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Order of the Day

Order of the Day

A step-by-step guide to Tisha B’Av observance

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Note: Special rules and certain variations apply if Tisha B’Av falls on Shabbat or Sunday. Click here for the details.

Afternoon of the 8th of Av

The restriction against studying Torah—other than sections that discuss the destruction of the Temples or other sad topics—commences at midday on the eve of the fast. With few exceptions, the prohibition continues until the end of the fast.

Tachanun (penitential prayer) is omitted from the afternoon prayer, as well as from all of the Tisha B’Av prayers.1

The final meal consists of a hard-boiled egg and a piece of bread dipped in ashesShortly before the fast begins, we eat a “separation meal.” This somber meal is not very plentiful—it follows a larger meal eaten a bit earlier. This final meal is eaten while sitting on the floor or a low stool. It consists of a piece of bread and a hard-boiled egg dipped in ashes, a symbol of mourning. (No zimmun is conducted when reciting the Grace After Meals.)

With sundown, all the laws of Tisha B’Av take effect.

Tisha B’Av Eve

In the synagogue, the curtain is removed from the Ark and the lights are dimmed. After the evening prayers, the book of Lamentations (Eichah) is read. The leader reads aloud, and the congregation reads along in an undertone. In some communities (not Chabad), Lamentations is read by the leader from a parchment scroll.2

Lamentations is followed by the recitation of a few brief kinot (elegies) and the “V’Atah Kadosh” paragraph, followed by kaddish (minus the stanza beginning “Titkabel”3—which is also omitted from the kaddish recited at the end of the morning prayers).

Tisha B’Av Morning

When ritually washing the hands in the morning, pour water on your fingers only until the knuckle joints. While your fingers are still moist, you may wipe your eyes with them. It is not permitted to rinse out one’s mouth—or brush one’s teeth—until after the fast.

Considering that we don’t wear leather footwear on this day, the blessing “Who provided me with all my needs,” which primarily thanks G‑d for providing us with shoes, is omitted from the morning blessings.

Tallit and tefillin are not worn during the morning services. Tefillin are referred to as our “glory,” and on the Ninth of Av our glory is absent. Tzitzit are worn the entire day.

Those who follow Sephardic tradition insert the “Aneinu” passage in the Amidah. The priestly blessing is omitted from the cantor’s repetition.

The Torah reading in the morning is Deuteronomy 4:25–40, which speaks of the destruction of the Land of Israel. A chapter from Jeremiah (8:13–9:23), which also speaks of the destruction, is read as the haftorah.

Tefillin are referred to as our “glory,” and on the Ninth of Av our glory is absentAfter the morning prayers, it is customary to read the kinot elegies. The service then concludes with “Uva L’Tziyon” (omitting its second verse, “And this is My covenant”4) and “Aleinu.” The Song of the Day and “Ein K’Elokeinu” are omitted.

Work is permitted on Tisha B’Av, but discouraged. On this day, one’s focus should be on mourning and repentance. If one must work, it should preferably begin after midday.

It is customary to give extra charity on every fast day.

Tisha B’Av Afternoon

It is customary to wait until midday before starting the food preparations for the post-fast meal. The intensity of the mourning lessens in the afternoon, as is evident from the relaxing of certain restrictions.

After midday, it is once again permitted to sit on chairs and benches of regular height.

Many communities have the custom to clean the house and wash the floors after midday, in anticipation of the Redemption which we await.

In the synagogue, the Ark’s curtain is restored to its place before the afternoon prayers.

Men don their tallit and tefillin for the afternoon prayers. Before starting the afternoon prayers, it is customary to say those prayers omitted from the conclusion of the morning services.

Many have the custom to clean the house and wash the floors in anticipation of the Redemption The Torah is read before the Amidah. The reading is Exodus 32:11–14 and 34:1–10, which discusses how, in the aftermath of the Golden Calf incident, Moses successfully interceded on the Israelites’ behalf and attained forgiveness for their sin. After the afternoon Torah reading, the special fast-day haftorah, Isaiah 55:6–56:8, is read.

