soul (in ascending order) discussed in the teachings of the Kabbalah.
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