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The Beard

The Beard



I have often wondered why many religious Jews have long hairy beards. Is this, like the kipah, a means of identifying oneself as a Jew or do the beards serve some other purpose?


There is more to the beard than just identifying as a Jew. According to Kabbalah the beard should not even be trimmed, but should be allowed to grow freely. Why?

Kabbalistically, our outer physical appearance is a reflection of our inner spiritual reality. The hands represent our ability to give and receive. The feet symbolize the power to progress. What does the beard represent?

One of the greatest struggles in life is to live up to our ideals. Many of us know what is right in our minds, but find it difficult to apply that knowledge in our daily lives. Often we do things that we know are wrong, but feel we "couldn't help ourselves". For example, we know that it is wrong to lose our temper, but when we get annoyed at someone we find it impossible to control our anger. Or we may know that it is good to give charity, but never get around to actually giving.

Between theory and practice there is a huge gulf. It is one thing to have good intentions, but that is far from actually doing good. It is like realizing a dream; without diligence, determination and hard work, it will always remain just a dream.

The greatest step we can take in our personal growth is learning to bridge this gap and implement our good intentions.

This is what the beard represents. The beard is hair that grows down from the head to the rest of the body. It is the bridge between mind and heart, thoughts and actions, theory and practice, good intentions and good deeds.

So we don't cut the beard, but rather let it flow freely, to open a direct flow from the ideals and philosophies of our minds into our everyday lifestyle.

Aron Moss is rabbi of the Nefesh Community in Sydney, Australia, and is a frequent contributor to
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Anonymous Miami FL September 1, 2017


I was wondering what is considered part of the beard. If one has hair that goes from their beard until their chest, can they shave the hair on the neck or lower neck? Reply

Mendel Adelman September 3, 2017
in response to Anonymous:

Hello Anonymous,

The Rema (and the Shach) rule that one may not shave the hair of the front of the neck with a razor, only with scissors, and even then not a close cut (Yoreh Deah 181:10).

The back of the neck is fine, though. Reply

M. Diane Flushing, NY February 6, 2017

Oiling your beard and the skin underneath Yes! Of course you can oil your beard! (she says! ^.^) If i were a betting person I would bet everything i own on that being true. (But i don't gamble). The reason i feel so sure about it is that I remember at least a couple of references in Psalms, i think, of oil being poured over the head and running down into the beard -- and it was spoken of as a good and positive thing. So I think it's okay to oil your beard and even massage some oil into the skin of the chin and cheeks so they don't get dry and flaky and itchy. Also, isn't it considerate for a man to keep his beard soft and beautiful and smelling nice so his wife will enjoy being near it and see him as very I would say the oil would best be a plant based like olive oil? Or an oil that could be scented with florals. Do Chassidic men wear fragrances? I can't remember ever noticing a fragrance near a Chassidic man. Soap and water smell is very nice. How about peanut butter beard oil? Just kidding i think. i'm silly today. Reply

דוד Beaver February 3, 2017

Can Jews use beard oil? Is it encouraged as it would be beautifying the Mitzvah? Does it have to use kosher ingredients? Reply

Anonymous January 14, 2017

Thank you for the profitable information you provide. Reply

M. Diane Flushing, NY January 3, 2017

But not only that.... Excuse me. May I add that my reading of the Zohar has taught me that
also, the hairs of the beard are actually part of the brain? I think it says that each strand of the beard flows out of the hidden brain? I will look it up better but i'm working on something else right now. But i know the beard is some extension of the brain. An actual extension of it and it should never be cut. Now i am remembering a dream i had where i had a nice beard - sort of fluffy though - not very manly - and why should a beard disqualify a person from employment? If anyone thinks that is happening, please contact me. Not Fair! I say, go on your job interview appropriately attired and bearded and let's see what happens. I would love to know the experiences of other Chassidic men in this regard. Could we start a separate thread? Thank you. Reply

Anonymous Glasgow January 2, 2017

Beautiful answer. Reply

Acácio Florentino Capivari de Baixo, Santa Catarina - Brazil December 29, 2016

Luanne, this doubt has already been explained in 2007:

"Women are regarded as more spiritually elevated in Judaism. They do not need the outer physical connection of the beard to help with their inner because they have the connection between body and mind without it. This has nothing to do with men are better. In fact, it's almost the opposite." - although the user didn't explain why "almost". Reply

Allan Cronshaw Haw River July 20, 2017
in response to Acácio Florentino:

Women have a beard -- but you can't see it with your physical eyes. Those who are capable of entering a higher level of mind, are able to see the non-physical beard of women. Reply

Luanne Black Tallahassee Florida August 15, 2016

Thank you for that answer. I was curious too. That's quite an insight. So what do women do to remind themselves of that same thing? Not cut the hair on our heads? Reply

chaitanya June 28, 2016

Sir i have half beard bt i want full beard Reply

Eliezer Zalmanov for May 15, 2016

Re: Mustache It is okay to trim the mustache if it gets in the way of eating.

