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Prep Up to Purim

Prep Up to Purim

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Remember

Before Purim comes Shabbat Zachor, the Shabbat of Remembrance, when we read from a Torah scroll in the synagogue how the Amalekites attacked us out of senseless hatred. The Torah exhorts us to never forget this evil, and to “eradicate the memory of Amalek.” Since Haman was a descendant of Amalek, we do this before Purim. It’s a once-a-year obligation, so make sure to be there.

Fast

To save her people from extermination, Esther risked her life by appearing before the king without permission. But first she asked the Jews to fast with her for three days. Later, when the Jews battled their enemies on the day before Purim, they again decreed a day of fasting and prayer.

It’s a once-a-year obligation, so make sure to be there

That’s why we hold the “Fast of Esther” the day before Purim. If Purim falls on a Sunday, the fast is observed on the Thursday beforehand.

Fasting is simple. If you are healthy and over the age of bar or bat mitzvah, don’t eat or drink from dawn until dark. Click here to find out when the fast starts and ends at your location.

Technical details:

  • Do not fast if you are pregnant or nursing. If you’re ill, consult with a rabbi. But even if you are exempt from fasting, skip the snacks and treats.
  • You can get up before dawn and grab a bite—as long as you had this in mind before going to sleep.
  • Try to make it to your synagogue for the day’s prayer services. During both the morning and afternoon prayers we add special fast-day prayers, and read from the Torah.

Half-Shekel

On the afternoon of the Fast of Esther, or before the reading of the Megillah, we give three coins in “half” denominations—e.g., three half-dollar coins—to charity. They represent the half-shekel that each Jew annually contributed for the Temple.

In many synagogues, plates are set out with silver half-dollars, so that all can purchase them to use in observance of this custom. Many give three half-dollars for every family member.

Illustrations by Yehuda Lang. To view more artwork by this artist, click here.
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Discussion (3)
March 2, 2011
half shekel this year
I believe that since Purim is on Sunday that the Half Shekel is given on Thursday
avi
chesterfield, MO
March 4, 2009
To DL:
Indeed, those Jews who went to war, or otherwise needed to defend themselves, on the day before Purim -- could not fast.

Nevertheless, since they were supposed to fast -- in order to ensure their victory -- they fulfilled this obligation on a later "make-up" date.
Naftali Silberberg, Chabad.org Editorial Team
February 22, 2009
I thought the Jews didnt fast, for it is not permitted to fast if going out to war. Hence only Esther fasted; The fast of Esther.
Tell me if i;m wrong.
DL
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