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The Ten Commandments

The Ten Commandments


1. "I am the Lord your G-d, Who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

2. "You shall have no other gods before Me. You shall not make for yourself a graven image, nor any manner of likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them, nor serve them. For I the Lord your G-d am a jealous G-d, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children of the third and fourth generation of them that hate Me; and showing mercy unto the thousandth generation of them that love Me and keep My commandments.

3. "You shall not take the name of the Lord your G-d in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that takes His name in vain.

4. "Remember the Sabbath Day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work; but the seventh day is a Sabbath unto the Lord your G-d. On it you shall not do any manner of work -- you, your son, your daughter, your man-servant, your maid-servant, your cattle, and your stranger that is within your gates. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea and all that in them is, and rested on the seventh day; wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath Day, and hallowed it.

5. "Honor your father and mother, so that your days may be long upon the land which the Lord your G-d gives you.

6. "You shall not murder.

7. "You shall not commit adultery.

8. "You shall not steal.

9. "You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

10. "You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, his manservant, his maid-servant, his ox, his ass, nor anything that is your neighbor's."

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Discussion (28)
March 22, 2015
are all 10 commandments equal?
February 2, 2015
re. Richard DiNaso

The 10 Commandments are mentioned twice in the Torah (aka the Bible, aka the Five Books of Moses), once in Exodus 20:1-17 and once in Deuteronomy 5:4-21.

The 10th commandment in the first instance is:

“You shall not covet your neighbor's house. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, his manservant, his maidservant, his ox, his donkey, or whatever belongs to your neighbor.”

(coincidentally, Jews all around the world will read this chapter this Sabbath in synagogue!)

and in the second instance is:

"And you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, nor shall you desire your neighbor's house, his field, his manservant, his maidservant, his ox, his donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor".

These are just translations though, because the original is in Biblical Hebrew.

In Judaism, we believe that these 10 commandments are directed at the Jewish people and non-Jewish people instead only have to worry about the 7 Noahide Laws, which are similar.

I hope that helps!
Ben Finger
London, UK
January 30, 2015
10 commandments
I have read different ten commandments. From the Torah, to Catholic , to Protestant and they are different.

an example is... Thou shall not covet, vs thou shall not covet thy neighbors wife, nor goods.

Covetousness is covetousness, so which is correct. I can see why we are in bondage and the L-d wants us out of bondage to this world of thinking so which is correct /
Richard DiNaso
Myrtle Beach, SC
August 12, 2014
The sin of the fathers upon children.
Quoting The Stone Edition of The Chaumash:
"...the Sages explain that children are punished only if they carry on the sinful legacy of their parents as their own, or if it was in their power to protest, but they acquiesced to the life-style that was shown them. If so, they show that they ratify the deeds of their parents and adopt them as their own (Sanhedrin 27b). History shows that when sins are repeated over the course of generations, they become legitimated as a “culture” or an independent “life-style,” so that they become regarded as a way of life and a new set of values. Thus, children who consciously accept and continue the ways of their iniquitous parents are forging a pattern of behavior that has much more force than the deeds of only one errant generation. Thus, children who adopt the ways of their parents are, in a sense, committing more virulent sins than they would be if they acted only on their own..."
I encourage you obtain a copy of the Chaumash, an invaluable tool.
Fossil, OR
August 12, 2014
Re: Jealousy and fear
Firstly, the very continuation of the verse itself shows that fulfillment of commandments is not out of fear. The verse does not say "showing mercy... of them that fear me", rather "of them that love me". Fulfillment of the commandments in this verse itself is described to be out of a love of God! The Christian understanding of a vengeful and jealous God is a shallow one, if not outright disrespectful and demeaning. To apply these emotions to God as they exist by a human being is a gross misinterpretation. God is not jealous because He is needy or has low self worth. Rather, God's connection with the Jewish people runs so deep, that He cannot bear the idea that a Jew would be connected to anything else other than Himself. God's "jealousy" is a testament to the intense love and union that He experiences with the Jewish people. Just as a spouses feeling of violation when their partner may be disloyal stems from their intense bond and connection, so too is God's "anger" a result of his lov
Shaul Wolf
August 10, 2014
The paragraph in the 2nd commandment ; "For I the Lord your G-d am a jealous G-d, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children of the third and fourth generation of them that hate Me; and showing mercy unto the thousandth generation of them that love Me and keep My commandments" was (and still is) misused by some christians to persuade people that their belief is based on love while Judaism only seeks to make people keep the law based on fear. I never believed this argument but it would be helpful if I can find a counter argument from the Jewish point somewhere.
June 23, 2013
The Ten Commandments and "Love"
It dawns on me that the word "love" does not appear in any of the Ten Commandments. Is this not congruent to the fact that no one person or persons can describe what "love" is or give an absolute definition?
It would appear that the concept of love involves many levels of humanity and Hashem perhaps wanted the world to understand what is and what isn't by virtue of the fact that it could be explained in words. Torah does not have one extra word than it needs. Again, is it any wonder that the word, "love", is not included in the holiest instructions given to Moses on Mount Sinai?
Melody Masha Pierson
May 14, 2013
my take
G-d is a Supreme Being and does not suffer the same foibles as humans.

so therefore it is obvious G-d had reasons we are not aware of to say the things that make it seem G-d has similar needs to us-

when it is said that G-d is jealous, and would bring harm upon the innocent children of "bad" adults who hated G-d-#2.

G-d must have wanted us to have a day of rest and thought this was how to get us to do it-#4.

I am sure G-d is loving and the original equal oportunity Being, but knew what kind of people would need to be told not to covet a neighbor's wife and not mention coveting a neighbor's husband-#10.

the veiled threat that G-d would make you loose your land if you did not honor your mother and father is only slightly ok because there is no degree mentioned.-#5. sure that this would not be required if they were those nasty people mentioned previously in-#2.

Bless G-d for giving us free will to make decisions on our own at every turn!
May 14, 2013
You shall not work"
That means all of us. :) I thank God for giving us this wonderful day- the Sabbath
May 9, 2013
To Maxine:
Those are included in the "you"--as individual Jews similarly obligated to observe the Sabbath. Those listed are the ones who would not necessarily be obligated on their own.
Eliezer Zalmanov
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