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Star of David: The Mystical Significance

Star of David: The Mystical Significance

Kabbalistic Insights Into the Star of David

The Star of David in the oldest surviving complete copy of the Masoretic text, the Leningrad Codex, dated 1008.
The Star of David in the oldest surviving complete copy of the Masoretic text, the Leningrad Codex, dated 1008.

The Star of David is a symbol commonly associated with Judaism and the Jewish People. In Hebrew, it is called Magen David (“Shield of David”). A six-pointed star, the Star of David is composed of two overlaid equilateral triangles, one pointing up and the other pointing down.

Two Triangles in the Star of David

The Zohar (3:73a) states, “There are three knots connecting [three entities] one to another: the Holy One, blessed be He; Torah; and Israel.” The Jewish soul connects to its Creator through the study and observance of Torah. The triangle represents the connection between these three entities.1

The essence of the soul connects with G‑d’s essence through the study of the teachings of Kabbalah

These three entities are each comprised of a pnimiyut (inner dimension) and a chitzoniyut (external dimension). The Torah is comprised of both exoteric teachings (the Talmud, Jewish law, etc.) as well as esoteric teachings (the Kabbalah). G‑d’s “revealed” energy permeates and provides existence to all worlds, but His essence is completely hidden, transcending all of creation. Similarly, the soul (which is a reflection of G‑d2) has a revealed element, that level that expresses itself within and vivifies the body, as well as an essence that transcends the body.

The double triangle of the Star of David (Magen David) symbolizes the connection of both dimensions of G‑d, Torah and Israel: the external level of the soul connects to the external expression of G‑d via studying the exoteric parts of Torah; the essence of the soul connects with G‑d’s essence through the study and application of the teachings of Kabbalah.

The Seven Fields of the Star of David

Kabbalah teaches that G‑d created the world with seven spiritual building blocks—His seven “emotional” attributes. Accordingly, the entire creation is a reflection of these seven foundational attributes.

They are: chesed (kindness), gevurah (severity), tiferet (harmony), netzach (perseverance), hod (splendor), yesod (foundation) and malchut (royalty).

These attributes are divided into three columns: right, center and left:

Gevurah Tiferet Chesed
Hod Yosed Netzach

Correspondingly, the Star of David contains seven compartments—six peaks protruding from a center.

The upper right wing is chesed.

The upper left wing is gevurah.

Correspondingly, the star contains seven compartments—six peaks protruding from a center

The upper center peak is tiferet. Kabbalah teaches that tiferet finds its source in keter, “the Crown,” which is infinitely higher than all the divine attributes which are involved in the “mundane” pursuit of creating worlds.

The lower right wing is netzach.

The lower left wing is hod.

The center is yesod. Yesod is “Foundation,” and as such, all the other attributes are rooted in, and rise from, this attribute.

The star’s bottom that descends from its belly is malchut—the attribute that absorbs the energies of the higher six attributes and uses them to actually descend and create everything—and to “reign” over them.

Be a Star of David

The Star of David is an important symbol of the Jew and the Jewish people, but is is just that: a symbol. Even more important is to live, think, and behave as a Jew. Put a mezuzah on your door, study some Torah, eat kosher food, welcome the Shabbat with candles lighting and a festive meal, and you've become a living Star of David.


The fact that in a triangle each of the three corners are connect to the two other ones demonstrates that the Jewish soul is itself knotted to G‑d. Torah study and observance doesn’t create a connection between the Jew and G‑d—it merely brings it to light.


As it is stated in Job (19:26), “From my flesh I can perceive G‑d.”

Rabbi Naftali Silberberg is a writer, editor and director of the curriculum department at the Rohr Jewish Learning Institute. Rabbi Silberberg resides in Brooklyn, New York, with his wife, Chaya Mushka, and their three children.
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Shoshana GA December 31, 2017

The same “star of David” can be seen in ancient temples in India. Hardly David׳s star. Reply

