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Passover A to Z

Passover A to Z

A quick overview of the Passover process

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  1. A month before Passover:

  2. Begin learning about Passover and studying its laws.
  3. Begin the house cleaning process. Methodically inspect and rid every part of your home of any traces of chametz. Be on the lookout for crumbs of all sorts, hidden stashes of crunchy chocolate, fermented drinks (nearly all are made with grain), etc. Make a list of all the rooms in your house, and cross off each one as you complete it.
    Enforce the pre-Passover house rules: No food may leave the kitchen. After eating, clothes must be brushed off and hands thoroughly washed.
  4. Set aside a special space or spaces to stash the chametz you will be selling for the duration of Passover (see next item). This can be a closet, a cabinet in the kitchen, or a room in the basement, as long as it can be locked and inaccessible to you for all of Passover.
  5. Arrange for the selling of your chametz. Fill out a form and bring it to your Rabbi, delegating to him the task of selling your chametz before Passover. (You can also sell your chametz online.)
  6. Buy the Passover essentials: purchase your Matzah and wine in advance, and store it in a place where it is absolutely safe from any contact with any chametz.
    If you're not making a Seder at home, your local Chabad-Lubavitch center has reserved a place for you! Click here to register for a Seder at the location of your choice.
  7. A few days before Passover:

  8. Begin work on making your kitchen "Kosher for Passover." Put away all utensils that have been used year-round, and lock or seal those cabinets. Put away all non-kosher-for-Passover food, and seal those cabinets. Once your kitchen is completely clean, do the special procedure to kosher your kitchen and appliances for Passover.
    (Now that your kitchen is clean and all your non-kosher-for-Passover food put away, you will only be able to prepare and eat kosher-for-Passover foods there. If you're not ready to start eating only kosher-for-Passover food yet, you can buy ready-prepared food and eat it outside of the house, or in a place that will be "sold" for the duration of Passover.)
  9. Take stock of your Passover inventory. Take out any special-for-Passover dishes or silver from where they are stored. Polish the silver. Make sure you have Haggadahs for the seder.
  10. Do your Passover shopping. Buy the seder ingredients, plus general food for Passover. Store these in your newly cleaned refrigerator and cabinets -- empty, of course, of any non-Passover food. You can now begin cooking for the holiday in your Kosher-for-Passover kitchen.
  11. Make sure that your holiday clothes and shoes are ready, ironed, and polished. Treat yourself to something new -- an outfit, shoes, or even just a tie.
  12. Sunday night - 4/13/2014 (24 hours before Passover):

  13. Do the ritual search for Chametz. Take a candle, a spoon, and a feather, and search the house for any remaining or forgotten chametz.
  14. Monday morning - 4/14/2014:

  15. If you are a first-born son, or the father of a first-born son under the age of Bar Mitzvah, participate in a Siyyum or other mitzvah feast, in order to be absolved of the "fast of the firstborn."
  16. The deadline for eating chametz is approximately two hours before midday (click here for local times). Past this point, no chametz is eaten until after the festival.
    The deadline for getting rid of chametz is approximately one hour before midday; click here for local times. (By this time, all cabinets and areas containing chametz that will be sold should be sealed.)
  17. Burn any leftover Chametz that is not being sold, including anything that was found Sunday night at the Search for the Chametz. Recite the "nullification statement," renouncing all ownership of any chametz that may still remain in your possession.
  18. Monday afternoon:

  19. Prepare for the Seder. Ready the items for the Seder plate, set the table, and do last minute things for the Seder meal.
  20. Recite the "Order of the Passover Offering," recalling and reliving the Korban Pesach which was offered in the Holy Temple at this time.
  21. Light the festival candles to usher in the holiday. Light before sunset. Click here for a summary of the laws of Yom Tov.
  22. Monday night:

  23. Go to the synagogue for the evening holiday services, which include the special addition of the Hallel prayer.
  24. Hold the first Passover Seder. Follow the 15 steps, recite the Haggadah, tell and relive the story of the Exodus, and enjoy the matzah, wine, and bitter herbs. Make sure to eat the Afikoman by midnight.
  25. Tuesday morning - 4/15/2014:

  26. Go to the synagogue for the Passover prayer services (which include a special prayer for dew) and Torah reading.
  27. Tuesday night:

