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Which vegetables may be eaten on Passover?

Which vegetables may be eaten on Passover?

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Question:

This question comes up in my house every year: Which vegetables can be eaten on Passover?

My mother only used vegetables that grew under the ground, but my father's family eats all sorts of vegetables. Please help us do the right thing!

Answer:

It is always important to differentiate between the law, and family and communal traditions and customs. This is especially true regarding Passover, when such customs and traditions abound.

Forbidden on Passover are: wheat, barley, oat, spelt or rye flour which have come in contact with water or moisture, and were not fully baked within eighteen minutes from the moment of contact.

(In addition, the mediaeval Ashkenazi sages banned the eating of legumes, such as corn and rice, on Passover, because their textures are similar to the five abovementioned grains. These are known as kitniyot. If you are Sephardic, contact the rabbi of your community to find out the custom which your particular community follows with regard to kitniyot.)

Anything else may be eaten on Passover.

Practically however, in order to be certain that no chametz has been mixed in to a particular food item, as well as to ensure that it wasn't processed using the same utensils as chametz foods, we only eat foods with a reliable Kosher for Passover certification.

Fresh, unprocessed fruits and vegetables, however, do not require certification.

Now let's move on to some of the customs and traditions in this area:

Some have the custom to peel all the fruits and vegetables that they eat on Passover, out of concern that the skin may have come in contact with chametz. Produce which cannot be peeled, such as berries or peppers, are not eaten by these people.

There are also a few vegetables -- such as garlic, ginger, and radish -- which certain communities don't eat for various reasons. Inquire of your parents and/or your rabbi for specifics regarding the custom of your particular ancestors.

I am not aware of any custom which only permits eating vegetables which grow beneath the ground.

I hope this helps.

Have a Happy and Kosher Passover!

Rabbi Baruch S. Davidson

Rabbi Baruch S. Davidson is a member of the Chabad.org Ask the Rabbi team.
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Discussion (14)
April 14, 2014
Are the following (fresh or dried) spices allowed the be used during Passover:
Rosemary
Sage
Thyme
Savoury

Thank you in advance
Andrew
Montreal
April 10, 2014
Stringbeans
Yes, stringbeans are kitniyot, as are rice, corn, soybeans, peas, lentils, peanuts, mustard, sesame and poppy seeds, among others.
Rochel Chein for chabad.org
April 9, 2014
Are string beans considered kitniyot
Anna Schwartz
Winnipeg
March 21, 2014
What vegetables can you eat during passover
Sharon Kaplan
April 6, 2012
Kosher for passover.
I was wondering how about grapes.
Dale Smith
Bronx, NY
March 27, 2012
Ethanol
The ban on Kitniyot only applies to eating Kitniyot, not other forms of benefit. As fuel for your car, Kitniyot derivatives are fine. See chabad.org/871998 for a fuller study on the topic.
Rabbi Gideon Wiess
Baltimore
March 25, 2012
Can ethanol derived from corn be used for fuel?
True chometz may not be used for any purpose, except to save lives, and may not even be owned.

Since corn is kitniyot, does the prohibition apply only to eating, or also to use for other purposes?

If a car has had ethanol derived from corn and it is not safe or practical to drain the tank completely, how many cycles of using most of the fuel in the tank and then refilling it with petroleum-based fuel are required before it can be driven on Chol Ha-Mohed?
Anonymous
Camarillo, CA
chabadcamarillo.com
March 22, 2012
VEGETABLES FOR PASSOVER
Thank you for your help. Every year I wonder what vegetables can be eaten for Passover,now we can eat them all, how
wonderful!
iSABELLE UNGER
JACKSON,NJ, USA
March 25, 2010
Re: Peanuts
Although most people treat peanuts as kitniyot, it is questionable if it truly falls under the category of kitnoyot or not. Additionally, there are those who are lenient with regard to oils made from kitniyot which were prepared before Pesach. Therefore, although we do not eat peanuts, and we do not eat kitniyot oils, since peanut oil is a combination of both causes for leniency, many people use peanut oil, though they don't use peanuts.

Nevertheless, the OU and other Kosher agencies do not certify any peanut products for Passover. I recommend asking you local rabbi before using peanut oil.
Baruch S. Davidson
NYC
March 24, 2010
why are we not allowed to eat peanuts, as they are legumes, but are allowed to use peanut oil?
sheila goluh
chicago, USA
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