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Birkat Hamazon in English

Birkat Hamazon in English

The Blessing After A Meal is recited seated, at the place where the meal was eaten.

On days when Tachnun is recited:

By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat and wept as we remembered Zion. There, upon the willows we hung our harps. For there our captors demanded of us songs, and those who scorned us—rejoicing, [saying,] “Sing to us of the songs of Zion.” How can we sing the song of the L-rd on alien soil? If I forget you, Jerusalem, let my right hand forget its dexterity. Let my tongue cleave to my palate if I will not remember you, if I will not bring to mind Jerusalem during my greatest joy! Remember, O L-rd, against the Edomites the day of the destruction of Jerusalem, when they said, “Raze it, raze it to its very foundation!” O Babylon, who are destined to be laid waste, happy is he who will repay you in retribution for what you have inflicted on us. Happy is he who will seize and crush your infants against the rock!

For the choirmaster, a song with instrumental music, a psalm. May G‑d be gracious to us and bless us, may He make His countenance shine upon us forever, that Your way be known on earth, Your salvation among all nations. The nations will extol You, O G‑d; all the nations will extol You. The nations will rejoice and sing for joy, for You will judge the peoples justly and guide the nations on earth forever. The peoples will extol You, O G‑d; all the peoples will extol You, for the earth will have yielded its produce, and G‑d, our G‑d, will bless us. G‑d will bless us; and all, from the furthest corners of the earth, shall fear Him.

On days when Tachnun is not recited:

A song of ascents. When the L-rd will return the exiles of Zion, we will have been like dreamers. Then our mouth will be filled with laughter, and our tongue with songs of joy; then will they say among the nations, “The L-rd has done great things for these.” The L-rd has done great things for us; we were joyful. L-rd, return our exiles as streams to arid soil. Those who sow in tears will reap with songs of joy. He goes along weeping, carrying the bag of seed; he will surely return with songs of joy, carrying his sheaves.

By the sons of Korach, a psalm, a song whose basic theme is the holy mountains [of Zion and Jerusalem]. The L-rd loves the gates of Zion more than all the dwelling places of Jacob. Glorious things are spoken of you, eternal city of G‑d. I will remind Rahav and Babylon concerning My beloved; Philistia and Tyre as well as Ethiopia, “This one was born there.” And to Zion will be said, “This person and that was born there”; and He, the Most High, will establish it. The L-rd will count in the register of people, “This one was born there.” Selah. Singers as well as dancers [will sing your praise and say], “All my inner thoughts are of you.”

Continue with "I will bless..."

I will bless the L-rd at all times; His praise is always in my mouth. Ultimately, all is known; fear G‑d and observe His commandments, for this is the whole purpose of man. My mouth will utter the praise of the L-rd; let all flesh bless His holy Name forever. And we will bless the L-rd from now to eternity. Praise the L-rd.

This is the portion of a wicked man from G‑d, and the heritage assigned to him by G‑d.

Rinse the fingertips and pass them over the lips, then recite the following:

And he said to me: This is the table that is before the L-rd.


When three or more men eat together, one of them leads the rest in the blessing. When ten or more eat together, add 'elo-haynu' as indicated.

Rabosai mir vel’n bentsh’n.
Y’hi shaym Ado-nöy m’voröch may-atöh v’ad olöm.
Y’hi shaym Ado-nöy m’voröch may-atöh v’ad olöm. Bir’shus mörönön v’rabönön v’rabosai, n’vöraych (elo-haynu) she- öchalnu mi-shelo.
Others who have eaten:
Böruch (elo-haynu) she-öchalnu mi-shelo uv’tuvo chö-yinu.
Those who have not eaten respond:
Böruch (elo-haynu) u-m’voröch sh’mo tömid l’olöm vö-ed.
Böruch (elo-haynu) she-öchalnu mi-shelo uv’tuvo chö-yinu.
At a wedding or Sheva Berachot.

Rabosai mir vel’n bentsh’n.

Y’hi shaym Ado-nöy m’voröch may-atöh v’ad olöm.
Y’hi shaim Ado-nöy m’voröch may-atöh v’ad olöm. Bir’shus mörönön v’rabönön v’rabosai, n’vöraych elo-haynu she-hasimchö bi-m’ono she-öchalnu mi-shelo.
Others who have eaten:
Böruch elo-haynu she-hasimchö bi-m’ono she-öchalnu mi-shelo u-v’tuvo chö-yinu.
Those who have not eaten respond:
Böruch elo-haynu she-hasimchö bi-m’ono u-m’voröch sh’mo tömid l’olöm vö-ed.
Böruch elo-haynu she-hasimchö bi-m’ono she-öchalnu mi-shelo u-v’tuvo chö-yinu.

