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Moses (1393-1273 BCE)

Moses (1393-1273 BCE)


Maimonides calls him "the most perfect human being", and the sages of the Talmud said that "the Divine Presence spoke from his throat." Yet the Torah also attests that the man who took the Children of Israel out of Egypt and received the Torah from G‑d was "the most humble man on the face of the earth."

Moses was born in Egypt on the 7th of Adar of the year 2368 from creation (1393 BCE), at a time when the Israelites were slaves to the rulers of the land and subject to many harsh decrees. He was the third born of Jocheved and Amram's three children -- his brother Aaron was his senior by three years, and his sister Miriam by six.

When he was three months old, Moses was hidden in a basket set afloat in the Nile to escape Pharaoh's decree that all male Hebrew children be drowned; he was retrieved from the river by Pharaoh's daughter, Batyah, who raised him in the palace. At age 20, Moses fled Egypt after killing an Egyptian he saw beating a Jew and made his way to Midian, where he married Zipporah, the daughter of Jethro, and fathered two sons, Gershom and Eliezer.

When he was 80 years old, Moses was shepherding his father-in-law's sheep when G‑d revealed himself to him in a burning bush at Mount Horeb (Sinai) and instructed him to liberate the Children of Israel. Moses took the Israelites out of Egypt, performed numerous miracles for them (the ten plagues in Egypt, the splitting of the sea, extracting water from a rock, bringing down the manna, and numerous others), received the Torah from G‑d and taught it to the people, built the Mishkan (Divine dwelling) in the desert, and led the Children of Israel for 40 years as they journeyed through the wilderness; but G‑d did not allow him to bring them into the Holy Land. Moses passed away on his 120th birthday on Mount Nebo, within sight of the land he yearned to enter.


The Birth of a Leader
The Head
Moses Disappears
More on Moses

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Discussion (35)
November 5, 2016
Tough to pinpoint which Pharaoh was reigning when Joseph and Moses were alive. Joseph most likely rose to Vizier under the Hyksos and then 400 years later Moses liberated our people. The Torah is silent in identifying the pharaohs of Egypt. Israeli history is easier to put in chronological order than Egyptian history, so we can only speculate the timeline of the Egyptian rulers.
June 16, 2016
How long ago Moses born
March 21, 2016
Question-did Moses live during the time of Ramsess II? The movie The 10 Commandments has a referrence to Neferterie. How accurate is the portrayal? Thank you.
Leslie Malachowsky
February 26, 2016
Yes there is a source for Moshe's birth and passing date, please see this link for the details. Staff
February 25, 2016
Information about Moses
How do we know so precisely when Moses was born and died? Is his birthdate given in the Torah?
Shlomo Shlemel
Las Vegas
February 13, 2016
Now it is "BCE".
Portland, ME
February 13, 2016
That's "BC", not "BCE".
February 7, 2016
Exodus 1:8 clearly states that a new (king)Pharaoh arose over Egypt who did not know obviously it was not the same Pharaoh who appointed Joseph as viceroy...because Moses came after Joseph who had died years before, and it was he who led the Israelites out of Egypt.
January 28, 2016
very pleasent to read and understand the .Jewish history
Mini John
Keezhillam EKM Dist
January 22, 2016
Thutmoses IV would have been the Pharoah when Moses was born. Moses most likely grew up with Akhnaten (Amenhotep IV) in the palace since Moses was born in 1393BCE. Akhnaten became Pharoah c. 1352-1334 BCE. Akhnaten believed in one G-d and instituted a cultural-religious Revolution during his reign. I believe that Moses's religion had a possible influence on Akhnaten. The pharoah reigning when Moses returns to Egypt would likely be Djeserkheperue Setpenre Horemheb who was a general and went about destroying all the images of the solar disc god the Akhnaten had used to describe the one G-d almighty. The next pharoah c. 1292-1290 was Menpehtue Ramesses a non-royal reign 1292-1290; next Pharoah was Menmastre Seti reign 1290-1279 approx.( who regained much of the territory lost during Akhnaten's pacifist reign ) who was most likely the Pharoah during the Exodus of the Jews from Egypt. Of approx 1280 BCE. At this point Ramses II the great reigns 1279-1213.
Ellen Homeister