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Is It Immoral to Be Overweight?

Is It Immoral to Be Overweight?



As a fitness trainer, I wonder: do health and fitness have a place in Judaism? It seems that the secular world encourages a healthy life far more than the Jewish world does. I hear rabbis talk about spiritual matters, but find it hard to listen to them if they themselves are overweight. Is physical wellbeing not important?


The scales of merit are not found in heaven anymore, but are right there on the bathroom floorIn our modern world, we are seeing health as the new morality. Good and bad are now measured in calories. My cereal box invites me to “taste the goodness”—not a moral value, but rather a nutritional one. The scales of merit are not found in heaven anymore, but are right there on the bathroom floor, and the daily judgment is pronounced in kilos and pounds.

This all makes sense if you see the human being as just a body without a soul. If the flesh is all there is, health becomes the highest ideal. But from the Jewish perspective, the soul is our true self, and the body its vehicle. The body and its health are important only because through them we express our higher self. More so, while our body houses our soul, it is a gift from our Creator to use while we are in this world. As it is on loan to us and therefore does not truly belong to us, we must always treat it with respect.

The great Jewish thinker, Maimonides, wrote in the 12th century:

“Caring for the health and wellbeing of the body is one of the ways of serving G‑d.”

And he immediately explains why:

“One is unable to think clearly and comprehend truth if he is unwell.”

If your mind is cloudy, you may lack moral clarity to know what’s right. While battling with illness, we may not find the stamina to battle the ills of the world. That’s why we need to look after our bodies. A healthy body is not in itself our life’s purpose; it helps us fulfill our purpose. It is a vehicle that transports us towards goodness, but it is not the destination.

Jewish tradition provides no excuse for being unhealthyJewish tradition provides no excuse for being unhealthy. On the contrary, it gives the best reason possible to live healthy: life has meaning and purpose, and each day is precious. Only if life has meaning is it worth taking care of. The risks of high cholesterol, heavy smoking and drug use are a concern only to one who values life. The threat of a shorter lifespan means nothing to someone who sees life as pointless.

We are the healthiest generation in recent history, and our life expectancy is reaching biblical proportions. This means we have more time and energy to fulfill our purpose—to elevate our corner of the world, and tip the scales towards true goodness.

Aron Moss is rabbi of the Nefesh Community in Sydney, Australia, and is a frequent contributor to
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Discussion (91)
July 26, 2016
More Americans are obese today than ever before.

It is at least partly because, in the 1980s, food producers began adding more and more sugar and salt to all the canned and packaged foods on the grocery shelves. The effect was to make the public addicted to sugar and salt, to the point that today, none of them dares to make anything with the old normal amounts of sugar and salt, because people will not buy them. They will buy another brand that contains the sugar and salt everyone has become used to.

I read the ingredients and avoid sugar, salt, and starches. I mostly buy raw foods and cook from scratch, because the "convenience" foods are oversweetened and oversalted. Read the labels. An item will contain sugar, sucrose, maltose, dextrose, corn syrup, and honey. That way, there seems to be only a small amount of each. But each one of them is sugar, and, if combined, would be the number one ingredient of many foods, especially breakfast cereals.
July 26, 2016
I see many people that are beyond overweight. they are obese. I do not understand why they ruin their bodies. it's not just Jewish people. every one should aim for health.
April 29, 2015
Body and Soul work in pair!
Yes both the body and the soul walk thru life together. Ignoring one, handicaps the other.
But I would not say that today Jewish people are health ignorant! They are much more aware of the consequences but don’t have the will power to resist geschmakt food. They are more informed than their ancestors and just want to keep the traditions as they always were, ignoring that it could hurt them physically. I know the way my own mother used to eat, although she was far from being obese, all the schmaltz and lots of carbs in her cooking, thinking it was healthy. I still follow her recipes but leave all the fat and carbs out—and I am Jewish! You can see lots of heavy people who are not Jewish, so no point labeling. Why are there so many Jewish doctors? do they also ignore their health?
Boca Raton FL
April 21, 2015
This response, in my view is slanted every so slightly as to not offend those who are not healthy and possibly rationalize our sad and woeful physical shape. Saying that the body is "Just" the vehicle is like saying the two front tires off my car are JUST the front. You need both the front and the back to go anywhere! The Talmud in the wonderful story about the blind and lame watchmen bring out this message beautifully. In this plane, the soul and body are one. Neglecting one is neglecting the other. The body is on loan and a borrower has the highest obligation of all shomrim\watchmen.
This oft quoted statement about our generation living longer requires qualification
as does the retort from those who eat unhealthfully towards those who do.
It is not a question of length of years rather it is a consideration of the quality of those years.

