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What is Hanukkah?

What is Hanukkah?

With a Medley of Chanukah Links

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Chanukah -- the eight-day festival of light that begins on the eve of the 25th of the Jewish month of Kislev -- celebrates the triumph of light over darkness, of purity over adulteration, of spirituality over materiality.

More than twenty-one centuries ago, the Holy Land was ruled by the Seleucids (Syrian-Greeks), who sought to forcefully Hellenize the people of Israel. Against all odds, a small band of faithful Jews defeated one of the mightiest armies on earth, drove the Greeks from the land, reclaimed the Holy Temple in Jerusalem and rededicated it to the service of G-d.

When they sought to light the Temple's menorah (the seven branched candelabrum), they found only a single cruse of olive oil that had escaped contamination by the Greeks; miraculously, the one-day supply burned for eight days, until new oil could be prepared under conditions of ritual purity.

To commemorate and publicize these miracles, the sages instituted the festival of Chanukah. At the heart of the festival is the nightly menorah (candelabrum) lighting: a single flame on the first night, two on the second evening, and so on till the eighth night of Chanukah, when all eight lights are kindled.

On Chanukah we also add the Hallel and Al HaNissim in our daily prayers to offer praise and thanksgiving to G-d for "delivering the strong into the hands of the weak, the many into the hands of the few... the wicked into the hands of the righteous."

Chanukah customs include eating foods fried in oil -- latkes (potato pancakes) and sufganiot (doughnuts); playing with the dreidel (a spinning top on which are inscribed the Hebrew letters nun, gimmel, hei and shin, an acronym for Nes Gadol Hayah Sham, "a great miracle happened there"); and the giving of Chanukah gelt, gifts of money, to children.

Click here for the complete story of Chanukah, and here for a comprehensive "How To" guide for the observances and customs of Chanukah.

Image by chassidic artist Shoshannah Brombacher. To view or purchase Ms. Brombacher’s art, click here.
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Discussion (59)
November 24, 2014
Hanukkah! Anonymous, Finland
Shalom, first of all, we do not refer to Chanukah as a "feast", rather a "festival". This festival is celebrated annually - every 12 months in the month of Kislev, unless there's a leap year when a 2nd month of Adar is added, thus causing us to wait 13 months to celebrate. It has been celebrated ever since the Rabbis/Sanhedrin have declared that it was a miracle when the oil lasted for EIGHT days... and has never stopped.... 2,000+ years. In 2014, the first Chanukah candle lighting will be the eve of December 16th when the stars are out, as that is the Hebrew date of 25 Kislev, when the miracle occurred... and the festival lasts for 8 nights... we add one candle each night, until we reach the last night and light EIGHT candles in total. Many light oil vs candles.

Hanukkah! January 18, 2014
I very much identify with Hanukkah in my life.
How often is the feast of Hanukkah celebrated, I meant when was the last time and when is the next time it is celebrated?
God bless
Anonymous
Finland
Anonymous
August 12, 2014
To Anonymous
The lights we use on Chanukah are the lights we kindle on the traditional menorah, candelabra, which we light each of the eight nights of the holiday.
Chabad.org Staff
August 7, 2014
If Hanukkah is the festival of lights why don't they put up lights during this time? Seems those of us that celebrate Christmas use more lights than they do!
Anonymous
January 18, 2014
Hanukkah!
I very much identify with Hanukkah in my life.

How often is the feast of Hanukkah celebrated, I meant when was the last time and when is the next time it is celebrated?

God bless
Anonymous
Finland
November 26, 2013
It's not in the "Bible"
The series of historical events leading to the celebration of Hanukkah appear in the Books of the Maccabees, which records the origins of the Hanukkah story and of the Hasmonean dynasty, are represented by Josephus in the Jewish Antiquities, Book 12 Chapter 5 through Book 13 Chapter 7. These chapters are primarily a compressed version of the First Book of Maccabees, supplemented by some material from the Second Book of Maccabees War 1 37-47, with some additional changes made by Josephus.

Please consult Jewish sources only when researching Jewish subjects. Thank you.
Bat-Ami
Pleasantville, NY
November 26, 2013
To Miriam
Please see Is Chanukah Mentioned in the Torah? for a response to your question.
Mrs. Chana Benjaminson
mychabad.org
November 26, 2013
I am also Jewish, I think Hanukkah is a very special thing and people should respect it whether or not they worship it.
Sarah Bedferd
November 26, 2013
Hannukah
What Book and chapter in the Bible tells the story of Hannukah? Can anyone tell me?
Otherwise I will google it or refer to my Concordance which is a Bible dictionary that gives book and chapter
Miriam
UK
November 21, 2013
Thank you
Thank you for sharing these powerful testimonies
Janice
Texas
October 10, 2013
Date
Chanukah occurs in the Hebrew calendar month of Kislev. This year, 2013 the date is November 27-December 5.
Mrs. Chana Benjaminson
mychabad.org
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