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Why Does Judaism Forbid Tattoos?

Why Does Judaism Forbid Tattoos?

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The source of this prohibition is Leviticus 19:28: “You shall not etch a tattoo on yourselves.” This prohibition applies to all tattoos besides those made for medical purposes, such as to guide a surgeon making an incision.

Although some of the commentaries1 seem to believe that this is one of the Torah’s chukim, the commandments whose rationales transcend the ken of human intellect, other commentators do offer several explanations for this prohibition:

  1. The human body is G‑d’s creation, and it is therefore unbefitting to mutilate G‑d’s handiwork. It is especially unbefitting for members of G‑d’s chosen nation to mutilate their bodies. One must believe that G‑d, the greatest artisan of all, formed him or her in the most fitting way, and one must not change this form. Changing one’s body (unless it is for health reasons) is tantamount to insulting G‑d’s handiwork.2
  2. In ancient times, it was customary for idol-worshippers to tattoo themselves as a sign of commitment to their deity—much like an animal that is branded by its owner. On many occasions the Torah forbids practices that emulate pagan customs, considering that following their traditions is the first step towards subscribing to their idolatrous beliefs and services.3
  3. The covenant of circumcision is unique in its being a sign in our bodies of our relationship with G‑d. Making other signs in one’s body would weaken and cheapen this special sign.4

See also Can a Person with a Tattoo Be Buried in a Jewish Cemetery? and I Want a Star of David Tattoo.

FOOTNOTES
1. See Rashi on the Talmud, Makkot 21a.
2. See Siftei Cohen to Leviticus 19:28; Rashi to Deuteronomy 14:1; Responsa Tzitz Eliezer 11:41.
3. Maimonides, Mishneh Torah, Laws of Idolatry 12:11.
4. Sforno to Leviticus 19:27.
Rabbi Baruch S. Davidson is a member of the Chabad.org Ask the Rabbi team.
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Discussion (149)
January 1, 2015
Isaac Brooklyn NY
Not actually a contradiction when discussing the heath laws while stating: "...when nothing was known of the world involving bacteria and virus."

the fact they did not know the mechanism inside the 'Black Box' did not stop them from learning input produces output realities. They made associations between behavior and results -- dirty was related to disease, blood was related to transmission of disease. the answer: wash or, where possible, avoid contact.
In the 2011 book, "Grandpa Was A Deity: How a Tribal Assertion Created Modern Culture", yDNA shows that the Levites (as Josephus asserted of the Hebrews 1900 years ago) came from India and spread around the Old World (possibly into the New) both gathering and spreading information and knowledge.
Tattoos involved blood and blood spread illness. They also involved inserting 'dirty' into the skin, where it could not be washed away.
You're references are relatively recent history. In that context, Christians went through a period where
Bill
Maine
December 25, 2014
Bill - Maine, shaggy uk is not completely wrong.
You contradict yourself in stating "...when nothing was known of the world involving bacteria and virus."
Then how were they able to deal with and discuss issues which were unknown? Perhaps unknown by the uneducated but by your own statement known nevertheless.

Circumcision has it's risks, and with all health and hygiene warnings and guidelines, many are still being ignored endangering the health and lives of many children.
In the matter of Circumcision the issue of hygiene in which you so vigorously defend in your comment proves it an indisputable example of complete Jewish hypocrisy.
Isaac
Brooklyn NY
December 19, 2014
shaggy uk -worng
shaggy, you really need to read the bible and think about the actual laws being discussed. (Wisdom, knowledge, & understanding are mandated three times)
Most of the laws deal with Health & Hygiene in an age when nothing was known of the world involving bacteria and virus ... yet they nailed things which are standard practice today.
Modern Tattoos are governed by health laws -- including those related to needles and the transmission of disease by blood. Blood is a bio-hazard, and contact with it is forbidden, or requires immediate washing.
Circumcision prevents "strangulation" which affects a significant portion of the male population; it also reduces transmission of std's; it is also a cleanliness issue for some classes of individuals who generally have other cleanliness issues, circumcision prevents non-std infection transmittable to women, (even when not transmitted, it can cause problems most guys would prefer not to have.
It's about health.
Bill
Maine
December 19, 2014
Commenter from the UK: "Circumsicion-one more undisputable example of complete Jewish hypocrisy"
The conclusion does not follow and is based on faulty reasoning and weak analytical skills on the part of the commentator.
See in NY Times: "Benefits of Circumcision Are Said to Outweigh Risks"
Nicholas
Detroit
August 18, 2014
"The human body is G‑d’s creation, and it is therefore unbefitting to mutilate G‑d’s handiwork. It is especially unbefitting for members of G‑d’s chosen nation to mutilate their bodies"
Circumsicion-one more undisputable example of complete Jewish hypocrisy
shaggy
uk
July 20, 2014
Tattoos
Daily, I am faced with looking at scores of people with tattoos in public, and honestly, all I see is a lost world who does not know Yah or understand Yah's instructions and His written word. Just recently, scientists have studied tattooed skin under an Atomic Force Microscope and they have discovered that tattoo pigment is made up entirely of nano-particles and the nano-particles are actually migrating to the lymph system and could possibly cause cancer and other health issues.