Jean Evel Guerrier Randolph August 28, 2017

Star of David ... I think you're wrong about that Reply

Joan Tepper Miami August 11, 2017

Where did the idea that the 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet are inside the star of david? I never heard of this and neither have the Rabbis that I spoke to regarding this matter. Reply

ateca labasa fiji July 30, 2017

I saw a star of David early this morning Reply

Anonymous Nigeria July 16, 2017

Is it the same thing with the tetragramman? Reply

George Kenya June 20, 2017

There is a stone near our home with a mark resembling that of star of David, could there be any significant amount Reply

oz June 20, 2017

As above so below Reply

Aziz Peter Tentow yaounde Cameroon February 5, 2017

Greetings I love this site Reply

Shoshana US January 5, 2017

The star of David is not a Jewish symbol. The only Jewish symbol we are told to have in Torah is the seven branched menorah. Reply

Dale May 22, 2017
in response to Shoshana:

This is just an observation nothing more: The Star is composed of 6 bars, 6 triangles making 6 points. I'm not suggesting anything here, but weird things pop out for me. Reply

Alex Preston November 23, 2017
in response to Shoshana:

not fully true as the lion is the standard of Judah (jews) this is the God given banner Moses was given to lead all Israel 12 Tribes out of Egyptian slavery followed by the man of Rueben ox of Ephraim, and last the eagle of Dan each banner had 3 tribes behind it. So the lion is the true identity of Judah and its three nations today as in the past. Reply

David Roman FLORIDA July 15, 2017
in response to Dale:

The star forms 8 triangles....6 and 2 ....look again my christian friend .

Perhaps you need to look from within next time ?

P.S. Where most men dare to enter !

David Reply

Anonymous December 28, 2017
in response to Dale:

6 10 and 12 Actually it is 12 bars if you count a different one each time there is a change of direction. Also there are six triangles surrounding a hexagram which can itself be divided into 4 triangles so that is 10 triangles. Reply

Mariam Ghana January 19, 2018
in response to Dale:

Thinking same Reply

Shoshana GA December 31, 2017
in response to Alex Preston:

Technically according to Torah Israel was only given the menorah as symbol. At one point there was a debate about using the menorah in Israel’s flag.
When King Solomon married all those women from pagan kingdoms (clearly for political reasons) they brought along their pagan symbols and deities causing Israel to stray from Torah. The star was one of them. Reply

Shoshana January 5, 2017

Star Torah does not authorize the use of the star of "David". Reply

Russ RI January 4, 2017

These explanations sound like ways to authorize, find value in,the Star but do not explain how the star came to be identified with Israel. Reply

Shoshana GA December 31, 2017
in response to Russ:

That came later on. During the Pogroms and Nazi persecution it became a badge of Jewishness. Reply

Daniel Dalhart December 29, 2016

I had always believed that the star of David, was a symbol that represented the promises to David of the coming Messiah, through his bloodline. Is that not true? Reply

Anonymous August 1, 2016

The reason for Creation was for G-D to create man and woman. The two superimposed triangles represent man and woman. Children of G-D. Reply

Larry Portland OR July 25, 2016

Thank you for the breakdown. Short and to the "point"... Reply

Sandy Canada May 17, 2016

Why can't you write God? Why the dash in place of the "o"? Reply

Trevor Jhb May 18, 2017
in response to Sandy:

It's a sign of reverence and the fear of G-d. G-d is in fact only a title like Mr and not His name. Blessed be His name. Reply

david delmarcelle April 22, 2016

what three planets comprise the star of david Reply

Telma Anijar Andersen February 24, 2016

I read a book that showed that the Star of David has really to do with his name using the original Hebrew alphabet. The original Dalet was a triangle and David's name has 2 Dalets/triangles. The numerical value of his name is 14 also, so we have two dalets/triangles each equalling a 4 and a Vav which is a 6. So we have 6 points of the two dalets/triangles equalling the number 6 and two triangles/dalets each equalling the number 4. The Phoenician and ancient Hebrew alphabets were alike. Reply

Jared Jacobs New York February 11, 2016

How is the star of David connected with the 12 tribes of Israel? Wouldn't the star have to be a 12 pointed star in that case? Reply

Shoshana January 24, 2016

We know that historically the so called 'star of David' was used by pagans long before Jews adopted this symbol. Possibly it may have come through one of King Solomon's pagan wives. We may not know for sure but we do know it is nothing more than a hexagram and the Eternal repudiates it, Amos 5:26. There is no word in the Tanach to use it, it is an idol adopted by Israel. Reply

Anonymous September 27, 2015

I had read somewhere that the six points of the Star of David represent the six directions that David was protected from north, south, east, and west, above and below. Is this completely wrong or is that one way it can be deciphered? Reply

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