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Shulchan Aruch: Chapter 29 - [Not to Recite a Blessing when Removing Tefillin]

Shulchan Aruch: Chapter 29 - [Not to Recite a Blessing when Removing Tefillin]

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SECTION 29 [Not to Recite a Blessing when Removing Tefillin]. (1)

סימן כט וּבוֹ סָעִיף אֶחָד:

1 No blessing should be recited when removing tefillin.1 [This applies] even when one takes them off on Friday afternoon before sunset,2 at which time one is obligated to take them off because Shabbos and festivals are not days on which tefillin [should be worn]. [Indeed,] when one wears [tefillin at that time] with the intent of fulfilling the mitzvah, one transgresses the prohibition against adding to the Torah’s commandments.3

Nevertheless, [taking off the tefillin at such times] does not warrant the recitation of a blessing. For if one would continue wearing tefillin [on Shabbos or a festival] without intending to fulfill a mitzvah, one would not be transgressing a Scriptural prohibition; [one is required to remove the tefillin] only because of a Rabbinic prohibition, lest one [inadvertently] go out to the public domain while wearing them, as explained in sec. 31.4 Thus removing tefillin is not a mitzvah in its own right, and is necessary only because of the Rabbinic decree.

Needless to say, this applies [to any other day] during the week, when one removes the tefillin a short time before sunset. Then one should surely not recite a blessing, for [in principle] the night is a time when tefillin may be worn and there is no need to remove them. Nevertheless, as explained in sec. 30[:1-2, this law] should not be taught [as a directive for the public].

א אֵין לְבָרֵךְ שׁוּם בְּרָכָה כְּשֶׁחוֹלֵץ תְּפִלִּין,א,1 אֲפִלּוּ חוֹלְצָן עֶרֶב שַׁבָּת בֵּין הַשְּׁמָשׁוֹת,ב,2 שֶׁאָז חַיָּב הוּא לְחָלְצָן,ג שֶׁשַּׁבָּת וְיוֹם־טוֹב לָאו זְמַן תְּפִלִּין הוּא, וּכְשֶׁמְנִיחָן עָלָיו לְשֵׁם מִצְוָה עוֹבֵר עַל "בַּל תּוֹסִיף"ד,3 – מִכָּל מָקוֹם, כֵּיוָן שֶׁאִם מְנִיחָן עָלָיו בְּלֹא כַּוָּנָה לְשֵׁם מִצְוָהה אֵין בָּזֶה אִסּוּר מִן הַתּוֹרָה, אֶלָּא מִדִּבְרֵי סוֹפְרִים, מִשּׁוּם גְּזֵירָה שֶׁמָּא יֵצֵא בָּהֶן לִרְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים, כְּמוֹ שֶׁיִּתְבָּאֵר בְּסִימָן לא,ו,4 לְפִיכָךְ לֹא שַׁיָּךְ בְּרָכָה עַל זֶה,ז כֵּיוָן שֶׁבַּחֲלִיצַת הַתְּפִלִּין מִצַּד עַצְמָהּ אֵין בָּהּ מִצְוָה, וְאֵין חוֹלְצָן אֶלָּא מִשּׁוּם גְּזֵרָה.

וְאֵין צָרִיךְ לוֹמַר כְּשֶׁחוֹלְצָן בְּחֹל סָמוּךְ לִשְׁקִיעַת הַחַמָּה שֶׁאֵין לוֹ לְבָרֵךְ עַל זֶה,ח שֶׁהֲרֵי לַיְלָה זְמַן תְּפִלִּין הוּא, וְאֵין צָרִיךְ לְחָלְצָן, אֶלָּא שֶׁאֵין מוֹרִים כֵּן, כְּמוֹ שֶׁיִּתְבָּאֵר בְּסִימָן ל:ט

Footnotes
1.
This section is included in the Tur and in the Shulchan Aruch, because Niddah 51a and the Talmud Yerushalmi, Berachos 2:3, relate that the inhabitants of Eretz Yisrael would recite a blessing when removing their tefillin. As explained in the Tur, this practice was not universally accepted as halachah.
2.
In his Piskei HaSiddur, the Alter Rebbe writes that the tefillin should be removed before candlelighting.
3.
For one is seeking to fulfill a mitzvah outside its statutory timeframe. Sefer HaMitzvos (prohibitive mitzvah 313) and Sefer HaChinuch (ed. Eshkol; mitzvah 454) include the prohibition against adding to the Torah’s commandments or expanding their scope of observance as one of the 613 mitzvos.
4.
Subsection 1, and at greater length in sec. 301:3.
Sources
א.
רבינו תם בתוס' מנחות לו, ב ד"ה ושמרת. רא"ש הלכות תפילין סי' טז.
ב.
רא"ש שם.
ג.
וראה סדור ד"ה אין להניח: צריך לחלצן לפני השקיעה, זמן מה קודם שמדליקין הנרות בערב שבת. וראה לקמן סי' ל ס"ב וש"נ.
ד.
כדלקמן סי' לא סעיף א. וש"נ.
ה.
מ"א ס"ק א.
ו.
סעיף א. וסי' שא סעיף ג. וש"נ.
ז.
ב"י. הובא במ"א שם.
ח.
תוס' ורא"ש שם. לבוש. ט"ז ס"ק ב.
ט.
סעיפים א־ב.
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