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Chanah and Her Seven Sons

Chanah and Her Seven Sons

Heroism and Martyrdom


Antiochus was determined to enforce his vicious edicts upon the Jews, effectively destroying their attachment to the Torah. He forbade the observance of all religious laws; anyone found with a Torah would be executed; circumcision, kosher food, Shabbat, all vestiges of Judaism were outlawed. Phillip was appointed governor of Judea, and he set out to ruthlessly enforce the king's edicts. He decided to begin his campaign with the arrest of the notable sage and High Priest, Elazar. Elazar thwarted Phillip's design by choosing martyrdom over submission. Soon after, Chanah and her seven sons were arrested.

When the king, who was returning to Antioch, heard about the events which were taking place in Jerusalem, he decided to take an active role in enforcing his decrees. The mother and her sons were bound and brought before the king.

Antiochus tried to convince the eldest boy to abandon the Torah. The youth responded with great confidence, "Why do you bother with this long speech, trying to inflict your abominable religion upon us? We are ready to welcome death for the sake of our holy Torah!"

The king was furious and ordered the boy's tongue, hands and feet severed and placed in a fire. The soldiers proceeded to torture the boy, forcing his mother and six brothers to watch his excruciating pain. Antiochus was sure that this sight would intimidate his prisoners into unquestioning submission.

Instead, the martyrdom spurred the family to a deep resolve to accept their fate and to sanctify G‑d's name. When the second brother was brought to the king, even the members of the king's retinue begged the boy to obey the king. The boy, however, replied, "Do what you will with me. I am no less than my brother in devotion to G‑d." The second son's torture was as bitter as his brother's had been. As he died he told the king, "Woe to you, pitiless tyrant! Our souls go to G‑d. And when G‑d will awaken the dead and His martyred servants, we will live. But you—your soul will dwell in a place of eternal abhorrence!"

To the amazement of all, the third brother unflinchingly suffered the same fate. The fourth brother echoed his brothers' exhortations, and faced his brutal death with firm resolve. Before he was killed, the fifth brother turned to Antiochus and said: "Don't suppose that G‑d has handed us over to you to exalt you or because He hates us. It is because He loves us and has granted us this honor. G‑d will take His vengeance upon you and your progeny."

The blood-lust of the king was not assuaged, and the sixth brother was brought to the same end as his brothers who preceded him. His words bespoke his deep faith that G‑d would ultimately requite the suffering of His servants.

Throughout this horrible sequence Chanah stood by her sons, giving them strength and encouragement. Now, only the youngest child remained to face the king. When they brought the boy, the king offered him gold and silver if he would do his will. The seven-year-old boy displayed the same courage as his brothers and taunted the king to carry out his threats.

The king couldn't believe such words coming from a mere child, and he called out to Chanah. Chanah stood before the murderer of her children and listened to his words. "Woman, have compassion upon this child. Persuade him to do my will so that you will have at least one surviving child and you too will live." She pretended to agree and asked to speak with her son.

When they stood together, Chanah kissed the boy, then said, "My son, I carried you in my body for nine months, I nursed you for two years and I have fed you until today. I have taught you to fear G‑d and uphold His Torah. See the heaven and the earth, the sea and the land, fire, water, wind and every other creation. Know that they were all created by G‑d's word. He created man to serve Him and He will reward man for his deeds. The king knows he is condemned before G‑d. He thinks that if he convinces you, G‑d will have mercy on him. G‑d controls your life's breath and can take your soul whenever He desires. If only I could see the greatness of your glorious place where we would be illuminated with G‑d's light and rejoice and exult together."

Chanah returned to the king, saying, "I was unable to prevail upon him."

The exasperated king again addressed the child who answered him, "Whom are you seeking to overpower with your words and enticements? I laugh at your foolishness. I believe in the Torah and in G‑d Whom you blaspheme. You will remain an abomination upon all mankind, loathsome and far from G‑d."

The king was enraged. According to the Talmud, Antiochus gave the boy a chance to save himself by ostensibly bowing down to retrieve his signet ring, but the boy refused. As they removed him, Chanah begged to kiss him one last time. As if speaking to all seven children, Chanah said, "My children, tell your ancestor Abraham, 'You bound only one son upon an altar, but I bound seven." Then Antiochus ordered that the child be tortured even more than his brothers.

Chanah was left surrounded by the bodies of her sons, a prayer exalting G‑d on her lips. Then the distraught woman threw herself from a roof and rested beside her martyred sons.

