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Additional Laws

Additional Laws

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1. In many communities during the summer time, Shabbos is brought in much earlier, i.e. they daven Kabolas Shabbos about a hour before sunset. If the whole community (i.e. every shul) where the traveler is spending Shabbos follows this custom, then he must do so as well, even though he ordinarily accepts Shabbos right before sundown1.

If, however, there are shuls that also daven at the regular time, then he can accept Shabbos later2.

2. When a group of people are traveling together and will daven the Friday night services in a place other than an established shul, such as a hotel room or conference room, they should omit the berachah mei'ein sheva” (the berachah that contains the paragraph “Magen Avos”, after Shemoneh Esrei)3.

However, if they will be davening at that place for a few days 4 [according to other authorities a few weeks5 ] and there is a sefer torah there 6 then this berachah may be recited.

It is not necessary to object and protest against those who do say the berachah in a temporary place7.

3. When one sees the Atlantic Ocean after not having seen it in the last thirty days he is required to say the berachah “oseh (or she'asah) hayam hagadol”

When one sees the Mediterranean Sea after not having seen it in the last thirty days he is required to say the berachahoseh ma'aseh bereishis” (Some authorities say to add the words “she'asah es hayam hagadol” immediately after.)

When one travels between the United States and Eretz Yisrael in either direction so that he will have the opportunity to view both the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, he only says one berachah.

When the flight originates from the United States he will have said “oseh (she'asah) hayam hagadol.” Therefore when he sees the Mediterranean Sea later on, he does not say another berachah, since according to some opinions the Mediterranean Sea is also called “yam hagadol.”

If the flight originates from Eretz Yisrael, then he will have said “oseh ma'aseh bereishis” upon seeing the Mediterranean. Then, when seeing the Atlantic Ocean later on he does not say the berachah “oseh 8,” since there are some authorities that state that the proper berachah when seeing the Atlantic Ocean is indeed “oseh ma'aseh bereishis9.”

4. Yom Tov occur on Friday, one must make an eiruv tavshilin on Erev Yom Tov in order to be permitted to cook, bake, etc the foods one needs for Shabbos and also to light the Shabbos candles. Therefore, a husband who will be away for Yom Tov, while the family remains at home should make sure that he prepares an eiruv tavshilin before his departure or have a family member make one. The family can not rely on the eiruv tavshilin that the husband will make where he will be staying.

Even though he has prepared an eiruv tavshilin for his family, if he needs to cook (or light candles) where he is staying, he should still prepare the two foods for the eiruv tavshilin, without reciting the berachah. If he forgets to do so, he may rely on the one which he made for his family10.

5. One who is spending Yom Tov (when one of the days is Friday) in a hotel, but eating his meals at the homes of other people should still prepare his own eiruv tavshilin at the hotel. If he will be cooking any food or warming up water on that Friday for Shabbos in his hotel room, then the eiruv tavshilin should be prepared with a berachah. Otherwise, the berachah is omitted11.

6. It is appropriate that a guest be honored with leading the BirKas Hamazon if there are at least three adult males eating together, in order that the guest should bless his host12.

Instead of the abridged blessing at the end of Birkas Hamazon which the guest blesses his host that is printed in the sidurim (“horachaman...ba’al habayis...asher lahem) some say the text that is printed in the Shulchan Aruch:

 

Yehi ratzon shelo yeivosh velo yikaleim ba’al habayis hazeh, lo ba’olam hazeh velo va’olam haba, veyatzli’ach bechol nechasav, ve’iyu nechasav mutzlachim ukerovim la’ir. Ve’al yishlot satan bema’aseh yadav, ve’al yizdakeik lefanav shum devar cheit vehirhur avon, mei’atah ve’ad olam. — May it be His will that the master of this house not be shamed nor disgraced in this world and not in the World to Come. He should be successful in all his dealings, and may his dealings be successful and close to the city, and no deterrent should rule over his handiwork. And no sinful matter or thought should attach itself to him, from now and forever13.

Footnotes
1.
שו"ע או"ח סי' רס"ג סע' י"ב
2.
מגן אברהם או"ח סי' רס"ג ס"ק כ"ד
3.
שו"ע או"ח סי' רס"ח סע' י'
4.
ט"ז או"ח שם ס"ק ח'
5.
שו"ע הרב שם סע' ט"ו
6.
משנה ברורה שם ס"ק כ"ד
7.
מגן אברהם שם ס"ק י"ד
8.
she'asah  yam hagadol
9.
וזאת הברכה פרק י"ז דף 155
10.
פסקי תשובות סי' תקכ"ז אות ט'
11.
פסקי תשובות סי' תקכ"ז אות י"ז
12.
שו"ע הרב או"ח סי' ר"א סע' ד'
13.
יְהִי רָצוֹן שֶׁלֹא יֵבוֹשׁ וְלֹא יִכָּלֵם בַּעַל הַבַּית הַזֶה לֹא בָעוֹלָם הַזֶה וְלֹא בָעוֹלָם הַבָּא, וְיַצְלִיחַ בְּכָל נְכָסָיו, וְיִהְיוּ נְכָסָיו מוּצְלָחִים וּקְרוֹבִים לָעִיר, וְאַל יִשְׁלוֹט שָׂטָן בְּמַעֲשֵה יָדָיו, וְאַל יִזְדַקֵק לְפָנָיו שׁוּם דְבַר חֵטְא וְהִרְהוּר עָוֹן, מֵעַתָּה וְעַד עוֹלָם.
Rabbi Eliezer Wenger taught at the Beth Rivkah High School in Montreal, Canada, was rabbi at Congregation Oneg Shabbos in Montreal and the author of over a dozen works on Jewish law.
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