The leader concludes each blessing aloud, and the others respond Amen.

Blessed are You, L-rd our G‑d, King of the universe, Who, in His goodness, provides sustenance for the entire world with grace, with kindness, and with mercy. He gives food to all flesh, for His kindness is everlasting. Through His great goodness to us continuously we do not lack [food], and may we never lack food, for the sake of His great Name. For He, benevolent G‑d, provides nourishment and sustenance for all, does good to all, and prepares food for all His creatures whom He has created, as it is said: You open Your hand and satisfy the desire of every living thing. Blessed are You, L-rd, Who provides food for all.

We offer thanks to You, L-rd our G‑d, for having given as a heritage to our ancestors a precious, good and spacious land; for having brought us out, L-rd our G‑d, from the land of Egypt, and redeemed us from the house of bondage; for Your covenant which You have sealed in our flesh; for Your Torah which You have taught us; for Your statutes which You have made known to us; for the life, favor, and kindness which You have graciously bestowed upon us; and for the food we eat with which You constantly nourish and sustain us every day, at all times, and at every hour.

On Chanukah and Purim, add the following.
And [we thank You] for the miracles, for the redemption, for the mighty deeds, for the saving acts, and for the wonders which You have wrought for our ancestors in those days, at this time
For Chanukah
In the days of Matityahu, the son of Yochanan the High Priest, the Hasmonean and his sons, when the wicked Hellenic government rose up against Your people Israel to make them forget Your Torah and violate the decrees of Your will. But You, in Your abounding mercies, stood by them in the time of their distress. You waged their battles, defended their rights, and avenged the wrong done to them. You delivered the mighty into the hands of the weak, the many into the hands of the few, the impure into the hands of the pure, the wicked into the hands of the righteous, and the wanton sinners into the hands of those who occupy themselves with Your Torah. You made a great and holy name for Yourself in Your world, and effected a great deliverance and redemption for Your people Israel to this very day. Then Your children entered the shrine of Your House, cleansed Your Temple, purified Your Sanctuary, kindled lights in Your holy courtyards, and instituted these eight days of Chanukah to give thanks and praise to Your great Name.
For Purim
In the days of Mordechai and Esther, in Shushan the capital, when the wicked Haman rose up against them and sought to destroy and annihilate all the Jews, young and old, infants and women, in one day, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, the month of Adar, and to take their spoil for plunder. But You, in Your abounding mercies foiled his counsel and frustrated his intention, and caused the evil he planned — to recoil on his own head, and they hanged him and his sons upon the gallows.

For all this, L-rd our G‑d, we give thanks to You and bless You. May Your Name be blessed by the mouth of every living being, constantly and forever, as it is written: When you have eaten and are satiated, you shall bless the L-rd your G‑d for the good land which He has given you. Blessed are You, L-rd, for the land and for the sustenance.

Have mercy, L-rd our G‑d, upon Israel Your people, upon Jerusalem Your city, upon Zion the abode of Your glory, upon the kingship of the house of David Your anointed, and upon the great and holy House over which Your Name was proclaimed. Our G‑d, our Father,

On weekdays:
tend us,
On Shabbat and festivals:
our Shepherd,
nourish us, sustain us, feed us, and provide us with plenty; and speedily, L-rd our G‑d, grant us relief from all our afflictions. L-rd our G‑d, please do not make us dependent upon the gifts of mortal men nor upon their loans, but only upon Your full, open, holy, and generous hand, that we may never be shamed or disgraced.

On Shabbat:
May it please You, L-rd our G‑d, to strengthen us through Your mitzvot, and through the mitzvah of the Seventh Day, this great and holy Shabbat. For this day is great and holy before You, to refrain from work and to rest thereon with love, in accordance with the commandment of Your will. In Your good will, L-rd our G‑d, bestow upon us tranquility, that there shall be no distress, sadness, or sorrow on the day of our rest. L-rd our G‑d, let us see the consolation of Zion Your city, and the rebuilding of Jerusalem Your holy city, for You are the Master of deliverance and the Master of consolation.