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Maurice Amor London November 11, 2017

Does anyone know the names of the seven sons of chanah ? Reply

Leah December 28, 2016

Confusing indeed. I had always heard this story, that they were killed, I never heard of this horrendous torture that occurred and I agree with Sarah from London, though I know the Torah is not a mere collection of stories but this is too much. Hard to make any kind of peace with this story. Torah and Yiddidhkeit are all about Life and I agree with all comments here which state that G-d prefers Life, not martyrs. I am pretty sure this story, as presented here, is a much more severe version than I learned as a child, and unfortunately, that does change its message from one of "serve Hashem with all you are and don't let anyone stop you", to a more confusing message-because of its deeply disturbing nature. Reply

Rebecca United States December 19, 2016

A person who does not believe in Adonai does not understand a devotion to Him. It was not Chana who sent these children to their deaths -- it was the cruel ruler who tried to force his religion upon them -- or face death. To those who serve Adonai, they understand that to believe in Him -- even unto physical death -- is eternal life. Reply

Anonymous November 4, 2016

To choose "life" over God is the equivalent of choosing the gift over the person. Obviously you never really had a relationship. Reply

Anonymous November 4, 2016

no one knows the number of their own days Better to have lived and died for what is right than to give up and die knowing the only thing you instilled in your children is the willingness to lay down their dignity for a few more hours. Reply

Saul S. November 2, 2016

I am more disturbed by the comments than by the story.

Look at France, Germany, and Sweden today. When faced with the threat of terrorism from the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, they have acquiesced at every turn. That is why we have the horrors of Cologne, Malmo, Nice, and Paris.

The story isn't saying that every mother needs to sacrifice her sons for God, obviously. The story tells mothers to stand against the evils of the Syrians no matter what it takes. Mothers of the Jewish and Christian worlds must stand against evil if we are ever to send evil back into its desert.

We have become so lost that Jewish and Christian mothers no longer can bear to even speak out against Syrian evil, let alone fight it. Reply

nora feit New York, NY February 26, 2016

Hanna and her seven sons. Being a zealot revering God unconditionally over survival is a reprehensible choice. There is no religion to justify death over life. Life is a miracle of nature it ought to be revered if not admired. Any mother who encourages her children to sacrifice their lives over their blind reverence of God is wrong. A mother who witnesses her children being tortured and murdered in front of her and does not attempt to stop it is insane . I am a proud Israeli and Jew and as such I oppose the moral of such story. I find it the acts of zealot and those I whole heartedly condemn. Reply

Menachem Posner February 24, 2016

Look beyond the lines Lots of commenters are discussing whether or not it was right or wrong for this family to have given their lives for G-d. As I see it, the message of Chanah and her sons--more than their death--was their inspired devotion that drove them to feel that life without G-d was not worth living. Whether we live or die, we can learn from them to make the decision based on G-d and His will. Reply

divorah USA December 13, 2015

The word "priest" may be wrong I am wondering about this and feel that the word, "priest" is a wrong representation to call a rabbi. Was the word "priest" used during those eras or was it re written, by a Catholic Bishop and offered to the Jews to use at some point in history. The spiritual leaders or so-called, "priests" were rabbis. What was the word used to represent Yochanan or those like him please? I highly doubt they were called "priests" at all. Nothing against any Catholic priest though and god bless them and bring miracles for them as well, but I need to know the reality and truth of our history please and not some rewritten story that changed the way we think. For instance, there was a Vatican member who changed the holy Shabbat to Sunday, much later. Reply

Sarah London December 7, 2015

Disturbing This is a horrendous story. It doesn't seem to me to glory anyone but is barbaric and extremely disturbing. It just goes to show how important it is that our faith moves with the times and doesn't get stuck in the dark ages. This is not a story I will be telling my children and I absolutely would not be proud if they allowed themselves to be killed over what is basically a collection of stories. Reply

nora feit new york NY December 6, 2015

Chana and her seven sons. It is a most disturbing story of life sacrifice for religious sake. I thought God revers life not zealots or martyrs. What kind of mother watches her seven children being tortured and murdered without stopping them however pious the lady.I am no mom but I would rather die before I allow someone to torture and murder my child let alone seven.. Religion does not take precedent over life. I thought the Torah claims that saving one human is if one saved an entire nation. If this story illustrated unconditional devotion to God. It strikes me that the moral of the story fails me. I do not see any heroism in scarfing life for the sake of religion. We revere survivors not death. That is why organized religion turns dangerous. Reply

Sam Crown Heighs December 6, 2015

I am perplexed and horrified that anyone could believe an almighty and omniscient being could require, expect, condone or even allow this kind of behavior!

I am a bit perplexed at your response. Why go after God? It was Hana who did this. If Hana did this, and you do not agree take it up with her.

And if you do have a chance to speak with her I promise you will find that she knew some things about life that you do not.

Always remember. You see this story from your lens. Not from Hana's lens. And not from God's lense.

