Here's a great tip:
Enter your email address and we'll send you our weekly magazine by email with fresh, exciting and thoughtful content that will enrich your inbox and your life, week after week. And it's free.
Oh, and don't forget to like our facebook page too!
Printed from chabad.org
All Departments
Jewish Holidays
TheRebbe.org
Jewish.TV - Video
Jewish Audio
News
Kabbalah Online
JewishWoman.org
Kids Zone
Contact Us
Visit us on Facebook

The Chair of Elijah and Welcoming the Baby

The Chair of Elijah and Welcoming the Baby

E-mail
Photo: Chana Lewis
Photo: Chana Lewis

What?

The tradition is to designate a chair for Elijah the Prophet, the “Angel of the Covenant,” at every circumcision.1 Many synagogues have an ornamental chair for this purpose.2 Some have the custom that the sandek, the one holding the child on his lap during the circumcision, sits on this chair.3 Others use a chair that is wide enough for both the sandek and Elijah.

The custom in most communities is for the chair to be positioned from east to west, with the sandek , the one holding the child on his lap during the circumcision, facing west.4

Why?

For thousands of years, the Jewish nation has been oppressed in many ways. When tyrannical monarchies and governments wished to attack Judaism, one of the first Divine commandments they banned was ritual circumcision. For example, edicts against circumcision were in effect under the rule of the Syrian Greeks in the Hanukkah story, and more recently, under the Soviets.

Earlier, during the regime of King Ahab (740 BCE), the Jews were also forbidden from circumcising their newborn sons. Elijah the Prophet beseeched G‑d, with fervent zeal, that no rain should fall until the decree was abolished.

G‑d said to the prophet, “You always display zeal, and you have displayed zeal now… from now on, Jews will never perform a circumcision without your participation.”

For this reason, at every circumcision, we designate a chair for Elijah the Prophet.5

Welcome!

When the child is brought into the area where the circumcision will be performed, the mohel, the ritual circumciser, announces “kvatter,” calling the parents’ messengers to bring the infant from the mother to where the circumcision will be performed. Together, the participants welcome the child with the words, “baruch haba”-“Blessed is he who comes.”6

The mohel proclaims:

Happy is the man You choose and bring near to dwell in Your courtyards; we will be satiated with the goodness of Your House, Your Holy Temple.

He continues with several verses describing Elijah’s zeal for G‑d and his reward.

The L‑rd spoke to Moses, saying: Pinehas, the son of Elazar [the High Priest], the son of Aaron the [High] Priest, has turned My wrath away from the children of Israel when he displayed anger among them in My behalf, so that I did not wipe out the children of Israel in My anger. Therefore say: I grant him My covenant of peace.

One of the attendees is given the honor of placing the baby on the chair of Elijah as the mohel chants, “This is the seat of Elijah…” The mohel also asks that Elijah stand to his right and protect him, so nothing will go wrong during the circumcision:

This is the Seat of Elijah the Prophet, may he be remembered for good. For Your deliverance I hope, O L‑rd. I have hoped for Your deliverance, L‑rd, and I have performed Your commandments. Elijah, angel of the Covenant, here is yours before you; stand at my right and support me. I rejoice in Your word, like one who finds great spoil. Those who love Your Torah have abounding peace, and there is no stumbling for them. Happy is the man You choose and bring near to dwell in Your courtyards; we will be satiated with the goodness of Your House, Your Holy Temple.

FOOTNOTES
1.

Shulchan Aruch, Yoreh Deah 265:11.

2.

Machzor Vitry.

3.

Sdei Chemed, Beit Hakeneset, ch. 39. See Igrot Kodesh of the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneeron, of righteous memory, vol. 4, p. 129 and Torat Shalom, p. 79.

4.

Otzar Habrit, p. 193.

5.

Pirkei Derabi Elazar, end of ch. 29, according to the explanation of the Prisha 255:25. Click here for another version of the story.

6.

Brit Avot 7:1. This is the most prevalent custom. Other customs include the mohel calling out “Blessed is he who welcomes,” and everyone responding, “In the name of G‑d,” or the mohel saying, “Blessed are those who are seated or standing” and everyone responding, “Blessed is he who comes.” (Otzar Habrit, p. 110).

Dovid Zaklikowski is the director of Lubavitch Archives, a freelance journalist and public speaker. Dovid and his wife Chana Raizel are the proud parents of four: Motti, Meir, Shaina & Moshe Binyomin.
© Copyright, all rights reserved. If you enjoyed this article, we encourage you to distribute it further, provided that you comply with Chabad.org's copyright policy.
E-mail
1000 characters remaining
Email me when new comments are posted.
Circumcision is the first commandment given by G-d to Abraham, the first Jew, and is central to Judaism.
FEATURED ON CHABAD.ORG