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Which vegetables may be eaten on Passover?

Which vegetables may be eaten on Passover?



This question comes up in my house every year: Which vegetables can be eaten on Passover?

My mother only used vegetables that grew under the ground, but my father's family eats all sorts of vegetables. Please help us do the right thing!


It is always important to differentiate between the law, and family and communal traditions and customs. This is especially true regarding Passover, when such customs and traditions abound.

Forbidden on Passover are: wheat, barley, oat, spelt or rye flour which have come in contact with water or moisture, and were not fully baked within eighteen minutes from the moment of contact.

(In addition, the mediaeval Ashkenazi sages banned the eating of legumes, such as corn and rice, on Passover, because their textures are similar to the five abovementioned grains. These are known as kitniyot. If you are Sephardic, contact the rabbi of your community to find out the custom which your particular community follows with regard to kitniyot.)

Anything else may be eaten on Passover.

Practically however, in order to be certain that no chametz has been mixed in to a particular food item, as well as to ensure that it wasn't processed using the same utensils as chametz foods, we only eat foods with a reliable Kosher for Passover certification.

Fresh, unprocessed fruits and vegetables, however, do not require certification.

Now let's move on to some of the customs and traditions in this area:

Some have the custom to peel all the fruits and vegetables that they eat on Passover, out of concern that the skin may have come in contact with chametz. Produce which cannot be peeled, such as berries or peppers, are not eaten by these people.

There are also a few vegetables -- such as garlic, ginger, and radish -- which certain communities don't eat for various reasons. Inquire of your parents and/or your rabbi for specifics regarding the custom of your particular ancestors.

I am not aware of any custom which only permits eating vegetables which grow beneath the ground.

I hope this helps.

Have a Happy and Kosher Passover!

Rabbi Baruch S. Davidson

Rabbi Baruch S. Davidson is a member of the Ask the Rabbi team.
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Discussion (17)
March 24, 2015
Re: Buckwheat
There are indeed contemporary halachic authorities that permit quinoa on Passover (see this link for more about this). One reason buckwheat is still not acceptable is because it is grown in close proximity to regular wheat and some grains can possibly get mixed.
Eliezer Zalmanov
March 23, 2015
I understand that quinoa is kosher for Passover because it is the seed of a plant and not the grain. By the same reasoning does that mean that buckwheat is acceptable for Passover as it is not a grass but the seed of a fruit plant related to rhubarb.
April 14, 2014
For Andrew concerning spices
If you're talking about products off the shelf, all of these would require supervision for Passover, to ensure that no chametz products were produced on the same line, or may have otherwise contaminated the spices.
Tzvi Freeman
April 14, 2014
Are the following (fresh or dried) spices allowed the be used during Passover:

Thank you in advance
April 10, 2014
Yes, stringbeans are kitniyot, as are rice, corn, soybeans, peas, lentils, peanuts, mustard, sesame and poppy seeds, among others.
Rochel Chein for
April 9, 2014
Are string beans considered kitniyot
Anna Schwartz
March 21, 2014
What vegetables can you eat during passover
Sharon Kaplan
April 6, 2012
Kosher for passover.
I was wondering how about grapes.
Dale Smith
Bronx, NY
March 27, 2012
The ban on Kitniyot only applies to eating Kitniyot, not other forms of benefit. As fuel for your car, Kitniyot derivatives are fine. See for a fuller study on the topic.
Rabbi Gideon Wiess
March 25, 2012
Can ethanol derived from corn be used for fuel?
True chometz may not be used for any purpose, except to save lives, and may not even be owned.

Since corn is kitniyot, does the prohibition apply only to eating, or also to use for other purposes?

If a car has had ethanol derived from corn and it is not safe or practical to drain the tank completely, how many cycles of using most of the fuel in the tank and then refilling it with petroleum-based fuel are required before it can be driven on Chol Ha-Mohed?
Camarillo, CA
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