The sections of “Nachem” and “Aneinu” are added to the Amidah. (Note: “Aneinu” is recited only by those who are actually fasting.)

Post–Tisha B’Av

Before breaking the fast, one should perform netilat yadayim, this time covering the entire hand with water, but without reciting the blessing.

The Temple was set ablaze on the afternoon of the 9th of Av, and burned through the 10th. Therefore, the restrictions of the Nine Days (such as not eating meat, swimming, or laundering clothing) extend until midday of the 10th of Av.

However, if Tisha B’Av falls on a Thursday—in which case the 10th falls on Friday—one may wash and cut one’s hair on Friday morning in honor of the Shabbat.

FOOTNOTES
1.

This is because there is a verse (Lamentations 1:15) that refers to the Ninth of Av as moed, a word that can also mean “a festival.” This is a reflection of the idea that Tisha B’Av is the birthday of Moshiach, and contains the potential to be a great holiday—a potential that will be realized with the coming of Moshiach.

2.

In some communities that read Lamentations from a parchment scroll, the reader recites the blessing al mikra megillah beforehand.
Levush writes that the prevalent custom to not read Lamentations from a parchment scroll is based on the fact that such scrolls were rare. Scribes did not customarily inscribe this scroll, as an expression of the yearning and great anticipation for the time when the Ninth of Av will be transformed into a day of rejoicing and happiness.

3.

Omitted because it is a petition that our prayers be accepted. We read in Lamentations (3:8) that “my prayer has been shut out”—so how can we petition G‑d to accept our prayers if they have been shut out?

4.

This verse is omitted because we are forbidden to study Torah—G‑d’s covenant—on Tisha B’Av. Also, so that it does not appear as if we were establishing a covenant with G‑d over the destruction.

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Discussion (23)
July 16, 2013
leather shoes
can one wear leather shoes after midday?
Anonymous
July 15, 2013
Prohibition against Torah Study
Until when is the prohibition against Torah study?
Anonymous
July 29, 2012
Tisha b'av
Re : "May it be the last fasting that the Jewish nation have to do for the Holy Temple. May the redemption of the people come speedily and in our days. "

With the coming of Mashiach.
OMEIN and OMEIN!
B. Apel
Encino, Ca
July 29, 2012
Shoes on Tisha B'Av
There is also a custom to wear their shoes when you go to sleep on the night of this fast holiday to remember the Jews who ran away after the destruction of the First Temple by the Babylonians and the Second Temple by the Romans.
Akhael Ben Uriel
Fuengirola, Spain
July 29, 2012
Thank you.
These instructions have been very helpful to me.
Anonymous
Bronx, NY
July 24, 2012
Attn Dinna Alizah
There is a link at the very top of the page to instructions for this particular Shabbat and Tisha BeAv.
Mrs. Chana Benjaminson
mychabad.org
July 24, 2012
5772
Some changes should be taken into account since this year 9th of Av falls on Shabbat
dinna alizah
Boston, MA
July 23, 2012
Tisha b'av
May it be the last fasting that the Jewish nation have to do for the Holy Temple. May the redemption of the people come speedily and in our days.
Anonymous
toronto , On
August 10, 2011
Re: Erev Tisha B'Av
One should not eat two cooked dishes by the Seuda Hamafsekes in order to add in mourning for the destruction of the Temple. This is the reason why the custom is that on Tisha B'av eve we eat a proper meal, say the Birchat Hamozon, pray Mincha, and only then close to the actual fast have the Seuda Hamafsekes.
Yehuda Shurpin for Chabad.org
August 9, 2011
Erev tisha Bo'ov
What about the one prepared food which we are permitted to eat at the Seuda Hamafsekes besides the bread and egg? Are you familiar with this?
Anonymous
Montreal, Canada
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