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Why is Israel called the land of "Milk and Honey"?

Why is Israel called the land of "Milk and Honey"?


Some of our greatest sages asked the same question; let's see what they have to say:

When G‑d spoke to Moses at the burning bush, He informed him that He would redeem the Israelites and bring them to a "good and spacious land, a land flowing with milk and honey..."1 Honey here (and elsewhere in the Scriptures) is generally understood to be a reference to fruit nectar, specifically date honey—not bees' honey.

1) Nachmanides2 writes that the key word in the verse is "flowing." Fruit trees grow in many different terrains, but their produce overflow with nectar only when the land is especially fertile, when the trees are particularly well-nourished.

Similarly, livestock survives in many habitats, but only overflow with milk when they are in particularly fertile pastures.

Thus, a "land flowing with milk and honey" is indicative and symptomatic of a greater good—the fertility of the Promised Land.

2) The Midrash3 explains that milk symbolizes superior quality, richness of taste, and nourishment. Honey represents sweetness. The goodness of Israel is both nourishing and pleasant.

3) Some point out that honey and milk share a paradoxical quality. Honey is kosher, though it is produced by a non-kosher insect. Milk is kosher, though it comes from a cow whose meat may not be eaten together with milk.

The goodness of Israel will often times come from places where it is least expected.

Yours truly,

Rabbi Menachem Posner


Exodus 3:8.




Yalkut Shimoni Proverbs 8:943.

Rabbi Menachem Posner serves as staff editor for
All names of persons and locations or other identifying features referenced in these questions have been omitted or changed to preserve the anonymity of the questioners.
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Discussion (15)
April 23, 2014
It is covered by deserts and uncultivated soil for the most part of it!
If G-d knew about Canada at that time, He\she\it could call Canada the land of honey and milk and above all water.
January 25, 2014
Flowing with milk and honey
I heard the same opinion Dvir, from a very prominent preacher but had to dismiss it based on the context of the passage of scripture. In my own study of scripture God references the land as a "good land". He even had to drive the inhabitants out of the land, which implies that they were willing to fight for the land. More than likely, this would not be the case if the opinion were true about the land being a desert land or unhealthy. So based on my own biblical and historical research I have concluded that the land was in fact a good and fertile land.
Rahs Omarr
November 18, 2013
Milk and honey
I've often thought of milk and honey as two forms of sustenance that can be consumed by man without destroying a life or potential life. I may be blind, but I've not been able to come up with anything else that meets that criteria. Any thoughts?
Neosho, MO
September 15, 2013
I think that it makes more sense if referring to bee's honey. When is there an abundance of milk in the land but when there are many animals reproducing? Likewise, when there are bees in the land producing honey, the land is fertile. The bees do their job of pollinating and thus many different vegetables and fruits thrive (including date palms).
August 31, 2013
When Hitler tried to exterminate the Jewish people he was not acting alone. Satan was behind that. The whole world is being blessed through the Jewish nation. Israel is still the land that flows milk and honey. In 1948 it was a dry land and they had to get their food from other countries. Now in 2013 they are self sufficient in food due to their hard work. Physical and mentally. These other Arab countries wait until the oil come to the surface and sell it. Just like in the time of Isaac that he used to dig the wells for water and the wicked wanted the well after it was dug. The promise is still in place. Any country or leader that attacks or curse Israel will be defeated. God will punish them just like he did in past.
Milton Negron Sr.
Hartford, Ct
July 30, 2013
Re: flowing
I don't understand how flowing which seems manageable can be confused with overflowing which does not seem to be so manageable.
C. Edgar Schnarr
February 11, 2013
RE: Wealth of modern Israel...
That's delusional and incredibly creepy...
February 6, 2013
why G-d?
I will start off by stating that I am a christian. I am curious about why you say... G-d. If you are trying to be reverent or something then why not just call Him the Lord? Or the Heavenly Father or something? I always thought not saying His name in vain really only applied to his personal name, though it would be disrespectful to use His title (that is to say G-d) in conjunction with a curse word. Feel free to email me with an answer.
February 2, 2013
Wealth of modern Israel...
When you consider that virtually half of all of Israel (southern half) is arid desert land not suitable to sustain life in terms which, we would describe as rich in natural resources, you wonder where and how the moniker "land flowing with milk and honey" applies.

Today, Israel is the envy of all the nations that surround it for the promise it inherited from God Himself. It is indeed a land flowing with milk and honey. Israel has just in recent history been identified to have the largest sources for both natural gas and shale oil. Is it any wonder then, that nations such as Russia, an avowed ally to Israel's enemies, are now courting Israel for commercial benefits?

Israel does not need a foreign body to protect it...God loves Israel and it is the apple of His eye.

As history continues to unfold, we shall all see the veracity of Scripture when God described its land as "a land flowing with milk and honey" !
December 30, 2012
Milk and honey
I think I was told that all foods regenerate itself ,milk and honey, the beginning and the end, a to z, alfa and omega...G-d...
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