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What is the Jewish view on gambling?

What is the Jewish view on gambling?

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In the Talmud,1 the rabbis take a dim view about gambling. Besides being a risky enterprise financially, and addictive, the rabbis say that the winner is really a loser. Morally speaking that is. How so? Because the fellow with the inferior hand wasn't expecting to lose. Therefore, the loser relinquishes his money reluctantly—it's being taken from him willy-nilly, and he is getting nothing tangible in return. In simple English, it's a bit like stealing.

That's not all, though. Gambling, whether betting on horses, roulette or cards, only gives the illusion of contributing to the local economy. In the end, though, it contributes nothing of value that endures.2

Rabbi Eliezer Danzinger for Chabad.org

FOOTNOTES
1.

Sanhedrin 24b.

2.

See also Maimonides, Laws of Plaintiffs and Defendants 2:2; Tur Shulchan Aruch, Choshen Mishpat 370; Shulchan Aruch, Choshen Mishpat, 34:16.

Rabbi Eliezer Danzinger, first content editor for KabbalaOnline.org, is the translator and editor of several important chassidic texts. He also serves as the Jewish chaplain for York Central Hospital, and for numerous Federal prisons. Rabbi Danzinger currently resides in Toronto, Canada, with his wife, Yehudis, and their children.
All names of persons and locations or other identifying features referenced in these questions have been omitted or changed to preserve the anonymity of the questioners.
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Discussion (13)
October 15, 2012
Re: Roulette
While the Talmud gives specific examples of the forms of gambling that were prevalent in those days, the Talmud refers to all forms (and actually does mention dice).

The author was careful to write that the rabbis take "a dim view" about gambling, instead of writing outright that it is forbidden, since there are some instances were strictly speaking it isn't forbidden even if it is frowned upon.
Yehuda Shurpin for Chabad.org
September 24, 2012
Roulette
I don't know where in the Talmud it talks about Roulette, Cards, or Horse Betting. What the sages talk about are those who use to bet on pigeon races. I haven't been to the local pigeon track in years.

Furthermore, how can one say gambling does not contribute to society or the economy? The economy of Las Vegas only HAS an economy because of gambling. Look at all the jobs casinos create through out the country.

The bottom line is it is not expressly forbidden in the Torah, or the Talmud that gambling is against halacha.
Jon
Teaneck, NJ
April 20, 2012
What is the diff between Wall St & Las Vegas?
According to the former stock broker/author of the ebook "Wall Street vs Las Vegas Boulevard" Wall Street is a bigger gamble than Las Vegas. People think that Wall Street is an investment, but it is really 100% gambling. The publlic has been duped into mentally legitimizing Wall Street, by the financial industry and the government.
harris
east lansing , michigan/US
April 1, 2012
Dreidel ?
Are you allowed to play dreidel with money?
Gadiel
Montevideo, Uruguay
August 5, 2010
Gambling
People who are serious about gambling today are NOT gamblers. We call ourselves "gamers", the difference being that gamblers trust to "lady luck", whilst gamers practice their chosen games...incessantly! My game is roulette...& I practice every single day, for at least 2 hours. I bought a casino-software package, which keeps track of
your statistics. Even I didn't think it was possible -- but it showed I had a winning percentage of 100.02%! Unlike the stereotype, gamers are not wastrels. We are minor & major mathematical genuises -we HAVE to be. When going to a casino, set a win & a loss limit, and take 20 times your average bet. Pro advice-- from Frank Scoblete, a family man in NYC who makes his living writing gaming books. Everything in moderation -- except using your money to help others, and yourself, live a better life.
And don't forget to give BIG tips to hard-working casino personnel! Anything can be done in moderation OR taken to excess. Gambling is dangerous - PRACTICE!
Alexandra
Denver, Co USA
April 28, 2009
gambling
thank you for your answer, but i am still confused. if i buy a lottery ticket it still seam like i am gambling, please explain.
Anonymous
cincinnati, oh
April 7, 2009
gambling,
what if the gambling is to raise $ for a Jewish Day school?
Is it still not ok?
Anonymous
Buffalo, NY
July 8, 2008
gambling. poker
Can some one tell me if its okay to run a poker spot according to hallacha.... am i technically doing anything wrong by raking 10% of the pot or not?
Rich.
brooklyn, ny
December 17, 2007
The question of Dreidel is a good one. Usually, the game is played with pennies that the children know are given for the purpose of the game, they are aware they will not be taking the "winnings" home. If that still leaves you uncomfortable, use other tokens instead. We have played dreidel on shabbat using the "winks" from Tiddly Winks, checkers, or other game tokens, or even dry beans. The game was just as fun without money.
Sarah Masha
W Bloomfield, MI USA
baischabad.com
December 4, 2007
gambling
so what of the 'gambling' game of dreidels?? are we teaching our children to risk through gambling?
Anonymous
lafayette, la/usa
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