Printed from chabad.org
All Departments
Jewish Holidays
TheRebbe.org
Jewish.TV - Video
Jewish Audio
News
Kabbalah Online
JewishWoman.org
Kids Zone

Shacharit–Morning Prayers

Shacharit–Morning Prayers

Rise and Climb

E-mail

The sun has risen; a new day beckons.

It’s time to climb a ladder, to ascend to the heavenly spheres and fortify our sensitivity for G‑d and spirituality. After this daily booster we descend, equipped to tackle the day and the struggles it will present.

This ladder is the morning prayers, shacharit, recited sometime between sunrise and midday (the earlier the better). The prayer lasts, on average, half an hour.

Shacharit is preceded by several pages of preliminary blessings and prayers. After this preamble, the ladder-climbing commences.

Rung One:

Content: Hodu—a set of verses that praise the Almighty—and Psalms 30 and 67.
Theme: Simple acknowledgement of G‑d as the Master of the Universe, and a commitment to obey His will.

The Amidah reveals the intrinsic bond that connects us with the Creator, a bond that transcends emotion or intellect

Rung Two:

Content: The “Verses of Praise,” a series of Psalms (the bulk is Psalm 145–150), preceded by a blessing (Baruch She’amar) and followed by one (Yishtabach).
Theme: Awakening an emotional attachment to G‑d through awareness of His awesome deeds.

Rung Three:

Content: The Shema, preceded by two blessings and followed by one.
Theme: Contemplating the workings of the supernal worlds and comprehension of G‑d’s greatness and oneness.

Rung Four:

Content: The Amidah.
Theme: The Amidah is when one stands before G‑d and addresses Him directly, asking for his needs. This closeness denotes complete oneness with G‑d, a revelation of the intrinsic bond that connects us with the Creator, a bond that transcends emotion or intellect. This prayer is recited while standing at attention, and in an undertone.

Climbing Down

The Amidah is followed by penitential prayers, a brief reading from the Torah scroll on Mondays and Thursdays (and some other festive days), the “Song of the Day,” followed by the “Ein k’Elokeinu” and “Aleinu” hymns.

Notes:

  • Adult males don tefillin and tallit for the course of the prayer.
  • When there are ten men, kaddish is recited several times during the prayer, and the prayer leader repeats the Amidah aloud while the rest answer “Amen.”
  • For special days (e.g., Shabbat, holidays, fast days), there are special variations. Certain prayers are added or omitted.
Illustrations by Yehuda Lang. To view more artwork by this artist, click here.
© Copyright, all rights reserved. If you enjoyed this article, we encourage you to distribute it further, provided that you comply with Chabad.org's copyright policy.
E-mail
1000 characters remaining
Email me when new comments are posted.
Sort By:
Discussion (13)
July 26, 2014
Thank you for this! I love the teachings you present...
One question... Why address the day with the "struggles it will present"? Especially after praying any struggles should be turned to joy and learning about the beauty of our world as we are walking through the day with a higher awareness. Addressing the day with joy instead of struggle seems much more appropriate to G-d's desires.
Shirley
Washington State
December 23, 2012
Re Videos
hi, please click on 'related' and video' on the right side of the page. You'll see several videos on the daily prayers. Enjoy!
Chabad.org Staff
Providence
December 22, 2012
morning
I really like this article. I'd like to see a video on the how to to better assist me..shalom can anyone suggest anything?
Anonymous
October 29, 2012
Solo
I see in the Notes that without a minyan, I should not say kaddish. What else should I omit if I am saying morning prayers alone?
yminoh
September 11, 2011
To David Morris
You may bathe before launching into your Shacharit routine.

You should delay your breakfast, however, until after you pray. If you feel that you will be hungry and not able to concentrate a snack is okay, as it will enhance your prayers.
Menachem Posner for Chabad.org
Montreal, QC
September 10, 2011
Order of morning
What is the best order of the morning...?
"Modi Ani" then "Netilat Yadayim". Get dressed & straight into Shacharit.

Or do you (or can you) bathe & have breakfast after Netilat Yadayim before getting into Shacharit....?

Is the order optional to the individual or set
David Morris
Sydney, Australia
July 13, 2011
Siddur
I have the Tehillat Hashem Siddur. You can get it on this website. Very affordable and has the prayers in English, Hebrew, and lots more. Highly recommended!
Tyler
Castle Rock
July 12, 2011
author unknown - illustrator known
To author unknown - thanks for a concise guide to the rungs of the prayer ladder. Have seen other concise ones too. It's nice to see them align. You take the ladder metaphor to where I have not been told before. How to get down! I assumed that we were supposed to stay up there for the rest of the day. Obviously not. If we apply your ladder properly, we have to come down to this real world via those prayers of penitence. Reminds me of Jacob's Ladder with the angels going down and up. I am no angel. of course, but just using the imagery of how it's done, like 'special effects'. Have made some additions to the notes on the cover of my Siddur.

Going to come a time when I will read Shachrit in the Siddur. You've given me another push in that direction.
Anonymous
July 12, 2011
I love your teachings!
I, more often than not, start my prayers off by praising G_d in the Psalms 145-150. I went to Temple with my Dad several years ago and they had a paperback Shabbat prayer book for their Friday services. I took a copy of it home with me (with permission) and I recite it in front of lite candles every Friday evening by myself.
It makes me feel really close to our Creator; to protect all He loves; our Jersuleum and His.
Diana
Houston, TX
February 1, 2011
Prayers in Siddurim
Hello, Miriam in Phoenix. Art Scroll publishes weekday,& Shabbat siddurim and several machzorim in english and transliterated hebrew. Hope this is helpful.
oleilani
Suffern, NY
Show all comments