Chabad does have peyos, just not long curly ones. Reply

Anonymous May 11, 2016

Mustache I have a beard which I have completely stopped shaving or trimming , however my mustache does become a nuisance, especially when eating, it always gets in my mouth , I was wondering if it's permitted to trim it to keep it out of my mouth when eating (even thinking there maybe incidents where food could get in and make meat or milk contaminate what I'm eating or something ) ? Also a side question (no pun intended) why doesn't Chabad wear payes ? Reply

Eliezer Zalmanov for March 9, 2016

Re: Question about beards It is permitted to to roll and tuck one's beard so that it doesn't interfere with daily activities. Reply

Yente Israel/Canada March 8, 2016

Question about beards Now there's a fuss within the IDF over beards I was wondering whether it's permitted to braid or tie one's beard so as not to get it stuck in military equipment? Reply

Abraham Gugenheim NYC March 1, 2016

To Anon in Torrance In my experience, chassidic Jews wear their beards with pride to interviews, and people generally respond with respect, understanding and admiration.

By all means, go ahead and brush your beard and even roll it up nicely. There is nothing wrong with that.

Also note that there are many religious Jews who shave (of course with a shaver that does not give too close a trim). If you think you should be one of them, speak to your community rabbi and determine what makes sense for you. Reply

Anonymous Torrance, CA March 1, 2016

Halakhah and job interview
What do you do if you need to guard the mitzvot of the Torah with regards to your beard while at the same time getting ready for a job interview? We need to make a living and get work; yet also need to make sure that the we are zealous to guard the Torah. What needs to be done? Thank you for your time. Reply

W E Alley Jr Rhode Island USA November 28, 2014

Greetings and shalom,

High praise Rabbi Aron for your most scholarly answer on the importance of the Beard! If only this were before my eyes prior to November 2012 I would have sought you while staying in Australia at that time on holiday to thank you personally. I am a writer on the topic of Beards for a very mixed audience - some of the faith or similar Judeo-Christian teaching, some from other faiths; all who grow beards understand a sense of divine eminence the longer the beard grows. I am writing in one of my blogs to point more beard growers to your article via a link. Reply

Tobie the public table via March 10, 2014


As a woman, I can't grow a beard. Is there a womanly analogue to the increase in spirituality of hair growing down from the head? Is a woman's head hair an analogue.

Thanks! Reply

Anonymous East Coast September 3, 2013

Spiritual Power I do hope that the free-growing facial hair actually exerts the desired spiritual power, as that would trump the unpleasing aethetics of an untrimmed beard.

Glad I Googled the question that led me to this website because now do not have to ask the rabbi why he doesn't neaten-up his beard.

From a female who doesn't like beards in general, is barely Jewish and has started to attend Torah study for the conversation, I ask that you forgive my perspective if forgiveness is warranted. Reply

Benyomin Fitterman Atlanta, GA via August 30, 2012

True Courage I grew the beard first thing when becoming observant. I was in college. The beard keeps you from assimilation because it makes you look very Jewish. Everyone thinks women don't like the beard, including some rabbis at Yeshiva. I can tell you they are wrong. The beard helps you behave well because everyone thinks you are a rabbi. The beard gives you more confidence because it makes you look more manly. The beard makes you feel authentic doing mitzvot, such as praying, putting on tefillin, and singing Shabbat songs. Do not underestimate the importance of this mitzvah. Yes, it is merely externals, but externals reflect internals. Reply

Jacob Lorang WW March 23, 2012

@ James I have found that rule to be true in such ways that it astounds me; if I change, my family does. The beard initially for me was a distinction between the image of society, and the image of God. It was all about what people thought, and how I wanted them to see me as a dependable, hard-working, responsible man and father. Clean-shaveness represented that to me b/c that is what I was taught, and that a beard such as mine is rebellion. Isn't that amazing? What the LORD says is obedience, the world cries out rebellion?! Ha! I pondered in great length David's men being shamed by having their beards cut. I've realized that it represents maturity, and comprehension regarding the words we speak. What is the Jewish view of hair length? Some say to keep it short, for long hair is regarded as sensual... I would tend to agree with that idea, for simplistic presentation seems much more suitible to ward off temptation... in my opinion. Reply

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