If you have trouble viewing situations from another person's perspective this is a fixaable problem. But it is a problem you need to work on not Hana. Hana is inspiring people to this very day with what she knew and you didn't. Reply

Karen USA December 16, 2014

A story for us all This year, as we read of Chanah and her 7 sons, we will also be praying for the victims of terrorism who are being tortured and killed in our day and we will pray that they have this same conviction. We will also pray that if we are ever faced with such a situation, we would also be granted divine faith to endure it. Reply

Angel Canada November 29, 2014

Amazing I have 4 children and would be horrified to see this happen to my children...but if they honoured G-d in this way, there is nothing this King could do to me that would nullify their heroic choice. I would ask G-d to reveal Himself to this murderous brood, so they would know His glorious presence for a moment...and know that this is where we dwell eternally. Reply

Anonymous Michigan November 30, 2013

Not afraid to Die This was my first time ever reading this story; I had to stay focused due to the fact that I am prone to anger, especially when it comes to Jews. I am gentile, but Elohim has given me an agape for His people that I cannot explain. I think it to be a dark story filled with much light. From the ancient day up until now they have always known their place and their displaced existence in this world, but how and why do we hate whom God has blessed. One thing I will say is that they have been and are presently rapture-ready. No one wants to die an untimely death, but they know Him in whom they believe, trust, and rely on. Death, they do not see it as we see it. Just like father Abraham believed that Andonai had the power to raise up Izak, so it is with them-there is no fear of death when they know that He who promised is also faithful to do it. Reply

Ruth Rabin Pretoria, SA December 10, 2012

I do believe that Antiochus never intended to keep his word in any event. Their fate was sealed as he decided to take an active role in enforcing his decrees. I am sure that at that frightening and devastating event Channah and her 7 sons were astute enough to know the difference. A horrific prospect indeed, but when one is faced with death and you have to choose - would you die in faith, or without it? I cannot judge Channah or her sons - I can only try to learn from it. Brutal torture would normally reduce a victim to submission. I, for one, do not know how I would react if subjected to such torture and it is their strength that I admire and can only pray to Ha-Shem that the same conviction is bestowed upon me should I be faced with such a fatal outcome. Reply

Moshe London December 9, 2012

You asked Why? Shoshanna;

You say "I am perplexed and horrified that anyone could believe an almighty and omniscient being could require, expect, condone or even allow this kind of behavior!"

"It better be allegory...because otherwise...any deity complicit in such an act is thereby monstrous as well."

Your questions are based on an assumption that OUR minds and feelings must be similar to G-d's and therefore if we cannot comprehend it - it cannot be, or it's G-d forbid a cruel Deity.

But the simple truth is we cannot understand G-d. Therefore anything we see that is contrary to OUR reason, is simply because we don't share G-d's reasoning.

"but I am a mother and a rational human being who would sooner suffer damnation than watch any child suffer and die."

But the child in this scenario may also suffer damnation. Or at least, they won't benefit from their rightful eternal inheritance as children of Avrohom. Saving them at the expense of their religion is swapping their eternity for 70-120 years Reply

Shoshanna Nevada December 8, 2012

Why?? I am perplexed and horrified that anyone could believe an almighty and omniscient being could require, expect, condone or even allow this kind of behavior! It better be allegory, as another poster suggested, because otherwise it was a monstrous affront to reason, and any deity complicit in such an act is thereby monstrous as well. To expect that a person watch the torture and murder of her children rather than protect them by any means necessary is not righteous, it's abominable. Perhaps I cannot reconcile this G-d with the loving kindness attributed to it, but I am a mother and a rational human being who would sooner suffer damnation than watch any child suffer and die. What is wrong with people? Reply

Launa Strickland Crowley Lake, CA December 8, 2012

Have you read Dani'el chapter 3? For anyone who would condemn Chanah and her sons for their actions, I would encourage you to read The Book of Dani’el, chapter 3. God did not ask Shadrakh, Meishakh and ‘Aved-N’go for their sacrifice either, but they were willing to give up life to maintain their integrity. God deserves no less from you or me. “16 Shadrakh, Meishakh and ‘Aved-N’go answered the king, ‘Your question doesn’t require an answer from us. 17 Your majesty, if our God, whom we serve, is able to save us, he will save us from the blazing hot furnace and from your power. 18 But even if he doesn’t, we want you to know, your majesty, that we will neither serve your gods nor worship the gold statue which you have set up.’” Reply

Ruth Rabin Pretoria December 8, 2012

Imagine Imagine if any of the despot rulers of time, at any point in time, were in any way successful at annihilating Jewish faith ...

I can see that civilisation has we know it would have been a terrible progression because of our mortality. Sure, we all have challenges, but when there is nothing left - we have faith.

I laud and applaud our hero's and heroines of the past for teaching us such indispensable lessons - lessons that cost them their lives - and for this we are today, stronger for it. Reply

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