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Passover A to Z

Passover A to Z

A quick overview of the Passover process


    A month before Passover:

  1. Begin learning about Passover and studying its laws.
  2. Begin the housecleaning process. Methodically inspect and rid every part of your home of any traces of chametz. Be on the lookout for crumbs of all sorts, hidden stashes of crunchy chocolate, fermented drinks (nearly all are made with grain), etc. Make a list of all the rooms in your house, and cross off each one as you complete it.
    Enforce the pre-Passover house rules: No food may leave the kitchen. After eating, clothes must be brushed off and hands thoroughly washed.
  3. Set aside a special space or spaces to stash the chametz you will be selling for the duration of Passover (see next item). This can be a closet, a cabinet in the kitchen or a room in the basement, as long as it can be locked and inaccessible to you for all of Passover.
  4. Arrange for the selling of your chametz. Fill out a form and bring it to your Rabbi, delegating to him the task of selling your chametz before Passover. (You can also sell your chametz online.)
  5. Buy the Passover essentials: purchase your matzah and wine in advance, and store it in a place where it is absolutely safe from any contact with any chametz.
    If you’re not making a Seder at home, your local Chabad-Lubavitch center has reserved a place for you! Click here to register for a Seder at the location of your choice.
  6. A few days before Passover:

  7. Begin work on making your kitchenKosher for Passover.” Put away all utensils that have been used year round, and lock or seal those cabinets. Put away all non-kosher-for-Passover food, and seal those cabinets. Once your kitchen is completely clean, do the special procedure to kosher your kitchen and appliances for Passover.
    (Now that your kitchen is clean and all your non-kosher-for-Passover food put away, you will only be able to prepare and eat kosher-for-Passover foods there. If you’re not ready to start eating only kosher-for-Passover food yet, you can buy ready-prepared food and eat it outside of the house, or in a place that will be “sold” for the duration of Passover.)
  8. Take stock of your Passover inventory. Take out any special-for-Passover dishes or silver from where they are stored. Polish the silver. Make sure you have Haggadahs for the Seder.
  9. Do your Passover shopping. Buy the Seder ingredients, plus general food for Passover. Store these in your newly cleaned refrigerator and cabinets—empty, of course, of any non-Passover food. You can now begin cooking for the holiday in your kosher-for-Passover kitchen.
  10. Make sure that your holiday clothes and shoes are ready, ironed and polished. Treat yourself to something new—an outfit, shoes, or even just a tie.
  11. Thursday night—3/29/2018 (24 hours before Passover):

  12. Do the ritual search for chametz. Take a candle, a spoon and a feather, and search the house for any remaining or forgotten chametz.
  13. Friday morning—3/30/2018 :

  14. If you are a firstborn son, or the father of a firstborn son under the age of bar mitzvah, participate in a siyum or other mitzvah feast, in order to be absolved of the “fast of the firstborn.”
  15. The last time for eating chametz is approximately two hours before midday (click here for local times). Past this point, no chametz is eaten until after the festival.
    The final time for getting rid of chametz is approximately one hour before midday; click here for local times. (By this time, all cabinets and areas containing chametz that will be sold should be sealed.)
  16. Burn any leftover chametz that is not being sold, including anything that was found Sunday night at the search for the chametz. Recite the “nullification statement,” renouncing all ownership of any chametz that may still remain in your possession.
  17. Friday afternoon:

  18. Prepare for the Seder. Ready the items for the Seder plate, set the table, and do last-minute things for the Seder meal.
  19. Recite the Order of the Passover Offering, recalling and reliving the Korban Pesach which was offered in the Holy Temple at this time.
  20. Light the festival candles to usher in the holiday. Light before sunset. Click here for a summary of the laws of Yom Tov.
  21. Friday night:

  22. Go to the synagogue for the evening holiday services, which includes the special addition of the Hallel prayer.
  23. Hold the first Passover Seder. Follow the 15 steps, recite the Haggadah, tell and relive the story of the Exodus, and enjoy the matzah, wine and bitter herbs. Make sure to eat the afikoman by midnight.
  24. Shabbat morning—3/31/2018:

  25. Go to the synagogue for the Passover prayer services (which include a special prayer for dew) and Torah reading.
  26. Shabbat night:

  27. The Omer count begins tonight.
    Outside the Holy Land, tonight begins a second day of Yom Tov (hallowed festival day), which is basically a repeat of the first. Light the festival candles from a pre-existing flame (as it is forbidden to create a new flame on Yom Tov) after nightfall. The entire Seder is repeated tonight. (This time, however, there’s no midnight end time; you can go on until morning.) The next day is the second festival day; go to the synagogue for the special Passover prayers and Torah reading. (For details, see P through S above.)
  28. Sunday night—4/1/2018:

  29. We’ve now entered the four “intermediate days of Passover. Perform the havdalah ritual (sans incense and candle), marking the close of the first days of the holiday. Celebrate the intermediate days with matzah, kosher-for-Passover cooking, family trips (in the newly cleaned car), and more retelling of the Exodus story. It’s still Passover, so we don’t eat, own or derive enjoyment from chametz, but most activities prohibited the first and last two days are permitted. We also add special passages to our prayers: Hallel, Yaaleh Veyavo and Musaf.
  30. Thursday evening—4/5/2018:

