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Shulchan Aruch: Chapter 609 - Insulation of Hot [Foods or Beverages] on Erev Yom Kippur

Shulchan Aruch: Chapter 609 - Insulation of Hot [Foods or Beverages] on Erev Yom Kippur

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SECTION 609 Insulation of Hot [Foods or Beverages] on Erev Yom Kippur. (1)

סימן תרט הַטְמָנַת חַמִּין בְּעֶרֶב יוֹם כִּפּוּר וּבוֹ סָעִיף אֶחָד:

1 Some authorities forbid the insulation1 of hot food or beverages on the day before Yom Kippur so that they will be warm on the night following Yom Kippur. [They maintain that] insulating hot [food or drink] was permitted [by the Sages] only in honor of Shabbos.2 In this instance, one is insulating [the food or drink] to be consumed on the night following Yom Kippur, which is an ordinary weekday. [According to these authorities] this was not permitted at all, because the food would be warming on Yom Kippur, and thus Yom Kippur would be preparing for an ordinary weekday.

Other authorities maintain that insulating [hot food or beverages] on the day before Yom Kippur is permissible, for [it is activity performed on] a weekday that is preparing for [another] weekday. Although the food remains on the cooking range on Yom Kippur, this is not considered as preparing [for the following day] since one is not performing any activity on Yom Kippur itself.

The halachah follows the latter opinion. Nevertheless, in these lands, it is customary to follow the stringency of the first opinion.3

א יֵשׁ אוֹסְרִים א לְהַטְמִין1 חַמִּין מֵעֶרֶב יוֹם כִּפּוּר לְמוֹצָאֵי יוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁלֹּא הִתִּירוּ לְהַטְמִין חַמִּין אֶלָּא לִכְבוֹד הַשַּׁבָּת,ב,2 אֲבָל זֶה שֶׁהוּא מַטְמִין לְמוֹצָאֵי יוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים שֶׁהוּא חֹל – לֹא הִתִּירוּ לוֹ כְּלָל, לְפִי שֶׁהַתַּבְשִׁיל מִתְחַמֵּם בְּיוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים, וְנִמְצָא יוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים מֵכִין לְחֹל.ג

וְיֵשׁ מַתִּירִים ד לְהַטְמִין בְּעֶרֶב יוֹם כִּפּוּר, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא מֵכִין מֵחֹל לְחֹל, וְאַף עַל פִּי שֶׁשּׁוֹהֶה עַל הַכִּירָה בְּיוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים – אֵין זוֹ חֲשׁוּבָה הֲכָנָה, כֵּיוָן שֶׁאֵינוֹ עוֹשֶׂה מַעֲשֶׂה בְּיוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים.

וַהֲלָכָה כִּסְבָרָא הָאַחֲרוֹנָה. מִכָּל מָקוֹם, נוֹהֲגִין בְּאֵלּוּ הַמְּדִינוֹת לְהַחְמִיר כַּסְּבָרָא הָרִאשׁוֹנָה:ה,3

Footnotes
1.
In the original, hatmanah — the wrapping or covering of hot food or beverages to preserve their heat. See sec. 253ff. where this subject is discussed.
2.
I.e., to enable one to enjoy the Shabbos meals.
3.
If one did not follow this stringency, he is still permitted to partake of the food directly after the conclusion of Yom Kippur. There is no need to wait until the food could have been warmed (Pri Megadim: Eshel Avraham 609:1).
Sources
א.
גאונים, הובאו ברא"ש פ"ח סי' כו, טור ורמ"א.
ב.
כדלעיל סי' רנז סי"ג. ולצורך מוצאי שבת – ראה לעיל סי' רנד סי"א.
ג.
בנימין זאב סי' רטז. מ"א סק"א.
ד.
רא"ש שם בשם רב שרירא גאון. טור ושו"ע שם.
ה.
מהרי"ל הל' ערב יוה"כ (ע' שכא). רמ"א.
Translated by Rabbi Eliyahu Touger and Sholom B Wineberg.
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