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Moses (1393-1273 BCE)

Moses (1393-1273 BCE)

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Maimonides calls him "the most perfect human being", and the sages of the Talmud said that "the Divine Presence spoke from his throat." Yet the Torah also attests that the man who took the Children of Israel out of Egypt and received the Torah from G-d was "the most humble man on the face of the earth."

Moses was born in Egypt on the 7th of Adar of the year 2368 from creation (1393 BCE), at a time when the Israelites were slaves to the rulers of the land and subject to many harsh decrees. He was the third born of Jocheved and Amram's three children -- his brother Aaron was his senior by three years, and his sister Miriam by six.

When he was three months old, Moses was hidden in a basket set afloat in the Nile to escape Pharaoh's decree that all male Hebrew children be drowned; he was retrieved from the river by Pharaoh's daughter, Batyah, who raised him in the palace. At age 20, Moses fled Egypt after killing an Egyptian he saw beating a Jew and made his way to Midian, where he married Zipporah, the daughter of Jethro, and fathered two sons, Gershom and Eliezer.

When he was 80 years old, Moses was shepherding his father-in-law's sheep when G-d revealed himself to him in a burning bush at Mount Horeb (Sinai) and instructed him to liberate the Children of Israel. Moses took the Israelites out of Egypt, performed numerous miracles for them (the ten plagues in Egypt, the splitting of the sea, extracting water from a rock, bringing down the manna, and numerous others), received the Torah from G-d and taught it to the people, built the Mishkan (Divine dwelling) in the desert, and led the Children of Israel for 40 years as they journeyed through the wilderness; but G-d did not allow him to bring them into the Holy Land. Moses passed away on his 120th birthday on Mount Nebo, within sight of the land he yearned to enter.

Links

The Birth of a Leader
The Head
Moses Disappears
More on Moses

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Discussion (12)
February 20, 2014
It does not say anywhere explicitly in the Torah what year Moses was born. However, we do know that he was 80 years old at the time of the Exodus from Egypt (Exodus 7:7). We also know that the Exodus took place in the Jewish year 2448, 1313 BCE. If Moses was 80 years old at the time, he must have been born in the Jewish year 2368, or 1393 BCE.
Shaul Wolf
February 20, 2014
What is the biblical reference or talmudic reference of that Moses was born in 1393?
bilal
February 7, 2014
Thank You
I desire to learn more
Oviyanda Sims
Weaver, AL
February 6, 2014
Birth date / Yahrzeit
All of the facts noted here are well known to me, except the specificity of his date of birth /yahrzeit. How did 7 Adar come to be determined as those dates?
Sharon Frant Brooks
Lebanon, NJ
January 8, 2014
Moses is not just the great man he is the orientor of jews religion from which two other religions namely christianity and islam came into existance. You might be shocked reading this but this is true.
Anonymous
india
December 16, 2013
Moses was a great freedom fighter. He taught for the freedom of his people without minding the consequences that were involved. Now is left for us to imitate his life. Ask yourself what you have done for your people at this age if non then start planning and if any prepare to add more. We are the Moses of our generation.
Anyam Gerrard Teryila
Benue, Nigeria
November 5, 2013
I thank the people who wrote this informative text. This really helped me on my project.
Anonymous
November 3, 2013
Thnx I knew a lot about Moses already but I did not know his parents and sons names.
Rhey
May 23, 2013
Moses' great reward.
I have often heard the comment of the sadness that Moses didn't enter the Promised Land. I beg to differ. He entered the Most Promised land, spared from the battle of occupation, into the very hand of G-d. He enjoyed the greatest ease of occupation, he walked toward his Maker and is forever in His Presence.
Suzy
February 18, 2013
Sad he wasn't allowed to enter the holy land
Laura
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