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Between the Narrow Straits

Between the Narrow Straits


The other night it hit me and I finally understood—there is a difference between pain and anguish. What happened? I awoke from my sleep with a very sharp pain in my thighs. The muscles of my inner legs froze in painful cramps, and the pain radiated down my legs and up to my hips. I felt paralyzed. I couldn’t move. I took deep breaths and tried to massage the pain away. Even though I could feel my body tense up, I forced myself to relax my shoulders and my jaw, to unclench my hands.

“Breathe,” I told myself. I felt paralyzed. I couldn’t move“It hurts, but the pain will go away, keep rubbing it, keep breathing. It’s for a good thing. It’s because you are at the end of your pregnancy, and the pain will go away.” I reminded myself of the wonderful fact that I was carrying a child, and this eased the pain. It hurt a lot, but I wasn’t suffering. I wasn’t anguished, so to speak, about my pain. It was clear to me that it had a purpose, and that with G‑d’s help I could and would get through it.

What a contrast to a year and a half ago! Then I also awoke in the middle of the night, my body racked with pain. I was also cramping, but from a miscarriage. Sharp pains radiated up and down my thighs and belly. I cried. I felt so weak. I couldn’t take the pain, because for me it wasn’t just that I was in pain; I felt alone and deeply troubled. I was in anguish and very distressed.

Anguish versus pain. There is a difference.

In the Jewish calendar, there is a period of time that we call bein hametzarim, “between the straits,” which refers to the period of mourning commemorating the destruction of the First and Second Temples. The Three Weeks start with the fast of the 17th of Tammuz and end on the 9th day of Av, the fast of Tisha B’Av. Both of these fasts commemorate events surrounding the destruction of the Temples and the subsequent exile of the Jews from the land of Israel. If you look at the Hebrew word for “straits,” you see that it contains the word tzar, which literally means “narrow,” but also means “anguish” or “distress.”

When we are in tzar, our vision is very limited. We can’t see past the pain and the suffering. We feel anguished, distressed. There doesn’t appear to be a reason for the pain. We can’t see that maybe, just maybe, there is a bigger picture. That maybe, just maybe, there is a purpose for it all. We are caught in a narrow passage, caught in the moment in which we are in. However, when we can broaden our vision, see past the pain, understand that there is a purpose, a “why,” then we might be in pain, but we won’t be in anguish. We know that we are not alone, and that with G‑d’s help we will get through it.

We’ve been in exile now for nearly 2,000 years. It’s a long time. It’s a very long time to be in pain. We’ve come to the point where our vision is so narrow that all we feel is anguish. We mourn the destruction of the Temples, and we do so in a time that is “between the straits,” a time that feels hopeless and never-ending. We can’t see the bigger picture. We get caught up in the pain. But pain is not an end in itself.

On a physical level, pain usually signifies a breakdown in the functioning of the body. Pain is a sign from G‑d that something is wrong. Pain has a purpose: that we should reawaken our will to live.

There are also “growing pains”—pain from stretching, extending, growing, using. Pain—when looked at from a broader perspective, when seen as a vehicle that has a purpose and can be used for connecting, learning, and growing—is good. And this includes labor pain.

Right now, the times that we are living in feel so hard and difficult, and as the days get closer and closer to Tisha b’Av, the mourning, the suffocation, the tightening, intensifies. New life, hope, continuation and connectionBut these very painful moments are the times which the sages refer to as chevlei Moshiach, the birthpangs of Moshiach. Why? Because in birth, a woman might be in pain, but if she can see past the pain and stay focused on her baby, she won’t feel anguish, she won’t suffer. And at the end, what happens? A baby is born! New life, hope, continuation and connection.

The Hebrew word for “birth” is leidah, which can be broken up into the words leyad H’, the hand of G‑d. Exile, like labor, is hard, painful and long. But every moment of it, every difficult test, every “contraction,” serves a purpose. We just need to broaden our vision, have faith, and stay focused on the fact that everything happens through the hand of G‑d. Soon the pain will end, and a new era, a new life of bliss and redemption, will be born.

Originally from northern California and a Stanford University graduate, Elana Mizrahi now lives in Jerusalem with her husband and children. She is a doula, massage therapist, writer, and author of Dancing Through Life, a book for Jewish women. She also teaches Jewish marriage classes for brides.
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Helen Dudden UK July 24, 2015

You can also relieve the effects of pain, anguish is as painful but we have to see farther and wait, and pray. Reply

Anonymous July 20, 2015

Pain and Anguish Your mention of the Three Weeks in contrast to your experience put me in mind of how seasons of the Jewish year impinge on our personal life-events. Although we abstain from celebrating joyful events that are in our control during solemn seasons, sometimes the season is in direct contrast to what is happening in our personal life; sometimes the season is attuned to what occurs. The one modifies the other or enhances it. I lost my mother shortly before Yom Kippur. I sat and wept through the services and the prayers had a special poignancy for me. Reply

Anonymous July 20, 2015

Beautiful article!!! Very thought provoking. It reminds me of the song, "kol haolam kulo gesher tzar meod v haikar lo lefached klal"- This world is like a bridge of distress, and the main thing is to not be afraid. The only way to ease the pain of this exile is to trust in G-d's salvation, to not grow fearful from the birthpangs of mashiach. Reply

Anonymous Toronto July 20, 2015

Excellent Article Thank you for sharing this . The article is so well written. And , so insightful. I can relate to much of this, as a mother. You helped me put my feelings in perspective. I have also learned that " we are who we are ". I often have feelings & do not exactly why. Then I read a article like this . And then I know why I am experiencing certain feelings ; or have no desire for certain food @ certain times of the year. Your analogy is brilliant . Keep up the good work. And have a happy baby & a happy long lfe. Reply

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