On Rosh Chodesh, festivals, and Chol Hamoed, add the following.
As the leader recites aloud the words Remember…for good life in the following paragraph, the others respond Amen as indicated.
Our G‑d and G‑d of our fathers, may there ascend, come, and reach; be seen, accepted, and heard; recalled and remembered before You the remembrance and recollection of us, the remembrance of our fathers, the remembrance of Mashiach the son of David Your servant, the remembrance of Jerusalem Your holy city, and the remembrance of all Your people the House of Israel, for deliverance, well-being, grace, kindness, mercy, good life, and peace, on this day of
On Rosh Chodesh:
Rosh Chodesh.
On Pesach:
the festival of Matzot.
On Shavuot:
the festival of Shavuot.
On Sukkot:
the festival of Sukkot.
On Rosh Hashanah:
the festival of Remembrance.
On Shemini Atzeret:
the festival of Shemini Atzeret
On Rosh Chodesh and Chol Hamoed, omit the following line:
this holy festival day.

Remember us on this [day], L-rd our G‑d, for good (Amen); be mindful of us on this [day] for blessing (Amen); help us on this [day] for good life (Amen). With the promise of deliverance and compassion, spare us and be gracious to us, and have mercy upon us and deliver us, for our eyes are directed to You; for You, G‑d, are a gracious and merciful King.

And rebuild Jerusalem the holy city speedily in our days. Blessed are You, L-rd, Who in His mercy rebuilds Jerusalem. Amen.

Blessed are You, L-rd our G‑d, King of the universe, benevolent G‑d, our Father, our King, our Strength, our Creator, our Redeemer, our Maker, our Holy One, the Holy One of Jacob, our Shepherd, the Shepherd of Israel, the King who is good and does good to all, each and every day. He has done good for us, He does good for us, and He will do good for us; He has bestowed, He bestows, and He will forever bestow upon us grace, kindness, and mercy; relief, salvation and success; blessing and deliverance; consolation, livelihood and sustenance; compassion, life, peace, and all goodness; and may He never cause us to lack any good. May the Merciful One reign over us forever and ever. May the Merciful One be blessed in heaven and on earth. May the Merciful One be praised for all generations, and pride Himself in us forever and to all eternity, and glorify Himself in us forever and ever. May the Merciful One provide our livelihood with honor.

May the Merciful One break the yoke of exile from our neck, and may He lead us upright to our land. May the Merciful One send abundant blessing into this house and upon this table at which we have eaten. May the Merciful One send us Elijah the prophet—may he be remembered for good—and let him bring us good tidings, deliverance, and consolation. May the Merciful One bless my father, my teacher, the master of this house, and my mother, my teacher, the mistress of this house; them, their household, their children, and all that is theirs; us, and all that is ours. Just as He blessed our forefathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, “in all things,” “by all things,” with “all things,” so may He bless all of us together (the children of the Covenant) with a perfect blessing, and let us say, Amen.

From heaven, may there be invoked upon him and upon us such merit as will bring enduring peace. May we receive blessing from the L-rd and kindness from G‑d our deliverer, and may we find grace and good understanding in the eyes of G‑d and man.

On Shabbat:
May the Merciful One let us inherit that day which will be all Shabbat and rest for life everlasting.
On Rosh Chodesh:
May the Merciful One renew for us this month for good and for blessing.
On festivals:
On Festivals:
May the Merciful One let us inherit that day which is all good.
On On Sukkot and Chol Hamoed Sukkot:
May the Merciful One restore for us the fallen sukkah of David.

May the Merciful One grant us the privilege of reaching the days of the Mashiach and the life of the World to Come.

On weekdays:
He gives great deliverance
On Shabbat, Rosh Chodesh, festivals and Chol Hamoed:
He is a tower of deliverance

to His king, and bestows kindness upon His anointed, to David and his descendants forever. He Who makes peace in His heavens, may He make peace for us and for all Israel; and say, Amen.

Fear the L-rd, you His holy ones, for those who fear Him suffer no want. Young lions are in need and go hungry, but those who seek the L-rd shall not lack any good. Give thanks to the L-rd for He is good, for His kindness is everlasting. You open Your hand and satisfy the desire of every living thing. Blessed is the man who trusts in the L-rd, and the L-rd will be his security.

At a wedding feast, the Seven Blessings ("Sheva Berachot") are recited here.

If one recited the Blessing After A Meal over a cup of wine:

Blessed are You, L-rd our G‑d, King of the universe, who creates the fruit of the vine.

From Siddur Tehillat Hashem. © Copyright Kehot Publication Society, Brooklyn NY
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Yo'sef May 27, 2017

Hi there. I have a simple question. When do we say this prayer, do we say it after every meal, or only during some of the feasts or on Shabbat? Also what about if one were alone as I am most often, and there is no one to say the blessing with or if I am in called immediately during my prayer, as I do work in the hospital? What would be the shortened version of this prayer that I can say when I'm at the hospital in a rush after my meals? I would greatly appreciate if these questions could be answered! Always a pleasure to learn more and more!! Shalom! Reply

Eliahu Wisconsin July 17, 2017
in response to Yo'sef:

It appears no one has replied to your question so I will share some knowledge with you although I am not a Rabbi.