Put simply: Jews are generally ignorant about health and the impact of diet upon their health.
We need to do far better!
February 23, 2015
For the past 30 years, our packaged groceries have been loaded with added white sugar or high fructose corn syrup, as well as with fats which enhance flavors, so that today it is almost impossible to find tomato sauce without loads of sugar. How much sugar? As much as in the syrup we pour over ice cream.

If we don't know this and don't read ingredients, we can, all unknowing, eat what we think are healthy veggies, when what we eat has more sugar than fiber or nutrients.

By now, most people have grown up on foods loaded with added sugars and fats and have become addicted to these added sugars and fats. Straight fruits and veggies taste bad to people.

Even with great effort, it is difficult to impossible to avoid such additives. For five years I have eaten no sugars of any kind, and added sugars no longer taste good to me. Instead, I can now taste the sweetness in plain fruit.

But exercise is even more important to mental function. It gets nutrients to the brain. .
February 23, 2015
When we say the laws of kashrus are for health, we also say that refrigeration and modern medicine renders those concerns obsolete. That cuases us not to bother to keep kosher.

But kashrus is an opportunity to serve Gd without any payback--just because Gd said to do it; just out of pure love.

For anyone who keeps kosher, the practice of kashrus is one of the main signposts of Jewishness as a routine in daily life--like saying brachos. Would you like to claim that brachos are good for health, and that we have other techniques, such as TM, to achieve this benefit, and therefore we would stop giving thanks via brachos?

We have the Torah, whose practice reminds us of Gd's love for us, and of our love for Gd. These practices keep us in touch with Jews all over the world, including our own remotest ancestors. These are functions which are unique and invaluable and unavailable via modern techniques.

When we neglect Torah practices, our Jewish treasure, our link to Gd, suffers. Keep it!
February 22, 2015
We aren't allowed to have tattoos - because it's G-d's body - so shouldn't we also be obligated to stay healthy and in shape?
November 7, 2013
But wait! There's more....
If we only focus on our individual eating and exercise habits, aren't we forgetting about the health of others? And, I believe it is a Jew's purpose to help others fulfill their purposes so therefore we have to also help others be healthy. Having established that, it becomes imperative to become environmental activists and take a stand against those who promote poor health through the their policies and practices.

For example, How can I support Stephen Harper when I know that he is pushing the KeyStone pipeline? The method of "natural gas" extraction he endorses not only causes environmental destruction but has very very serious implications for human health. The same goes for GMO foods and foods grown with toxic pesticides. And other harmful chemicals that find their way into our food (artificial colours and flavours, shellac to make candy shiny - this is all certified Kosher, by the way). Given the Jewish obligations to look after our health and help others achieve their life's pu
August 1, 2013
I think its important to note that there are those with eating disorders/addictions that are rooted in food addictions for which will power is not enough.
It is important to raise awareness of Overeater anonymous and their groups and programs that have helped many of those suffering tremendously from guilt and shame.
On there is a section about 12 step groups you can look there for more information.
With love,

June 16, 2013
Diet Health.
I like this article....Many of the rules in Scripture, given to Moses, were of a health preserving nature. A people traveling in the desert had no refrigeration of course, which makes common sense regarding the eating of some things a highly risky business! Long before bacteria were discovered, they were nevertheless very prevalent and active, making it necessary for the Creator to make a few health rules such as covering up excrement with a suitable wooden stick, and keeping your hands off dead bodies, and so on. Jews were into washing themselves long before the benefits were understood. The conclusion is then clearly, that our physical care is important to the one who made us.. Even the animal world has a very sophisticated intrinsic sense of what to eat and what to abstain from!
Hooray for Aussies.....
Mrs Gillian Wardle
Sth Australia