The most important lesson for our admonishment is found in the daily sacrifices and the Red Heifer... We are to repent and present ourselves daily as a living sacrifice . The only acceptable sacrifice is one that is "unblemished" (period) and therefore a tattooed body would not be accepted according to torah due to blemish. This pattern is very detailed and is repeated continually through out torah. The entire story is about being clean and unclean, acceptable or unacceptable. Pray for wisdom & understanding.
Sher
Paris
May 6, 2014
Henna vs Tatoo
The idea of a decorative application -- such as with "henna parties" -- is completely different from a Tattoo which pierces the skin, inserts a dye and is permanent ... often depicting an icon, or idol, which is explicit forbidden in any form.
A henna application is closer to lipstick and eyeshadow -- with limited exception, NOT a tattoo or tattooed on. But, if lipstick, lip-outline or eyeshadow, or eyeliner, were to be made permanent, they too would be forbidden as tattoos.
Placing an herb on your skin -- regardless of visibility or it being applied in a pattern, could not, in itself, be considered a tattoo. If it were, consider the use of iodine or similar substances -- clearly they mark the skin. But their purpose is to promote health and well-being ... which is also the traditional association with Henna.
In some Jewish traditions, the Henna (or time it takes to fade naturally) also marks the 'honeymoon' period in a new marriage.
Bill
Maine
April 29, 2014
Re: Henna
It might be worth your time to study how the Rabbis who received the Oral Tradition decided on certain questions .
As stated in General earlier the rules of forbidden tattoos are part and parcel of the laws of forbidden idol worship. They are discussed in the Talmud and the Rambam laws.
What is discussed is a variety of actions which in and of themselves appear to be "harmless' your Rabbi might declare forbidden based on his understanding of the motive and purpose of the questioner.
We are forbidden to inquire after the ways the ancient idol worshippers did a certain act. in as much as the Oral tradition in the Talmud and the Codes tells us what is forbidden and what is permitted.
We don't change the rules to allow a certain act or not, but we see if an act is allowed under the structure of the Oral Tradition.
David Aharon Lindzon [Lindsay]
Toronto, ON Canada
April 29, 2014
Samantha
Correct. Some sephardi women have "henna parties", especially on the night before a wedding. It is an opportunity for the women of the two families to get together, mix, mingle, and join together in supporting the bride. The bride has her henna applied after using the mikvah.
Sarah Masha
W Bloomfield, MI, USA
baischabad.com
April 29, 2014
women in covenent
Anonymous San Francisco, you asked:
How does He recognize female Jews?
Contract isn't with them, so unimportant. Regardless of the Hasidim insistence, note GENESIS only tells the men ... cares little for the mother's. The only exceptions, pointed out in book, "Genesis of Genesis", are Sarah and Miriam ... and only Sarah conforms to the pattern of giving full age data ... no other woman is worthy of having her age information disclosed.
Aside from females being agents of getting thing going and changing ... I can't think of and deals there might be with them. Of course, if they are truly the only way to qualify as Hebrew, than their importance exceeds all else.

Oh, Samantha Leon, if not permanent, than it could qualify as dirt and simply need to be washed away as soon as possible ... after completing the function which brought it about.
bill
maine
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