1. After every meal a blessing is said however, this longer blessing that you ask about is said only after having a meal with bread.

2. If you are alone or with less than 3 men including yourself, the part labeled Zimmun is not recited.

3. A rabbi would have to answer regarding your query if you are in the middle and an emergency arises--certainly an emergency takes precedence. If you memorized the prayers you could say them while going. If not, I'm not sure if you come back to them later. Reply

Anonymous March 5, 2017

Continuity The other transliteration and translations by you don't include "this is the table before the lord" and "By the rivers of Babylon...". Please fix this. Thank you in advance! God bless you all Reply

Eliyahu Oklahoma June 12, 2016

Grace After Meal In the military the Jewish Chaplain issues the Jewish personnel a small pocket size prayer book. It is one of the few prayer book that the orthodox, conservative and reform all agree on. I still have my prayer book. There is a very short version of the Birkat Ha-Mazon. In the military were always on the move. You could finish the long version of grace in one place. As a 22 year police veteran and Jew, laying Tefillin, donning tzitzi is a chore while on patrol. I could have my dave in interrupted with about three domestic violence calls, Shots fired and a burglary report before I complete my davening. Reply

Anonymous chicago January 18, 2016

You only have to say Birkat Hamazon after eating a kzayit of bread or if you eat enough mezunos for a meal. This blessing covers all foods in your meal that included bread. If you did not eat eat bread or enough mezunos then you have to say separate blessings for the food that you ate. Reply

Citrine US December 30, 2015

I found this English translation; do I have to say all of this after every meal, or just certain parts - and which parts? It will take me longer than it takes to finish the food on my plate. Where can I hear the Hebrew pronunciation of the transliteration, so I can learn that, too? (haven't seen the answer yet). Reply

Anonymous September 12, 2017
in response to Citrine:

You generally start from: "Blessed are You, L-rd our G‑d, King of the universe, Who, in His goodness, provides sustenance for the entire world with grace, with kindness, and with mercy. ...." and continue on from there. Reply

Eliezer Zalmanov for December 22, 2015

Re: the short birkat ha mazon When it is absolutely impossible to complete the full Birkat Hamazon, whatever the situation may be. Reply

Anonymous December 19, 2015

the short birkat ha mazon When is it acceptable (even though not desirable, but acceptable) to use the short birkat ha mazon? Reply

Bryan Russell Hollywood, FL, USA February 17, 2015

Re: Anonymous (Indy) Anonymous, I think it's because prayer is opening a 'channel' for us to communicate with G-d, and after eating (and feeling satisfied), it is one of the best opportunities (and states of mind) in which to do so. Therefore, some of the most fundamental Jewish concerns, such as the arrival of Moshiach, are included in these prayers. I hope my answer makes sense. Reply

Anonymous Indy February 11, 2015

Why is it that a simple thanking for food ends up taking longer than it rightfully should? As a corollary to that, why is so much of this prayer offering thanks for food not about the food? I honestly want to know. Reply

michael Jerusalem September 10, 2017
in response to Anonymous:

We should think that this usually only comes up when eating meals, and many things such as bagels and cake are actually mezonot, so it's not as much of a burden as you might think.

And on food, what is food about? Food is what gives us our energy to do things, and bread as opposed to other foods, is one of the more intensive man made products. Fruits, vegetables, eggs etc.. are all products pf nature, you could find them without mans production, whereas bread is a product of man. So bread is special in this sense, similar to wine - it should be noted both are an integral part of Shabbat and Chagim. When giving thanks it includes elements from our entire experince of life, because it is intimately connected to what enables that experience, with our meals providing our bodies with the requirements mecessary to sustain our existance as we currently know it. Reply

shaul wolf brooklyn May 22, 2014

Re: versions There are many different versions of the prayers, and different siddurim will follow different versions.

In general, the Siddur Tehillat Hashem, that follows the version of the AriZal, is based on the Sephardic tradition, whereas the ArtScroll siddur follows the Ashkenazic tradition. Reply

Anonymous May 22, 2014

versions Please, why is the passage beginning "I will bless the L-rd at all times" missing from the Artscroll Siddur translation of the grace? Reply

Citrine US April 8, 2013

Grace after meals I found this English translation; do I have to say all of this after every meal, or just certain parts - and which parts? It will take me longer than it takes to finish the food on my plate. Where can I hear the Hebrew pronunciation of the transliteration, so I can learn that, too? Reply

Anonymous September 12, 2017
in response to Citrine:

For a good explanation of when to say this Grace after meals, google: chabad grace after meals no free lunch. It will take you to the page I'm referring to.

