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A Timeline of the Transmission of Torah

A Timeline of the Transmission of Torah

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JEWISH YEAR SECULAR YEAR EVENT / ERA PERSONALITIES NOTES
2448 1313 bce Giving of the Torah Moses 10 / 613 Commandments. Moses begins teaching the Oral Law
2488 1273 bce Jews enter Israel Joshua
Until 3461 Until 300 bce Neviim - Prophets SamuelElijah, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Haggai, Zecharia The era of prophecy ends in beginning of the 2nd Temple period
2516 - 2871 1245 bce – 890 bce Shoftim - Judges Osniel ben Knaz, Deborah, Gideon, Samson, Eyli-High Priest
2882 - 3338 879 bce – 423 bce Melochim - Kings Saul, David, Solomon Ultimately, Jewish Kingdom split: Judah and Israel
2928 - 2935 833 bce – 827 bce 1st Temple Built King Solomon
3338 423 bce Destruction of 1st Temple Babylonians led by Nebuchadnezar Jews exiled to Babylonia
3408 - 3412 353 bce – 349 bce 2nd Temple Rebuilt Ezra, Nechemia Few Jews return to Israel. 2nd Temple less grand than 1st.
3412 - 3581 349 bce – 180 bce The Great Assembly Shimon Hatzaddik Canonized the Bible. Formalized liturgy.
3581 - 3801 180 bce – 40 ce Zugot - Pairs Shmaya and Avtalyon,  Hillel and Shammai President, and Head of Court
3621 140 bce Hasmonean Revolt Matisyahu, Judah the Maccabite Chanukah story
3623 138 bce Chanukah Miracle Hasmoneans
3658 – 3685 103 bce – 76 bce Alexander Yannai's reign Shalomit, Shimon ben Shotach Sadducee / Pharisee tension
3801 - 3961 40 ce – 200 ce Tannaitic Era Yochanan ben Zakkai
Akiva ben Yosef, Shimon bar Yochai,
New stage in teaching, interpreting, and collecting the vast amounts of scholarly teachings
3829 70 ce 2nd Temple destroyed Romans, led by Titus
3949 189 ce The Mishnah Judah the Prince Closing the Tannaitic Era
3960 - 4260 200 ce – 500 ce Amoraic Period Babylonia: Rav, Shmuel, Raba, R Yosef, Rava, Abaye,
Israel: R Yochanan, R Kahana, R Ami, R Asi, R Zeira
Interpretation and elucidation of Mishnah
4140 380 ce Redaction of Jerusalem Talmud
4261 500 ce Redaction of Babylonian Talmud R Ashi, Ravina Closing of Amoraic Period
4261 - 4461 500 ce – 700 ce Svoraic Era Final editing of Babylonian Talmud
4461 - 4791 700 ce – 1030 ce Gaonic Era R Saadia, R Shrira, R Hai Served as Rabbinic advisory center for distant communities
4798 1037 ce End of Babylonian schools
4791 - 5261 1030 ce – 1500 ce Rishonim Sephardi: R Chananel, R Nissim, Maimonides, Nachmanides, Rashba
Ashkenazi: R Gershom, Rashi, Tosafot – Rashbam, Rabbeinu Tam, Riy, Maharam of Rothenburg, Tur
Emergence of 2 styles and geographical locations of schools – Sephardi and Ashkenazi.
Comprehensive analysis and commentary on the Talmud.
First halachik codes also authored.
5261 1500 ce Achronim Maharsha, Maharam Lublin, Maharshal,
5323 / 5330 1563 ce / 1570 ce Shulchan Aruch and Ramo R Yosef Kairo, R Moshe Isserles Most authoritative legal Code published, serving both Ashkenazic and Sephardic communities
Present You and I "תורה צוה לנו משה מורשה קהילת יעקב"
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Yosef May 18, 2016

Shulchan Aruch udmur hazoken Perhaps we can add to the timeline:
Taz
Shach
Mogen Avrohom,
Pri megadim
Alter rebbe

Melaktim.... Reply