The Seder

The Seder

Brief overview of the 15 steps of the Passover Seder

1. Kadesh
Kiddush. Recite Kiddush over a cup of wine or grape juice. Tonight we are like royalty, so lean to the left in the manner of kings and queens!
2. Urchatz
Wash Your Hands. Wash your hands by pouring water on your right hand 3 times, then 3 times on your left hand, but don’t make a blessing!


3. Karpas
The Appetizer. Take a small piece of vegetable (parsley, onion or potato) and dip it in salt water to remember the many tears the Jews shed when they were slaves in Egypt.

Baruch Ata Ado-nai Elo-heinu Melech Haolam Borei Pri Ha’Adama.
Blessed are You, Lord our G‑d, King of the universe, Who creates the fruit of the land.


4. Yachatz
Break the Matzah. Take the middle Matzah from under the Seder plate and break it in two. Watch carefully! The larger piece is called the Afikoman. It gets hidden and the person who finds it can ask for a gift!


5. Maggid
Tell the Story. Your turn! Ask the Four Questions. Then read and relive the entire story of Passover! After we finish telling the story we drink the second cup of wine. Don’t forget to lean!

What makes this night different from all other nights?

  • On all nights we need not dip even once, on this night we do so twice.
  • On all nights we eat Chametz or Matzah, and on this night only Matzah.
  • On all nights we eat any kind of vegetables, and on this night Maror.
  • On all nights we eat sitting upright or reclining, and on this night we all recline.


6. Rachtza
Wash Your Hands. Wash your hands a second time, just like you did in the beginning – only this time , remember to say the blessing over washing your hands!

Baruch Ata Ado-nai Elo-heinu Melech Haolam Asher Ki-d’shanu Be-mitzvotav Vetzivanu al Netilat Yadayim.
Blessed are You, Lord our G‑d, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us to wash our hands.


7-8. Motzi - Matzah
Blessings over Matzah. It’s time to Munch on Matzah! Recite the blessing for eating bread, and then the special Matzah blessing. Take a big bite and start crunching! Remember to lean to your left as you eat.

Blessing 1:
Baruch Ata Ado-nai Elo-heinu Melech Haolam Hamotzi Lechem Min Ha’Aretz.
Blessed are You, Lord our G‑d, King of the universe, Who brings forth bread from the earth.

Blessing 2:
Baruch Ata Ado-nai Elo-heinu Melech Haolam, Asher Ki-d’shanu Be-mitzvotav Vetzivanu al Achilat Matzah.
Blessed are You, Lord our G‑d, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us concerning the eating of Matzah.


9. Maror
Bitter Herbs. Take the bitter herbs and the Romaine lettuce which reminds us of the bitter times in Egypt, dip them into the Charoset and start chewing!

Baruch Ata Ado-nai Elo-heinu Melech Haolam Asher Ki-d’shanu Be-mitzvotav Vetzivanu al Achilat Maror.
Blessed are You, Lord our G‑d, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us concerning the eating of Maror.


10. Korech
Matzah Sandwich. Matzah sandwich! Fill two pieces of Matzah with Maror and Romaine lettuce, make a special prayer and eat it while leaning to the left.


11. Shulchan Orech
The Meal. Finally! We get to eat and enjoy a sumptuous festive meal. Remember to leave some room for the Afikoman. Bon Apetit!


12. Tzafun
Dessert. Where’s that piece of Matzah we hid all the way at the beginning of the Seder? Take out the Afikoman and start munching!


13. Berach
Grace After Meals. We thank G‑d for the delicious meal, and drink the third cup of wine while leaning to the left.


14. Hallel
Praise. We fill Elijah’s cup with wine, and our own fourth cup as well. Then we open the door for Elijah the Prophet who comes to visit every Seder in the whole world! We sing songs of praise for the great miracles G‑d performed for the Jewish people, and finish by drinking the final cup of wine.


15. Nirtzah
Accepted! Now that we’ve completed the Seder properly, G‑d has surely accepted our prayers! We finish the evening with a heartfelt prayer, “Next Year in Jerusalem”. We Want Moshiach Now!
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sarahsmitho September 20, 2017

i love this website sooooo much Reply

Girlygirl April 5, 2017

oki thx! Reply

Anonymous March 16, 2016

nice nice Reply Staff via September 7, 2015

Re Seder The Passover seder is held yearly on the holiday of Passover. Reply

adnil September 6, 2015

Seder- Is this event once a week or on one specific ceremonial times/date/ events? Reply

nmbgranny NMB, FL March 29, 2015

Children's Seder I think this is great Seder for young children to sit through. When they are young they cannot sit to long, get bored and disturb the Seder for the adults. This this years Seder will be small it works perfect for my family. Reply

Anonymous Anoynymous October 23, 2014

VERY HELPFUL!!!!! I found this very VERY helpful for writing an essay for school. It is packed with a ton of facts! Reply

Anonymous Miami, Florida April 17, 2014

Thank you for this phenomenal website. Tonight I will share with my two sons the Seder plate with its meaning as well as the Seder. Todah! Reply

Sharon Sommer New York NY April 6, 2014

I use kadesh urchatz in school yeshiva Reply

Linda Lindholm Finland May 1, 2013

searching info This site is great. There´s good information to simply said also adults. :) Reply

Anonymous March 25, 2013

is there any place were i can find were why do they eat the Seder meal Reply

Anonymous Kathmandu, Nepal July 7, 2012

Thank you for passover clarification Thank you for clear picture of Passover and others. I was looking some materials and I found your site. Great. Reply

Anonymous April 6, 2012

very interesting compliment! Reply

eve to the B March 26, 2012

amazingness this is the best website in the world!!!!!!!!!! I enjoy reading it in my spare time its just so insane. its actually unreal i cant explain my passion for this website!!!!! thank you for making this revolutionary website. Reply

Anonymous swampscott, MA March 24, 2012

great for seniors too needing an abbreviated passover service @ assisted living facility where some residents have moderate dementia & others able to sit for just so long....this version will be of great service ! a mitzvah ! Thank you ! Reply

xD victoria , austrilia August 30, 2011

Thanks so much!! This really helped me with my work!! xx Reply

Anonymous Cape Town, South Africa April 20, 2011

Pesach Very goos website Reply

David Melbourne, Australia April 18, 2011

thanks This is fantastic! Keep it up guys :) Reply

Janis Berman N. Hollywood, Ca. April 13, 2011

Passover for Children As a grandmother,and former teacher, I want to thank you for this a simple way to begin to teach the seder for my four year old grand daughter and six year old grandson. Reply

Anonymous Staten Island, NY, USA April 4, 2010

Holidays It would be nice and very helpful if you can do the same before each holiday. I have a 4 year old grandson, that I am trying to teach him more about our heritage. He is in public school, but I thought him alot since he was very small and he really is into it. Thank you so much. Reply