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The Bitter Herbs

The Bitter Herbs



The bitter herbs are eaten once after the matzah (step 9 of the Seder), and then again with matzah in the Korech sandwich (step 10).

How much bitter herbs should one eat each time? Three-quarters of an ounce (a little more than 7 grams).

Either of two different types of bitter herbs may be used at the Seder, individually or in combination:

  1. Peeled and grated raw horseradish.

  2. Romaine lettuce. [Some suggest that the stalks be used rather than the leafy parts, because of the difficulty in properly examining and ridding the leafy parts of commonly present tiny insects.] Three-quarters of an ounce of stalks covers an area 3″ × 5″.

Click here to learn more about the bitter herbs used on the Passover seder plate.

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Discussion (8)
October 18, 2013
What of carrot greens
September 20, 2012
7 grams is not 3/4 Ounce
A weight ounce equals 28.35 grams. Since these foods are solids, the ounce is a weight ounce, not a fluid ounce (which is 29.57 grams).

Therefore, 3/4 Oz = 0.75 x 28.35 = 21.26 grams

Hope this helps clarify...
James Clark
Forest Grove, Oregon
April 2, 2012
you suppose right; that is exactly the problem when the so called "scientists" assume they can improve G-d's creation and with the grandeur of little gods start tinkering with the nature by mixing genes of insects and fish with plants
Miami, FL
April 18, 2011
They most certainly are the traditional bitter herbs of Passover and I suggest that do better monitoring to remove comments like these. It's one thing to have a question, it's another to publish someone's statement.
brooklyn, ny
March 25, 2010
Regarding post one, GMOs aren't really that bad. They're a buzzword and people freak out about them, but when you think about it, we've been "genetically modifying" organisms since the dawn of agriculture. The ancestor of the carrot was a bitter root barely recognizable to us; the wild cabbage, a rather nondescript plant, has been molded by farmers into dozens of commonplace vegetables. The difference is it's done in a lab in a short time vs. in a field over a longer period.

I suppose that an organism with genes from a non-kosher organism could be a problem, but I'm thinking they haven't yet spliced romaine lettuce and pork.
Fredericton, NB/Canada
March 16, 2010
Just a comment on point No.2 regarding removal of insects. If you soak vegetables, fruit, lettuce etc. in salt water for at least 10 minutes, the insects become dislodged. Bear in mind, worse than the insects are genetically modified/transgenic/genomic modification of food. Insist the sellers can guarantee they are none of the above.
Stella H Howell
wokingham, BERKS
February 16, 2009
those are not the traditional herbs of the passover
March 29, 2007
thanx 4 the 411. its soooo helpful!
bridgeport, ct
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