  31. Tonight begin the final two festival days of Passover. Light candles at the specified time, and enjoy festive meals Sunday night, Monday afternoon and night, and Tuesday afternoon.
    There is a custom to stay awake the night of the Splitting of the Sea and study Torah through the night.
  32. Shabbat morning—4/7/2018:

  33. Yizkor, the memorial prayer for departed parents, is recited following the reading of the Torah during the morning prayer service.
  34. Tuesday afternoon:

  35. As the day wanes, spend the final hours of Passover with “Moshiach’s Meal”—a special feast in honor of the Redemption. We’ve spent eight days celebrating the exodus from Egypt. Now, as we leave Passover, we pray for the exodus from our present exile and a brighter tomorrow.
  36. Shabbat night:

  37. At nightfall, the Passover holiday comes to an end. Make havdalah over your last cup of kosher-for-Passover wine. Put away the Passover dishes, Haggadahs, and all other Passover items, locking them away until next year. Then . . .
    you can once again enjoy chametz food and drinks, and feast on pizza, bread, beer—anything kosher. (Just make sure it’s not chametz that was in the possession of a Jew during Passover.) But as you do, don’t forget the eight days of freedom you’ve just experienced, and remember that throughout the year—as you enjoy all your leavened food—you still carry a bit of the matzah spirit with you!
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MS Jerusalem April 18, 2017

Someone told me there's a yiddish word for clearing away your pesach keilim afterwards. Does anyone know what it is? Thanks. Reply Staff via March 30, 2017

To Theo Jewish day schools are closed on Passover. For Jewish children who attend Non Jewish schools it is not recommended they attend. For specific cases please contact a local rabbi or via our Ask the Rabbi service Reply

Theo Phoenix, AZ March 29, 2017

Do young children attend school during Passover? Reply

Menachem Posner May 3, 2016

Re: Kabbalat Shabbat When Shabbat begins during a holiday, the Kabbalat Shabbat liturgy is somewhat truncaged and changed. The Chabad custom is to begin with Mizmor LeDovid. In Lecha Dodi (which some people truncate), we replace the word "berinah" with "besimchah." By the Amidah, we use the Yom Tov version with insertions for Shabbat. Reply

Alex April 24, 2016

Kabbalat Shabbat Should be a Kabbalat Shabat service on Fri 4/29 held as usual this year? Reply Staff via April 22, 2016

to Sherry Yes zucchini may be used on Passover. Reply

sherry peoria az April 21, 2016

is zucchini kosher for Passover Reply Staff via April 14, 2016

To Nikki I suggest you check with the hosts of the Seder if that's ok. Reply

Nikki Palm Springs Ca April 13, 2016

Carrying to sedar? Can I bring My own Matzoh and Kosher for passover to a Seder. Reply

Malkie Janowski for March 7, 2016

Re: Cooking for second night 2016 Yes, you can cook for the second Seder once it is fully dark and Shabbat is over, but the oven needs to have been left on from before the start of the holiday, or it can be turned on by a pre-set timer. As long as you're not turning it on during the holiday, and you only begin heating food once Shabbat is over, it's fine. Reply

Anonymous Chatswood February 28, 2016

Cooking for second night 2016 Once Shabbat is out can you cook for second night seder? Can you use a timer to come on to heat pre prepared meals? Reply

Menachem Posner Chicago April 15, 2015

To Mike in Newfoundland The same G-d who gave the 10 Commandments at Sinai gave us many other commandments. In fact, he legislated Passover even before He gave us the 10 Commandments. Why so many commandments? Think of a human body. Do you really need so many body parts? Why not just a few fingers and perhaps a lung for good measure? Of course you need each and every one, since every limb serves an important function that another limb or organ could never do. In the same manner, each and every mitzvah brings another G-dly light into the world, making ourselves and our surroundings that much better and more G-dly. Reply

MikeM Newfoundland April 13, 2015

Why? Why aren't 10 commandments enough? Why all the rules? Please explain. Reply

Anonymous Dunwoody April 4, 2015

Why am I so mad when I try to do Jewish things like this? It sounds so beautiful. Then I just go off the deep end. Is Judaism not for everyone? I like it until I try it. Reply

Anonymous March 26, 2015

what type of feather do you use? Reply

Eliezer Zalmanov for April 24, 2014

Re: eating chometz after pesach Nightfall is defined by when 3 stars are visible in the sky. This is typically 30 minutes after sunset/dusk. For the exact time at a specific location on a particular date, please see Zmanim (link: Reply

Anonymous los angeles April 22, 2014

eating chometz after pesach the above discussion talks abut eaing chometz "at nightfall", instead of saying "at sunset". how is nightfall defined? Reply

Ellen PA April 10, 2014

Fantastic.....thank you Reply

Joel California March 16, 2013

Very informative This awesome! It keeps us awesomely informed and in gear for the Pesach Holiday. rocks!!! Reply

Ze'ev Segel Johannesburg, South Africa April 7, 2012

Passover Guide etc. The Passover Guide is really useful and quite informative .... You should try and include specific topic search feature though in the future...../
Otherwise it's a really excellent and well designed site. Reply

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