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What is the reason for the custom to give money gifts in multiples of 18 -- 18, 36, 54, etc.?

What is the reason for the custom to give money gifts in multiples of 18 -- 18, 36, 54, etc.?


Eighteen is the numerical value of the Hebrew word "chai" which means "life." It is a Jewish custom to give monetary gifts in increments of 18, thus symbolically blessing the recipient of the gift with a good long life.

When giving charity, the number 18 has another significance. It expresses our prayer that the merit of the charity given stand in our good stead, that we blessed with life and prosperity.

Chani Benjaminson

Chani Benjaminson is co-director of Chabad of the South Coast, coordinator of Chabad’s Ask the Rabbi and Feedback departments, and is a member of the editorial staff of
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Discussion (11)
January 4, 2017
I am a teacher and one of my students me and two other of his teachers to his Bar Mitzvah. I have never been to one before, but a Jewish friend of mine told me that I should be honored and definitely go. I was unsure what the mother thought about me going, so I called her. After speaking with the boys mother, I felt it is appropriate to not only go, but also bring my wife and two little ones along for the experience. She was super grateful that we are coming (along with one of the other teachers). The only problem is that I am feeling really uneasy about the money situation. My wife just stopped working, so we are down to one income. The two other teachers agreed to combine with me, so I am thinking we can split $54, $72, or $90 three ways. Would that be enough? I don't feel comfortable giving money to a student in the first place, but now with my wife not working, I don't have much of a choice anyways. Any thoughts would be much appreciated.
May 5, 2016
To Anonymous
It's up to you!
Mrs. Chana Benjaminson
May 4, 2016
Graduation Gift
Id there an appropriate amount for high school graduation? AN $18 increment or any amount?
Glendale, ca
March 20, 2016
No, the gift, whether it's money or any other type of gift should be given before or after Shabbat. It can be mailed or dropped off at the boy's home.
Mrs. Chana Benjaminson
March 19, 2016
Give money on shabbat for bar mitzvah
The bar mitzvah is on shabbot do i still give money
Crested Butte
December 1, 2011
monatery gift
When did the monetary gift start and why?
Keremeous, Canada
September 23, 2009
Gift for baby
Yes, you can give monetary gifts in multiples of eighteen but it's not a must, you can give clothes, Jewish themed toys etc as well..
Chani Benjaminson,
September 17, 2009
Gift when a baby is born
What is the appropriate gift to give when a baby is born? Do you give a money gift in multiples of eighteen?
December 5, 2008
amount for memorial
Interestingly, multiples of 18 are appropriate even in this case, it is a core Jewish belief that the earthly end of a life does not represent the end, the soul continues to live on. When friends and family of the deceased perform good deeds in a deceased person's merit they help the soul on its journey on High and help perpetuate his/her life on earth. Hence, donating in multiples of 18 is still very much appropriate, although of course one can donate any amount one wishes.
Chani Benjaminson,
December 4, 2008
money gifts
What is the approriate amount to give to a memorial fund in the name of one who has departed this world? In other words, if 18 means "life" then would it not be considered odd to send this amount?