  28. The Omer Count begins tonight.
    Outside the Holy Land, tonight begins a second day of Yom Tov (hallowed festival day) which is basically a repeat of the first. Light the festival candles from a pre-existing flame (as it is forbidden to create a new flame on Yom Tov) after nightfall. The entire Seder is repeated tonight. (This time, however, there's no midnight deadline; you can go on until morning.) The next day, is the second festival day; go to the synagogue for the special Passover prayers and Torah reading. (For details, see P through S above.)
  29. Wednesday night 4/16/2014:

  30. We've now entered the four "intermediate days" of Passover. Perform the Havdalah ritual (sans incense and candle) marking the close of the first days of the holiday. Celebrate the intermediate days with matzah, kosher-for-Passover cooking, family trips (in the newly cleaned car), and more retelling of the Exodus story. It's still Passover, so we don't eat, own, or derive enjoyment from Chametz, but most activities prohibited the first and last two days are permitted. We also add special passages to our prayers: Hallel, Yaaleh Veyavo, and Musaf.
  31. Sunday evening - 4/20/2014:

  32. Tonight begin the final two festival days of Passover. Light candles at the specified time, and enjoy festive meals Sunday night, Monday afternoon and night, and Tuesday afternoon.
    There is a custom to stay awake the night of the Splitting of the Sea and study Torah through the night.
  33. Tuesday morning - 4/22/2014:

  34. Yizkor, the memorial prayer for departed parents, is recited following the reading of the Torah during the morning prayer service.
  35. Tuesday afternoon:

  36. As the day wanes, spend the final hours of Passover with "Moshiach's Meal" -- a special feast in honor of the Redemption. We've spent eight days celebrating the exodus from Egypt. Now, as we leave Passover, we pray for the exodus from our present exile and a brighter tomorrow.
  37. Tuesday night:

  38. At nightfall, the Passover holiday comes to an end. Make Havdalah over your last cup of kosher-for-Passover wine. Put away the Passover dishes, Haggadahs, and all other Passover items, locking them away until next year. Then, ...
    you can once again enjoy chametz food and drinks, and feast on pizza, bread, beer -- anything kosher. (Just make sure it's not chametz that was in the possession of a Jew during Passover.) But as you do, don't forget the eight days of freedom you've just experienced, and remember that throughout the year, as you enjoy all your leavened food, you still carry a bit of the Matzah spirit with you!
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Discussion (29)
April 24, 2014
Re: eating chometz after pesach
Nightfall is defined by when 3 stars are visible in the sky. This is typically 30 minutes after sunset/dusk. For the exact time at a specific location on a particular date, please see Zmanim (link: www.chabad.org/times).
Eliezer Zalmanov
for Chabad.org
April 22, 2014
eating chometz after pesach
the above discussion talks abut eaing chometz "at nightfall", instead of saying "at sunset". how is nightfall defined?
Anonymous
los angeles
April 10, 2014
Fantastic.....thank you
Ellen
PA
March 16, 2013
Very informative
This awesome! It keeps us awesomely informed and in gear for the Pesach Holiday. Chabad.org rocks!!!
Joel
California
April 7, 2012
Passover Guide etc.
The Passover Guide is really useful and quite informative .... You should try and include specific topic search feature though in the future...../
Otherwise it's a really excellent and well designed site.
Ze'ev Segel
Johannesburg, South Africa
April 1, 2012
Cook for Passover
Ok, here's a more complicated one. I'm cleaning out the kitchen and I'm a bit ahead of schedule. I'd like to go ahead and reline the shelves but then I'll need to put back the non-Passover stuff temporarily. Is this a really bad idea or can I just take everything out Tuesday night and wipe down the new one and still be good?
Rose Rowland
Cortlandt Manor, NY
April 1, 2012
Cook for Passover
Yes, you may start cooking in the Kosher for Passover area of your kitchen, using your Passover utensils and kosher for Passover food, before the chametz search.
Mrs. Chana Benjaminson
mychabad.org
April 1, 2012
cook before Chametz search
You can cook before the Chametz search?
Rose Rowland
April 26, 2011
Buying Back 'Chometz'
I read the 'Tuesday Night' section, but it doesn't state that one cannot eat his/her 'chometz' until the 'rav' buys it back. If one does I believe he can't own it any more.
(The time frame is not indicated here.)
True?
Boruch N. Hoffinger
Brooklyn, NY
April 24, 2011
Waiting an Hour Before Eating Chametz
Do I have to wait an hour after Pesach ends to buy and eat chametz from a restaurant or store or does the waiting only apply to the chametz I sold before Pesach and am waitng for the rabbi to buy back?
Anonymous
Amherst
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