Rosh Hashanah’s primary service is the submission to the sovereignty of Heaven. Therefore, on these days, even great and prestigious individuals serve G‑d in a manner which appears to be “simple”: constant recitation of Psalms, minimal sleep on both nights (to the extent possible), and particular care not to speak idle chatter . . .
After the evening services we wish one another, “Leshanah tovah tikateiv v’teichateim—May you be inscribed for a good year!”
After reciting the holiday kiddush benediction over wine (or grape juice), we eat the challah bread dipped in honey. It is then customary to eat a sweet apple dipped in honey; the head of a fish, ram, or other kosher animal; and a pomegranate. In different communities there are other traditional foods eaten at this meal. See Rosh Hashanah Eve Meal for more about this holiday meal.
The priests bless the congregation with the priestly blessing during the Musaf prayer.
Festive lunch meal; the challah is dipped in honey.
In the afternoon, the Tashlich prayer service, in which we ask G‑d to “cast away our sins into the depths of the sea,” is recited at a body of water (sea, river, lake, pond, etc.) containing fish. See What is Tashlich? for more on the Tashlich ceremony.
Women and girls light holiday candles using an existing flame tonight after dark to usher in the holiday. Click here for the blessings, and here for local candle-lighting times. A "new fruit" should be present on the table when the candles are lit. When reciting the shehecheyanu blessing, the kindler should have in mind the new fruit which will be eaten after kiddush. The same applies when the shehecheyanu is recited during kiddush.
After the holiday kiddush, before washing for bread, the new fruit is eaten. See Rosh Hashanah Eve Meal for more about this holiday meal.
The challah is again dipped in honey.
September 26—2 Tishrei
Second day of Rosh Hashanah
Shabbat kiddush and meal. Challah is dipped in honey.
Afternoon and evening prayers are followed by havdalah.
September 28—4 Tishrei Fast of Gedaliah
All men and women over the age of bar or bat mitzvahfast from dawn until nightfall, in commemoration of the assassination of Gedaliah, governor of Judea. See Today in Jewish History for more about Gedaliah. Click here for fast beginning and end times in your location.
Pregnant and nursing women do not have to fast on this day. Someone who is ill should consult a rabbi.
During the morning prayers we recite selichot (penitential prayers).
The Torah is read during the morning and afternoon prayers (Exodus 32:11–14; 34:1–10). After the Minchah (afternoon) Torah reading, a special fast-day haftorah is read (Isaiah 55:6–56:8).
During the Amidah of the Minchah prayer, all those who are fasting add a small section, “Aneinu,” to the “Shema Koleinu” blessing.
May all of Israel, the land and the people, be blessed.
September 13, 2014
This is all extremely useful and worthwhile. Thank you,
Lew Rood Cape Town
September 5, 2013
What a generous and informative website, I thank you very much.
Niven A. Nolte Hermanus
October 2, 2011
Fast day haftorah
Is the special haftorah today a deliberate decision or the product of ironic chance ? I am that entity, the foreigner. To the best of my knowledge neither my parents or grandparents are jewish. So, I wonder if my jewish friends can understand my relief in the verses of a prophet of such magnitude as Isaiah. Here he is encouraging me , telling me that there is NO misunderstanding. But it is what he informs me that brings tears to my eyes - G-d WILL accept me. I have observed Rosh Hashanah but been unable to hear the shofar in synagogue . I have kept Shabbat holy but not heard anyone say Kiddush. Today I will fast and remember Gedaliah but as I do, I reflect not only on the murder of one man but 80 others in a land left in pieces and utter chaos. The people chose to burn incense in Egypt rather than simply cross the synagogue threshold as was their right and duty. I wonder if this brought tears to G-d's eyes I look forward to the day when we can all hear the shofar together.
September 28, 2011
So it is five thousand seven hundred and seventy-one years since the birth of Adam and Eve? Come on now!
eleanor Albrightsville, PA/USA
September 28, 2011
I am so blessed to be a part of this treasure and wealth of knowledge and to share with and bless my fellow brothers and sisters for the season ahead. Shalom
CAROLINE NAIDOO durban, south africa
September 28, 2011
To anonymous --product of mixed marriage
As you know, only those born of a Jewish mother are born Jewish. But it is equally true to say that only those born of a Gentile mother are born Gentile, and they too have commandments to observe. These are called the Seven Laws of Noah. These are:
Do not commit idolatry Do not commit blasphemy Do not commit murder Do not commit sexual immorality Do not commit theft Do not eat the limb from a living animal Establish courts of justice
These laws are explained in detail in the Mishneh Torah. Chabad has been in the forefront in helping Gentiles in becoming observant of the Seven Laws.
For those of us who are the product of a mixed marriage, (like me!) , following the Seven Laws can bring a sense of wholeness to the internal divisive struggle we often have. There are no strange "Jewish-non Jewish hybrid" religious practices, just authentic Judaism for Gentiles.
Matthew Rand Staten Island, NY
September 18, 2010
Thanks eh! but I would also like if u have it in calendar format to print the full year and the new one also untill 2012.
September 8, 2010
Light from many candles
Thank you, from this product of a mixed marriage and who has never been able to practice what is deep in his heart.
Anonymous portsmouth, UK
September 7, 2010
The Jewish New Year
You are magnificent! What would we have done without you?