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Which vegetables may be eaten on Passover?

Which vegetables may be eaten on Passover?



This question comes up in my house every year: Which vegetables can be eaten on Passover?

My mother only used vegetables that grew under the ground, but my father's family eats all sorts of vegetables. Please help us do the right thing!


It is always important to differentiate between the law, and family and communal traditions and customs. This is especially true regarding Passover, when such customs and traditions abound.

Forbidden on Passover are: wheat, barley, oat, spelt or rye flour which have come in contact with water or moisture, and were not fully baked within eighteen minutes from the moment of contact.

(In addition, the mediaeval Ashkenazi sages banned the eating of legumes, such as corn and rice, on Passover, because their textures are similar to the five abovementioned grains. These are known as kitniyot. If you are Sephardic, contact the rabbi of your community to find out the custom which your particular community follows with regard to kitniyot.)

Anything else may be eaten on Passover.

Practically however, in order to be certain that no chametz has been mixed in to a particular food item, as well as to ensure that it wasn't processed using the same utensils as chametz foods, we only eat foods with a reliable Kosher for Passover certification.

Fresh, unprocessed fruits and vegetables, however, do not require certification.

Now let's move on to some of the customs and traditions in this area:

Some have the custom to peel all the fruits and vegetables that they eat on Passover, out of concern that the skin may have come in contact with chametz. Produce which cannot be peeled, such as berries or peppers, are not eaten by these people.

There are also a few vegetables — such as garlic, ginger, and radish — which certain communities don't eat for various reasons. Inquire of your parents and/or your rabbi for specifics regarding the custom of your particular ancestors.

I am not aware of any custom which only permits eating vegetables which grow beneath the ground.

I hope this helps.

Have a Happy and Kosher Passover!

Rabbi Baruch S. Davidson

Rabbi Baruch S. Davidson is a writer who lives with his family in Brooklyn, N.Y.
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Anonymous Newport Beach, Ca April 11, 2017

I was told that new world vegetables were not allowed for Seder. Is there any truth to this? Reply

Simcha Bart for April 13, 2017
in response to Anonymous:

I'm not aware of such a custom. Potatoes are actually used by many on the Seder plate for Karpas - the vegetable dipped in salt water. This holds true throughout Passover where potatoes are a staple, and avocados are critical (at least according to my kids).


Kari Ruben Boca Raton April 2, 2017

Is Almond flour kosher for Passover? Reply Staff April 3, 2017
in response to Kari Ruben:

Almond flour can be used on Passover provided it has a kosher for Passover certification. Reply

Anonymous April 22, 2016

Is matzah ball chametz for ashkenazi Jews? Reply

Michael Brooklyn April 13, 2017
in response to Anonymous:

Matzah balls are not chametz. However, they are gebrots, which it is customary among Chassidim and some other Jews not to eat during the first seven days of Pesach. This is a stringency, as from the letter of the law gebrots is perfectly permissible.

You may enjoy your matzah balls on Acharon shel Pesach (the last day of Passover). Reply Staff via April 21, 2016

Peas and grean beans Ashkenazi Jews may not eat peas nor green beans on Passover. Reply

Anonymous April 21, 2016

Is green peas chametz in passover for ashkenazi Jewish? Reply

Jill salzman Beverly hills April 21, 2016

Peas on Passover Can we eat peas on Passover? Reply Staff via April 18, 2016

to Pauline Ashkenazi Jews may not eat green beans on Passover. Please see the text above for more details or contact Ask the Rabbi. Reply

Paulette schiffman Las Vegas ,NV 89128 April 18, 2016

Is it possible to eat string beans ? What other vegetables are allowed is there a list that I can follow Reply

Shaul Wolf October 19, 2015

Re: Wheat in itself is not Chametz; only when it comes into contact with water do the problems begin. Most wheat nowadays is tempered, which makes it forbidden to consume on Passover.
For a detailed explanation of the tempering process and its practical ramifications, see the article: The Tempering of Grains and its chometz and hafrashas challah implications, available on the OU website. Reply

paul cilia riverview September 20, 2015

Kosher for passover? "Forbidden on Passover are: wheat, barley, oat, spelt or rye flour which have come in contact with water or moisture, and were not fully baked within eighteen minutes from the moment of contact"

So if I store wheatberries that are harvested and processed raw in a dry system and we know the wheatberries themselves aren't able to ferment,rise etc... are wheatberries by definition ok?

Also, 100 yrs ago we didn't have manischewitz and such to mass produce our passover indeed wouldn't it be preferable if one could to make the matzah ourselves via processing the wheat quickly and getting it into a preheated oven swiftly before 18 mins as prescribed? That would mean my house and utensiles would be kashered...then I would break out fresh wheatberries and process it immediately prior to Passover. (my house is usually kashered 24-72 hrs prior to passover).

So the question again is: Is it permissible to store the grains in their whole non processed form in our homes? Reply staff via April 12, 2015

To Fran Yes, it is. Reply

fran April 3, 2015

is cauliflower kosher for passover Reply

Anonymous Clifton, NJ March 31, 2015

Vegetables below ground My mother used to teach in the temple school and what she taught was that the phrase "vegetables that grow below ground" was a way to distinguish between vegetables like potato and carrot from legumes which all grow above ground. It's a way to remember what was allowed and what wasn't. Also allowed were "leafy vegetables" so things like broccoli and cauliflower which grow above ground were allowed and could be distinguished, again, from legumes which aren't leafy. She found that most people didn't know what a legume was so it is easier to remember "leafy vegetables and vegetables that grow below ground" are ok but everything else is not. Reply

Sarah March 30, 2015

Legumes I am aware that "kitniyot" is frequebtly translated as "legumes", but this might be confusing to the lay reader with an educaton in biology. From a biological pespective, kitniyot are NOT only legumes, because legumes refers to a particular group of plants which fix nitrogen with their roots. All legumes are kitniyot, but all kitniyot are not legumes. Reply

Eliezer Zalmanov for March 24, 2015

Re: Buckwheat There are indeed contemporary halachic authorities that permit quinoa on Passover (see this link for more about this). One reason buckwheat is still not acceptable is because it is grown in close proximity to regular wheat and some grains can possibly get mixed. Reply

Anonymous Montreal March 23, 2015

I understand that quinoa is kosher for Passover because it is the seed of a plant and not the grain. By the same reasoning does that mean that buckwheat is acceptable for Passover as it is not a grass but the seed of a fruit plant related to rhubarb. Reply

Tzvi Freeman April 14, 2014

For Andrew concerning spices If you're talking about products off the shelf, all of these would require supervision for Passover, to ensure that no chametz products were produced on the same line, or may have otherwise contaminated the spices. Reply

Michael April 13, 2017
in response to Tzvi Freeman:

Of course, it is a renowned Chabad custom not to eat any processed foods on Pesach, with the exception of shmurah matzah and wine. Reply

Andrew Montreal April 14, 2014

Are the following (fresh or dried) spices allowed the be used during Passover:

Thank you in advance Reply

Rochel Chein for April 10, 2014

Stringbeans Yes, stringbeans are kitniyot, as are rice, corn, soybeans, peas, lentils, peanuts, mustard, sesame and poppy seeds, among others. Reply

Anna Schwartz Winnipeg April 9, 2014

Are string beans considered kitniyot Reply

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