For different meals that don't involve bread, there are much shorter blessings. Many people will substitute rice, crackers, potatoes etc instead of eating bread as the blessings after these foods take far less time. Reply

Rivka February 12, 2012

PDF Version I have Siddur at home. But that would be great to have it in PDF format so I could pray when I'm out of home. Reply

Rob W. Pittsburgh, PA December 2, 2010

Saying "Thanks" and "Sorry" simultaneously In recent years, I've been getting ever so slightly more religious in tiny, little increments, and not without plenty of alternation between backsliding and steps forward. So, for example, I've been making increasing attempts to keep kosher, but for me it's still relative; relative to the choices I used to make, I eat far less traif than I used to, but compared to the really pious Jews I know, I've still a ways to go.

The other day, I purchased some food which I knew wasn't fully Kosher, but in my relativist thinking I thought that it would be "relatively" Kosher. "It's chicken," I thought, "and while I suspect that it might not have been slaughtered in a Kosher manner, at least it's not a forbidden animal." Well, much to my embarassment, when I bit into it, I tasted ham mixed in with it. I used to like ham, but I think learning Torah has made it "detestable" to me now. I told G-d that I was sorry, but I thanked Him for keeping me alive none the less. Reply

Jonathan Great Neck, NY October 16, 2017
in response to Rob W. :

Rob, I commend you for giving do much thought to what you are doing. For some who you consider to be more pious than you, it may come easy for them to follow appropriate halacha, but for someone who isn't used to it, doing what you are doing, in increments, communicating with G-d about it, is admirable. Keep up the good work, keep moving forward, and who knows, you may just end up becoming more pious and following appropriate halacha even more than those you consider to be far more pious than yourself at this current time. Yasher Koach! Reply

Menachem Posner for November 4, 2010

Dinner on Shabbat? After enjoying a post-Shabbat dinner (known as "melava malkah"), you do not insert the special Shabbat portions. Reply

Nathan Las Vegas, NV November 2, 2010

Dinner on Shabbat? If one can not begin to eat dinner until AFTER sundown on Saturday night, do they say the weekday portion or Shabbat portion? Reply

Chaya Sarah Silberberg for August 7, 2010

Grace over non-kosher food We make a blessing on food because 1. We acknowledge that G-d created the food, and thank Him for it. 2. All matter exists because within it is a spark of G dliness. The blessing activates and elevates this spark, so the food nourishes us physically and spiritually.

Regarding a blessing on non-kosher food: 1. It's a mockery to thank G d for un-kosher food that one eats in opposition to His will. 2. Although all physical matter contains G dly sparks, in some cases the Divine energy is accessible to us; in others not. Our purpose is to elevate these sparks; when the Divine energy is not accessible, these objects are prohibited to us. The Divine energy in non-kosher food is so tightly imprisoned that we cannot access it. Hence, no blessing.

This applies where you know definitely that a food is not kosher – say, a cheeseburger, or a shrimp cocktail. But if you do not know for sure that it’s not kosher – i.e., it may be kosher, although it has no kosher certification, then you may recite a blessing or the Grace over it. Reply

Jessica Rachel Taos , NM August 1, 2010

RE: Mitzvot Yes, it is okay to say Grace After Meals even when one's food isn't kosher.

I'm in the process of converting to Judaism, and my thought is this: to learn GAM first in English, then later in Hebrew.

I feel such joy in taking the time and saying GAM. I haven't learned much by heart yet, but I'm learning it, piece by piece. Reply

Anonymous Sedona, US May 26, 2010

Mitzvot I am trying to do 100 Mitzvot so my niece's name/life will be for a blessing. I would like to try to remember to say Grace after eating. Is it OK to do this even when my food isn't Kosher? Reply

ingride lewis kfar saba, israel August 18, 2009

grace after meals Hi Ezza,

I absolutely agree with you about G-d being No. 1 in our lives but sometimes , well very often, when pressure is rushes off after eating. But i do agree with you. We are so constantly reminded of G-d.

Just wish I was more disciplined.

Clare you asked for the Grace in hebrew. Don't we the grace for the other foods in our prayer book?

Thank you for bringing up "bread" and the longer Grace after Meals. Why is that? Why does bread play such a prominent role ?

Thank you. Reply

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